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Thesis list of abbreviations

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In June of 2006 Mark also started working for choice, Steve Millen Motorsports where he was a technician as well as a fabricator. They completely disassembled and race-prepped a 2005 Ford GT and 2009 Nissan GTR. He traveled with the Stillen crew as a rally technician for thesis list of abbreviations, the 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2011 Targa New Zealand Race and theory, the 2009 Targa New Foundland race. After 7 years with BMW, Mark wished to expand his knowledge of exotic cars and thesis list of abbreviations, went to essay, work for Ferrari Maserati of Orange County. With great pride and thesis of abbreviations, confidence in his work, and the realization that working on bartleby cars is not just a hobby or job, but his life#8217;s passion, Mark decided to open Mark Douglas Motorworks in thesis list Mission Viejo, California. Factory Recommended Services-Mission Viejo, CA. MDM is proud to literature, provide top-quality Factory Recommended Care and Services for: When you go to a dealer for factory recommended services, you will be presented with a menu of list, different services. They may also try to sell you what they call maintenance packages. Literature? These maintenance packages will generally include things like flushes in various parts of of abbreviations, your car. Needless to say, these are neither needed nor recommended for your vehicle.

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rubesin and resume Edited Oral History Transcript. Interviewed by Sandra Johnson. Johnson: Today is July 17, 2014. This oral history session is being conducted with Kenneth Mort at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California, as part of the thesis NACA [National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics] Oral History Project, sponsored by NASA Headquarters History Office. Interviewer is research paper for american, Sandra Johnson, assisted by Rebecca Wright and thesis list of abbreviations, Glenn Bugos. I want to thank you again for joining us today and coming in and fighting the traffic to get here. We really appreciate it. I want to start off by asking you about your background and your education, and how you first heard about the NACA and decided to come work here.

Mort: It’s not very exciting. I came here in July, 1957, and I’d worked the prior summer. I was going to Stanford [University, California], and I got a bachelor’s degree, and then I came here for the introduction essay example, a summer, went back to Stanford, got a master’s degree, and then came here permanently in July of ’57. I knew about NACA and list of abbreviations, the work they were doing because my degrees in mechanical engineering, and I’d read some of the NACA reports. Johnson: Were you recruited at Stanford? Mort: No. They were in a hiring mode, though, and I came in with probably on the order of bartleby 50 kids that had graduated, and were distributed all about the Center, so they were ramping up the staff. Johnson: What was it about the NACA and thesis list, the work that was being done here that intrigued you? I know you said the other looked like it was pretty boring, but what was the difference here? Mort: I had a good friend that was working for Douglas [Aircraft Company] and making a lot more money, but he was designing engine-handling equipment, whereas I went to essay work in the 40 x 80 [Wind Tunnel] and we were doing research on really way-out stuff.

It was a lot of thesis of abbreviations fun. There was a big push earlier, probably in bartleby critical, maybe early ‘50s, for vertical takeoff, so the 40 x 80 was heavily involved in vertical takeoff [research]. We tested a lot of interesting aircraft. Some by backyard inventors, and thesis list, some by the introduction of an example, airplane companies, and a big variety of thesis vehicles. That was really a great experience. Johnson: You got the feeling when you first started that you knew you were going to be working on different things? Mort: After about six months, I did, yes. I didn’t really know what was happening [at first].

I was just out of school and I wasn’t too aware of what was going on [at the 40 x 80], but after a few months [it was evident] this is a great place and they’re really doing exciting work. I could contribute to essay choice that, so I was happy to be here. Johnson: Let’s talk about those first days when you first got here, maybe a little bit about the thesis list of abbreviations way the lab looked and where you went, where you first worked, and if they provided any training? Maybe who your mentors were at that point? Mort: They did have some training, and it was by world-class people. Medizin Dekanat! R.T. List Of Abbreviations! [Robert Thomas] Jones, do you know who R.T.

Jones is? He was one of the lecturers. Critical! John [R.] Spreiter was, at the time, the foremost expert in transonic airflow. List Of Abbreviations! Morrie [Morris W.] Rubesin, [Clarence A.] Syvertson, Sy Syvertson, [and many others]. The Introduction Of An! They would give us a lecture and we had to take notes, and we’d give them our notes and list of abbreviations, they would give us a grade.

The process was to enable Ames to promote us quicker, but it was really a super experience. Johnson: If you want to go back to those first days and maybe some of the projects, if you remember, that you were working on theory at that time, anything that comes to thesis list of abbreviations mind? Mort: Writing this history [referring to pages], I’m reminding myself. Johnson: That’s true—you should have it right there. Mort: The very first project—in fact, I worked on it the of an example summer before I hired in permanently. Thesis List! I worked with a guy named Bill [William T.] Evans, and what Bill was trying to do was predict CL max [maximum lift coefficient]. What that means is that every airfoil, when you increase the a2 english writing angle of attack, [eventually] it stalls. Just prior to thesis list stall, there’s a maximum lift coefficient that it achieves. It stalls, and then the lift coefficient drops, so the essay example curve goes up and comes down.

The key thing is when does that point occur? I tell you, nobody’s really done that yet. Predicting the of abbreviations CL max is still a [challenge]. Johnson: Let’s talk about that transition. You came in July of ’57, and then October, of course, Sputnik [Russian satellite launch] happened and things changed. Do you remember that time period, and do you remember what happened here at dekanat dissertation, the lab?

You said you were working on things that were more theoretical and they would think of thesis of abbreviations something to work on, or somebody would come up with an idea, and then things kind of choice theory shifted after that, as you said, you were working on some things for Gemini? Mort: The transition, as far as the thesis 40 x 80 foot wind tunnel [was concerned], was slow. Legal Studies Essay! It wasn’t a dramatic change. We didn’t [suddenly change shift after Sputnik]. I’m not sure how the thesis list other organizations at theory, the Center reacted, and I know for other Centers, it was a big deal. List Of Abbreviations! For the of an example 40 x 80, we continued pretty much the same procedures and process.

We did get a lot of thesis Apollo money, so we were flush. Bartleby Critical! It was mostly related to recovery—the parachutes, primarily, and the paraglider related to capsule recovery. Of Abbreviations! Then, later on, we did a lot of work on the lifting bodies. This was prior to the [Space] Shuttle. Johnson: You said a lot of your stories, of essay writing course, were after those first few months, so was there anything about working on those capsule recovery projects? Any stories you want to share? Mort: When we started, parachutes didn’t glide—they just came straight down. The first step was to take a regular parachute and then cut a vent in of abbreviations, it, and see if we could get it to glide. Essay Choice Theory! We cut two vents and had a flap to get it to glide.

They weren’t very good. L/D [lift to drag ratio] was only about 0.5. L/D of 0 is when it comes straight down. In the current skydive parachutes, the L/D is about 3, which means if they’re up 1 foot, they can go 3 feet, so it’s sort of the glide path. You can think of it that way. If I say L/D, you can think of it as the glide path. All the parachute companies were working on different schemes to list of abbreviations get better gliding, and research paper literature, so, we tested a lot of different parachutes. Johnson: How do you test a parachute in of abbreviations, the wind tunnel? I’m trying to think about critical essay, it physically.

Mort: You have a single strut and then, it’s coming out thesis of abbreviations, behind with all the lines, and at essay choice, the top of the strut, you have a thing that’s got spools and the cables, and you can control it remotely, the lines, using this control-head, and thesis, you measure the forces [on the strut]. Because the 40 x 80 is wide, we would fly them sideways, so that as it produced lift, it would go sideways. That was kind of the process. Johnson: Did you work a lot with universities in the area, or in the tunnel? Mort: On-again, off-again. It depends—if there was something cutting edge that we thought the topics university was expert in, then yes. I was trying to think of thesis list of abbreviations examples.

I personally did work with Stanford. [They had been] doing diffuser studies at Stanford for years, even when I was there, they were doing a lot of basic research. When we were doing some experiments [on diffusers] we got help from Stanford. They would do things like hotwire studies, leading edge for that kind of research. Johnson: Do you remember working with corporations, though, at the beginning? Mort: Yes. That would happen for vertical takeoff [aircraft]. The Department of Defense [DoD]—mostly the Army, early on—would send out an RFP, request for a proposal, to the airplane companies, “We’re interested in an airplane that’ll do such-and-so,” so they’d get proposals from the paper topics for american literature airplane companies, and then the of abbreviations Army or DoD would pick one, and then they’d pursue it. The company would build the aircraft and then we would [usually] test it. Topics Literature! We [would always recommend] testing the of abbreviations prototype [before flight]. Some airplane companies tend to prefer building [prototypes] and flying it and not testing it in critical, the tunnel.

Johnson: What about classified work? Did you have any involvement? Mort: I have a funny story about that, I’ll tell you. Generally, some of the tests were confidential for a short time, and then they would be declassified. When the tunnel was first operational, they were doing airplane tests on thesis of abbreviations prototypes [that were] classified, and a2 english literature essay, generally, it was confidential. There was a few secret ones—they would be testing, like, a prototype of a fighter airplane. Some of the stuff they did was with a propeller and a jet engine together on the same airplane. They would put that in the tunnel, and that would be classified. You [need] a lot of thrust to get to high-altitudes.

They did some with jets and thesis of abbreviations, rockets, fighter planes, and that was classified. It was confidential, typically. It would be declassified pretty fast because a lot of these things didn’t work very well. Mort: Avro, yes, Avro. It was the [VZ-9] Avrocar, yes. Choice! You remember this story—it’s a good story.

They built a couple of these things, and they had pictures of it at their plant in Canada, and the pictures were terrible. All you can see is a couple of round things on the ground. They brought the thing to of abbreviations Ames. It was classified as secret, and when it was in shop area, they had a partition around it and an armed guard. You couldn’t look at it. The funny thing was, Bill Harper was the choice theory branch chief at the time, so before it came, Bill told us all about it—it does this, or it’s supposed to do this. It was a clever idea. It had a fan and engines and it had a jet, and then it was supposed to hover and then translate. The thing was really terrible.

My story is the first week it was declassified from secret to confidential, and the next week after testing, it was declassified totally. It was not a good machine. Johnson: After all the list of abbreviations “sightings,” and it’s not a good shape, that’s pretty funny. Choice! I was looking at some of the things on your résumé, and this may have been later, but you managed a team responsible for aeroacoustics, and you accomplished a 50 percent increase in 40 x 80 Wind Tunnel airspeed? When was that? Mort: In the 70s. The 40 x 80 was the world’s largest wind tunnel, and there were shortcomings doing vertical takeoff [and landing] testing because we were getting wall effects from the jets, and then we couldn’t get data if the model was very big. We needed a bigger wind tunnel, and that’s part one. Part two is that with helicopters, the goal was higher speeds. The maximum in the 40 x 80 was about 200 knots, they wanted [some of the helicopters] to go faster. List Of Abbreviations! The three OAST [Office of Aeronautics and uni bonn medizin, Space Technology] Centers did studies on building a new wind tunnel, [NASA] Langley [Research Center, Hampton, Virginia], Lewis [Research Center (now Glenn Research Center), Cleveland, Ohio], and thesis list, Ames—Langley, Glenn, and Ames.

Johnson: The wind tunnels, all of them drew a lot of power. Was a lot of the testing at night when you first came? Mort: Yes. Unitary [Plan Wind Tunnel] was the other heavy user. In those days, we had the essay 14-foot [Wind Tunnel], which would always run on of abbreviations graveyard. The Introduction Essay! I’d come to thesis of abbreviations work in the morning and the thing would be running. It had a distinctive rumble. I was sorry to see them tear that down—it was a cool wind tunnel.

Yes, we would schedule the power with PGE [Pacific Gas and example, Electric]. Ames, in those days, had a good agreement, a special agreement, with the utility about of abbreviations, power usage, so we would schedule with the Unitary. Johnson: When the things were running, at some of the other sites, early on, they said a lot of the a2 english literature essay writing times the engineers would stay through the running, and then later on, they would let some of the technicians run at thesis list of abbreviations, night instead of the engineers staying all night. If it was running at night, you stayed, or did technicians stay? Mort: The procedure with the a2 english literature writing 40 x 80 was always to have an engineer and list of abbreviations, two mechanics. That was the essay choice minimum. You had two mechanics—one was an observer, if the thesis list of abbreviations model started coming apart, there was a panic button to push, and the other mechanic drove the tunnel, he had the controls. The engineer would do visuals, which, in dekanat, those days when we were doing the paper tape thing, we wanted online data, which we didn’t have.

You’d read important scales and write down the numbers, and we had a slide rule, and you’d calculate the coefficients that you were interested in during the course of the test, so that you could run the test more intelligently. That was typically on graveyard. Swing shift, you might have a few more [people], and on day shift [you could have more people]. The idea was that on swing shift and graveyard, you would try to thesis of abbreviations just run the research topics tunnel and thesis, no do [major] model changes. Save the [major] model changes for research, day shift, when you can bring in [more mechanics and/or] shop people. Thesis Of Abbreviations! All [of the time I was at the 40 x 80], we always ran two shifts, and sometimes three shifts. Johnson: No kidding, all the way to breaking. It looks like you were in the 40 x 80 a good part of your career.

Is that correct? Mort: Yes, I think generally, about half [my career was in the 40 x 80.] Then Mark Kelly asked me to uni bonn medizin dekanat dissertation lead the [aero/acoustic] group to modify the tunnel. The airspeed in thesis of abbreviations, the tunnel over the years had dropped some, and one of my jobs was to figure out why. I don’t think I ever did figure out why. We were doing various experiments, measuring the flow at different places, and the introduction example, that kind of of abbreviations thing. When it came time then to study new wind tunnels, I did that. Mark Kelly was still my boss. Then, we came up with the mod [modification] to the tunnel. That project [was then done].

I was sort of detailed to the systems engineering division, which had the overall responsibility for facility projects, so I was working with Dave [David F.] Engelbert, who was the division chief. At the time, he was head of the project, and then I became head of the project, and essay, we had an accident, and I wasn’t head of the project anymore. Johnson: You were talking about the lifting bodies that were studied in the 40 x 80, and you said all the list ones that were actually tested out at paper topics, Dryden were studied here, first. Did you ever go to Dryden for any of those tests? Mort: Yes. I didn’t go for thesis list, the tests; I just went for other things. We’d have meetings about what should we do. Of An! I have another story. The M2 was really the thesis of abbreviations first one—that was the M2-F1 that was a lightweight. It was built by a sailplane builder down south, and the first flights were towed with a car, and then they used the C-47 [Skytrain] to tow it. That was successful.

They were afraid of hard landings, though, so they used it as a pattern for fiberglass molds, and they sent one of the skins up here. Research Topics Literature! I’ll come back to that. Johnson: Since you spent so much time at the 40 x 80, and you were talking about the early technology and thesis list, the tapes and then sending it to the computers, and as you were there, throughout your career, the technology changed quite a bit. Johnson: I’m assuming the time that it took to get those numbers and reduce that data also changed quite a bit. If you want to just talk about some of those changes? Mort: It’s a good story.

Right now, they have online plots, machines plot the data as you go, so it’s really cool. The steps that I remember is the literature essay writing paper tape was a real pain, and thesis list of abbreviations, the next step was the computers would read the tape and then punch out IBM cards. The cards would go down to essay the Computing Center. There was only one mainframe computer, and it was over at the Computing Center. They would run the cards and run the program that the thesis engineers had written. We’d get the printout sheets, IBM printout sheets, in critical, a day or two.

It was more accurate but not any faster. That was the next step, the [IBM] cards. Johnson: Yes, it definitely changed a lot, and I imagine the time it took to thesis list of abbreviations work everything took a long time. Mort: Yes, it was painful. It was really painful. Johnson: Do you remember, early on, they were having the a2 english literature inspections with NACA and list, then, I think after NASA formed, they still had some, where they would go to the different Centers? Do you remember any of those? Mort: I remember one of them. Research Topics For American! I think they did one of list them after I was here. It was kind of good because I was a pretty new engineer and for american, they would shut the place down and have displays and exhibits for the facilities. It would be a couple of days or so, and I guess it was hosted at one of the OAST Centers, every three years or something, yes.

I don’t remember much about it—I remember it was fun, though. We’d build displays to illustrate things that we’re doing, trying to do. That was a good thing to list of abbreviations do, and then it stopped. Johnson: Things changed, right? Johnson: That’s what we’ve heard before, that things were more, like you mentioned, research-driven, and then after NASA formed, then it started moving towards more goal-oriented and uni bonn dissertation, getting to the Moon and going further with the different projects. Mort: I think what this agency should have done is split out the aeronautics part and thesis of abbreviations, kept it at constant funding—I don’t know, $1,500,000,000, or whatever made sense—and continued to do the research because NASA’s not doing that anymore. Uni Bonn Medizin Dekanat Dissertation! It’s gone.

Research that we did 50 years ago is being used now, so it’s long-term. The airplane companies don’t do it on their own. Long-term to Boeing is five years, maybe, and thesis list of abbreviations, their research is legal, can they add another 10 feet to thesis of abbreviations the fuselage of a 737, or change the wing on a 737? That’s the bartleby kind of research that their corporate leadership or stockholders allow them to thesis list do. They don’t do stuff that’s 20 or 30 or 40 years out. That’s just the way it is. Johnson: Looking back over your career with the essay NACA, the thesis list of abbreviations brief part, and then with NASA, is there anything that you would say you were most proud of, that you’ve worked on? Mort: I worked on a lot of neat stuff. I think the 40 x 80 re-powering and the 80 x 120, aerodynamically, I think, was a big success.

That’s probably the biggest thing, I think. Legal Studies! There were a lot of thesis list of abbreviations people that contributed. We had an accident, and dekanat dissertation, then I was off the job. They didn’t like the flow quality, so the aerodynamicists put together a team and redid the inlet and some other stuff. The [original] project was under-funded. The 40 x 80 soup-up mod, and the Langley NTF [National Transonic Facility] were both at about the same time, and thesis of abbreviations, both were under-funded. Choice! Langley’s better at thesis, hiding their problems than we were. I think they’ve gone through three fan sets or something like that since the thing was built. We’ve gone through one. I think we did a lot of paper topics really good stuff for a budget that was too low.

After the accident, [NASA Headquarters] said, “Okay, we’ll give you more money, and what should be done?” Mort: I really loved Bob—he was great. He was in the head shed and he was Dave Engelbert’s boss. Bob would come see me, he said, “Ken, how’s it going?” and so we’d have a little chat. He said, “So, you’re running out of list of abbreviations money?” Johnson: You mentioned the accident—what was the accident? What happened? If you want to talk about it.

Mort: Oh yes, I’m philosophical about these things. You have to be. Things were going along great. It was in medizin dekanat dissertation, ’82. December 9, 1982: my wife was in thesis list, the hospital. I was at the hospital, and my good friend, John Peterman, was essentially managing the test. Example! We had had trouble with the vane set upstream of the drive. It had moving noses so that when we ran the 80 x 120, it was angled at 45 degrees, and then for the 40 x 80 [the vanes] would be straight. It was a two-position [vane system].

The loads were high. We were doing experiments to try to list of abbreviations get the loads down. They were just made out of essay theory plywood—it was plywood that was [plastic] coated [and used] for truck bodies. Johnson: You mentioned that when you first started, an opportunity to work with some of the people you got to of abbreviations work with, and uni bonn medizin, management, are there any lessons that you learned from those men that you’ve used in thesis list of abbreviations, your own management experiences in your career? Mort: Yes. Be patient with new hires. I was fortunate. The people I worked with were really good, and they weren’t trained manager; they just were patient people and they were really smart. That was always the thing about, I think, Ames, is that the staff was really a bunch of smart people.

I was fortunate to work with so many smart people. Mort: Yes. Essay Theory! I think there’s a picture of that, somewhere, of Paul up on [the I beam]. Johnson: If you don’t mind, I’m going to ask Rebecca if she has any questions. Wright: I just have one. You talked about the research that was done here while you were here, that’s still making an list, impact today. Can you give us a few examples? Mort: Yes. I did a lot of ducted fan work, and some of these little things you see, these drones, have ducted fans based on the work that we did, probably in research paper topics for american literature, the 60s and 70s. The parachutes, they’re still doing parachutes. That’s probably mostly the thesis basic research.

I’m trying to think of legal studies essay other things. The V/STOL [Vertical and/or Short Take-Off and list, Landing] stuff with flaps, Boeing and others are still proposing STOL to shorten up the runway by extending the flaps. Make the of an flaps a little bit bigger, and you can reduce the runway length. They’re still using the data that they collected in the tunnel on list of abbreviations those flaps. I don’t know if there are any propeller transports left, but we did a lot of work on propeller transports to writing take advantage of the propeller wake on thesis producing a slow takeoff. That kind of stuff is essay choice theory, what I remember off-hand. I’m sure there’s more. Johnson: Glenn, do you have anything? Bugos: I think at the time you started here, in the flight research group, George [E.] Cooper, [William H. Thesis! Bill] McAvoy, and studies, all those were in the same division as you? Bugos: Were they looking over your shoulder? What was the dynamic between the pilots?

Mort: It depended on the test. I have a good story about thesis list, Fred [J.] Drinkwater. We were testing one of these backyard inventor things. [Alexander M.] Lippisch was a famous German aerodynamicist, and he came to this country. He was working for a company, a U.S. Essay Theory! company, and he had convinced them to build this model of a vertical takeoff [and landing aircraft], and it was to be a flying machine. Thesis! There was essentially a big duct with a couple of propellers inside, and then vanes at the back, so you’d deflect the air down for vertical takeoff, and a2 english essay, then un-deflect them to translate. Thesis List! They ran out of money. Uni Bonn Medizin! The Army would say, “Okay, here’s so many bucks, see if you can do it for that.

You’re not going to list of abbreviations get any more money.” They did that quite often. Bugos: Late 1950s, early 1960s, Hiller Helicopter was setting up shop here in the Bay Area. Bartleby! Did you see much of them? Mort: Not too much. There was an list, LOH [Light Observation Helicopter] competition, and I don’t remember testing the Hiller. They had the flying platform thing. I just don’t remember. The LOH program, that was really the paper topics end of Hiller. I don’t know if you know; Hiller built great helicopters. Stanley Hiller was an imaginative guy, and list, his helicopters were rugged, but I don’t remember that we ever tested any.

There was Hiller, I think Bell [Helicopter], and Hughes [Helicopters] were competing for the LOH. It was big bucks. They were going to buy a million of these things, these lightweight helicopters. They had performance requirements—fairly high-speed. Bugos: One other big change with the coming of critical NASA is of abbreviations, that Harry Goett was recruited to go start up the paper literature [NASA] Goddard Flight Center [Greenbelt, Maryland]. Was that a surprise to you guys there? What sort of management change was there, in thesis of abbreviations, the shift from legal studies, Goett to Harper? Mort: It stayed pretty much the same. Thesis List Of Abbreviations! I think Harper eventually stopped the every other week meetings with the division.

Bill Harper was a really smart guy, and he was good. We’d go down and in essay choice theory, those days, if you wrote a report, it had a lot of review. You’d write a report, and then [there would] be an editorial committee of your peers to go over list of abbreviations it. Then, it would go down to division, and essay choice theory, so we’d go down and see Bill Harper, and he’d have some revisions. He was a good writer and thesis list, speaker.

Then, it would go to the head shed, and Gerry [Gerald E.] Nitzberg would review them. He was very good at reviewing stuff, picking out problems, and then the report would get published. Bugos: What about Harry Goett? Mort: Harry Goett was great. He was a really smart guy, really clear. When he said something, you paid attention. He would go down the list of projects and he knew everything that was going on [and gave] good comments. I think he probably was really good as a Center Director because he was very direct, no bullshit. Johnson: When you were talking about those reports, I thought of something else about the editorial boards. As a young engineer, did you serve on any of those boards before you were actually writing the papers yourself? Johnson: Was that the a2 english essay writing learning process on how to write those papers?

Mort: Yes. Everybody got to do that, though. Thesis List! Even more senior engineers were on the editorial board. If you had a half a dozen, it was probably like four or five people, you’d have some senior guys and some junior guys on the board, so it was a mix. One of them would be familiar with the subject for literature essay writing, sure, or a couple of thesis of abbreviations them at least, and so you’d get a really good mix of criticism. It was a good process. Johnson: I was just wondering since, like you said, they were so well respected and the process was so detailed, it’s an essay, interesting learning process, I would imagine, for a young engineer coming up. Mort: Yes. It bugs me, when I’m looking up stuff, I still do a little consulting, and I’ll see something—“Oh, yes, I ought to get that from thesis list of abbreviations, AIAA.” I hate paying for stuff.

You get a paper and there’s not enough information. You don’t get the whole story. You need about half a dozen papers to get the whole story. That really bugs me. Johnson: Is there anything we haven’t talked about that you wanted to talk about before we end for today? Are there any other stories that come to research paper topics for american mind? Mort: I’ve told you the Lippisch story and the Fred Drinkwater story and list, the Pete Girard.

Those are the ones I can remember. It was a great place to choice work. I feel bad about NASA’s—they’re really out of the aeronautics business, and whatever they tell you, it’s not true. The aeronautics work that they’re doing now is just support FAA [Federal Aviation Administration] and flight safety. Which is important, but that’s not basic research. List Of Abbreviations! One of my good friends, Vernon [J.] Rossow, is critical, still doing the consulting. He’s an list, Ames associate. A2 English Literature! He, for list, years, has worked on the wake vortex. Johnson: After your history with it, I would imagine you wouldn’t like it. Mort: It just doesn’t make any sense.

The problem is that the management of NASA and the Centers is mostly concerned about the introduction of an, going to Mars or something like that—space. Getting money for space, that’s where the money is. It’s not in aeronautics. Johnson: We appreciate you coming in today and sharing your history with us. Johnson: All right, thank you. [End of interview]

Curator: JSC Web Team | Responsible NASA Official: Lynnette Madison | Updated 7/16/2010.

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List of Abbreviations

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Learn greeting people. Here, it is important to know the of abbreviations difference between formal and informal situations and greet people in accordance with that or another situation. When introducing somebody, pay attention what you say about this person. The Introduction? Avoid telling personal information about that person and at thesis, the same time, present him or her in a good light. If you are aware of the listed above requirements, you will easily cope with writing an essay on good manners. However, keep in mind that we can help you deal with essays on a2 english literature essay, good manners and provide you with other services, like: One of the most important things that people have to learn in their childhood is good manners. Having good manners is thesis list essential for everybody, since this is how people are recognized in the community. Therefore, one of the main tasks that parents at home and teachers at school need to undertake is teaching children how to behave in accordance with good manners. Well-mannered people are always respected everywhere and make a good impression. They can easily build relations with other people in society and make new friends everywhere: at school, university, at the office and in a2 english literature, different public places and during various events, as well as just on the street.

Children at school are often asked to write a paper about thesis list of abbreviations, good manners because this one of the methods how they can learn how to behave appropriately in the society. If you need to create an interesting essay on good manners for children, just keep reading. Below, we provided useful tips and guidelines that will be helpful to you in this regard. There are a lot of paper for american literature approaches of how to list of abbreviations teach children to essay have good manners. While children attend school, where they learn different subjects, how to read and write, they have to be taught to have good manners at thesis, the same time. That is why such writing assignments as an essay on good manners for children exist. As a matter of fact, good manners are not the easiest thing to teach and bartleby critical essay learn, although it is an important one. Below, we provided steps that can help in this deal, as well as with writing a good essay on good manners for children.

Look at the following: It is essential to explain to a child that it is inappropriate to interrupt adults while the thesis of abbreviations are speaking and that they always have to wait their turn, in of an, case if they want to say something. At the same time, when a child tries to say something, an adult has to listen very attentively. When having a dinner, a child has to list of abbreviations be taught how to research topics use different food dishes, as well as silverware. The best way to deal with this step is to show your personal example. When a child grows up, it is important that he or she demonstrates good awareness of list behaving during the dinner. Critical Essay? Another step that is needed to be undertaken is teaching children to say such words as ldquo;thank yourdquo;, ldquo;you are welcomerdquo;, ldquo;pleaserdquo; and so on. Every time a child turns to thesis list an adult or another child, he or she has to use appropriate words. In addition, it is choice theory necessary that children can take compliments the right way.

Here, it is also helpful to demonstrate your personal example, which a child would follow. Teaching a child to select clothes appropriately is also important. There events, that require certain style of clothing and thesis list children have to understand it. Finally, one of the most significant steps of teaching a child to have good manners is teaching him to demonstrate love. You need to bartleby essay be able to thesis of abbreviations show your love to the child, on the one hand, by means of which a child would learn to do the research paper topics same. When writing an essay on good manners for children you should keep in mind that you have to list of abbreviations write in a very understandable manner, so children could comprehend clearly every detail. Try to avoid the usage of complicated words and phrases, as long as they can confuse a child and scare him or her off. How to paper topics for american literature demonstrate good manners in everyday life. Before you proceed to writing an essay on good manners for children, you need to make sure that you understand the meaning of list of abbreviations good manners and that you are well-mannered yourself.

Look at the following requirements of being well-mannered and ensure you follow them in your everyday life. Then, you will be able to write a good manners essay for kids. Holding doors open is bartleby important, regardless of whether you are a man or woman. List Of Abbreviations? In case if you see that someone tries to enter the door, be polite and hold it. Pay attention to the manner of your speaking. The Introduction Of An? This is not only about the words, but also about the tone you use when talking to others, topics that you discuss with other people and, finally, the thesis list of abbreviations words and phrases that you use. Being polite is an bartleby essay, essential rule for everyone who wants to demonstrate his or her good manners.

When traveling in public transport, always give up your seat if you see an old person, a pregnant woman or other people that need the seat more than you. When giving up your seat, you don't necessarily have to list of abbreviations announce that you are doing it. You can give it up quietly in order not to make another person feel uncomfortable. Always congratulate people, if needed. If somebody made certain accomplishment, make an effort and congratulate that person. The Introduction Essay Example? Thus, you will make a good impression and that person will be grateful for your congratulations. Learn to be grateful. If somebody helped you or made something good for you, you have not only to be grateful, but to express your attitude appropriately by list, using certain words, smiling and so on. Learn greeting people. Here, it is important to medizin know the thesis difference between formal and informal situations and research literature greet people in thesis, accordance with that or another situation.

When introducing somebody, pay attention what you say about this person. Uni Bonn Dissertation? Avoid telling personal information about that person and at the same time, present him or her in a good light. If you are aware of the listed above requirements, you will easily cope with writing an essay on good manners. However, keep in mind that we can help you deal with essays on good manners and provide you with other services, like:

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Top 10 Essay: Thesis List Of Abbreviations Only…

100 Cause and thesis of abbreviations Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for of an essay example over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about what caused the situation. Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to thesis a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment.

Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the legal essay, question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. List. The answer to the question is your thesis. Uni Bonn Dekanat. Simple! What causes divorce? What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children?

What is the effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to be afraid of commitment? What effect has the thesis, feminist movement had on studies essay, men's and women's views of list of abbreviations, dating? What causes some women to dissertation repeatedly get involved in thesis of abbreviations, destructive relationships?

What effect does having an abortion have on a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and fulfilling marriage have on research topics literature, a person's health? Does going to college cause people to have better marriages? What is the list of abbreviations, effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men?

What is the effect of growing up in a single-parent household? What is the effect of being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on family relationships? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on uni bonn, the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the thesis, effect of family vacations on family relationships?

Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in the U.S.? What are the effects of growing up in poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children?

What has caused the increase in international adoption in Western countries? What is the research topics, effect on children (or adults) of watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and list of abbreviations other fearful situations? What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the paper literature, cause of men still out-earning women in wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the causes of poor water quality for many people around the world? What is the effect of of abbreviations, people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the studies, cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and racism?

What causes people with disabilities to be unable to get jobs? What is the effect on children of growing up in of abbreviations, poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the effects of this rise in critical essay, obesity on the healthcare system? What causes the increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause (or the thesis of abbreviations, effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated?

What causes the spread of the introduction example, HIV/AIDS in list of abbreviations, Africa? What is the effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of globalization on the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on critical, stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to get cancer?

What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly? What has caused cancer to thesis of abbreviations be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the effect of essay choice theory, abortion(s) on list of abbreviations, a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies?

What effect does an legal studies essay, increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on the body? What causes people to thesis of abbreviations make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight?

What are the social effects of having braces on teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers? What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to spend more money?

What effect does social media have on of an essay example, teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and thesis of abbreviations smartphones have on studies essay, how we browse the Internet?

What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate? What causes Google to of abbreviations be the most popular search engine? What are the social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child?

What causes students to think school is boring? Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to learn better? What is the research topics literature, effect on learning when students do most of their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and list books? What are the effects of homeschooling on legal, children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to learn better? What are the positive and negative effects of having school uniforms? What is the effect of list, having an open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to educate students?

What causes American students to lag behind students from other countries on international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on bartleby, elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on of abbreviations, a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in schools have on education?

What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of studies, slavery on American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the 1960s and 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on list, the Jewish people?

What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the the introduction essay example, Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on Britain's view of thesis list of abbreviations, itself? What were the causes and effects of a2 english, colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and list effects of the American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in Colombia?

What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of immigration on legal studies, a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of online sales on businesses (in any country)? What was the thesis list of abbreviations, effect of the printing press (or other invention) on topics for american literature, world history? What are the thesis list of abbreviations, effects of a2 english literature essay writing, globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on list of abbreviations, terrorists and civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the essay, cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea? How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by Virginia Kearney 37. Thesis. 100 Interview Essay Paper Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4.

Easy Words to choice Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and thesis of abbreviations an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and essay theory love your country very much!

I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thesis List Of Abbreviations. Thank you ! this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good. Research Paper Topics Literature. Hi thanks for helping me. Thesis List Of Abbreviations. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in essay, 7th grade. hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for list hub about relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. These topics had a BIG impact on paper topics for american literature, my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips.

These topics really helped me for list of abbreviations school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States. Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment. Example. Awesome topics thanks a million.

Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write. Thesis List. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and writing YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work!

Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and list topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics.

James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY. I love this one, VirginiaLynne.

Your hubs are so valuable to students and a2 english literature essay writing professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from list of abbreviations Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories.

Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon bartleby essay, as well as to influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics. I just have one comment. Thesis List. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb.

Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from choice Texas. This will come in handy for thesis list of abbreviations my English class. The Introduction Of An. Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Social causes are growing up in list, lot more ways, knowing it and studies essay having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and of abbreviations social problems. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different innovative.

Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is studies essay used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to point out thesis that APA and Chicago and topics for american other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Thesis Of Abbreviations. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart.

That is why I usually like to uni bonn dekanat dissertation call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and thesis list argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in a situation. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to of an essay be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and list writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. Uni Bonn. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into thesis list consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California.

Great topics! Voted up and shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by uni bonn making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. Of Abbreviations. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA. A good and research topics for american literature diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in depth Hub.

I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Of Abbreviations. Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Critical Essay. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from thesis list Arizona. Of An. This is something to list of abbreviations save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub. Going to bartleby critical essay pass this along and of course vote up.

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Careers in the Biological Sciences. Looking for a job in biology? See who's hiring in our classified ads. Pursuing a career in biology can be immensely rewarding and list exciting. Studying biology teaches us to ask questions, make observations, evaluate evidence, and solve problems.

Biologists learn how living things work, how they interact with one another, and how they evolve. They may study the evolution, natural history, and conservation of plants and animals; investigate the interactions of living organisms with light, the environment, or each other; or have careers in pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, or medical research. Choice Theory! Their work increases our understanding about the thesis, natural world in which we live and helps us address issues of personal well being and dekanat dissertation worldwide concern, such as environmental degradation, threats to human health, and maintaining viable and abundant food supplies. Frequently Asked Questions about Careers in Biology. In general, there are several career paths you can follow as a biologist, including: Research: Research biologists study the natural world, using the thesis of abbreviations, latest scientific tools and techniques in both laboratory settings and the natural environment, to understand how living systems work.

Many work in exotic locations around the world, and theory what they discover increases our understanding of biology and may be put to practical use to find solutions to specific problems. Learn more about how biological research helps to inform societal issues on the AIBS Website actionbioscience.org. Learn more about the wide variety of of abbreviations, research interests by visiting the websites of AIBS Member Societies and Organizations. Health care: Biologists may develop public health campaigns to defeat illnesses such as tuberculosis, AIDS, cancer, and heart disease. Essay! Others work to prevent the spread of rare, deadly diseases, such as the now infamous Ebola virus. Veterinarians tend to sick and thesis injured animals, and doctors, dentists, nurses, and other health care professionals maintain the general health and well being of their patients.

Many of these careers require additional education and training past undergraduate college, but these positions are usually in high demand both in the US and abroad. Uni Bonn! Additionally, biologists in the health care field can choose to thesis list work for organizations like the Peace Corps and Doctors Without Borders, which help bring much-needed health care services to less developed and/or war-impacted regions. Environmental management and conservation: Biologists in management and conservation careers are interested in solving environmental problems and conserving the natural world for future generations. Park rangers protect state and uni bonn medizin dekanat dissertation national parks, help preserve their natural resources, and educate the general public. Zoo and aquarium biologists carry out endangered species recovery programs and serve as a vital education conduit to the general public. Of Abbreviations! In addition, management and conservation biologists often work with members of a community such as landowners and a2 english special interest groups to thesis list of abbreviations develop and implement management plans. Other potential employment opportunities may exist with state/federal natural resource agencies, not-for-profit conservation organizations, private ecological consulting firms, or wildlife rehabilitation centers. Education: Life science educators enjoy working with people and encouraging them to learn new things, whether in a classroom, a research lab, the field, or a museum. Bartleby Critical Essay! You can gain insight into thesis of abbreviations what biology education professionals are working toward and a2 english literature essay writing achieving by visiting the AIBS Education Programs Office, where you will find updates on institutional reform efforts, information on new and of abbreviations exciting ways of teaching biological concepts, and novel resources for biology classroom education.

You can also learn about topics for american, how biology professionals are connecting with each other to advance the public understanding of science by thesis list, visiting the COPUS website. Colleges and universities: Professors and lecturers teach introductory and advanced biology courses. A2 English Literature Essay Writing! They may also mentor students with projects and direct research programs. Many biology faculty at colleges and universities engage in their own research and serve as reviewers or editors for scientific journal publications, members of working groups and list advisory boards, and as part of research collaborations with scientists from essay, other institutions. Primary and secondary schools: Teaching younger students requires a general knowledge of science and skill at working with different kinds of learners. Thesis Of Abbreviations! High school teachers often specialize in biology and teach other courses of a2 english essay, personal interest. Thesis Of Abbreviations! There is a high demand for educators that are trained in biological sciences and have strong backgrounds in research paper for american K-12 education, classroom management, and primary/secondary school administration. Science museums, zoos, aquariums, parks, and nature centers: Educators in thesis list these settings may design exhibits and educational programs, in addition to teaching special classes or leading tours and nature hikes. Often, these professionals serve as an organization’s “front line” and are responsible for communicating complex biological information to the public, writing grant proposals to fund new programs and exhibits, and working with community partners to leverage resources and gain exposure on local and national levels. Other directions in biological careers: There are many careers for biologists who want to combine their scientific training with interests in other fields. Here are some examples:

Biotechnology: Biologists apply scientific principles to develop and enhance products, tools, and technological advances in fields such as agriculture, food science, and medicine. Scientists in this field may work in genetic engineering, pharmaceutical development, or medical technologies (such as nanomedicine), or as a lab technician or technologist. You can learn more about biotechnology opportunities and issues by visiting actionbioscience.org Biotechnology and reading new articles, particularly those sponsored by the partnership between AIBS and the Northwest Association for Biomedical Research (NWABR). Forensic science: Forensic biologists work with police departments and other law enforcement agencies using scientific methods to discover and process evidence that can be used to solve crimes. Biologists in forensic science often choose a specialty, such as forensic odontology, forensic anthropology, crime scene examination, orwith additional education and trainingmedical examiner. Politics and paper topics for american literature policy: Science advisors work with lawmakers to create new legislation on topics such as biomedical research and environmental protection. Their input is essential, ensuring that decisions are based upon solid science. Professional biologists can serve as policy advocates for thesis list of abbreviations scientific organizations or non-profits, political advisors at of an essay the state or national level, or even as a representative serving on a political committee or working group. You can learn more about the interface between biology and politics by visiting the AIBS Public Policy Office, where you can find information on current legislative initiatives and list how to advocate for science and research policy, as well as sign up to receive AIBS Action Alerts to help express your opinions on biology issues to political decisionmakers.

You can also visit actionbioscience.org Science Policy for detailed information about scientific collections, science education, and more. Business and industry: Biologists work with drug companies and providers of the introduction essay, scientific products and services to research and test new products. They may also work in sales, marketing, and public relations positions. Economics: Trained professionals work with the government and other organizations to study and address the list of abbreviations, economic impacts of biological issues, such as species extinctions, forest protection, and research literature environmental pollution. Biologists may also study the impacts of socio-economics on list of abbreviations humans, environmental economics (an economic analysis of the environment with a focus on preserving natural capital), or ecological economics (the study of how human economies and natural ecosystems are linked in time and space). Mathematics: Biologists in fields such as bioinformatics and computational biology apply mathematical techniques to solve biological problems, such as modeling ecosystem processes and gene sequencing. Research Paper For American! Mathematical and theoretical biology are two recent scientific fields that use mathematical representations and tools to both understand and model biological processes in other research areas, including cell biology, biotechnology, and thesis ecosystem dynamics. Choice Theory! Science writing and communication: Journalists and writers with a science background inform the general public about relevant and emerging biological issues. Thesis Of Abbreviations! Biologists with excellent writing and communication skills can be employed by high-profile journalssuch as Nature and Scienceas well as online magazines and science blogs or print/media networks (e.g., Discovery and National Geographic). Art: All of the illustrations in your biology textbook, as well as in bartleby critical newspaper and magazine science articles, were created by talented artists with a thorough understanding of biology. Individuals in this field may be employed by magazines and journals (e.g., Scientific American), museums and aquaria, hospitals and thesis medical training centers, or even state and local government agencies.

How can I prepare for a career in biology? If you are interested in becoming a biologist, there are some things you can do along the way to studies prepare yourself. Take courses in math and science. Biologists need a solid understanding of math, chemistry, physics, and of course biology. Thesis! Taking these courses in high school will provide you with an excellent background and the introduction of an example allow you to explore the wide range of what scientists do for a living. Of Abbreviations! Talk to biologists. If you are interested in essay choice theory a health care career, visit doctors or veterinarians and thesis ask for a moment to speak with them about their careers and education. If you are interested in outdoor work, talk to legal essay park rangers, land managers, and other professionals in your area.

Explore your college options. Deciding where to attend college and what to of abbreviations study can be a daunting task. Literature! Research schools of interest, both on the internet andif possiblethrough arranged campus visits and tours. Talk to your high school guidance counselor, as well as to thesis list admissions counselors, faculty, and current students at these schools. There are excellent programs at medizin a wide range of institutions, from large research universities to small liberal arts and community colleges. Have fun! While academics are important, remember to get out and enjoy yourself as well. Participate in any extracurricular activities of list of abbreviations, interest: a school club, a science fair, a sports team, or volunteer work. You'll learn teamwork and commitment while developing leadership and social skills, making you stand out not only uni bonn medizin dekanat as a future biologist but also as an thesis list of abbreviations individual.

Talk to research paper literature your advisor. Your faculty advisor or guidance counselor is a great source of information for advice on classes to take, career path options, and job opportunities. Consider how long you want to thesis list of abbreviations be in bartleby critical school. For some biology jobs, a two-year college degree is sufficient. But most life science careers require at least a bachelor's degree and thesis list often an advanced degree, such as a master's degree. Research jobs typically require a doctorate, which may take five or six years of intense and demanding training. Ask your professors about critical essay, part-time jobs. Thesis! Many professors hire student assistants to help with library, field, and laboratory research. Not only will you earn some money and experience, but you'll also develop a professional relationship with someone who can give you career advice and write letters of recommendation. Find summer internships. Internships are a great way to learn about a2 english, a career, make contacts, and gain experience in biology.

Some internships may provide opportunities to thesis do an original research projecta very rewarding experience that will show you how science works and get you thinking about graduate school. Where are the best college and university biology programs? There are many universities with strong biology programs. There is no best college to of an study biology. If you are considering a biology degree, search for a school that fits your needs, budget, and lifestyle. List! Large research universities offer broad course work, a variety of specialized concentrations, and many opportunities for independent research. However, there is often strong competition for a2 english literature essay writing such opportunities at these institutions, as well as larger class/lab sizes with less individualized attention.

Smaller colleges allow for small class sizes, individualized instruction, and frequent interaction with professors. At the of abbreviations, same time, smaller schools may have less diverse course offerings and fewer opportunities for financially supported research. In general, there are several key elements that make up a solid biology program at a college or university: Faculty diversity and experience. Most faculty members hold PhD degrees and have active, productive research programs, or are connected to research programs at a nearby institution. The faculty is an essay theory accurate representation of the of abbreviations, diversity of biological disciplines: botanists, evolutionary biologists, zoologists, biochemists, cell biologists, ecologists, physiologists, taxonomists, and of an example so on. Either the biology program contains faculty members in diverse fields, or the university has several individual departments that complement each other. Commitment to undergraduate education. Courses are taught by faculty members, not graduate students.

The institution has an active faculty advisor program and an active career advising/career development program. The curriculum includes a variety of courses that provide a strong background in the natural and social sciences, humanities, and writing, while still allowing students to pursue their individual interests. Well-equipped libraries with Internet access to biology journals, and easily accessible computer labs for student use. Research opportunities for undergraduates. Faculty welcome students into their research groups as part-time workers, interns, and research assistants. Opportunities are available for thesis of abbreviations undergraduates to pursue independent research projects. There are programs and centers that suit a student's particular interest; for example, a field station to study ecology, a state-of-the-art genetics lab, or a marine station to study marine biology.

What is the job outlook for topics for american literature the future? While there will always be a need for bright, energetic, and educated individuals with a strong understanding of thesis list, biology, opportunities vary depending on medizin dekanat the status of local and list national economies. For current job outlook information, check the of an example, Occupational Outlook Handbook , published every two years by of abbreviations, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. This online handbook is searchable by occupation group (including Life, Physical, and Social Science) and paper for american literature includes information on median pay, job outlook, minimum required education, and more. Job growth is expected in a number of areas, biotechnology and molecular biology in particular. Business leaders have begun to address the issue of creating more science and technology jobs in the United States to prevent them from being exported. For more information, take a look at the report (in PDF format) Tapping America's Potential: Gaining Momentum, Losing Ground, a 2008 progress report following the initial 2005 report, Tapping America's Potential: The Education for Innovation Challenge. You may also want to read Engage to thesis list Excel: Producing One Million Additional College Graduates with Degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and of an essay Mathematics, a report presented by the President's Council of thesis list of abbreviations, Advisors on critical Science and Technology (PCAST). An Eye on Education column in the July 2012 issue of Bioscience speaks to of abbreviations the report's findings in the context of the importance of two-year colleges.

Also, the number of openings in legal studies essay federal government agencies charged with managing natural resources, such as the Interior and Agriculture Departments and the Environmental Protection Agency, is expected to grow; see the report (in PDF format) Federal Natural Resources Agencies Confront an Aging Workforce and Challenges to Their Future Roles. These openings will become available as many senior-level biologists and thesis of abbreviations life scientists retire in the coming years. What are the salaries for biologists? The National Association of Colleges and research for american Employers 2012 Salary Survey reported a median starting salary of $38,300 for graduates with a bachelor's degree in the biological/life sciences, up from $37,900 in 2011. Data from the 2012 Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook show that 2010 median starting salaries for positions in the life sciences ranges from thesis of abbreviations, $33,000 (Food Science Technician or Forest Conservation Technician with an Associate's degree) to $55,000 (Forensic Scientist or Zoologist/Wildlife Biologist with a Bachelor's degree) to upwards of $70,000 (Biochemists and Biophysicists with Doctoral degrees). Keep in mind that salaries may vary greatly depending on dekanat geographic location, job type, and the experience and education required for entry-level positions.

Higher salaries are often found in thesis of abbreviations private research companies and essay theory government agencies, where you may have more job security, advancement opportunities, and independence in your work. While jobs in nonprofit groups or academic institutions may have lower salaries, many biologists find great personal reward in working for an organization that is affecting change and has an emphasis on list teamwork and collaboration. Where can I find more information about people who have become biologists? If you think there's one type of essay, person who becomes a biologist, think again. All kinds of people with diverse talents are drawn to careers in biology, for many reasons. Get to know a few and you'll see. Here are links to profiles of biologists in a variety of fields who come from thesis, a wide range of backgrounds: Where can I find more information and job postings for biology-related careers?

The AIBS monthly journal BioScience has often published articles relevant to biology careers. Here are some examples: AIBS member societies and organizations are an excellent place to start looking for jobs, graduate school opportunities, and other career-related resources. Other web resources are listed below. General career development and job hunting sites. Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs. AIBS Invites Scientists, Organizations to Join in Celebration of essay, Peer Review. Letter to EPA on Red Team/Blue Team Climate Exercise. AIBS Trains Researchers to Communicate Science.

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D-Day or Operation Overlord, June 6, 1944. As dawn broke on thesis June 6, 1944, the Allied invasion fleet became visible crossing the choppy waters of the English Channel to France. None of those who took part in D-Day, whether soldier, sailor, or airman, would ever forget the sight. It was by far the largest amphibious invasion force ever known, with more than 5,000 ships carrying 175,000 troops. Essay! The view from the air was breathtaking. Many pilots said later that the sea was packed so full of ships that it almost looked as if you could walk to France. The air support plan included more than 6,000 aircraft, with transports dropping three airborne divisions, heavy and medium bombers attacking beach defences, and other squadrons on deception operations. Typhoon and P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers would roam inland, ready to thesis of abbreviations, attack German reinforcements coming to help defend the coast.

Layered screens of Allied fighters between the Parisian region and the Normandy beaches would ensure that German aircraft never reached the invasion area in daylight. And anti-submarine patrols of bartleby critical essay Sunderlands and B-24 Liberators had already started to patrol every map-square of the sea between southern Ireland and Brittany. List Of Abbreviations! To the great embarrassment of Grand Admiral Doenitz, not a single German U-boat got through to example, the Channel. In fact one Canadian pilot broke all records by sinking two German submarines in the Bay of Biscay within twenty-two minutes. The fact that the invasion fleet had sailed at all on thesis list the night of June 5 was almost a miracle in itself. General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Allied supreme commander, had faced a terrible dilemma. On June 2 his meteorologists had warned of a bad storm.

The invasion was put back by twenty-four hours in a desperate hope that conditions might improve. Eisenhower knew that a major postponement of two weeks until tides were again favorable could well prove disastrous. To disembark all those soldiers from their landing ships and then re-embark them later would have been very bad for morale, and the Germans might well have discovered the Allied plan. Told that there might be a break in the bad weather on June 6, Eisenhower assumed the huge responsibility of the introduction essay example his position and decided to thesis list of abbreviations, go. General Miles Dempsey, who commanded the topics, Second British Army in the invading force said later that Eisenhower’s decision was the bravest act of the whole war. Thesis Of Abbreviations! It is easy for us to studies essay, look back and of abbreviations, think that D-Day was bound to succeed, but it could have been a disaster.

Operation Overlord, the uni bonn medizin dekanat dissertation, invasion of Normandy, was an intensely emotional event for all the Allies—Americans, British, Canadians, and men from thirty different countries, many of which had, like France, been occupied for the previous four years by the German Wehrmacht after its devastating victories in 1940. For the French, this moment of setting out to help liberate their homeland was especially poignant. For the British, it marked their return at last to the continent of Europe after the bitterness of their evacuation from thesis list of abbreviations, Dunkirk. For American soldiers, the choice, invasion represented a moment of selfless duty. The United States was once more coming to the rescue of thesis list of abbreviations war-torn Europe, this time oppressed by the Nazi regime. The Introduction Of An Example! All they could console themselves with was the idea that the sooner they helped win the war, the sooner they could go home to their families—assuming they survived.

The pre-battle tension for everyone was considerable. Keith Douglas, one of the great soldier poets of the Second World War, who was killed in Normandy a few days later, wrote the following lines shortly before D-Day: Actors waiting in the wings of Europe. we already watch the list, lights on legal studies essay the stage. and listen to the colossal overture begin. For us entering at the height of the din. it will be hard to hear our thoughts, hard to gauge. how much our conduct owes to fear or fury.

The overture was indeed colossal, whether from US Navy and Royal Navy battleships firing huge shells that screamed “like freight cars” over the heads of the thesis, soldiers packed into landing craft, or bombers coming in from the choice theory, sea to smash the German defensive positions and barbed wire. Other bomber groups inland smashed French towns to block the routes by which German reinforcements would arrive. French civilians in Normandy suffered terribly. Fifteen thousand were killed in the lead-up to D-Day, and another 20,000 were to die during the fighting. Altogether some 75,000 French civilians were killed in the war by British and list, American bombing and artillery, an even higher figure than the 69,000 British killed by the German air force.

It is a terrible irony that the armed forces from democracies ended up killing so many civilians because their commanders felt forced by legal studies essay the pressure of public opinion at home to reduce their own casualties as much as possible. Preceded by flotillas of minesweepers, the thesis list, invasion fleet headed for five long beaches on choice theory the Normandy coastline. They were codenamed Sword, Juno, and thesis list of abbreviations, Gold (where two British and one Canadian division were landing), and Omaha and Utah (where the leading battalions of the introduction example three American divisions were headed). The task of the list of abbreviations, US 4th Infantry Division landing at Utah at the base of the Cotentin Peninsula, was to essay theory, head inland to meet up with the paratroopers of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions who had been dropped during the night. Heavily weighed down by arms and ammunition, some had drowned in flooded areas. Others landed on German positions and were massacred before they had a chance to fight back.

A number were killed while they hung helplessly from parachutes caught on trees or on rooftops. But although widely scattered in the chaotic drops, most of them survived to of abbreviations, join up in improvised groups and cause terror among the German defenders, who thought they were everywhere. They were reinforced by more airborne troops flown over in large gliders towed by studies essay transport aircraft. It was a frightening journey for even the list of abbreviations, bravest men, knowing that many would be badly injured or killed on crash landing. The objective for the American 1st and 29th Infantry Divisions was Omaha Beach, a long, gently curving stretch of coastline. Approached from the sea, the beach ended on the right with massive cliffs. Four miles farther around to literature writing, the west was the thesis list, Pointe du Hoc promontory. This was where a battalion of legal studies essay US Rangers had to scale a sheer cliff to silence a German battery. The first landing craft set off from their mother ships at 0520 hours.

They had over an hour’s journey in heavy seas to land on the beach at H-hour (the time the list of abbreviations, attack was to begin). The larger ships were anchored at a2 english essay writing, least ten miles offshore, out of thesis of abbreviations range of legal German coastal guns. During the long and tumultuous crossing, a dozen of the landing craft were swamped or capsized. Of Abbreviations! The bomber formations appeared at 0605 hours. They flew in from the sea to reduce their vulnerability to flak over the target area, rather than following the line of the coast. Bartleby! As they reached the beaches, their crews delayed an extra few seconds before releasing their bomb loads to avoid hitting any landing craft approaching the beach. List! As a result all the ground commanders’ hopes that the air force would destroy barbed-wire entanglements, minefields, and some of the defensive positions were utterly dashed.

In the thirty minutes preceding H-hour, the B-24 Liberators and B-17 Fortresses dropped 13,000 bombs, but none fell on the beach. “The Air Corps might just as well have stayed home in bed for all the a2 english writing, good that their bombing concentration did,” one officer in the 1st Division observed angrily later. To compound the problem, the list, forty minutes allowed for the naval bombardment proved far too short to deal with the beach defences. At a given moment, the landing craft, which had been circling offshore to legal essay, await H-hour, headed in toward land. The absence of fire from the shore aroused hopes that the warships and air force had done their work as planned. The infantrymen were so tightly wedged that few could see much over the helmets in list, front of essay them and the tall landing ramp at the front.

The assault craft were still “bucking like an unbroken horse,” so many just shut their eyes against the queasy sensation of motion sickness. By then the thesis of abbreviations, landing craft “reeked of vomit.” Because of the smoke and dust thrown up by the shelling, the coxswains had trouble recognizing any landmarks. “Soon we became conscious of pinking noises near us,” wrote a US Navy lieutenant, “and when a couple of men toppled to the deck, we became conscious of the fact that we were being fired at with real bullets, by a very much alive enemy.” When the ramps were dropped, the medizin dekanat dissertation, German machine gunners concentrated their fire on the opening. “Men were tumbling just like corn cobs off of a conveyor belt,” wrote a sergeant from thesis, Wisconsin. In all too many cases, the landing craft had come to a halt on a sandbar short of the beach. The water appeared shallow, but ahead there were deep runnels. The craft were still bucking with the waves, and “if you slipped under the metal ramp you would be killed as it crashed down.” In some places men leaped off and found the water over their heads. Essay Choice Theory! In desperation, they dropped their weapons and wriggled out of their equipment to survive.

Some of those behind, seeing their buddies floundering under the weight of their equipment, panicked. “There were dead men floating in the water and there were live men acting dead, letting the tide take them in.” The prospect of list of abbreviations crossing the legal studies, stretch of beach in thesis list of abbreviations, front of them seemed impossible. Any idea of trying to run through the shallows, carrying heavy equipment and in sodden clothes and boots seemed like a bad dream in which limbs felt leaden and numb. Overburdened soldiers stood little chance. Bartleby Critical Essay! There were cries in all directions: “I’m hit! I’m hit!” With many of their officers and noncoms among the first casualties, soldiers recovering from the shock of their reception realized that they had to get across the beach, if only to survive. A soldier from of abbreviations, Minnesota in the 1st Division wrote home later describing how he had dashed forward in thirty-yard sprints. “I’ve never in all my life prayed so much.” He looked back at the remnants of his squad. “It was awful. People dying all over the place—the wounded unable to move and legal, being drowned by the incoming tide and boats burning madly as succeeding waves tried to get in. . . . Thesis! I’ve never seen so many brave men who did so much—many would go way back and try to gather in the wounded and bartleby critical, themselves got killed.” Those who had made it were not even able to help with covering fire. “At least 80% of our weapons did not work because of sand and sea water.” In their desire to be able to fire back as soon as they landed, most soldiers had made the of abbreviations, mistake of stripping the of an essay example, waterproof covering from list, their guns before reaching the shore. Almost all the research for american, radios failed to work as a result of seawater, and thesis list, this contributed greatly to the chaos. An artillery officer described the soldiers he saw. Critical Essay! “They were beat up and shocked.

Many of them had forgotten that they had firearms to use.” It was hardly surprising that they were dazed. A number were barely out of high school, and this disastrous baptism of fire produced psychological trauma. Battalion and company officers ordered their men to clean their rifles. Those who had lost their weapons took them off the thesis of abbreviations, dead. Choice! More senior officers arriving with their headquarter groups were to provide the leadership critically needed at thesis of abbreviations, this time. They forced the uni bonn medizin, men, once they had cleaned their weapons, to start breaking through the thesis list of abbreviations, wire and topics, minefields onto the bluffs behind to list, attack the German positions. In this way, Omaha Beach, which so easily could have been the essay, scene of a terrible catastrophe, was transformed into a hard-won American victory. Once the Allies were securely ashore, they were bound to prevail with their overwhelming superiority in air power and of abbreviations, artillery. German plans for a massive tank counter-attack against the British Second Army on the eastern side came to nothing when the Germans were hammered by the heavy guns of the US Navy and the Royal Navy off the coast.

But the success of D-Day was not enough. Dissertation! American, British, and thesis of abbreviations, Canadian troops faced another two-and-a-half months of vicious fighting ahead in the Norman countryside before the German forces were ground down. Normandy was martyred in its suffering, but this terrible concentration of choice fighting at least saved Paris and list of abbreviations, the rest of the country from destruction. Every year on the anniversary of essay choice theory D-Day, Allied veterans are welcomed back in memory of their comrades’ sacrifice. Antony Beevor served as a regular officer in the 11th Hussars in Germany. Of Abbreviations! He is the author of Crete: The Battle and the Resistance , which won a Runciman Prize; Paris after the Liberation, 1944–1949 (written with his wife, Artemis Cooper); Stalingrad , which won the bartleby critical, Samuel Johnson Prize, the Wolfson Prize for History, and the Hawthornden Prize for Literature; Berlin: The Downfall , which received the first Longman–History Today Award; The Battle for Spain ; and, most recently, D-Day , which received the RUSI Westminster Medal. His books have appeared in thirty languages and sold just over five million copies. List! A former chairman of the Society of Authors, he has received honorary doctorates from the Universities of Kent and Bath and is a visiting professor at Birkbeck College and the University of Kent. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History.

Please click here to login and access this page. Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for a2 english literature essay writing more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits. Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Become an Affiliate School to thesis list, have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features. Click here to studies, start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now! Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to list of abbreviations, support history education in medizin dissertation, schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of list historical resources to choice theory, which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs. Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to list of abbreviations, the full Gilder Lehrman site. All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to research paper topics for american, the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits! Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

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