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Lech Walesa Essay Research Paper Walesa Lech. Lech Walesa Essay, Research Paper. 1943?-, Polish labor and 4 homework, political leader, president of essay link words, POLAND (1990-95). In 1980 he assumed leadership of the year independent trade union SOLIDARITY. A moderate, he gained numerous concessions from the authorities before his arrest and internment in the military crackdown of logical, 1981. Released in Nov.
1982, he was awarded the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize. A leader in Poland’s peaceful change from Communist rule to pluralistic democracy in 1989, Walesa became increasingly critical of the Solidarity-led government of Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki. In 1990 Walesa was elected president of Poland, defeating Mazowiecki, and resigned his Solidarity post. Year 4 Homework Help! He failed to win reelection in 1995, losing to Aleksander Kwasniewski, the Democratic Left Alliance (former Communist) candidate. The story of Cesar Estrada Chavez begins near Yuma, Arizona. Cesar was born on March 31, 1927. Essay Words! He was named after his grandfather, Cesario. Regrettably, the story of Cesar Estrada Chavez also ends near Yuma, Arizona.
He passed away on April 23, 1993, in San Luis, a small village near Yuma, Arizona. He learned about justice or rather injustice early in his life. Cesar grew up in Arizona; the small adobe home, where Cesar was born was swindled from them by year 4 homework help dishonest Anglos. Cesar’s father agreed to clear eighty acres of land and in exchange he would receive the deed to forty acres of land that adjoined the home. The agreement was broken and the land sold to a man named Justus Jackson. Cesar’s dad went to a lawyer who advised him to borrow money and buy the transition list land. Later when Cesar’s father could not pay the interest on the loan the lawyer bought back the land and sold it to the original owner. Cesar learned a lesson about injustice that he would never forget.
Later, he would say, The love for justice that is in us is not only the best part of our being but it is also the most true to our nature. In 1938 he and his family moved to California. He lived in La Colonia Barrio in Oxnard for a short period, returning to Arizona several months later. They returned to California in June 1939 and this time settled in San Jose. They lived in the barrio called Sal Si Puedes ?”Get Out If You Can.” Cesar thought the year 4 homework only way to get out of the circle of poverty was to work his way up and send the kids to c philosophy paper, college. He and his family worked in the fields of California from Brawley to Oxnard, Atascadero, Gonzales, King City, Salinas, McFarland, Delano, Wasco, Selma, Kingsburg, and Mendota. He did not like school as a child, probably because he spoke only Spanish at home. The teachers were mostly Anglo and only spoke English. Spanish was forbidden in school. He remembers being punished with a ruler to his knuckles for violating the year help rule.
He also remembers that some schools were segregated and he felt that in the integrated schools he was like a monkey in a cage. He remembers having to essay test, listen to a lot of racist remarks. He remembers seeing signs that read whites only. He and his brother, Richard, attended thirty?seven schools. He felt that education had nothing to help, do with his farm worker/migrant way of life. Writing! In 1942 he graduated from the eighth grade. Because his father, Librado, had been in an accident and because he did not want his mother, Juana, to work in the fields, he could not to go to 4 homework help, high school, and instead became a migrant farm worker. While his childhood school education was not the best, later in life, education was his passion. The walls of his office in La Paz (United Farm Worker Headquarters ) are lined with hundreds of books ranging from philosophy, economics, cooperatives, and unions, to biographies on Gandhi and the Kennedys’. Any Bleeding Gi Nursing Paper Research! He believed that, “The end of all education should surely be service to others,” a belief that he practiced until his untimely death.
In 1944 he joined the Navy at the age of seventeen. He served two years and in addition to discrimination, he experienced strict regimentation. In 1948 Cesar married Helen Fabela. They honeymooned in California by visiting all the California Missions from Sonoma to San Diego (again the influence of education). They settled in Delano and started their family. Help! First Fernando, then Sylvia, then Linda, and five more children were to follow. Cesar returned to San Jose where he met and was influenced by Father Donald McDonnell. They talked about farm workers and strikes. Cesar began reading about St. Logical Analysis! Francis and Gandhi and nonviolence.
After Father McDonnell came another very influential person, Fred Ross. Cesar became an organizer for Ross’ organization, the Community Service Organization ? CSO. His first task was voter registration. In 1962 Cesar founded the National Farm Workers Association, later to 4 homework help, become the United Farm Workers ? the UFW. He was joined by Dolores Huerta and the union was born. Gi Nursing Paper Research! That same year Richard Chavez designed the 4 homework help UFW Eagle and Cesar chose the black and red colors. Cesar told the story of the french essay birth of the help eagle. He asked Richard to design the flag, but Richard could not make an eagle that he liked.
Finally he sketched one on a piece of brown wrapping paper. He then squared off the wing edges so that the essay writing transition eagle would be easier for 4 homework help, union members to words, draw on the handmade red flags that would give courage to the farm workers with their own powerful symbol. Cesar made reference to the flag by stating, “A symbol is an important thing. That is year 4 homework help, why we chose an Aztec eagle. It gives pride . . . When people see it they know it means dignity.”
For a long time in 1962, there were very few union dues paying members. By 1970 the UFW got grape growers to accept union contracts and had effectively organized most of that industry, at c philosophy, one point in time claiming 50,000 dues paying members. Year! The reason was Cesar Chavez’s tireless leadership and mill and taylor essays and divorce, nonviolent tactics that included the Delano grape strike, his fasts that focused national attention on farm workers problems, and the 340-mile march from Delano to Sacramento in 1966. The farm workers and supporters carried banners with the 4 homework black eagle with HUELGA (strike) and VIVA LA CAUSA (Long live our cause). The marchers wanted the state government to c philosophy, pass laws which would permit farm workers to organize into a union and allow collective bargaining agreements. Cesar made people aware of the struggles of farm workers for year 4 homework, better pay and safer working conditions. Essay Writing Words List! He succeeded through nonviolent tactics (boycotts, pickets, and strikes). Year 4 Homework! Cesar Chavez and the union sought recognition of the importance and french link, dignity of all farm workers.
It was the beginning of La Causa a cause that was supported by organized labor, religious groups, minorities, and students. Cesar Chavez had the foresight to train his union workers and then to send many of them into the cities where they were to year help, use the boycott and picket as their weapon. Cesar was willing to sacrifice his own life so that the union would continue and that violence was not used. Cesar fasted many times. In 1968 Cesar went on a water only, 25 day fast.
He repeated the essay words fast in year, 1972 for test, 24 days, and again in 1988, this time for 4 homework help, 36 days. What motivated him to essay words, do this? He said, Farm workers everywhere are angry and year, worried that we cannot win without violence. We have proved it before through persistence, hard work, faith and and taylor on marriage, willingness to sacrifice. 4 Homework! We can win and keep our own self?respect and build a great union that will secure the mill spirit of all people if we do it through a rededication and recommitment to the struggle for justice through nonviolence. Many events precipitated the fast, especially the terrible suffering of the year help farm workers and their children, the crushing of farm worker rights, the thesis style dangers of pesticides, and the denial of 4 homework help, fair and free elections. Cesar said about the fast, ” A fast is first and foremost personal. It is and taylor, a fast for the purification of my own body, mind, and soul. The fast is also a heartfelt prayer for 4 homework help, purification and strengthening for all those who work beside me in the farm worker movement. The fast is alsoan act of penance for those in positions of moral authority and for all men and women activists who know what is right and just, who know that they could and c philosophy, should do more. The fast is finally a declaration of non?cooperation with supermarkets who promote and sell and profit fromCalifornia table grapes.
During the past few years I have been studying the plague of pesticides on year 4 homework help, our land and our food,” Cesar continued “The evil is far greater than even I had thought it to be, it threatens to choke out the life of our people and also the life system that supports us all. This solution to this deadly crisis will not be found in the arrogance of the powerful, but in solidarity with the essay transition words list weak and helpless. I pray to God that this fast will be a preparation for a multitude of year 4 homework help, simple deeds for justice. Carried out by men and essay logical test, women whose hearts are focused on the suffering of the year poor and who yearn, with us, for a better world. Together, all things are possible.” Cesar Chavez completed his 36-day Fast for any bleeding gi nursing research, Life on August 21, 1988.
The Reverend Jesse Jackson took up where Cesar left off, fasting on water for three days before passing on the fast to celebrities and leaders. The fast was passed to Martin Sheen, actor; the Reverend J. Lowery, President SCLC; Edward Olmos, actor; Emilio Estevez, actor; Kerry Kennedy, daughter of Robert Kennedy, Peter Chacon, legislator, Julie Carmen, actress; Danny Glover, actor; Carly Simon, singer; and Whoopi Goldberg, actress. Cesar Estrada Chavez died peacefully in his sleep on April 23, 1993 near Yuma, Arizona, a short distance from the small family farm in the Gila River Valley where he was born more than 66 years before. The founder and president of the United Farm Workers of 4 homework help, America, AFL?CIO was in Yuma helping UFW attorneys defend the union against french essay a lawsuit brought by Bruce Church Inc., a giant Salinas, Calif.?based lettuce and year, vegetable producer. Church demanded that the farm workers pay millions of dollars in damages resulting from a UFW boycott of its lettuce during the 1980’s. Rather than bring the legal action in c philosophy, a state where the boycott actually took place, such as California or New York, Church “shopped around” for a friendly court in 4 homework help, conservative, agribusiness?dominated Arizona?where there had been no boycott activity.
“Cesar gave his last ounce of strength defending the farm workers in latex bibliography style, this case,” stated his successor, UFW President Arturo Rodriguez, who was with him in Arizona during the trial. Year 4 Homework! He died standing up for their First Amendment right to speak out for themselves. He believed in his heart that the farm workers were right in boycotting Bruce Church Inc. lettuce during the l980’s and he was determined to prove that in court.” (When the second multimillion dollar judgement for Church was later thrown out by an appeal’s court, the company signed a UFW contract in May 1996. After the trial recessed at about 3 p.m. on Thursday, April 22, Cesar spent part of the afternoon driving through Latino neighborhoods in Yuma that he knew as a child. Many Chavezes still live in c philosophy paper, the area. He arrived about 6 p.m. in San Luis, Arizona?about 20 miles from Yuma, at the modest concrete?block home of 4 homework help, Dofla Maria Hau, a former farm worker and longtime friend. Cesar and eight other UFW leaders and staff were staying at and taylor on marriage and divorce, her house in year, a poor farm worker neighborhood not far from the Mexican border. Cesar ate dinner at around 9 p.m. and presided over a brief meeting to review the day’s events. Essay Writing List! He had just finished two days of often grueling examination by attorneys for year 4 homework, Bruce Church Inc. He talked to his colleagues about latex thesis bibliography, taking care of themselves?a recent recurring theme with Cesar because he was well aware of the long hours required from him and other union officers and staff.
Still, he was in good spirits despite being exhausted after prolonged questioning on the witness stand; he complained about 4 homework help, feeling some weakness when doing his evening exercises. The UFW founder went to bed at about 10 or 10:30 p.m. A union staff member said he later saw a reading light shining from Cesar’s room. The light was still on writing transition words list, at 6 a.m. the next morning. Year Help! That was not seen as unusual. Words List! Cesar usually woke up in the early hours of the morning well before dawn to read, write or meditate. When he had not come out by 9 a.m., his colleagues entered his bedroom found that Cesar had died apparently, according to authorities, at night in his sleep. He was found lying on his back with his head turned to the left. His shoes were off and help, he still wore his clothes from the day before. In his right hand was a book on Native American crafts. There was a peaceful smile on his face.
THE LAST MARCH WITH CESAR CHAVEZ. On April 29, 1993, Cesar Estrada Chavez was honored in death by those he led in life. More than 50,000 mourners came to honor the mill and taylor on marriage and divorce charismatic labor leader at the site of his first public fast in help, 1968 and his last in 1988, the latex style United Farm Workers Delano Field Office at help, “Forty Acres.” It was the largest funeral of any labor leader in the history of the U.S. They came in caravans from Florida to California to pay respect to a man whose strength was in any bleeding, his simplicity.
Farm workers, family members, friends and union staff took turns standing vigil over the plain pine coffin which held the body of Cesar Chavez. Among the honor guard were many celebrities who had supported Chavez throughout his years of struggle to better the lot of farmworkers throughout America. Many of the mourners had marched side by side with Chavez during his tumultuous years in the vineyards and farms of America. For the last time, they came to march by the side of the year help man who had taught them to any bleeding paper, stand up for their rights, through nonviolent protest and collective bargaining. Cardinal Roger M. Mahoney, who celebrated the funeral mass, called Chavez “a special prophet for the worlds’ farm workers.” Pall bearers, including crews of these workers, Chavez children and grandchildren, then carried their fallen leader, resting at last, from the Memorial Park to Forty Acres. The death of Chavez marked an year 4 homework, era of dramatic changes in American agriculture. His contributions would be eroded, and others would have to shoulder the burden of his work. But, Cesar Chavez, who insisted that those who labor in the earth were entitled to share fairly in research, the rewards of their toil, would never be forgotten. As Luis Valdez said, “Cesar, we have come to plant your heart like a seed . . . the farm workers shall harvest in the seed of your memory.”
FINAL RESTING PLACE/FINAL RECOGNITION. The body of Cesar Chavez was taken to La Paz, the UFW’s California headquarters, by his family and 4 homework, UFW leadership. He was laid to rest near a bed of roses, in paper, front of his office. On August 8, 1994, at a White House ceremony, Helen Chavez, Cesar’s widow, accepted the Medal of Freedom for her late husband from President Clinton. In the 4 homework help citation accompanying America’s highest civilian honor which was awarded posthumously, the President lauded Chavez for any bleeding research, having “faced formidable, often violent opposition with dignity and nonviolence. And he was victorious.
Cesar Chavez left our world better than he found it, and year, his legacy inspires us still. He was for his own people a Moses figure,” the President declared. Research! “The farm workers who labored in the fields and yearned for respect and self?sufficiency pinned their hopes on this remarkable man who, with faith and discipline, soft spoken humility and amazing inner strength, led a very courageous life” The citation accompanying the award noted how Chavez was a farm worker from childhood who “possessed a deep personal understanding of the help plight of french essay link words, migrant workers, and he labored all his years to lift their lives.” During his lifetime, Chavez never earned more than $5,000 a year. The late Senator Robert Kennedy called him “one of the heroic figures of our time.” Chavez’s successor, UFW President Arturo Rodriguez, thanked the president on behalf of the United Farm Workers and said, “Every day in year help, California and in other states where farm workers are organizing, Cesar Chavez lives in their hearts.
Cesar lives wherever Americans’ he inspired work nonviolently for social change.” “One of the heroic figures of our time.” Senator Robert F. Kennedy. Recipient of the mill on marriage and divorce Presidential Medal of Freedom the Aguila Azteca. Cesar Estrada Chavez founded and year 4 homework help, led the first successful farm workers’ union in U.S. history. When he passed away on 23 April 1993, he was president of the United Farm Workers of America, AFL-CIO. Cesar was born March 31, 1927, on the small farm near Yuma, Arizona that his grandfather homesteaded during the 1880’s. Link! At age 10, life began as a migrant farm worker when his father lost the land during the Depression.
These were bitterly poor years for Cesar, his parents, brothers and sisters. Together with thousands of year 4 homework help, other displaced families, the Chavez family migrated throughout the Southwest, laboring in fields and vineyards. Cesar left school after the eighth grade to help support his family. He joined the french link words U.S. Navy in 1945, and served in help, the western Pacific during the end of World War II. In 1948, he married Helen Fabela, who he met while working in essay, Delano vineyards. The Chavez family settled in the East San Jose barrio of Sal Si Puedes (get out if you can).
In 1952, Cesar was laboring in apricot orchards outside San Jose when he met Fred Ross, an organizer for year help, the Community Service Organization, a barrio-based self-help group sponsored by paper Chicago-based Saul Alinsky’s Industrial Areas Foundation. Within several months Cesar was a full-time organizer with CSO, coordinating voter registration drives, battling racial and economic discrimination against Chicano residents and organizing new CSO chapters across California and Arizona. Cesar served as CSO national director in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s. But his dream was to create an organization to help farm workers whose suffering he had shared. In 1962, after failing to convince the CSO to commit itself to farm worker organizing, he resigned his paid CSO job, the first regular paying job he had. He moved his wife and eight young children to year 4 homework, Delano, California where he founded the latex bibliography style National Farm Workers Association (NFWA). These were difficult years for Cesar and Helen Chavez. Help! Helen worked in the fields during the week and on weekends with her husband to support the family. He often babysat his youngest children as he traveled to essay writing words, dozens of California farm communities, slowly building a nucleus of dedicated farm worker members. “If you’re outraged at conditions, then you can’t possibly be free or happy until you devote all your time to changing them and do nothing but that,” he said. 4 Homework! “But you can’t change anything if you want to hold onto a good job, a good way of thesis style, life and avoid sacrifice.”
In September 1965, Cesar’s NFWA, with 1200 member families, joined an AFL-CIO sponsored union in a strike against major Delano area table and wine grape growers. Against great odds, Cesar led a successful five year strike-boycott that rallied millions of supporters to the United Farm Workers. He forged a national support coalition of unions, church groups, students, minorities and consumers. The two unions merged in 1966 to form the UFW, and it became affiliated with the AFL-CIO. From the beginning, the UFW adhered to the principals of non-violence practiced by M.K. Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The 1965 strikers took a pledge of non-violence and Cesar conducted a 25 day fast in 1968 to reaffirm the 4 homework help UFW’s commitment to non-violence. The late Senator Robert F. Kennedy called Cesar “one of the heroic figures of our time,” and flew to link, Delano to be with him when he ended the fast. By 1970, the boycott convinced most table grape growers to sign contracts with the UFW. That year, to limit the UFW’s success to the vineyards, growers in the vegetable industry signed “sweetheart” pacts with the Teamsters Union.
When the 4 homework UFW’s table grape agreements came up for renegotiation in 1973, growers signed with the Teamsters, prompting 10,000 farm workers in California’s coastal valleys to walk out of the fields in protest. Cesar called for essay writing words list, a new worldwide grape boycott. By 1975, a Louis Harris poll showed 17 million American adults were honoring the year 4 homework help grape boycott. It forced growers to support then California Governor Jerry Brown’s collective bargaining law for farm workers, the 1975 Agricultural Labor Relations Act. Since 1975, the UFW won most of the union elections in which it participated. Despite the farm labor board’s bureaucratic delays, farm workers made progress. By the early 1980’s farm workers numbered in the tens of thousands were working under UFW contracts enjoyed higher pay, family health coverage, pension benefits and other contract protections.
Then, in 1982, with more than $1 million in grower campaign donations, Republican George Deukmejian was elected Governor of bibliography style, California. Most objective observers agree that under Deukmejian, the farm labor board ceased to enforce the law. In 1984, Cesar called for another grape boycott. In July and August 1988, he conducted a 36 day “Fast for year help, Life” to protest the pesticide poisoning of grape workers and essay writing transition, their children. Cesar lived with his family since 1970 at La Paz, in Keene, California, the union’s headquarters in Kern County’s Tehachapi Mountains, east of Bakersfield,.
Like other UFW officers and staff, he received subsistence pay that didn’t top $5,000 a year. Cesar Chavez passed away on April 23, 1993, at 4 homework, the age of 66. More than 40,000 people participated in Cesar’s funeral at latex, Delano. He was laid to rest at 4 homework, La Paz in a rose garden at the foot of the hill he often climbed to transition words, watch the sun rise. In 1991, Cesar received the Aguila Azteca (The Aztec Eagle), Mexico’s highest award presented to people of Mexican heritage who have made major contributions outside of Mexico. On August 8, 1994, Cesar became the year help second Mexican American to essay writing list, receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States. 4 Homework! This award was presented posthumously by President Bill Clinton. Helen F. Chavez and six of essays, her eight children traveled to the White House to 4 homework help, receive the honor. Many skeptics declared the mill and taylor union dead after Cesar passed away, but such reports were proven to be premature. Year 4 Homework! On Cesar’s birthday, March 31st, 1994, under the leadership of his son-in-law and successor Arturo S. Rodriguez, the c philosophy UFW marched 343 miles from Delano to Sacramento, echoing Cesar’s historic 1966 peregrinaci?n and demonstrating the 4 homework help strength of the UFW and latex style, the fact that Cesar’s dream of a national union for farm workers remains a possibility.
The UFW continues to win elections and negotiate contracts for farm workers. In 1994, Cesar’s family and the officers of the year help UFW created the essay list Cesar E. Chavez Foundation to inspire current and future generations by promoting the ideals of Cesar’s life, work and vision. The Foundation’s headquarters is at La Paz, the future location of the Cesar E. Chavez Library and the Cesar E. Chavez Training and Education Center.
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DBQ American expansionism in the late 19th century and essay transition early 20th century was, to a large extent, a continuation of year help past United States . expansionism, while also departing with previous expansionism in some aspects. During the period of time between the late 19th century and early 20th century, America was going through significant changes. After a revolution in Cuba against the Spanish, as well as the Americans starting the mill and taylor on marriage and divorce Spanish-American War, the help Americans received several territorial concessions. 20th century , American Civil War , American Empire 977 Words | 3 Pages. AP ® United States History 2010 Free-Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit membership . association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in latex thesis, 1900, the College Board is composed of more than 5,700 schools, colleges, universities and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and year 4 homework help 3,800 colleges through major programs and services in. Advanced Placement , American Civil War , College Board 1873 Words | 6 Pages. AP US History 1) In Documents A, B, and C some problems in their colonial government was that all . Essay Transition. colonies wanted to unite and year help become one government but one colony always tried to control all of it.
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G. SEATO, helped strengthen anti-communist countries. Year. H. Eisenhower Doctrine, aid to c philosophy paper, any. Cold War , Communism , Communist state 1089 Words | 4 Pages. 4 Homework. ?Elliott Gengo AP US DBQ Summary 10/7/14 Document A Thomas Jefferson wrote to Gibeon Granger . about the powers of the states. Jefferson believes the french essay link words country is too large to have a single federal government. Year 4 Homework. He believes that the states should have some power too.
Jefferson says the Republicans have accepted these rights from the on marriage Constitution and the federalists have opposed them. Document B Jefferson tells Samuel Miller that the Constitution doesn’t give the year help federal government. Democratic-Republican Party , Federalism , James Madison 910 Words | 4 Pages. Articles of c philosophy paper Confederation Ap Us History Dbq. Essay #4 Trevor Gaston 10/21/10 AP US History C-Block “From 1781 to year 4 homework help, 1789, the Articles of Confederation . provided the United States with an effective government;” a bold statement considering the fact that the Articles lasted only 8 years. Although, I suppose the case could be made that the Articles of Confederation provided the means for a temporary government, only acting as a first-time attempt for the colonies in creating a more perfect representation for the colonies as a whole. This.
Articles of Confederation , Federal government of the United States , Massachusetts 955 Words | 3 Pages. AP US History Period 4 23 April 2013 The Effects of the Vietnam War By 1965, few Americans protested . Essay. involvement in year 4 homework, the Vietnam War. However, soon after, a series of “teach-ins” on any bleeding research university campuses, created a massive debate over the war and United States involvement. By 1967, there was massive opposition to the war, from students, the general public, congressmen, including William Fulbright, and even former members of the armed forces. This opposition was not the only tension in the nation.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution , Hubert Humphrey , John F. Kennedy 1048 Words | 3 Pages. US History Honors 29 October 2010 A Successful Man George Washington, a man of few yet insightful words, stepped into his . presidency and year help defined the precedents for future presidents. His intentions, on unifying the states, relieving economic stress and setting up the United States as a country worthy of respect, are worthy of praise due to the success that came out of his presidency. The way he handled each aspect of his presidency set the precedent for the future. George Washington had a very.
Alexander Hamilton , George Washington , John Jay 815 Words | 3 Pages. Dbq American Revolution Ap Us History. effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. Notes from Mr. Williams: This essay was given to 2nd period APUSH on their first in- class . essay. Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class). The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and topics from the documents, and latex style ADD significant outside fact and analysis. Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the entire question (deals with extent) and answers the year question from any bleeding gi nursing, economic.
American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Articles of year 4 homework help Confederation 901 Words | 3 Pages. AP US HISTORY DBQ - Era of Good Feelings. while in the urban areas factories and corporations that ran them were running in the ring of pleasure and could fatten upon them. In Document B, John . Calhoun says, the extent of the republic exposes us to the greatest of calamities disunitywe are rapidly growing this is transition list, our weakness and our strengthlet us , then, bind the republic together with a perfect system of roads This suggests the size and distance of our growing nation was going to be another source of 4 homework disunity. Because of the distance and lack. New England , President of the United States , Southern United States 834 Words | 3 Pages. Essay List. ? Payne 1 Max Payne AP English 11 Ms. Paul 13 November 2012 The Rise and 4 homework help Fall It is November 9, the Year of list Our Lord 1799, and a . battered French army begins the arduous climb up the Alps, just as a light snow begins to gently fall, a precursor of the hardship and bone chilling temperatures to come. They are led by the newly crowned consulate and France’s savior, Napoleon Bonaparte. There is a fear that Genoa may fall to Austrians.
This fateful journey was captured in a painting by artist. Charlotte Corday , First French Empire , French Revolution 1080 Words | 3 Pages. US History AP Outline Chapter 17 The Transformation of the Trans-Mississippi West, 1860-1900 I. Native Americans . and the Trans-Mississippi West a. The Plains Indians i. Three major sub regions: -The northern Plains: Lakota, Flatheads, Blackfeet, Assiniboins, northern Cheyennes, Arapahos, and Crows -The Central region: Five Civilized Tribes, agricultural life, before horses -South: western Kansas, Colorado, eastern New Mexico, and Texas: the Comanches, Kiowas, southern Arapahos, and Kiowa. American Old West , Cheyenne , Great Plains 1789 Words | 6 Pages. DMusialik@schools.nyc.gov 2014-2015 School Year Congratulations!
You have been accepted into the Advanced Placement United States History . Course for the 2014-2015 school year. With over 100 well qualified applicants, you made the cut of only 36 students. You should be very proud of yourself. Prepare to immerse yourself in the great story that is U.S. History . As Mark Twain once wrote, “Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is year 4 homework help, because fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn’t. Africa , History of the United States , Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay Writing List. 623 Words | 2 Pages.
Anthony Edwards 8/24/12 AP US History - Jones Colonial America DBQ An . interesting characteristic of the 4 homework colonies that the french words English founded during the help 17th and 18th centuries on gi nursing research the eastern coast of help modern day America is essay link words, that while all were indeed settled by people from 4 homework help, England they each developed their own very distinct cultures and ways of life. While the varying environments from each colony to the next certainly isn’t a negligible factor in the diversification of. Colonialism , Colony , Connecticut 2011 Words | 5 Pages. Paper. ? AP U.S. History Summer HW Sec. 1: 1. Year Help. The settlers were finally able to get food when the Indians decided to give them corn . and bread. The problems that still remained were that they were once again running out of c philosophy paper food and 4 homework help they had no houses to live in. This led to sickness and starvation amongst the settlers. 2. Latex Thesis Bibliography. The indications that Smith gave that morale and leadership were problems for the young colony were that their president of the colony, Captain Wingfeild, was deposed of his presidency. Agriculture , Colonialism , Colony 1524 Words | 5 Pages. AP United States History Document-Based Question After its victory over Britain in the War of 1812, the year 4 homework United States of . America became immersed in national pride which led to Era of Good Feelings, a period of unprecedented political unity. However, problems and disagreements grew behind the facets of the writing transition list era that manifested nationalism.
Sectionalism began to form as the dissent between the north and the south and different political figures intensified. Divergence among politicians was. 4 Homework. American Civil War , James Monroe , John Quincy Adams 957 Words | 3 Pages. 1993 DBQ New England and Chesapeake were two of the first colonies settled by people of English origin. That is where the similarities . end. These two colonies evolved into two completely different societies. Latex Style. There are many factors that contributed to the different lifestyles. These factors include government of society, socioeconomic status, and climate. These four exceedingly important aspects of help any society provided a split in these two early English colonies. Any Bleeding Paper Research. Those who arrived in the. Colonialism , Colony , New England 1241 Words | 4 Pages. membership reaches 5 million Scopes Trial –Evolution, Tennessee Model T Ford drops to cost $290 (3 months wages) “Scarface” Al Capone begins 6 years of . gang warfare Nellie Tayloe Ross elected Governor of help Wyoming, First woman governor of a U.S.
State US troops occupy Nicaragua Lindbergh’s first solo flight across the essay transition Atlantic; Sacco and Vanzetti executed; Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs for the Yankees; Al Jolson stars in The Jazz Singer, the year 4 homework help first talking film U.S. citizenship granted to inhabitants. Aaron Burr , Alexander Hamilton , Democratic-Republican Party 416 Words | 3 Pages. Ch. 12 1) Among the primary reasons that young farm women moved from the farms to mill essays, work in textile mill towns in the early 19th century was: To escape farm . life and earn wages 2) The history of Lowell epitomizes this transition: Self-sufficient farm families to urban wageworkers 3)In the pre-industrial system, a boy who wanted to learn a trade Entered a formal apprenticeship system 4)The organization of a family business in the pre-industrial era was Patriarchal 5) If you lived in Boston. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 1039 Words | 4 Pages. 4 Homework Help. Cynthia Ms. Conboy AP U.S.
History 25 January 2012 After the essay transition words 13th Amendment was passed, African American slaves were . freed from their lifetime involuntary servitude, and life for them seemed to be on the way to happiness (Document A). An economy that worked without slaves was a new concept to year 4 homework help, the South; freedmen were joyous about french essay words, it, and year help white planters loathed it. Latex Style. The United States underwent a sort of revolution in year 4 homework help, its economy and its social hierarchy (Document D). After the latex bibliography style Civil War ended. African American , American Civil War , Black people 717 Words | 2 Pages.
Bay colony was a stable , well ordered and well planned colony. The Chesapeake colony was not well planned and as organized as the New England Colony (doc c) . . Year. The emigrant list in doc c. was less detailed then the New England colony and this shows us the and taylor on marriage lack of organization. The people in year 4 homework, this colony often took oaths on supremacy and wanted to migrate due to any bleeding gi nursing research, freedom. England was primogeniture , the oldest son inherited everything and the second and third born sons didn't really have an opportunity. Connecticut , Connecticut Colony , Human migration 563 Words | 2 Pages. Ap World History Dbq Christianity. Unit 6 DBQ When thinking about the history of the world, one must always consider that merchants as well as trade have played an . 4 Homework. immerse role in shaping the world as it is c philosophy paper, today. They are responsible for many of the cross-cultural interactions that we have had in the past. Christianity and Islam, the two predominant religions of the world today, have both grown and spread through merchants and trade also. These two chief religions both have attitudes towards merchants and trade that have either.
International trade , Islam , Merchant 1597 Words | 4 Pages. AP European History DBQ Activity Using the APEURO DBQ from 2008 answer the . following questions. Write down the question you are going to year help, be answering. Explain the essay writing reasons for the adaptation of a new calendar in the revolutionary France and analyze reactions to it in the period of 1789 to 1806. Write down the 6 elements of the basic core you will be scored on and explain how you will receive these points. 1. Thesis 2. Majority. Year. Catholic Church , Documents , Explanation 349 Words | 3 Pages. AP American History DBQ : Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian democracy was created during the antebellum America. Paper. The . 4 Homework. Jackson democrats made an attempt to grant power to french essay, the lower classes while decreasing the influence of the rich and potent. The Jacksonian democrats viewed themselves as saviors of the common people and ruled by help the means of a powerful executive branch who attempted to destroy aristocracy in America.
In reality, they were typically very wealthy, they disregarded the mill and taylor and divorce capability of the. 4 Homework Help. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 715 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ : US expansion American expansion in the late 19th century and essay writing words list early 20th century held many similarities to 4 homework, that of early . American expansionism. The motives for latex style, early American expansion held similar to that of the 4 homework help turn of the 19th century in that the United States has grown in the reasoning of Manifest Destiny, the progress of the logical American economy and an increasing perception of American racial supremacy. Through the course of history , American expansionist incentives have shifted from withstanding. 19th century , American Civil War , Cold War 1159 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 1. The Great Gatsby motion pictures is a drama film. 2. The Great Gatsby shows us the various love affairs that goes on in the raging . 20s of New York City, through the viewpoint of Nick Carraway.
Throughout the movie, relationships, hidden pasts, secrets, and affairs between Nick’s friends are revealed and shown. Gatsby, who is known to year help, hold extravagant parties in any bleeding gi nursing, the probation period of US history , befriends Nick in order to get close to his cousin Daisy, his first ever love. However. F. Scott Fitzgerald , Film , Great Depression 2295 Words | 6 Pages. ? AP – United States History STUDY GUIDE - Test #1 (Units 1-3, Chapters 1-9) 1. Explain the official ending of the American . Revolution in 1783? 2. In 1754, identify Benjamin Franklin and help his use of a political cartoon at the Albany Congress on “the present disunited state of the British Colonies”. 3. On the issue of women’s rights, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention did what? 4. Latex Bibliography Style. Identify the English relationship with Native Americans in year 4 homework, the early history of Virginia. 5. C Philosophy Paper. Which general.
Benjamin Franklin , North America , Thirteen Colonies 1347 Words | 4 Pages. The 17th and 18th centuries saw the 4 homework embryonic stage of women#8217;s quest for gi nursing, intellectual and social parity with men. The evolution of women#8217;s fight . for equal opportunities was bogged down by a long history of stereotyping and condescension. Women were weaker physically, bore children and nurtured them. The economics and culture of year 4 homework help Europe at this time was strongly influenced by religion and resulted in prejudice against women. The dominating religions of Europe in the 1600#8217;s and 1700#8217;s. Discrimination , Equality , Equals sign 1046 Words | 3 Pages. Ap Us History - Industrialization Notes. control pretty much unaffected , US vs E.C.
Knight Company, defines manufacturing as not commerce and thus, free from government oversight . Encourages industrial reorganization and 1,207 firms disappear as merger capitalization rises to $2.2 billion B ut, 1898 and 1899, Supreme Court rules that any comb. of business firms “formed to fix prices or allocate markets” violates Sherman Antitrust Act – merger movement declines temporarily after formation of US Steel in essay analysis test, 1901 Industrialization. Andrew Carnegie , ExxonMobil , John D. Rockefeller 1135 Words | 7 Pages. James Richards Harris 3rd The Fatal Flaws of the Constitution ( DBQ ) During the 1850’s, the supreme and absolute Constitution, which had . previously seen no topic it couldn’t resolve or illuminate in the eyes of its interpreters, was faced with its toughest, unrelenting foe; the issue of help slavery, and and taylor essays on marriage and divorce the locations that it existed in or was desired to exist in. Ultimately, this issue led to 4 homework help, the demise of the Union that had been created under the watchful and guiding eye of the french essay Constitution. This. American Civil War , Compromise of 4 homework help 1850 , Confederate States of America 979 Words | 3 Pages. ?2007 DBQ At the height of the c philosophy paper Han and Roman Empires, the emergence of year 4 homework help technological advancements heavily influenced their societies. These . advancements had several benefits in improving the social order of the empires, however they also had their negative effects; the essential argument being that the more elaborate, and intricate the inventions were, the higher they were considered in essay words, the social classes. The simpler, craft-like inventions on year the other hand, were said to essay test, be made by men who are. Year Help. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Elite 893 Words | 3 Pages. the Mohicans” HS: he was a very successful novelist in America in the early 19th century. 9. John Marshall- was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court . during 1801 to 1835 and presided over many of the most influencial cases in Supreme Court history like McCullouch vs Maryland.
He was in favor of loose construction and this shows up in his case decisions. HS: Is considered the most influencial Chief Justice of the Supreme Court ever. 10. John C Calhoun- Leader of the Fugitive Slave Law. Andrew Jackson , James Monroe , John Quincy Adams 2310 Words | 7 Pages. Imperialism Dbq Ap European History. believed that Imperialism gave the essay logical analysis test opportunity to civilize the barbaric people from the African colonies.
Rudyard Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden” . expresses their duty to do so. Prince Leopold, heir to the throne of Belgium and future king said “let us see where there are unoccupied lands… where are to 4 homework, be found peoples to civilize, to lead to progress in french link, every sense” (Document 1). Martial Henri Merlin, governor general of French Equatorial Africa announced that “We [France] went there by virtue of. Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 832 Words | 3 Pages. accurately analyze the responses to Buddhism is a document from a woman. This document would be helpful due to the fact that all of these documents are . written by men and there isn’t a woman’s perspective to balance out the spectrum. This would give us a general idea of how someone of lesser power felt about the religion. However, not everyone thought that Buddhism could solve their problems and rejected the spread of Buddhism. Document four by Han Yu completely mocks Buddhism and claims it. Buddhism , China , Confucianism 1014 Words | 3 Pages. then the VP shall act as President if he cannot -Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the US -Congress shall have power . to help, enforce this article by appropriate legislation -All persons born or naturalized in the US are citizens of the US and paper of the state where they reside -No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of US citizens -No state shall deprive any person of 4 homework life, liberty, or property without due process of any bleeding gi nursing research law -No state shall. 1791 in American politics , Amendments of the Constitution of Ireland , Amendments to the United States Constitution 704 Words | 4 Pages.
Summer 2012 Assignments: Due Thursday, September 6th. Welcome to AP . US History ! The following is a summer . assignment to 4 homework help, get you started for the new school year. Part I: Textbook Assignment. (Use the textbook if you received it in June or download the PDF files or use the dropbox link) Part II: Free Response Question Essay Part I: Use your American Passages textbook if you have, or Download the c philosophy paper pdf files titled “ AP US CH 1” and 4 homework help “ AP US Chapter 2 excerpts” Read. As you read, Outline the chapter and. Essay , Following , Protestant Reformation 993 Words | 5 Pages. of 1789 1788 Bill of Rights 1786 Annapolis Convention 1787 Northwest Ordinance 1787 Shay’s Rebellion Great Compromise of 1787 1787 The Federalist . Papers 1790 Second Great Awakening 1791 Democratic Republican Party formed 1791 First Bank of US 1793 Eli Whitney- Cotton Gin 1795 Pinckney’s Treaty 1795 Treaty of Grenville 1794 Jays Treaty 1794 Whiskey Rebellion 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions 1797 XYZ affair 1798 Quasi- French War 1801 Midnight. American Revolution , Andrew Jackson , George Washington 810 Words | 6 Pages. in their way. French Essay Words. This mental warfare is described in document 3, where it is said that the Mongols would completely surround the city they were attacking in . order to appear much larger in number that they actually were. While it is often said that history is told from the point of view of the victors, this does not pertain to the Mongols.
Being illiterate, they could not keep records, and instead relied on year 4 homework the efforts of their subjects to logical analysis, keep the empire running smoothly. This also means that all primary. Year. Black Death , Central Asia , Genghis Khan 1120 Words | 3 Pages. Throughout history , there is not an event that can relate to the one of the paper American Revolution. This revolution that took place in the . Americas had many events that led to this revolution for the colonies. The events that slowly crept up to the much-needed revolution was in the period from 1750 to 1776. During this time, the struggling American colonies that were under control by the English and its parliament were dealing with different situations politically, socially and economically that led. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1057 Words | 3 Pages. to see dissension against Lincoln as too moderate. He used a lot quotes from soldiers, activists, and 4 homework help African American newspapers to tell the thesis bibliography style story of how . the year help African American community participated in the Civil War. He used this book to essay writing, tell the history of how the Union victory that liberated African-Americans in the South once and for all was in large measure due to the efforts of Black folks, both free Blacks in 4 homework help, the North, and the former slaves and essay logical analysis test Northern Blacks who fought in the Civil War. . Abraham Lincoln , African American , American Civil War 2062 Words | 7 Pages.
The US’s victory in 4 homework help, the Mexican War resulted in renewed controversy over the issue of extending slavery into the territories, a possible split in the Whig . and Democrat parties over slavery, the cession by Mexico of an enormous amount of land to the US , and a rush of settlers to new American territory in California 3. The Wilmot Proviso, if adopted, would have prohibited slavery in any territory acquired in the Mexican War 4. The debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession threatened to split. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Compromise of essay writing list 1850 1089 Words | 3 Pages. The 1850s Prelude To Civil War 1987 DBQ BRFHS PS Rykken. 4 Homework. PS Rykken APUSH » » USGP » » Law/Society » » Falls History Ho-chunk Ethnic Studies » » CRT BRFHS Student Senate » » Home » AP . Any Bleeding Paper Research. US History Blog » The 1850s: Prelude to Civil War ( 1987 DBQ ) The 1850s: Prelude to Civil War ( 1987 DBQ ) Posted by 4 homework rykkepau on Jan 2, 2014 in AP US History Blog | 0 comments We have reached a point with our writing where we need to take the next big step. As part of your final exam, you are going to be completing a DBQ on latex thesis bibliography the decade of the 1850s. You have the question ahead. Year Help. Abolitionism , American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 1862 Words | 7 Pages. ?Writing In AP US History U.S.
History Essay Writing / Exam Information The AP U.S. . History Exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long and includes both a 100-minute multiple-choice / short-answer section (Part I) and a 95-minute free-response section (Part II). Each section is divided into transition words, two parts, as shown in the table below. Student performance on these four parts will be compiled and weighted to determine an year 4 homework, AP Exam score. AP Scores are 5 – 1. Section Question Type Number of Questions Timing Percentage. American Civil War , Greek loanwords , Historiography 1641 Words | 6 Pages. Document-Based Question: Religious Views on War Complete and submit this assignment by the due date to receive full credit. (45 points) 1. C Philosophy Paper. To complete this . Graded Assignment, retrieve the Religious Views on War DBQ . Use this document with its essay instructions and 4 homework the DBQ Checklist to complete this DBQ essay. Please consult the thesis rubric throughout the year help process.
Using the documents, compare the views of major world religions on war. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to compare the views of. Abrahamic religions , Bible , Christianity 1003 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ 2 The French-Indian War was a major turning point in mill and taylor essays on marriage and divorce, relations between the Americans and the British. American colonists were . generations removed from their British ancestry, and it showed on the battlefield. The Brits and Americans had different tactics and ideals during the war. These differences created bitterness between the Americans and 4 homework British economically, theologically, and socially following the war due to the fact that the British controlled the colonies and could therefore tax. Essay. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Benjamin Franklin 591 Words | 2 Pages. President Herbert Hoover, a Republican, had control of the year 4 homework help United States from 1929 to 1933, the beginning of the economic downfall. Hoover created a . laissez-faire government; the latex bibliography government was not involved in year, everyday business, instead it was a very hands off approach and writing transition list daily life just took its path. When Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933 the economy was now deep in a huge downward spiral, and he raised a new Democratic approach to run the government and United States.
The United. Democratic Party , Franklin D. 4 Homework Help. Roosevelt , Great Depression 1172 Words | 3 Pages. Logical Analysis. APUSH DBQ 6 All throughout the 1800's, slavery was a very controversial topic. Year Help. During the 1860 election, Abraham Lincoln was asked about . his views on latex style slavery. He simply stated that he would do anything with slavery to preserve the union. A few months later, Lincoln issued the Emancipation and this went slightly against what he had said earlier. Once this was issued, the preservation of the 4 homework Union and the abolition of slavery became the main goal in essay transition words, the war. I believe that Lincoln's main goal. Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 789 Words | 2 Pages. the help AP U.S. French Essay Words. History Exam © 2003 James L. Smith TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. The Advanced Placement U.S. . History Exam . . . . 4 Homework Help. . . . . . . . . . . . Essay Logical Analysis Test. . . Year. . . . Any Bleeding Research. . Year 4 Homework Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mill And Taylor On Marriage. 3 Information about the year 4 homework help AP exam and french essay helpful hints for obtaining the highest grade possible. 2. Year Help. Important Dates in U.S.
History . . . . . . . . . . . . . C Philosophy Paper. . . . . . . Year Help. . . . . . . Essay Analysis Test. . Help. . Research. . . . . . . . Year Help. . . . . . . Analysis. . . . . Help. . Any Bleeding Paper. . . . Year 4 Homework Help. . . . . 6 Memorize these dates! 3. 250 Things Every AP Student. American Civil War , Cold War , Dwight D. Eisenhower 7111 Words | 54 Pages. Mill Essays On Marriage And Divorce. ? Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion World History September 23, 2013 World . History 23 September 2013 Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion Thousands of years ago, Ancient River Civilizations were thriving. At the time, they were like Paris, France, London, England or New York, New York; they were the places everyone wanted to be. These river civilizations established farming, formal religious rituals, governments, and writing and 4 homework help with. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Ancient Near East 1380 Words | 10 Pages. Mill On Marriage. The College Board Advanced Placement Examination 1987 UNITED STATES HISTORY Section II - Part A (Suggested writing time - 45 . 4 Homework. minutes) Percent of essay writing transition Section II score - 45 Directions: The following question requires you to year 4 homework, construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-1 and your knowledge of the thesis bibliography style period referred to 4 homework, in the essay list question.
In your essay, you should strive to support your assertions both by citing key pieces of evidence from the documents and by drawing on. American Civil War , Articles of 4 homework help Confederation , Confederate States of America 1684 Words | 6 Pages. US History Prep 20 2012 1. The authors of the Articles of Confederation established a decentralized political system mainly . to 1. cancel state debts incurred during the Revolutionary War 2. assist the southern states in their efforts to gain a manufacturing base 3. promote the common goal of national sovereignty 4. Essay Transition List. prevent the abuses of power that had existed under British rule 2. Senate ratification of treaties negotiated by the President is required by the United States. Articles of year 4 homework Confederation , President of the writing words list United States , Separation of powers 676 Words | 3 Pages. effectiveness. LJB entered into conflict with Vietnam for more threatening reasons. Unlike JFK—there was direct confrontation; there was an year, apparent attack . on US ships by c philosophy the North Vietnamese Navy in the Gulf of Tonkin in July 1964. LBJ pushed for a US military response against the North. On August 7, Congress authorized the President to commit US aircraft and year 4 homework ground troops to transition, the war, which still consisted mainly of the guerrilla war in the South. 4 Homework Help. 2. Latex. The upheaval and dissent on American college.
Cold War , John F. Year Help. Kennedy , Lyndon B. Johnson 1318 Words | 4 Pages. Granada Hills Charter High School A.P. Paper. United States History – 2010 Summer Assignment DUE: Day 1 of Fall 2010 semester Instructors: . Mr. Klevs firstname.lastname@example.org Ms. Byars email@example.com 1. Students need to year, read book #1 Patriots: The Men who started the American Revolution by A.J.
Langguth [ISBN?10: 0671675621] by August 17, 2010. Students need to read book #2 K Blows Top: A Cold War Comic Interlude Starring Nikita Khrushchev, America's Most Unlikely Tourist by Peter Carlson [ISBN?10: 1586484974] by January . Americas , Caribbean , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1305 Words | 3 Pages. English Colonies in North America (Ap Us History) AP US History English Colonies in North America Before the seventeenth century, countries such as Portugal and . Spain had controlled the french words rich lands of the Americas, and England was left out of the race due to 4 homework help, religious conflict back home. However, when Queen Elizabeth came into power, England’s power also rose in the colonial game in c philosophy, the America. Some of the first colonies they gathered are the year help ones of Virginia and Carolina. They also acquired the paper colonies of year 4 homework help Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island.
British America , Colonialism , Former British colonies 1253 Words | 4 Pages. Document Based Question Guidelines for DBQ’s (document based questions): On the AP exam, you will encounter a specialized type of essay . known as a DBQ . Although these are often intimidating at first, students eventually learn that the DBQ is their friend. If you can master the skill of writing a good DBQ , it doesn’t matter what question the latex thesis bibliography College Board throws at you in May—you can handle it! 1.The DBQ is essentially a short research essay where someone else has done all the research for. 19th century , 21st century , 2nd millennium 1379 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther Dbq-Ap European History.
Justine Chapel November 19, 2012 AP Euro P3 Martin Luther DBQ By the 1500’s many issues shows signs of year help disorder within the . Church. The idea of selling indulgences (forgiveness for c philosophy, sin) for 4 homework help, clergy benefit began to french words, negatively spread throughout the people, along with opposition to pluralism (holding more than one office). This sparked many attempts to reform the church through individual groups, one of which being the Brotherhood of Common Life. One of their accomplishments was starting schools for. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 1053 Words | 3 Pages. 4 Homework. AP WORLD HISTORY Name___________________ DBQ Period ______ Description: Students will research and and taylor and divorce then . create their own document-based question ( DBQ ) in AP World History . The DBQ should follow the format used on the Advanced Placement Examination, and 4 homework help students should observe the essay following guideline: 1. The question should be phrased using one of the following key terms or phrases: • -Defend or refute • -Analyze • -Evaluate • -To what extent and in what ways . APA style , Diary , Following 394 Words | 4 Pages. Ap European History Renaissance Education Dbq Exercise. Renaissance Education DBQ Exercise During the Renaissance, scholars became more interested in the humanistic features of society, . and humanistic educators based their teaching models on Greek and Latin classics.
Renaissance education was One apparent purpose of a Renaissance education was to 4 homework help, praise the value of useful education, through the teaching of the classics, mainly Greek literature that was written by Greek philosophers, mathematicians and essay transition list other important figures. Some criticised. 4 Homework Help. Ancient Greek , Education , History of education 909 Words | 3 Pages.
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columbus essay title Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of year 4 homework wonder, emerged from logical test their villages onto the island's beaches and swam out to get a closer look at the strange big boat. Year 4 Homework! When Columbus and his sailors came ashore, carrying swords, speaking oddly, the Arawaks ran to greet them, brought them food, water, gifts. He later wrote of this in his log: They . brought us parrots and balls of paper cotton and year spears and many other things, which they exchanged for the glass beads and hawks' bells. They willingly traded everything they owned. . They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features. Mill Essays On Marriage! They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane. . Year! They would make fine servants. With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want. These Arawaks of the Bahama Islands were much like Indians on the mainland, who were remarkable (European observers were to say again and again) for their hospitality, their belief in sharing.
These traits did not stand out in paper, the Europe of the Renaissance, dominated as it was by the religion of popes, the government of kings, the year help, frenzy for money that marked Western civilization and its first messenger to the Americas, Christopher Columbus. As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first Island which I found, I took some of the natives by force in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in these parts. The information that Columbus wanted most was: Where is the gold? He had persuaded the king and queen of Spain to finance an expedition to latex thesis bibliography, the lands, the wealth, he expected would be on the other side of the Atlantic-the Indies and Asia, gold and spices. For, like other informed people of his time, he knew the world was round and he could sail west in order to get to the Far East. Spain was recently unified, one of the new modern nation-states, like France, England, and Portugal. 4 Homework! Its population, mostly poor peasants, worked for the nobility, who were 2 percent of the population and owned 95 percent of the land. Any Bleeding Gi Nursing! Spain had tied itself to year 4 homework, the Catholic Church, expelled all the Jews, driven out the transition, Moors. Like other states of the help, modern world, Spain sought gold, which was becoming the new mark of wealth, more useful than land because it could buy anything. There was gold in Asia, it was thought, and essay writing transition words certainly silks and spices, for help Marco Polo and others had brought back marvelous things from their overland expeditions centuries before. Now that the Turks had conquered Constantinople and gi nursing paper the eastern Mediterranean, and controlled the land routes to Asia, a sea route was needed.
Portuguese sailors were working their way around the southern tip of Africa. Spain decided to gamble on a long sail across an unknown ocean. In return for bringing back gold and spices, they promised Columbus 10 percent of the profits, governorship over new-found lands, and the fame that would go with a new title: Admiral of the Ocean Sea. Year! He was a merchant's clerk from the Italian city of Genoa, part-time weaver (the son of a skilled weaver), and expert sailor. He set out with three sailing ships, the largest of which was the Santa Maria , perhaps 100 feet long, and thirty-nine crew members. Columbus would never have made it to Asia, which was thousands of miles farther away than he had calculated, imagining a smaller world. He would have been doomed by bibliography style, that great expanse of sea. But he was lucky. One-fourth of the way there he came upon an unknown, uncharted land that lay between Europe and year 4 homework help Asia-the Americas. It was early October 1492, and thirty-three days since he and his crew had left the Canary Islands, off the Atlantic coast of Africa. Now they saw branches and sticks floating in the water.
They saw flocks of birds. These were signs of c philosophy land. Then, on help, October 12, a sailor called Rodrigo saw the early morning moon shining on white sands, and cried out. It was an island in the Bahamas, the and taylor essays on marriage and divorce, Caribbean sea. The first man to sight land was supposed to get a yearly pension of 10,000 maravedis for life, but Rodrigo never got it. Columbus claimed he had seen a light the evening before. He got the year 4 homework help, reward. So, approaching land, they were met by essay transition list, the Arawak Indians, who swam out to greet them.
The Arawaks lived in village communes, had a developed agriculture of 4 homework corn, yams, cassava. And Taylor Essays On Marriage And Divorce! They could spin and weave, but they had no horses or work animals. They had no iron, but they wore tiny gold ornaments in their ears. This was to have enormous consequences: it led Columbus to take some of year help them aboard ship as prisoners because he insisted that they guide him to the source of the gold. He then sailed to what is now Cuba, then to Hispaniola (the island which today consists of Haiti and c philosophy the Dominican Republic). There, bits of visible gold in the rivers, and a gold mask presented to Columbus by a local Indian chief, led to year 4 homework help, wild visions of gold fields. On Hispaniola, out of transition list timbers from the Santa Maria , which had run aground, Columbus built a fort, the first European military base in the Western Hemisphere. He called it Navidad (Christmas) and left thirty-nine crewmembers there, with instructions to find and store the gold. He took more Indian prisoners and year 4 homework help put them aboard his two remaining ships. At one part of the island he got into a fight with Indians who refused to research, trade as many bows and arrows as he and his men wanted.
Two were run through with swords and bled to death. Then the Nina and 4 homework the Pinta set sail for the Azores and Spain. When the weather turned cold, the Indian prisoners began to die. Columbus's report to the Court in Madrid was extravagant. He insisted he had reached Asia (it was Cuba) and c philosophy an island off the coast of China (Hispaniola). His descriptions were part fact, part fiction: Hispaniola is 4 homework, a miracle. Mountains and hills, plains and logical pastures, are both fertile and beautiful . the harbors are unbelievably good and there are many wide rivers of which the year 4 homework help, majority contain gold. . . . There are many spices, and great mines of gold and other metals. The Indians, Columbus reported, are so naive and so free with their possessions that no one who has not witnessed them would believe it. When you ask for something they have, they never say no. Essay Writing Transition Words List! To the contrary, they offer to share with anyone.
He concluded his report by asking for a little help from their Majesties, and in return he would bring them from his next voyage as much gold as they need . and as many slaves as they ask. Year! He was full of religious talk: Thus the latex thesis style, eternal God, our Lord, gives victory to those who follow His way over apparent impossibilities. Because of Columbus's exaggerated report and promises, his second expedition was given seventeen ships and 4 homework more than twelve hundred men. Transition Words List! The aim was clear: slaves and gold. They went from island to island in the Caribbean, taking Indians as captives. But as word spread of the Europeans' intent they found more and more empty villages. On Haiti, they found that the sailors left behind at Fort Navidad had been killed in year 4 homework help, a battle with the Indians, after they had roamed the island in gangs looking for gold, taking women and children as slaves for sex and logical analysis test labor. Now, from his base on Haiti, Columbus sent expedition after expedition into the interior. They found no gold fields, but had to fill up the ships returning to Spain with some kind of dividend. In the year 1495, they went on a great slave raid, rounded up fifteen hundred Arawak men, women, and children, put them in pens guarded by Spaniards and dogs, then picked the five hundred best specimens to load onto ships.
Of those five hundred, two hundred died en route. The rest arrived alive in year help, Spain and were put up for sale by the archdeacon of the town, who reported that, although the slaves were naked as the logical analysis, day they were born, they showed no more embarrassment than animals. Columbus later wrote: Let us in 4 homework help, the name of the Holy Trinity go on sending all the french words, slaves that can be sold. But too many of the slaves died in captivity. And so Columbus, desperate to pay back dividends to those who had invested, had to make good his promise to fill the ships with gold. In the province of Cicao on Haiti, where he and year 4 homework help his men imagined huge gold fields to exist, they ordered all persons fourteen years or older to essay test, collect a certain quantity of gold every three months.
When they brought it, they were given copper tokens to hang around their necks. Year 4 Homework Help! Indians found without a copper token had their hands cut off and bled to death. The Indians had been given an impossible task. The only gold around was bits of dust garnered from the streams. So they fled, were hunted down with dogs, and essay analysis test were killed. Trying to put together an army of resistance, the Arawaks faced Spaniards who had armor, muskets, swords, horses.
When the Spaniards took prisoners they hanged them or burned them to death. 4 Homework Help! Among the Arawaks, mass suicides began, with cassava poison. Infants were killed to essay analysis test, save them from the Spaniards. In two years, through murder, mutilation, or suicide, half of the 250,000 Indians on Haiti were dead. When it became clear that there was no gold left, the year 4 homework help, Indians were taken as slave labor on huge estates, known later as encomiendas. They were worked at a ferocious pace, and died by the thousands.
By the year 1515, there were perhaps fifty thousand Indians left. List! By 1550, there were five hundred. A report of the year 4 homework help, year 1650 shows none of the original Arawaks or their descendants left on the island. The chief source-and, on many matters the logical test, only source-of information about what happened on the islands after Columbus came is Bartolome de las Casas, who, as a young priest, participated in the conquest of Cuba. For a time he owned a plantation on which Indian slaves worked, but he gave that up and became a vehement critic of 4 homework help Spanish cruelty. Las Casas transcribed Columbus's journal and, in essay, his fifties, began a multivolume History of the year 4 homework help, Indies. In it, he describes the Indians. They are agile, he says, and can swim long distances, especially the women. They are not completely peaceful, because they do battle from time to time with other tribes, but their casualties seem small, and they fight when they are individually moved to do so because of mill and taylor on marriage and divorce some grievance, not on the orders of help captains or kings.
Women in Indian society were treated so well as to startle the Spaniards. Las Casas describes sex relations: Marriage laws are non-existent men and women alike choose their mates and leave them as they please, without offense, jealousy or anger. They multiply in great abundance; pregnant women work to the last minute and give birth almost painlessly; up the next day, they bathe in the river and are as clean and c philosophy healthy as before giving birth. If they tire of their men, they give themselves abortions with herbs that force stillbirths, covering their shameful parts with leaves or cotton cloth; although on the whole, Indian men and women look upon total nakedness with as much casualness as we look upon a man's head or at his hands. The Indians, Las Casas says, have no religion, at least no temples. 4 Homework Help! They live in. large communal bell-shaped buildings, housing up to 600 people at one time . made of very strong wood and roofed with palm leaves. They prize bird feathers of various colors, beads made of fishbones, and paper green and white stones with which they adorn their ears and lips, but they put no value on gold and other precious things.
They lack all manner of commerce, neither buying nor selling, and rely exclusively on 4 homework, their natural environment for maintenance. They are extremely generous with their possessions and by the same token covet the possessions of their friends and french link expect the same degree of liberality. . In Book Two of 4 homework his History of the Indies , Las Casas (who at first urged replacing Indians by black slaves, thinking they were stronger and would survive, but later relented when he saw the effects on blacks) tells about the treatment of the Indians by the Spaniards. It is a unique account and deserves to writing transition words list, be quoted at length: Endless testimonies . .. 4 Homework! prove the mild and pacific temperament of the natives. But our work was to c philosophy, exasperate, ravage, kill, mangle and destroy; small wonder, then, if they tried to help, kill one of essay writing list us now and then. The admiral, it is true, was blind as those who came after him, and he was so anxious to please the King that he committed irreparable crimes against the Indians. Las Casas tells how the Spaniards grew more conceited every day and after a while refused to year, walk any distance. They rode the backs of Indians if they were in a hurry or were carried on hammocks by gi nursing research, Indians running in relays. Year 4 Homework! In this case they also had Indians carry large leaves to shade them from the sun and others to fan them with goose wings. Total control led to total cruelty. The Spaniards thought nothing of knifing Indians by tens and logical analysis test twenties and of cutting slices off them to test the sharpness of their blades.
Las Casas tells how two of 4 homework these so-called Christians met two Indian boys one day, each carrying a parrot; they took the parrots and for fun beheaded the boys. The Indians' attempts to defend themselves failed. Mill And Taylor! And when they ran off into the hills they were found and killed. So, Las Casas reports, they suffered and died in the mines and other labors in desperate silence, knowing not a soul in the world to whom they could turn for help. He describes their work in year 4 homework, the mines: . mountains are stripped from top to bottom and bottom to top a thousand times; they dig, split rocks, move stones, and carry dirt on their backs to wash it in the rivers, while those who wash gold stay in the water all the time with their backs bent so constantly it breaks them; and when water invades the mines, the most arduous task of all is to essay words, dry the mines by scooping up pansful of water and throwing it up outside. After each six or eight months' work in the mines, which was the time required of each crew to dig enough gold for melting, up to year help, a third of the men died. While the men were sent many miles away to the mines, the wives remained to work the soil, forced into the excruciating job of digging and making thousands of hills for cassava plants. Thus husbands and wives were together only writing transition words, once every eight or ten months and when they met they were so exhausted and depressed on both sides . they ceased to year help, procreate.
As for paper the newly born, they died early because their mothers, overworked and 4 homework help famished, had no milk to nurse them, and for thesis bibliography style this reason, while I was in Cuba, 7000 children died in help, three months. Some mothers even drowned their babies from sheer desperation. in this way, husbands died in the mines, wives died at work, and children died from link words lack of milk . .. and in a short time this land which was so great, so powerful and year help fertile . was depopulated. . My eyes have seen these acts so foreign to human nature, and c philosophy now I tremble as I write. . When he arrived on year 4 homework help, Hispaniola in 1508, Las Casas says, there were 60,000 people living on this island, including the Indians; so that from writing transition 1494 to 1508, over three million people had perished from war, slavery, and the mines. Who in future generations will believe this? I myself writing it as a knowledgeable eyewitness can hardly believe it. 4 Homework! Thus began the history, five hundred years ago, of the European invasion of the essay list, Indian settlements in the Americas.
That beginning, when you read Las Casas-even if his figures are exaggerations (were there 3 million Indians to year 4 homework, begin with, as he says, or less than a million, as some historians have calculated, or 8 million as others now believe?)-is conquest, slavery, death. When we read the history books given to children in the United States, it all starts with heroic adventure-there is no bloodshed-and Columbus Day is a celebration. Past the elementary and high schools, there are only any bleeding paper, occasional hints of 4 homework something else. Samuel Eliot Morison, the essay words, Harvard historian, was the most distinguished writer on Columbus, the author of a multivolume biography, and was himself a sailor who retraced Columbus's route across the Atlantic. In his popular book Christopher Columbus, Mariner, written in 1954, he tells about the enslavement and year the killing: The cruel policy initiated by Columbus and pursued by essay test, his successors resulted in year 4 homework help, complete genocide. That is on french essay link words, one page, buried halfway into the telling of a grand romance. In the book's last paragraph, Morison sums up his view of Columbus: He had his faults and his defects, but they were largely the defects of the qualities that made him great-his indomitable will, his superb faith in God and in his own mission as the Christ-bearer to lands beyond the seas, his stubborn persistence despite neglect, poverty and discouragement. 4 Homework! But there was no flaw, no dark side to the most outstanding and essential of all his qualities-his seamanship. One can lie outright about the past.
Or one can omit facts which might lead to bibliography, unacceptable conclusions. Morison does neither. He refuses to lie about Columbus. He does not omit the story of mass murder; indeed he describes it with the harshest word one can use: genocide. But he does something else-he mentions the truth quickly and goes on to other things more important to him. Outright lying or quiet omission takes the risk of year discovery which, when made, might arouse the reader to rebel against the writer. To state the facts, however, and style then to bury them in a mass of 4 homework other information is to say to the reader with a certain infectious calm: yes, mass murder took place, but it's not that important-it should weigh very little in our final judgments; it should affect very little what we do in the world. It is not that the historian can avoid emphasis of some facts and not of others. This is as natural to him as to the mapmaker, who, in research, order to 4 homework help, produce a usable drawing for latex practical purposes, must first flatten and distort the shape of the earth, then choose out of the year 4 homework help, bewildering mass of geographic information those things needed for the purpose of this or that particular map. My argument cannot be against selection, simplification, emphasis, which are inevitable for both cartographers and historians. But the map-maker's distortion is a technical necessity for a common purpose shared by all people who need maps.
The historian's distortion is more than technical, it is ideological; it is released into thesis bibliography, a world of contending interests, where any chosen emphasis supports (whether the year, historian means to or not) some kind of interest, whether economic or political or racial or national or sexual. Furthermore, this ideological interest is french essay link words, not openly expressed in 4 homework help, the way a mapmaker's technical interest is obvious (This is a Mercator projection for long-range navigation-for short-range, you'd better use a different projection). No, it is essay transition words list, presented as if all readers of history had a common interest which historians serve to the best of their ability. This is not intentional deception; the historian has been trained in year 4 homework, a society in which education and knowledge are put forward as technical problems of excellence and not as tools for contending social classes, races, nations. To emphasize the paper research, heroism of Columbus and his successors as navigators and help discoverers, and to de-emphasize their genocide, is not a technical necessity but an ideological choice. It serves- unwittingly-to justify what was done. My point is not that we must, in telling history, accuse, judge, condemn Columbus in absentia . It is too late for that; it would be a useless scholarly exercise in morality. But the latex bibliography, easy acceptance of atrocities as a deplorable but necessary price to pay for year 4 homework help progress (Hiroshima and Vietnam, to save Western civilization; Kronstadt and Hungary, to save socialism; nuclear proliferation, to save us all)-that is still with us. Logical Analysis! One reason these atrocities are still with us is that we have learned to bury them in year 4 homework help, a mass of logical analysis test other facts, as radioactive wastes are buried in containers in the earth. We have learned to year help, give them exactly the same proportion of attention that teachers and list writers often give them in the most respectable of classrooms and year 4 homework help textbooks. This learned sense of moral proportion, coming from the apparent objectivity of the scholar, is accepted more easily than when it comes from politicians at press conferences.
It is therefore more deadly. The treatment of heroes (Columbus) and their victims (the Arawaks)-the quiet acceptance of conquest and murder in the name of mill on marriage and divorce progress-is only one aspect of year 4 homework a certain approach to history, in which the past is told from the point of view of governments, conquerors, diplomats, leaders. It is as if they, like Columbus, deserve universal acceptance, as if they-the Founding Fathers, Jackson, Lincoln, Wilson, Roosevelt, Kennedy, the leading members of Congress, the famous Justices of the Supreme Court-represent the c philosophy paper, nation as a whole. The pretense is that there really is year, such a thing as the United States, subject to occasional conflicts and quarrels, but fundamentally a community of people with common interests. Any Bleeding Research! It is as if there really is a national interest represented in the Constitution, in territorial expansion, in year 4 homework help, the laws passed by Congress, the decisions of the courts, the development of capitalism, the culture of education and the mass media. History is the memory of states, wrote Henry Kissinger in his first book, A World Restored , in which he proceeded to tell the history of nineteenth-century Europe from the viewpoint of the leaders of Austria and essays and divorce England, ignoring the millions who suffered from those statesmen's policies.
From his standpoint, the year 4 homework, peace that Europe had before the French Revolution was restored by the diplomacy of transition words a few national leaders. But for factory workers in 4 homework help, England, farmers in France, colored people in Asia and Africa, women and mill and taylor on marriage and divorce children everywhere except in the upper classes, it was a world of conquest, violence, hunger, exploitation-a world not restored but disintegrated. My viewpoint, in telling the history of the United States, is different: that we must not accept the year 4 homework, memory of states as our own. Nations are not communities and never have been, The history of any country, presented as the history of a family, conceals fierce conflicts of interest (sometimes exploding, most often repressed) between conquerors and and taylor conquered, masters and slaves, capitalists and workers, dominators and dominated in race and sex. And in such a world of conflict, a world of victims and 4 homework help executioners, it is the job of thinking people, as Albert Camus suggested, not to be on the side of the essay link, executioners. Thus, in that inevitable taking of sides which comes from help selection and emphasis in history, I prefer to try to tell the story of the discovery of America from the viewpoint of the Arawaks, of the Constitution from the standpoint of the slaves, of Andrew Jackson as seen by the Cherokees, of the Civil War as seen by on marriage and divorce, the New York Irish, of the Mexican war as seen by the deserting soldiers of Scott's army, of the rise of industrialism as seen by the young women in the Lowell textile mills, of the year help, Spanish-American war as seen by the Cubans, the conquest of the Philippines as seen by black soldiers on thesis bibliography, Luzon, the help, Gilded Age as seen by gi nursing research, southern farmers, the First World War as seen by socialists, the Second World War as seen by pacifists, the New Deal as seen by blacks in Harlem, the postwar American empire as seen by peons in Latin America. And so on, to the limited extent that any one person, however he or she strains, can see history from the standpoint of others. My point is not to grieve for the victims and denounce the year help, executioners.
Those tears, that anger, cast into the past, deplete our moral energy for thesis bibliography the present. And the lines are not always clear. In the long run, the oppressor is also a victim. In the short run (and so far, human history has consisted only of short runs), the victims, themselves desperate and tainted with the culture that oppresses them, turn on other victims. Still, understanding the complexities, this book will be skeptical of governments and their attempts, through politics and culture, to ensnare ordinary people in a giant web of nationhood pretending to a common interest.
I will try not to year 4 homework help, overlook the latex bibliography style, cruelties that victims inflict on one another as they are jammed together in the boxcars of the year 4 homework help, system. I don't want to romanticize them. But I do remember (in rough paraphrase) a statement I once read: The cry of the french words, poor is not always just, but if you don't listen to it, you will never know what justice is. I don't want to invent victories for people's movements. But to year 4 homework, think that history-writing must aim simply to recapitulate the failures that dominate the past is to make historians collaborators in essay transition words, an endless cycle of defeat. If history is to be creative, to anticipate a possible future without denying the past, it should, I believe, emphasize new possibilities by disclosing those hidden episodes of the past when, even if in brief flashes, people showed their ability to resist, to join together, occasionally to win.
I am supposing, or perhaps only hoping, that our future may be found in the past's fugitive moments of compassion rather than in its solid centuries of help warfare. That, being as blunt as I can, is my approach to any bleeding paper, the history of the United States. The reader may as well know that before going on. What Columbus did to the Arawaks of the Bahamas, Cortes did to the Aztecs of Mexico, Pizarro to the Incas of Peru, and the English settlers of Virginia and Massachusetts to the Powhatans and the Pequots. The Aztec civilization of Mexico came out of the year 4 homework, heritage of essay Mayan, Zapotec, and year 4 homework Toltec cultures. It built enormous constructions from stone tools and human labor, developed a writing system and a priesthood.
It also engaged in (let us not overlook this) the essay, ritual killing of thousands of people as sacrifices to the gods. The cruelty of the Aztecs, however, did not erase a certain innocence, and when a Spanish armada appeared at Vera Cruz, and a bearded white man came ashore, with strange beasts (horses), clad in iron, it was thought that he was the 4 homework help, legendary Aztec man-god who had died three hundred years before, with the promise to return-the mysterious Quetzalcoatl. And so they welcomed him, with munificent hospitality. That was Hernando Cortes, come from Spain with an expedition financed by merchants and landowners and blessed by the deputies of God, with one obsessive goal: to find gold. In the mind of Montezuma, the king of the Aztecs, there must have been a certain doubt about any bleeding paper research whether Cortes was indeed Quetzalcoatl, because he sent a hundred runners to Cortes, bearing enormous treasures, gold and help silver wrought into objects of essays and divorce fantastic beauty, but at the same time begging him to go back. (The painter Durer a few years later described what he saw just arrived in Spain from that expedition-a sun of gold, a moon of silver, worth a fortune.)
Cortes then began his march of death from town to town, using deception, turning Aztec against Aztec, killing with the kind of deliberateness that accompanies a strategy-to paralyze the will of the population by a sudden frightful deed. And so, in Cholulu, he invited the headmen of the Cholula nation to the square. And when they came, with thousands of unarmed retainers, Cortes's small army of Spaniards, posted around the square with cannon, armed with crossbows, mounted on horses, massacred them, down to the last man. Then they looted the city and moved on. When their cavalcade of murder was over they were in Mexico City, Montezuma was dead, and the Aztec civilization, shattered, was in the hands of the Spaniards. All this is told in the Spaniards' own accounts. In Peru, that other Spanish conquistador Pizarro, used the same tactics, and for the same reasons- the 4 homework, frenzy in french essay words, the early capitalist states of Europe for year 4 homework help gold, for slaves, for products of the soil, to pay the bondholders and stockholders of the link words, expeditions, to year, finance the monarchical bureaucracies rising in Western Europe, to spur the growth of the new money economy rising out of feudalism, to participate in what Karl Marx would later call the primitive accumulation of capital. These were the violent beginnings of an intricate system of technology, business, politics, and culture that would dominate the world for the next five centuries. In the North American English colonies, the gi nursing research, pattern was set early, as Columbus had set it in year help, the islands of the Bahamas. In 1585, before there was any permanent English settlement in Virginia, Richard Grenville landed there with seven ships. The Indians he met were hospitable, but when one of any bleeding research them stole a small silver cup, Grenville sacked and burned the whole Indian village.
Jamestown itself was set up inside the territory of an Indian confederacy, led by the chief, Powhatan. Powhatan watched the English settle on 4 homework, his people's land, but did not attack, maintaining a posture of coolness. When the English were going through their starving time in the winter of 1610, some of them ran off to join the Indians, where they would at least be fed. When the summer came, the governor of the colony sent a messenger to ask Powhatan to return the runaways, whereupon Powhatan, according to the English account, replied with noe other than prowde and disdaynefull Answers. Some soldiers were therefore sent out to any bleeding paper research, take Revenge. They fell upon an Indian settlement, killed fifteen or sixteen Indians, burned the 4 homework help, houses, cut down the corn growing around the village, took the queen of the tribe and any bleeding gi nursing her children into boats, then ended up throwing the children overboard and shoteinge owit their Braynes in the water. The queen was later taken off and stabbed to death. Twelve years later, the Indians, alarmed as the help, English settlements kept growing in numbers, apparently decided to try to thesis style, wipe them out for good. They went on year, a rampage and massacred 347 men, women, and children.
From then on it was total war. Not able to enslave the Indians, and and taylor essays not able to live with them, the English decided to exterminate them. Edmund Morgan writes, in his history of early Virginia, American Slavery, American Freedom: Since the Indians were better woodsmen than the English and virtually impossible to track down, the method was to feign peaceful intentions, let them settle down and plant their com wherever they chose, and then, just before harvest, fall upon year 4 homework help them, killing as many as possible and gi nursing research burning the corn. . Within two or three years of the 4 homework help, massacre the English had avenged the deaths of that day many times over. In that first year of the white man in Virginia, 1607, Powhatan had addressed a plea to mill and taylor on marriage and divorce, John Smith that turned out prophetic. 4 Homework Help! How authentic it is may be in doubt, but it is so much like so many Indian statements that it may be taken as, if not the rough letter of that first plea, the gi nursing research, exact spirit of it: I have seen two generations of my people die. I know the difference between peace and war better than any man in my country. I am now grown old, and year must die soon; my authority must descend to my brothers, Opitehapan, Opechancanough and Catatough-then to essay test, my two sisters, and then to year 4 homework, my two daughters-I wish them to know as much as I do, and that your love to them may be like mine to french link, you. Why will you take by force what you may have quietly by 4 homework, love? Why will you destroy us who supply you with food?
What can you get by war? We can hide our provisions and run into the woods; then you will starve for wronging your friends. Why are you jealous of us? We are unarmed, and willing to give you what you ask, if you come in a friendly manner, and latex thesis bibliography not so simple as not to year, know that it is much better to eat good meat, sleep comfortably, live quietly with my wives and children, laugh and be merry with the English, and trade for essay logical their copper and hatchets, than to run away from help them, and to lie cold in the woods, feed on acorns, roots and such trash, and be so hunted that I can neither eat nor sleep. In these wars, my men must sit up watching, and if a twig break, they all cry out Here comes Captain Smith! So I must end my miserable life. Take away your guns and swords, the cause of all our jealousy, or you may all die in the same manner. When the Pilgrims came to New England they too were coming not to vacant land but to territory inhabited by tribes of Indians.
The governor of the c philosophy, Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, created the excuse to take Indian land by declaring the area legally a vacuum. The Indians, he said, had not subdued the year 4 homework, land, and therefore had only a natural right to it, but not a civil right. A natural right did not have legal standing. The Puritans also appealed to the Bible, Psalms 2:8: Ask of me, and latex I shall give thee, the heathen for 4 homework help thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. And to justify their use of force to test, take the land, they cited Romans 13:2: Whosoever therefore resisteth the 4 homework help, power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. The Puritans lived in uneasy truce with the Pequot Indians, who occupied what is now southern Connecticut and mill on marriage and divorce Rhode Island. But they wanted them out of the year 4 homework help, way; they wanted their land.
And they seemed to want also to establish their rule firmly over Connecticut settlers in that area. The murder of a white trader, Indian-kidnaper, and troublemaker became an excuse to and taylor essays on marriage and divorce, make war on the Pequots in 1636. A punitive expedition left Boston to attack the Narraganset Indians on Block Island, who were lumped with the Pequots. As Governor Winthrop wrote: They had commission to put to death the men of help Block Island, but to spare the women and children, and to bring them away, and to take possession of the island; and from thence to go to the Pequods to demand the murderers of Captain Stone and style other English, and one thousand fathom of wampum for year damages, etc. and some of their children as hostages, which if they should refuse, they were to obtain it by force. The English landed and killed some Indians, but the rest hid in the thick forests of the island and the English went from one deserted village to the next, destroying crops. Then they sailed back to the mainland and and taylor essays on marriage and divorce raided Pequot villages along the coast, destroying crops again. One of the officers of that expedition, in year 4 homework, his account, gives some insight into the Pequots they encountered: The Indians spying of us came running in multitudes along the water side, crying, What cheer, Englishmen, what cheer, what do you come for? They not thinking we intended war, went on cheerfully. - So, the war with the Pequots began. Massacres took place on any bleeding gi nursing research, both sides. The English developed a tactic of warfare used earlier by Cortes and later, in the twentieth century, even more systematically: deliberate attacks on noncombatants for the purpose of terrorizing the enemy.
This is ethno historian Francis Jennings's interpretation of Captain John Mason's attack on a Pequot village on the Mystic River near Long Island Sound: Mason proposed to avoid attacking Pequot warriors, which would have overtaxed his unseasoned, unreliable troops. Battle, as such, was not his purpose. Battle is only one of the ways to destroy an year enemy's will to fight. Massacre can accomplish the same end with less risk, and Mason had determined that massacre would be his objective. So the English set fire to the wigwams of the village. By their own account: The Captain also said, We must Burn Them; and immediately stepping into the Wigwam . brought out a Fire Brand, and putting it into the Matts with which they were covered, set the essay writing transition words list, Wigwams on 4 homework help, Fire.
William Bradford, in his History of the Plymouth Plantation written at transition words list the time, describes John Mason's raid on the Pequot village: Those that scaped the fire were slaine with the sword; some hewed to peeces, others rune throw with their rapiers, so as they were quickly dispatchte, and very few escaped. Year 4 Homework Help! It was conceived they thus destroyed about 400 at this time. It was a fearful sight to see them thus frying in the fyer, and the streams of essay logical analysis blood quenching the year, same, and essay words list horrible was the stincke and sente there of, but the victory seemed a sweete sacrifice, and they gave the prayers thereof to God, who had wrought so wonderfully for them, thus to 4 homework help, inclose their enemise in writing words, their hands, and give them so speedy a victory over so proud and insulting an enimie. As Dr. Year Help! Cotton Mather, Puritan theologian, put it: It was supposed that no less than 600 Pequot souls were brought down to c philosophy paper, hell that day.
The war continued. Indian tribes were used against one another, and never seemed able to year 4 homework help, join together in fighting the English. Jennings sums up: The terror was very real among the Indians, but in logical, time they came to meditate upon its foundations. They drew three lessons from the Pequot War: (1) that the Englishmen's most solemn pledge would be broken whenever obligation conflicted with advantage; (2) that the year, English way of war had no limit of scruple or mercy; and (3) that weapons of Indian making were almost useless against weapons of European manufacture. These lessons the Indians took to heart.
A footnote in Virgil Vogel's book This Land Was Ours (1972) says: The official figure on the number of Pequots now in Connecticut is twenty-one persons. Forty years after the Pequot War, Puritans and Indians fought again. This time it was the Wampanoags, occupying the essay writing words, south shore of Massachusetts Bay, who were in the way and also beginning to trade some of year 4 homework help their land to people outside the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Latex Thesis Style! Their chief, Massasoit, was dead. His son Wamsutta had been killed by Englishmen, and help Wamsuttas brother Metacom (later to be called King Philip by the English) became chief. Any Bleeding Paper! The English found their excuse, a murder which they attributed to Metacom, and they began a war of conquest against the Wampanoags, a war to take their land. They were clearly the aggressors, but claimed they attacked for preventive purposes.
As Roger Williams, more friendly to the Indians than most, put it: All men of conscience or prudence ply to windward, to maintain their wars to be defensive. Jennings says the elite of the year 4 homework help, Puritans wanted the c philosophy paper, war; the ordinary white Englishman did not want it and often refused to year help, fight. The Indians certainly did not want war, but they matched atrocity with atrocity. When it was over, in 1676, the English had won, but their resources were drained; they had lost six hundred men. Three thousand Indians were dead, including Metacom himself. Yet the Indian raids did not stop. For a while, the English tried softer tactics. Style! But ultimately, it was back to annihilation. Year 4 Homework! The Indian population of 10 million that lived north of Mexico when Columbus came would ultimately be reduced to less than a million. Huge numbers of Indians would die from diseases introduced by the whites. A Dutch traveler in New Netherland wrote in 1656 that the Indians . affirm, that before the arrival of the Christians, and before the smallpox broke out amongst them, they were ten times as numerous as they now are, and that their population had been melted down by this disease, whereof nine-tenths of them have died.
When the English first settled Martha's Vineyard in 1642, the Wampanoags there numbered perhaps three thousand. There were no wars on that island, but by 1764, only 313 Indians were left there. Similarly, Block Island Indians numbered perhaps 1,200 to 1,500 in 1662, and by c philosophy paper, 1774 were reduced to fifty-one. Behind the English invasion of North America, behind their massacre of Indians, their deception, their brutality, was that special powerful drive born in civilizations based on private property. It was a morally ambiguous drive; the need for space, for land, was a real human need. But in help, conditions of scarcity, in a barbarous epoch of history ruled by competition, this human need was transformed into the murder of whole peoples.
Roger Williams said it was. a depraved appetite after the great vanities, dreams and shadows of this vanishing life, great portions of land, land in this wilderness, as if men were in as great necessity and danger for want of gi nursing research great portions of land, as poor, hungry, thirsty seamen have, after a sick and stormy, a long and starving passage. This is one of the gods of New England, which the living and most high Eternal will destroy and famish. Was all this bloodshed and deceit-from Columbus to Cortes, Pizarro, the Puritans-a necessity for the human race to progress from savagery to year 4 homework, civilization? Was Morison right in paper, burying the story of genocide inside a more important story of human progress?
Perhaps a persuasive argument can be made-as it was made by Stalin when he killed peasants for industrial progress in the Soviet Union, as it was made by Churchill explaining the bombings of Dresden and Hamburg, and Truman explaining Hiroshima. But how can the judgment be made if the year 4 homework help, benefits and losses cannot be balanced because the losses are either unmentioned or mentioned quickly? That quick disposal might be acceptable (Unfortunate, yes, but it had to be done) to the middle and upper classes of the conquering and advanced countries. But is it acceptable to the poor of Asia, Africa, Latin America, or to the prisoners in essay, Soviet labor camps, or the blacks in urban ghettos, or the Indians on reservations-to the victims of 4 homework that progress which benefits a privileged minority in the world? Was it acceptable (or just inescapable?) to the miners and railroaders of America, the factory hands, the men and women who died by the hundreds of thousands from accidents or sickness, where they worked or where they lived-casualties of progress? And even the privileged minority-must it not reconsider, with that practicality which even privilege cannot abolish, the value of its privileges, when they become threatened by the anger of the sacrificed, whether in organized rebellion, unorganized riot, or simply those brutal individual acts of desperation labeled crimes by law and c philosophy the state?
If there are necessary sacrifices to be made for human progress, is it not essential to hold to the principle that those to be sacrificed must make the decision themselves? We can all decide to give up something of ours, but do we have the year, right to essay, throw into the pyre the children of others, or even our own children, for a progress which is not nearly as clear or present as sickness or health, life or death? What did people in Spain get out of all that death and brutality visited on the Indians of the Americas? For a brief period in history, there was the glory of a Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere. As Hans Koning sums it up in his book Columbus: His Enterprise : For all the gold and silver stolen and shipped to Spain did not make the Spanish people richer. It gave their kings an edge in year, the balance of power for a time, a chance to hire more mercenary soldiers for their wars. Analysis Test! They ended up losing those wars anyway, and all that was left was a deadly inflation, a starving population, the year help, rich richer, the poor poorer, and a ruined peasant class. Beyond all that, how certain are we that what was destroyed was inferior?
Who were these people who came out on the beach and swam to bring presents to Columbus and his crew, who watched Cortes and and divorce Pizarro ride through their countryside, who peered out of the forests at the first white settlers of Virginia and Massachusetts? Columbus called them Indians, because he miscalculated the size of the earth. In this book we too call them Indians, with some reluctance, because it happens too often that people are saddled with names given them by their conquerors. And yet, there is year 4 homework, some reason to call them Indians, because they did come, perhaps 25,000 years ago, from Asia, across the land bridge of the Bering Straits (later to disappear under water) to and taylor on marriage and divorce, Alaska. Year Help! Then they moved southward, seeking warmth and gi nursing research land, in a trek lasting thousands of years that took them into North America, then Central and South America.
In Nicaragua, Brazil, and Ecuador their petrified footprints can still be seen, along with the print of bison, who disappeared about five thousand years ago, so they must have reached South America at least that far back. Widely dispersed over the great land mass of the Americas, they numbered approximately 75 million people by the time Columbus came, perhaps 25 million in North America. Responding to the different environments of soil and help climate, they developed hundreds of different tribal cultures, perhaps two thousand different languages. They perfected the art of agriculture, and figured out how to mill essays on marriage and divorce, grow maize (corn), which cannot grow by itself and year help must be planted, cultivated, fertilized, harvested, husked, shelled. They ingeniously developed a variety of other vegetables and fruits, as well as peanuts and paper chocolate and tobacco and rubber. On their own, the Indians were engaged in the great agricultural revolution that other peoples in Asia, Europe, Africa were going through about the same time. While many of the tribes remained nomadic hunters and food gatherers in wandering, egalitarian communes, others began to help, live in more settled communities where there was more food, larger populations, more divisions of labor among men and women, more surplus to feed chiefs and priests, more leisure time for logical analysis test artistic and social work, for building houses.
About a thousand years before Christ, while comparable constructions were going on in Egypt and 4 homework help Mesopotamia, the Zuni and Hopi Indians of what is now New Mexico had begun to build villages consisting of large terraced buildings, nestled in among cliffs and mountains for protection from enemies, with hundreds of rooms in each village. Before the arrival of the European explorers, they were using irrigation canals, dams, were doing ceramics, weaving baskets, making cloth out of latex style cotton. By the time of Christ and Julius Caesar, there had developed in the Ohio River Valley a culture of so-called Moundbuilders, Indians who constructed thousands of enormous sculptures out of earth, sometimes in year, the shapes of huge humans, birds, or serpents, sometimes as burial sites, sometimes as fortifications. One of c philosophy paper them was 3 1/2 miles long, enclosing 100 acres. Year 4 Homework Help! These Moundbuilders seem to have been part of a complex trading system of ornaments and weapons from as far off as the Great Lakes, the Far West, and the Gulf of Mexico.
About A.D. 500, as this Moundbuilder culture of the Ohio Valley was beginning to and taylor essays and divorce, decline, another culture was developing westward, in the valley of the Mississippi, centered on year help, what is now St. Louis. It had an advanced agriculture, included thousands of villages, and essay writing list also built huge earthen mounds as burial and ceremonial places near a vast Indian metropolis that may have had thirty thousand people. The largest mound was 100 feet high, with a rectangular base larger than that of the Great Pyramid of Egypt. In the city, known as Cahokia, were toolmakers, hide dressers, potters, jewelry makers, weavers, salt makers, copper engravers, and magnificent ceramists. One funeral blanket was made of year help twelve thousand shell beads.
From the Adirondacks to the Great Lakes, in what is now Pennsylvania and upper New York, lived the most powerful of the northeastern tribes, the League of the Iroquois, which included the Mohawks (People of the bibliography, Flint), Oneidas (People of the Stone), Onondagas (People of the Mountain), Cayugas (People at the Landing), and Senecas (Great Hill People), thousands of people bound together by year 4 homework, a common Iroquois language. In the vision of the Mohawk chief Iliawatha, the legendary Dekaniwidah spoke to transition list, the Iroquois: We bind ourselves together by taking hold of year each other's hands so firmly and forming a circle so strong that if a tree should fall upon it, it could not shake nor break it, so that our people and words grandchildren shall remain in the circle in security, peace and happiness. In the villages of the Iroquois, land was owned in common and worked in common. Hunting was done together, and the catch was divided among the members of the village. Houses were considered common property and were shared by several families.
The concept of year private ownership of land and homes was foreign to analysis test, the Iroquois. A French Jesuit priest who encountered them in the 1650s wrote: No poorhouses are needed among them, because they are neither mendicants nor paupers.. . Help! . Their kindness, humanity and courtesy not only makes them liberal with what they have, but causes them to possess hardly anything except in common. Women were important and respected in Iroquois society. Families were matrilineal. That is, the family line went down through the essay logical, female members, whose husbands joined the family, while sons who married then joined their wives' families. Each extended family lived in year, a long house. When a woman wanted a divorce, she set her husband's things outside the door.
Families were grouped in clans, and a dozen or more clans might make up a village. The senior women in the village named the men who represented the clans at village and tribal councils. And Taylor! They also named the forty-nine chiefs who were the ruling council for the Five Nation confederacy of the Iroquois. The women attended clan meetings, stood behind the 4 homework, circle of men who spoke and voted, and removed the mill essays and divorce, men from office if they strayed too far from the wishes of the women. The women tended the crops and took general charge of village affairs while the men were always hunting or fishing. And since they supplied the moccasins and food for warring expeditions, they had some control over military matters. Help! As Gary B. Latex Thesis Bibliography! Nash notes in his fascinating study of early America, Red, White, and Black: Thus power was shared between the year, sexes and the European idea of male dominancy and female subordination in all things was conspicuously absent in Iroquois society. Children in Iroquois society, while taught the cultural heritage of their people and solidarity with the tribe, were also taught to be independent, not to submit to overbearing authority. They were taught equality in status and the sharing of possessions.
The Iroquois did not use harsh punishment on children; they did not insist on early weaning or early toilet training, but gradually allowed the child to learn self-care. All of this was in sharp contrast to European values as brought over by the first colonists, a society of rich and poor, controlled by priests, by governors, by male heads of families. For example, the pastor of the Pilgrim colony, John Robinson, thus advised his parishioners how to deal with their children: And surely there is in all children . a stubbornness, and stoutness of mind arising from natural pride, which must, in the first place, be broken and words beaten down; that so the foundation of their education being laid in humility and tractableness, other virtues may, in their time, be built thereon. Gary Nash describes Iroquois culture: No laws and ordinances, sheriffs and constables, judges and juries, or courts or jails-the apparatus of authority in European societies-were to be found in the northeast woodlands prior to European arrival. Yet boundaries of 4 homework help acceptable behavior were firmly set. Though priding themselves on the autonomous individual, the Iroquois maintained a strict sense of right and wrong. He who stole another's food or acted invalourously in war was shamed by his people and ostracized from their company until he had atoned for his actions and demonstrated to their satisfaction that he had morally purified himself.
Not only the Iroquois but other Indian tribes behaved the paper, same way. In 1635, Maryland Indians responded to the governor's demand that if any of them killed an Englishman, the guilty one should be delivered up for punishment according to English law. The Indians said: It is the year help, manner amongst us Indians, that if any such accident happen, wee doe redeeme the life of a man that is so slaine, with a 100 armes length of latex thesis bibliography style Beades and year 4 homework since that you are heere strangers, and paper come into year, our Countrey, you should rather conform yourselves to bibliography style, the Customes of our Countrey, than impose yours upon us. So, Columbus and his successors were not coming into an empty wilderness, but into a world which in 4 homework help, some places was as densely populated as Europe itself, where the culture was complex, where human relations were more egalitarian than in french, Europe, and where the relations among men, women, children, and nature were more beautifully worked out than perhaps any place in the world. They were people without a written language, but with their own laws, their poetry, their history kept in 4 homework, memory and passed on, in an oral vocabulary more complex than Europe's, accompanied by song, dance, and writing words ceremonial drama. They paid careful attention to the development of personality, intensity of will, independence and flexibility, passion and potency, to 4 homework help, their partnership with one another and with nature.
John Collier, an American scholar who lived among Indians in essay link words, the 1920s and 1930s in the American Southwest, said of their spirit: Could we make it our own, there would be an year 4 homework help eternally inexhaustible earth and thesis bibliography a forever lasting peace. Perhaps there is some romantic mythology in that. But the evidence from European travelers in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, put together recently by an American specialist on 4 homework help, Indian life, William Brandon, is overwhelmingly supportive of much of and taylor essays and divorce that myth. Even allowing for year 4 homework the imperfection of myths, it is enough to make us question, for that time and ours, the gi nursing research, excuse of progress in the annihilation of races, and year the telling of history from the standpoint of the conquerors and leaders of Western civilization.
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District Nurse CV Writing Service. As a district nurse, you would care for people in year 4 homework, a variety of non-hospital settings. These could include patients’ homes, GP surgeries and residential care homes. If you like variety and enjoy working at different locations, this nursing role could be perfect for you. To be a district nurse you will need to be able to relate to people of all ages and backgrounds. You will need to be a good talker and listener.
You’ll also need patience and c philosophy, understanding. You will usually need between one and two years’ professional experience as a qualified adult nurse before you can begin training as a district nurse. Year! To qualify as a nurse you will need a Nursing and Midwifery Council approved degree or Diploma of Higher Education. Your work would involve visiting clients with a range of thesis style, conditions on a regular basis – sometimes several times a day. You would assess and respond quickly to their needs, and plan and manage their care. Your community-based support could help patients avoid being admitted to hospital, or mean that they can be discharged from hospital quicker. Your clients would typically include: older people with health problems those with terminal illnesses people who are physically disabled.
Your day-to-day duties could include: administering drugs checking temperature, blood pressure and breathing assisting doctors with physical examinations giving injections cleaning and dressing wounds monitoring or setting up intravenous drips providing emotional support and practical advice to patients and year help, their families teaching basic caring skills where needed. You could also be involved in essay logical test, running clinics, for example, for people with diabetes, and in 4 homework help, carrying out c philosophy paper, a range of emergency procedures. Year 4 Homework! This could be, for example, when arriving at the scene of an accident, or when a client has taken a fall, had an french, injury or a cardiac arrest. Evening and weekend work is becoming increasingly common, and in many services you will work a shift between the hours of 8 am and 8 pm. You may also be on an on-call rota covering hours outside standard service times. You would usually be based at a health centre, as part of a community health care team.
You are likely to 4 homework help travel extensively within the geographical area your service covers. District nurses can earn between ?24,000 and ?33,500 a year, and team managers can earn up to ?39,300 a year. Extra allowances can be earned for essay test, additional responsibilities and length of service. Figures are intended as a guideline only. You will usually need between one and two years’ professional experience as a qualified adult nurse before you can begin training as a district nurse. To qualify as a nurse you will need a Nursing and 4 homework help, Midwifery Council (NMC) approved degree or Diploma of Higher Education. Training to become a district nurse involves taking a (shortened) degree or postgraduate programme leading to registration as a Specialist Community Public Health Nurse – District Nursing (course titles may vary). Courses can be full-time or part-time. You could fund yourself or you may be able to find a vacancy, for example on the NHS Jobs website, that includes working under supervision, receiving a salary and studying for the specialist qualification. Your training will include practical community placements and studying areas such as: community practice care management public health clinical practice development leadership skills.
You are likely to essay need a driving licence for this work. As a qualified nurse you will need to year 4 homework renew your registration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) every three years. To re-register you must: have worked a minimum of 450 hours show that you are developing your knowledge and competence and and taylor and divorce, keeping up to date in year 4 homework, your practice complete a minimum of 35 hours’ professional study every three years keep records of your professional development. If you have had a break from working as a nurse and paper, your registration has lapsed, you will need to take a return-to-practice course. Year Help! Courses are available throughout the UK and include a mixture of theory and clinical placements. To be a district nurse, you should have: the ability to relate to people of all ages and backgrounds excellent communication and listening skills an assertive, confident and flexible approach tact, understanding, patience and sensitivity the transition words ability to teach others how to carry out routine nursing tasks good teamwork skills and the ability to work alone good timekeeping a thorough approach to record-keeping and good organisational skills the ability to anticipate and identify potential health problems.
You will find most jobs with local Primary Care Trusts, and you will usually be attached to one or more GP surgeries. With experience you could lead a team of nurses, and 4 homework help, with around five years’ experience you could progress to french essay link words community matron. You could go into general health service management or progress to year 4 homework help head of community nursing. Other options are to move into thesis style, health promotion, research, education (nurse training/teaching) or working with a statutory nursing body developing training. You may also have the option of working overseas, especially in developing countries. The health sector is 4 homework help represented by Skills for Health Sector Skills Council, which comprises three sub?sectors: National Health Service (NHS) Independent Healthcare Sector (such as private and charitable healthcare providers) Third Sector (healthcare) (such as small local community and voluntary groups, registered charities, foundations, trusts, social enterprises and co?operatives) The health sector is made up of hospitals, doctors’ surgeries, dental practices, the ambulance service, nursing homes, residential care homes, complementary medicine and a huge range of other health related activities, from sight tests in opticians to research in medical laboratories.
Most people in the health sector work in the publicly funded National Health Service (NHS), which includes: primary care (organisations which the public goes to first) – Doctors/General Practitioners (GPs), NHS Walk in essay logical analysis test, Centres, NHS Direct, Out of Hours Emergency Care secondary care (organisations which the public are referred onto) – Ambulance Trusts, NHS Trusts/hospitals, NHS Foundation Trusts/hospitals, Mental Health Trusts, Care Trusts (provide joint health and social care activities) NHS policy in England is directed from the centre by the Department of year 4 homework help, Health. Local organisations, known as Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), are in charge of providing and commissioning services, controlling the c philosophy majority of the budget. Year 4 Homework Help! PCTs are overseen by 10 regional organisations called Strategic Health Authorities (SHAs).
The independent sector includes companies and charities that offer hospital and specialist services usually after referral from a doctor. Operations and other work are carried out in private hospitals, independent treatment centres, mental health units and hospices. The health sector is the largest employer in the UK, representing 5.5% of the working age population of the UK and 7.3% of the working age population that are currently in employment. It is estimated that the sector employs over 2 million people, including: over 1.5 million people in the NHS (72%) over 0.5 million people in any bleeding gi nursing paper, the Independent Healthcare sector (26%) almost 40,000 in year help, the voluntary sector (2%) 56% of the workforce has a higher education qualification (or equivalent). The age profile for the sector shows an latex thesis, older than average workforce, which is 4 homework due in part to french essay the fact that it takes some professions a long time to train and year 4 homework, can mean that people enter the sector later. There is a varied list of jobs in the sector ranging from a diverse number of any bleeding paper research, clinical roles, to support and year 4 homework help, infrastructure staff, for instance: Allied Health Professionals (AHPs); Ambulance Staff; Dental Staff; Doctors/Medical staff; Nursing staff; Midwifery Staff; Healthcare Scientists; Health Informatics Staff; Management; Wider Healthcare Team; Complementary Therapists.
High proportions of the health sector workforce are located in: The health sector employs 131,515 people, which accounts for 7% of all employment in the region. Any Bleeding Paper! The East Midlands employs 8% of the total health sector workforce for England. The private sector accounts for 4 homework, 29% of all employment across the sector or 41,200 employees. Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for workforce will be approximately 133,000 people. This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand.
The health sector employs 164,720 people, which accounts for thesis bibliography style, 7% of all employment in the region. 4 Homework! The East of England employs 9.8 % of the total health sector workforce for England. C Philosophy Paper! The private sector accounts for 30% of all employment across the sector or 52,300 employees. Vacancies in year 4 homework, the health and paper, social work sector account for 14% of all industry vacancies. Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for workforce will be approximately 103,000 people. This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs over 249,524 people, which accounts for 6% of all the employment in the region. Year Help! London employs 15% of the total health sector workforce for England. French Words! The private sector accounts for 33% of all employment across the sector or 78,500 employees. Vacancies in year 4 homework help, health and social work account for 12% of all industry vacancies.
Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for workforce will be approximately 146,000 people. This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs 89,201 people, which accounts for 8.7% of analysis, all employment in the region. The North East employs 5.3 % of the total health sector workforce for England. The private sector accounts for 25% of all employment across the sector or 23,800 employees. Vacancies in the health and social work sector account for 12% of all industry vacancies. Year! Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for analysis, workforce will be almost 46,000 people. This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs 251,960 people, which accounts for 8% of all employment in the region. 4 Homework! The North West employs 15% of the total health sector workforce for England.
The private sector accounts for test, 23.5% of all employment across the sector or 59,200 employees. Vacancies in the health and social work account for 11% of all industry vacancies. Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for workforce will be approximately 133,000 people. This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs 264,071 people, which accounts for 7.1% of all employment in help, the region. The South East employs 15.7% of the total health sector workforce for England. The private sector accounts for and taylor essays on marriage and divorce, 23.5% of all employment across the sector or 59,200 employees. Vacancies in the health and social work sector account for 12% of all Industry vacancies. Between 2007 and 4 homework help, 2017, the total requirement for workforce will be approximately 164,000 people.
This is the c philosophy paper total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs 182,187 people, which accounts for 8.2% of all employment in the region. The South West employs 10.8 % of the total health sector workforce for England. The private sector accounts for 30% of all employment across the sector or 60,700 employees. Year 4 Homework Help! Vacancies in the health and social work sector account for 12% of all Industry vacancies. Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for workforce will be approximately 105,000 people. This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs 168,746 people, which accounts for 7.2% of mill and taylor on marriage and divorce, all employment in 4 homework help, the region.
The West Midlands employs 10% of the total health sector workforce for England. The private sector accounts for 25% of essay transition words, all employment across the sector or 43,000 employees. Vacancies in the health and social work sector account for 9% of all industry vacancies. Between 2007 and 2017, the total requirement for help, workforce will be approximately 108,000 people. Latex Thesis Bibliography! This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. Yorkshire and the Humber. The health sector employs 182,848 people, which accounts for 8.2% of all employment in the region. Yorkshire and the Humber employ 10.9 % of the total health sector workforce for England. The private sector accounts for 24% of the total health care workforce or 42,000 employees. Vacancies in health and social work account for 11% of help, all industry vacancies. Bibliography! Between 2007 and 4 homework help, 2017, the total requirement for any bleeding gi nursing, workforce will be approximately 97,000 people.
This is the total of the predicted expansion plus replacement demand. The health sector employs 61,300 people. Northern Ireland employs 3% of the total health sector workforce. 81% of the year 4 homework help workforce is female. 26% of the workforce is aged 35?44 years.
96% of the essay analysis workforce is white. 10% of the year workforce reports a disability. 48% of the workforce is in Associate Professional and Technical occupations. 23% of organisations in the health and social work sector report vacancies. The health sector employs 201,500 people. Scotland employs 10% of the total health sector workforce. 78% of the workforce is female. 30% of the workforce is aged 45?54 years. Essay Link! 95% of the workforce is white. 14% of the workforce reports a disability.
39% of the workforce is in Associate Professional and Technical occupations. Year 4 Homework Help! 23% of organisations in mill and taylor on marriage, the health and help, social work sector report vacancies. The health sector employs 114,900 people. Wales employs 6% of the total health sector workforce. 74% of the workforce is essays on marriage and divorce female. 34% of the workforce is year aged 45?54 years. Essay Link Words! 94% of the workforce is white. Help! 18% of the workforce reports a disability. 40% of the workforce is in Associate Professional and Technical occupations.
27% of organisations in the health and mill and taylor on marriage and divorce, social work sector report vacancies.