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AS and essay A Level: Comparative Essays. Meet our team of inspirational teachers. Get help from 80+ teachers and hundreds of thousands of student written documents. Of Women Essay. A Comparison Of 'Dulce Et Decorum Est' And 'Suicide In The Trenches' Suicide in the trenches focuses on the meaningless life in the trenches and that a quick death ends it all where as Dulce Et Decorum Est focuses on the suffering and torture of a slow death. Sassoon's style of poetry and language is simplistic when compared with Owen's. He states the bare facts and the wasted life of a soldier and Owen's style is essay more complicated and complex as effective and brutal imagery is familiar essay conveyed into the reader's head. It conveys the horrors in details and rebuttal essay the slow suffering of essay a victim of a unexpected yet dreaded gas attack. Presentation of Suffering in Dulce et Decorum est and The Sentry. Rebuttal. The selection of the words The sentry's body rather than simply The sentry gives the idea that the man's body fell down the steps first, and that his mind may have followed later, as if he were in a trance, or were particularly panicked.

Owen also uses description based on animals: In Dulce et Decorum est, the education, soldiers are compared with horses: But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame. Words such as den and herded in The Sentry give the idea that the situation is rebuttal essay below the most basic standards of essay on cleopatra civilisation. Compare and contrast 'MCMXIV' by essay, Philip Larkin and 'Six Young Men' by Ted Hughes. 'MCMXIV' by Philip Larkin Larkin's poem consists of four stanzas, each of eight lines. He also makes his poem dependent on theory thesis only one pair of ending rhymes, on lines four and eight (Park/lark, play/day, men/again and the half-rhymes lines and limousines). This means that the poem is less structured than we expect and sounds more natural when spoken out loud. His title is in Latin numerals, MCMXIV because this is how the date 1914 would be carved on a war memorial. George and Lennie- COmparison and Contrast. Steinbeck differentiates George and rebuttal Lennie from each other on their mental and physical appearance and strength, George a small man and essay on cleopatra his opposite rebuttal essay Lennie a huge man.

In their physical appearance George was visualized with defined body parts and with strong features while Lennie with a shapelss face. In terms of mental ability, Steinbeck said that Lennie has a mild mental disorder that made him the weakest character in the novel. While George, compared to Lennie, he is the boss, he decides on everything they will do and theory Lennie depends on what he say. Discuss the ways in which the authors present child family relationships in Praise song for my mother and Childhood. children who were rough where he almost has connotations of blaming them for separation from rebuttal essay what they thought were 'lesser' citizens, he tends to refer to on cleopatra the childhood he lived as a young boy who was bullied on his way to and from school. However when one delves deeper into essay the poem and attempts to read between the lines the reader can pick up a tone of blame, a tone of resentment and a tinge of sorrow! It would seem as though Spender, through his writing, is of women essay revealing his resentment towards his parents for rebuttal isolating him from his peers, sheltering him from the real world and being overprotective!

Poetry and Melancholy in Sheers Examination of Welsh Identity. However, these lyrical and pastoral influences must always be intertwined with a tragic note, since reliance on things such as the mining industry have resulted in a scarring of essay both the land and the people. Resistance and rebuttal Skirrid Hill reflect not only the essays, aforementioned influences, but also the elegiac note of essay death, deterioration and disillusionment. Resistance tells the story of farm women in a remote Welsh valley, abandoned by their husbands, forced to toil the critique conclusion, unforgiving land in order to survive. Larkin and Abse on relationships. The essay will discuss this contrast by rebuttal, examing Larkins Whitsun Weddings, Wild Oats and Arundel Tomb, and Dannie Abses Imitations and Sons. As Larkin sat down on education of women in india essay the hot train seat he began to feel a sense of relaxation.

At last he could sit quietly and make his observations. Rebuttal Essay. The brilliant sunlight was almost blinding and the heat had further heightened the smell emanating from the already very smelly fish dock. So we can sense that the start of the incest essay, journey is not scenic and the air is not aromatic but Larkin appears reasonably content about rebuttal essay his forthcoming journey. In both In the Suburbs and Richard Cory, the essay, poets present the concept that having money is not the most significant aspect of life. The poets' representations of a suburbanite and essay a rich man defy the classic view that achieving success and possessing money can make someone contented, because neither of the characters in thesis, the poems seem to be pleased with their situations. In both In the Suburbs and Richard Cory, the poets present the concept that having money is rebuttal not the most significant aspect of life. Living in the suburbs implies that one is neither extremely wealthy nor poor, yet the speaker of the poem is essay unhappy despite his stable lifestyle. Compare the ways in which Larkin and Abse write about memory and time. In your response you must include detailed critical discussion of at least two Larkin poems. Rebuttal Essay. Another theme of Larkin is his dissatisfaction when looking upon his memories and the way in which time has defeated him and this is evident in the repetition of 'unsatisfactory'.

In comparison, Abse looks back upon incest essay, his life growing up in Cardiff in essay, 'Return to Cardiff' but he almost mocks his immaturity and his anticipation of what to expect, 'less a return than a raid', when he did look back on his childhood. Larkin's tone is much darker and theory thesis writing negative, for example he says he 'idly' wasted his time when he reminisces. Larkin often seems to criticise society. In the light of this statement, what connections have you found between the ways in which Larkin and Abse write about the society in which they live? In your response include at least two of Larkins. Abse is rebuttal essay also very proud of the society from which he grew for example he is proud of being Welsh. Larkin labels and stereotypes the working class with a superior view in Nothing To Be Said, for example in the first stanza he describes the working class as 'small-statured cross-faced tribes', giving the impression that he views the working class as poorly developed, and a sense of essay savagery and it is possible to assume that Larkin viewed them as not very intelligent also. A comparison of rebuttal essay Andrew Marvlls Bermudas and essays Richard Lovelaces To Althea, From Prison. This would have been for his own safety, as the poem was written at a time when criticism of essay Cromwell was punishable with imprisonment. The poem concludes in another quatrain, once again from the perspective of the narrator.

Although it appears rather optimistic in tone, 'Thus sang they. An holy and familiar essay a cheerful note,' the fact that the sailors are still rowing, 'with falling oars they kept the time,' suggests that they have not landed on the grassy stage mentioned in essay, the song. How do poets celebrate life? Two poems that discuss moments or situations where life can be celebrated are Thomas Hardys Beeny Cliff and After reading in a letter proposals for education of women building a cottage (Cottage) by John Clare. The positive impact of nature is also evident in rebuttal essay, the first stanza of essay Beeny Cliff as he describes the opal and the sapphire of that wandering western sea. The sea being described with the appearance of precious and beautiful gemstones shows he is rebuttal essay impressed by it, as well the alliteration and personification of wandering western which rolls off the tongue paints an affectionate picture of the ocean. Conclusion. There are many other positive natural references with John Clare describing his small enclosed garden, flowers that blossom sweet and the sweeping swallows; while Thomas Hardy mentions the clear- sunned March day and how the sun bursts out again. Herbert Donne compared- an inadequate relationship to God. Herbert's poetry, is rather straightforward and plain and doesn't contain much complexity, save structurally, and rebuttal it may be because they are devotional poems to God, and he thus keeps it simple so as to essay on cleopatra humble himself. The piety of his poetry is really understandable, given that he was in rebuttal essay, fact a minister until his death in 1633, even choosing to become a rural vicar in favour of his position as Member of Parliament.

Suffering from tuberculosis in his later years, it is clear that he became more aware of his mortality and consequently more devout, which is evident in Virtue. Compare how each poet writes about nature in Spring by Hopkins and How the old Mountains drip with Sunset by Dickinson. Even though both poems have different rhyme schemes they both suggest that nature is a beautiful and wonderful thing. In How the familiar essay, old Mountains drip with Sunset and Spring Dickinson and Hopkins both use linear letters to evoke the significance and individuality of nature. Dickinson uses supernatural imagery, By the rebuttal, Wizard Sun. Whereas Hopkins uses religious imagery, Christ, lord. Even though both poets use different imagery techniques they both convey the same outcome; that nature is amazing and something simple did not create it but a superhuman being did as nothing mortal could create something as beautiful.

Hopkins uses a simile and alliteration to convey how beautiful nature is. On Pollution. I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud I will in this essay present a short introduction of the romantic hero, the poet, and the significance of the depiction of nature.I will also discuss William Wordsworths ability to convey the beauty of the daffodils. The romantic hero animates feelings and is able to create and use his imagination far better than ordinary people. The poet is often the protagonist in his own works and only the romantic poets have the ability to convey what they see. Nature is morally uplifting and according to William Wordsworth, nature is a better teacher than books. Rebuttal Essay. People take the education of women in india essay, beauty of nature for granted and cannot see the beauty in the same way as the romantic poets can see it. Next I will characterise the poet and rebuttal elaborate on his experience of the daffodils.

In the opening line the poet says he wandered lonely as a cloud (Stanza 1, l 1). Discuss how Carol Ann Duffy and Sheenagh Pugh explore the concept of journey in their poetry. 'River' (At the turn of the river the language changes), 'The Way My Mother Speaks' (The train this slow evening / goes down England), and theory 'In Your Mind' (The other country). Moreover, enjambment is utilised throughout the rebuttal, poem; for essays example, Do I only essay, / think / I lost a river, culture, speech in order to visually represent flow, reflecting the physical sense of movement in incest essay, a journey. Compare the ways in which Duffy and Pugh write about violence. In your response, you must include detailed reference to at least two of essay Duffys poems. The aforementioned 'God complex' is augmented later in the stanza by the verb phrase, I am going to play God which directly references the omnipotent supernatural deity as though the narrator has the power to wreak endless havoc, and thus use any conceivable level of violence, as she wishes. This is furthered by the use of education essay Biblical language, such as, I see that it is good. Rebuttal. Consequently, the reader realises that the narrator's violence stems from her deluded state of mind; a potential interpretation of this is that Duffy's dissatisfaction with the Thatcher-run government of the education essay, 1980's inspired her to. Compare the way Larkin and Plath present human relationships in their poems.

This represents that they have history together and the fact that they can't talk to each other shows they are not as close as they once were. The use of the word 'emblem' symbolises the relationship between two people which is shown by rebuttal essay, the act of dissertation critique lying in bed together. It may also refer to what is rebuttal essay supposed to be ideal, which is being together, however this is overshadowed by the ordinary and mundane life that they lead, therefore 'emblem' is ironic as Larkin is dissertation critique conclusion actually describing the opposite of this idea. affair she had soon after her and Ted Hughes split ' - The child's cry melts in the wall not only suggests that when with her alleged lesbian partner she's free for the burden of motherhood and can just focus on their passion but also that when being in a homosexual relationship the possibilities of conceiving a child are none an therefore there is no-one else to detract from the bond and overwhelming desire that the 2 have for each other. By comparing 'School for Scandal' and 'Rape of the Lock' explore the difference between wit and rebuttal essay malice. The use of heroic couplets satirizes the vanity of society that has turned grand creatures into familiar blog frivolous items. It is a clear use of bathos where the grand is brought down to an anti climax. This is compounded in the list of items upon essay, her toilet 'Puffs, powders, patches, Bibles, billet-doux'.

Pope emerges the highly important item of the bible amongst the less auspicious puffs, powders, patches to comment on society's (and women in particular's) lack of essay priorities or moral standards. The use of alliteration furthers this satire by placing more emphasis on the 'B' in rebuttal essay, bibles which breaks the essays, pattern. Based on his appearance he is not your typical hero, especially when he was tall and thin with a gipsy coat of rebuttal essay red and education essay yellow. However, the Pied Piper did turn out to be a hero and was also a man of action. He said he would get rid of the rats and he went straight to rebuttal essay them and killed them, straight to the point. He did not mess up at all and let a few rats get away, there was only one rat who survived, with that one going off to tell other rats what had happened. Examine the use of the dramatic monologue in the poetry of Carol Ann Duffy. Midas tells the untold story of the well-known Greek myth King Midas, who is miraculously, granted the wish of turning everything he touches into gold. As with all the poems in The World's Wife, the title is a clear giveaway of what the essay on cleopatra, poem is about to entail, and this is no different. Mrs. Rebuttal Essay. Midas, the wife of thesis writing King Midas is the persona of this particular monologue and here she voices her thoughts on her husband's newfound ability.

The kitchen filled with the smell of itself. How could Mrs Faust represent how moral values are changing in modern society? However, as the poem progresses, the reader learns that the essay, couple wanted wealth and the use of we by Duffy turns into the use of I and he showing that as they got richer and their lifestyle became more and more wealthier, Mrs Faust felt her marriage begin to decay and feels the gap between them widen. Thesis Writing. This shows that in the beginning she was happy with her marriage but when they both started wanting material possessions and essay Faust began chasing the dream, even though they had everything that a person could wish for, they stopped being happy, prompting the. Consider the writers thoughts and feelings about identity and dissertation the ways in which she expresses them, now compare this to those in A Streetcar Named Desire. A. Because it is two cities divided by a river. It almost sounds like a joke that a child would tell to its friend but Carter used the question and answer format because she wants the reader to enigmatically question the narrator. Rebuttal. The answer gives the reader a feeling of division and critique conclusion tells them that Dora is a person who feels segregated living in a lower class area. Similarly, in 'A Streetcar Named Desire', Williams presents the character of essay Blanche as a woman who subverted her gender stereotype and is now rejected and looked down upon by society. Analyse the ways in which Tony Harrison presents the theme of family relationships in Long Distance one and of women in india essay two. This provides a contrast between the rebuttal essay, two poems and how they differ in the representation of the family relationships.

As we read on, it seems that the first poem is incest essay a concise conversation of a father and his son, speaking of the grievance which the father has on account of his wife dying. For the son, this does not seem to be as big of a problem to him, which could therefore portray the emotional distance between the narrator and his family. This is also suggested through the possibility of the son, also living a distance away from his father. Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by rebuttal essay, using key words from the title. How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

Do they use key words from the title or question? Do they answer the question directly? Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion? In conclusion, these two poems use time and its effects in very much the same way; they both talk about dissertation critique conclusion time#039;s inevitability and its effects on rebuttal beauty and life but they present very different solutions to this problem. It is not a coincidence that both poems have time as a theme because they were written during the 17th century, a time when people were very aware of the increasing proximity of death and dissertation critique conclusion the rapid passing of time.

In conclusion, I would say that I prefer Philip Larkin#039;s poem MCMXIV to rebuttal Ted Hughes#039;s Six Young Men. Essays. Ted Hughes#039; poem felt very repetitive sometimes. I thought he was saying the same thing over and over again at the end of every stanza without making his message deeper or more interesting. The violence is also too graphic and doesn#039;t really move me. Larkin#039;s view of the war is more subtle but he still gives us an essay, insight to the war and his version of life is more realistic.

Leaving the gardens tidy is essays on pollution a very sad little personal detail because it seems so pointless and rebuttal innocent and I think it rings more true than Hughes#039;s general descriptions of corpses and grenades. In conclusion both Wilmot and Armitage in on cleopatra, the poems discussed employ several formal features. These include repetition, sound patterning, different rhyme forms, stress on certain syllables to create particular metres and alliteration. Formal features are devised to provide meaning, acoustic effects and aesthetic effects to the poems. Name: Jason Tyler Student No.: 05043156 Module: U67010 Approaching Poetry (Assignment 2) Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: This document has been marked by one of our great teachers.

You can read the full teachers notes when you download the document. This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the essay, full review on the document page. This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student document reviewing squad. Read the full review under the document preview on this page.

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Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots. By Resume Genius / September 29, 2014. Heres an experience youve probably had: You write a solid resume for the perfect position at a big-name company, and rebuttal send it off with an earnest cover letter. Unfortunately, besides an automated email reply, you hear absolutely nothing back. You feel crushed you think some hiring manager on the other end actually read through the entirety of your resume and of women concluded that you werent qualified for the job.

But heres the twist chances are, no human has even laid eyes on your application. The truth? You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Welcome to the 21st century.

Large and rebuttal even medium sized firms are using ATS to deal with the hundreds, if not thousands of writing applicants who are applying to the same positions every day. This resume reading software allows these companies to essay to automate, streamline, and manage the dissertation critique conclusion hiring process. Why are companies allowing robots to essay make human resource decisions? Going through resumes to screen applicants is tedious work. Writing. But the essay ATS speeds up this process by education in india, identifying candidates whose resumes contain key experiences and skill sets that match the rebuttal essay qualifications employers are seeking.

According to a popular study conducted by search services provider Preptel, as many as 75% of the candidates dont make it past the in india essay ATS screening. It may seem brutal, but this screening process does the job of whittling down a cumbersome applicant pool into rebuttal, just a handful of applicants that the human hiring managers can review more closely. Heres the takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is essay on cleopatra absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Heres the takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Qualified candidates that fail to make an ATS friendly resume will get rejected, period. Here are 4 reasons that even the most qualified candidates can fail to After combing the web and consulting some of our in-house experts at Resume Genius, we zero in on the most common reasons why resumes of rebuttal essay even the most qualified candidates fail to pass screening.

Reason #1: The ATS cant actually process your resume. Warning: The ATS will fail to read your artistic additions to your resume . Although a human hiring manager might appreciate a little flair, the resume robot will simply incinerate your resume without a second thought. It would be a shame for essay your resume to get screen out because the ATS is unable to read it. Basic rule of thumb: keep your fonts and formatting simple. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Sometimes the ATS will use a built-in optical character recognition (OCR) software to processes your digital resume. It scans your file, converts it into a text format, then extracts your information and experiences from rebuttal there. While the on cleopatra ATS is rebuttal getting better at reading PDF files, its still safer to feed the system a Word or Text file. Do away with any adjusted spacing, newsletter formatting, lines. Education Of Women Essay. Go with the clean, standard fonts like Arial, Verdana, and Times New Roman. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the essay readability of your resume.

Reason #2: The ATS doesnt recognize the headings you used. Applicant Tracking System software is built to sort your experiences based on the resumes section headings. If youve written a different heading than normal say Major Abilities instead of Skills, it will skip over essay that section if it is unable to determine what your heading stands for, the CIO reports. People like to get creative with headings, thinking that it will help their resume stand out. Unfortunately, unconventional headings can actually hurt it. Help the software do its job. Use the standard headings Work Experience, Skills, Publications so you dont stand the risk of the rebuttal resume bot placing your qualifications under the wrong categories, or misreading your headings altogether. Reason #3: Your resume lacks targeted keywords. By now, youve formatted your resume properly, and used normal headings. Heres the meat of how an ATS actually reads your resume. Thesis. Its looking for rebuttal essay targeted keywords.

First, the hiring manager will input certain keywords and essay key phrases into the software, each relevant to essay the role they need filled. For example, an software company hiring manager might use these keywords: Next, the ATS software will read through each resume, and determine whether the it has enough keywords and key phrases to pass through the screening. Education Essay. If the percentage is rebuttal essay high enough, your resume will successfully be reviewed by an actual human. Your ability to use the right keywords depends on two things: Do you actually have the relevant skills, abilities, education, and work experiences? If you do have all or some from thesis #1, doing good research and giving your resume a hard look-over will get you through the ATS. The best place to begin is to read the essay hiring managers very own job description. From that job description, you can see what keywords and essays on pollution key phrases they emphasize a potential applicant should have. If they include them in the job description, its highly likely theyve also input them into the ATS. The image below contains a real example of rebuttal a librarian job description, and incest essay the image next to it reflects what we believe are important keywords a librarian applicant should include on essay, their resumes:

Normal Job Description. Job Description with ATS Keywords Highlighted. GREEN HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that are CRITICAL to getting past the ATS. YELLOW HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that will please the dissertation critique conclusion human hiring manager, or are ATS keywords of lower importance. The job post gives you good clues about keywords and essay experiences employers are seeking. Itll serve you well to of women read those job descriptions closely, and identify important competencies and rebuttal skill sets. Blog. Place emphasis on these matched experiences in your resume. Its also helpful include both specific and general keywords in rebuttal essay the mix.

ATS uses all of these keywords into certain job functions. For your previous position as team leader, include job-specific buzzwords such as coordinate, manage, but having the general keyword project coordinator, project manager will help to incest essay strengthen your resume. Be sure to try out our ATS-friendly resume building software that comes with over rebuttal 50,000 professionally-written phrases and job-specific keywords. Reason #4: Your resume has too many nonspecific keywords. Some have suggested hacking the essay resume bot by submitting two or three-page long resumes that exhaust all keywords that are relevant to the job.

Thats not a good idea even if it did work (it doesnt), it certainly wont impress the rebuttal human hiring manager. you cant stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the system into thinking youre a perfect match. According to a report from The Ladders, ATS software ranks your candidacy based on how specifically your resume matches keywords and phrases in a job description. Some software even looks for how uniquely the education essay work experiences you listed match the job requirements. Heres the rub you cant stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the system into thinking youre a perfect match. Having off-target keywords can score your resume down on rebuttal essay, relevancy. Use the instruction from #3 to research relevant keywords and thesis ensure that your resume is concise and targeted.

To the greatest extent possible, your resume should uniquely match the requirements in the job description. To sum it up: the bots are getting better at rebuttal essay, contextualizing resumes, and recruiters are always aiming to interview candidates whose experiences adhere the theory most closely to rebuttal essay positions theyre seeking to fill. Therefore, having targeted, job-specific keywords throughout your resume is more important than ever. Reason #5: Your resume lacks industry and company jargon or abbreviations. Experts suggest that adopting industry jargon or even including a companys corporate lingo within your resume is a smart choice. If you think about essays, it, its only logical for essay the hiring manager to input industry jargon and abbreviations into an ATS. Therefore, you will need to optimize your resume to include these terms wherever possible.

Fortunately, this is very simple to dissertation do. Weave relevant jargon and terminology into your resume, and spell out the rebuttal essay abbreviations and acronyms. DO NOT ever simply include an acronym or abbreviation by itself on essay on cleopatra, a resume. You should always spell them out completely, followed by their abbreviation or acronym. Acronyms with Spelled out Examples. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent with 10+ years of experience. Optimized and purchased Pay Per Click (PPC) ads for a major software company Maintained plant operations perfect record of zero Operation Safety Health Administration (OSHA) recordables. If youre unfamiliar with a certain industrys lingo, you can research jargon and rebuttal essay abbreviations specific to the field, sector, or industry in which youre seeking employment. To sum it up: a resume with clean formatting and clear, targeted language gets you through ATS screening.

Once you land that interview, however, it would be advisable to have a more descriptive and eye-pleasing version of your resume ready for your human recruiters. Thanks this really was useful. Thanks for dissertation critique your comment Rasana! Glad we could help! Feel free to ask us any questions. I have found that in rebuttal essay order to education in india essay get your resume even considered, you must really target each position for the relevant key words. Also, do the same for your cover letter or add those that were missed in the resume. You are absolutely correct about targeting each position for relevant key words. One of the best places to essay pinpoint relevant key words is in the positions job description. Great comment Jamie!

Ive been reading articles on cracking the incest essay ATS for a couple months now, just confounded at what I was doing wrong, or what I could do differently. Rebuttal Essay. this article has been more helpful than ALL the others! Thanks for incest essay that. Rebuttal Essay. Bookmarked! Thanks for your comment Pert! Glad that you found our article useful. Good luck on the job hunt! This is very useful information, thanks for sharing.

Glad you found it helpful. Be sure to share it with your friends and get the word out. Thanks for the comment. High Quality Candidates: If a company doesnt care enough about incest essay, you and rebuttal essay your far superior talents, capabilities and experience that they throw an ATS software program in your way DONT reward them with an essay on cleopatra, application! ATS software and all similar crap will be avoided by companies IF theres a large enough movement among the highly qualified and most talented employee pool. Concentrate on those companies that treat you like a real human and avoid the automated people processors whenever possible! Companies will catch on to the detrimental nature of this time and rebuttal cost saving software and realize its costing them everything! Many already have. Imagine, as with myself, you work in incest essay a totally visual industry where picture representations of essay your work tell virtually your whole story! Applying for a graphic design, art director or illustrator job has been rendered orders of magnitude more difficult with the advent of dissertation critique conclusion ATS processing! The situation is rebuttal about as insane as trying to theory get a singing job with no recordings of your voice being allowed and no chance for a personal audition!

Companies with H.R. people who have virtually no expertise in the commercial art field are already at a huge disadvantage in making any kind of qualified decisions regarding such applicants. Add to that a totally intrusive, opaque and dumb software program placed strategically as a final barrier to any chance of actually communicating your amazing talents and, well, you have the perfect storm of rebuttal essay employment failure both for the employer and potential employee. Agreed. However, my line of work is writing not with the rebuttal essay smaller companies that seem to essays on pollution actually read a resume but within the larger corporations and they ALL use ATS! Buzz words (key words) are definitely the secret and rebuttal one must learn this and use the incest essay job description in the posting and customize the essay resume accordingly or else be among the on cleopatra roughly 75% that are automatically not reviewed and receive the essay proverbial computerized canned rejection letter from a do not reply to on cleopatra email address! Definitely, if your are in essay the design and arts profession, ATS is surely the essays Antichrist! Preach!!

I 1000% get what youre saying!! Ive been in rebuttal the advertising industry for 25 years, 13 years on staff, and incest essay the last 12 years as a freelancer. How in the world do you include 12 years of significant freelance work with several different clients on a multitude of different accounts with all kinds of essay varying calendar timing through an ATS and expect it to spit out anything resembling a solid, successful overall career?? Despite the fact that so many highly qualified candidates are finding the ATS to writing be their ultimate challenge in the job search, the sheeple continue to just follow the guidelines to gaming the system via keyword dumping rather than avoiding companies who rely on filtering human beings through their ATS. Rebuttal. Unfortunately for the likes of you and me, we dont really have the luxury to NOT play along at least a little bit or get utterly left behind, but I agree completely that if more people just stop playing along, companies will finally get exactly what you said: its costing them everything! Thats easy to say if you have a job. But if you are unemployed, you have little choice. This software should be outlawed.

No wonder the nitwits in HR claim they cant find qualified people, their ATS screened them out beforehand. Woww. Having the right information at the tip of your finger can actually ease the endless pain of job seeking and resume submission without consideration. Thanks, your article is encompassing and indeed rich. On Pollution. Keep it up. Glad we could help! Thanks for you comment.

While I found this article very helpful as a job seeker, it is a sad commentary on the state of corporate hiring today. We are being dehumanized and reduced to rebuttal automatons in the new world order system. This article is so very. useful. It really helped me a lot to understand what I was doing wrong. Just few. questions: 1) do you advise to mold my resume to match every single job I am. applying to? 2) In situations where one does not possess all of the required. skills of a job posting, but one knows it will not take long to education of women essay acquire them; how.

do you suggest one should handle such situation? Ignore the job post, and essay move. to the next one? Any advice is essays greatly appreciated. Yes, your resume should always be tailored to the specific job post.

As far as skills go, check out this page for essay more advice: https://resumegenius.com/resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Blog. Thanks for you comment. Dude seriously?? and here I thought even after knowing whatever was the demand of essay our beloved employer I wasnt getting hired because I had no skill. Essay. On top of that I didnt even know ATS existed, I always thought living human beings reject me :p. Bravo. and lamentation. In these days of big data, its laughable that job matching is still such an outrageously resource wasting game of hide and seek.

Resumes and job postings are still crafted as for a single pieces of paper formatted to communicate all pertinent information in the 10 or so seconds of attention that conventional wisdom says they may receive. While an rebuttal, ATS attempts to theory thesis tweak that Cretaceous period bottleneck, clearly theres something missing. Im considering starting a company that would provide the mirror analog of an ATS to job seekers for essay free, with the ultimate goal of steering development of the cooperative, common have/need data platform that would evolve once the inevitable war between the two systems runs its course (Id rather just skip to the common platform, but sometimes youve got to kick the mule). Whos with me? How should I handle the dissertation resume I post on job boards (e.g. Monster, Dice)? That resume cant be tailored to a specific job description.

Should I use keywords common to many of the job descriptions for my target position? And then use a customized resume when I apply for a specific job? BINGO! Sounds like you know what youre doing. Best of rebuttal essay luck! Thanks for incest essay your help and for the great article. Cheers!

Thanks for the comment! You bring up a good point its important to create a resume that both gets through the ATS and appeals to essay hiring managers once it lands in their hands. Share Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and on cleopatra easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to rebuttal essay your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the familiar essay quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you.

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Oracle ERP Cloud Procurement - Manager. Los Angeles , CA 90006. Deloitte is one of the essay, leading professional services organizations in the United States, specializing in audit, tax, consulting and financial advisory services with clients in more than 20 industries. We provide powerful business solutions to some of the world s most well-known and respected companies, including more than 75 percent of the Fortune 100.At Deloitte, you can have a rewarding career on every level. Delivery: Manage and deliver components of client engagements that identify, design, and implement technology and creative business solutions for large companies. People Development: Perform role of counselor and coach; provide input and guidance into the staffing process; actively participate in of women essay staff recruitment and retention activities; provide leadership and support for delivery teams and essay, staff in incest essay local offices. The TeamCombined with the rebuttal, right talent, technology holds the key to many complex business challenges.

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Create a job alert for Oracle ERP Cloud Procurement - Manager at education of women in india essay, Los Angeles, CA. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for Oracle ERP Cloud Procurement - Manager at essay, Los Angeles, CA. Create a job alert for Oracle ERP Cloud Procurement - Manager at Los Angeles, CA. Applications Architect Oracle HCM Cloud. Posted 3 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 Analyze, design develop, troubleshoot and debug software programs for commercial or end user applications. Writes code, completes programming and performs testing and debugging of applications. As a member of the software engineering division, you will specify, design and implement major changes to existing software architecture.

Create new architecture for a moderate size product or a portion of a major product. Build and execute unit tests and unit test plans. Review integration and regression test plans created by QA. Communicate with QA and critique, porting engineering to ensure consistency, testability and portability across products in general. Provide leadership and expertise in rebuttal essay the development of essay new products/services/processes, frequently operating at the leading edge of technology. Recommends and justifies major changes to existing products/services/processes. BS or MS degree or equivalent experience relevant to functional area.

8 or more years of rebuttal essay software engineering or related experience. Oracle is an dissertation conclusion Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. Rebuttal Essay? All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability and protected veterans status or any other characteristic protected by law. Oracle is a Cloud leader that is growing and greatly recognized. This is critique conclusion one of essay Oracle's newest application suites being built in the Oracle Cloud. We have an established architecture and incest essay, plenty of room for growth. The enhancement backlog is rebuttal essay very long offering incredible opportunity for on cleopatra an Architect. The human capital management cloud development team is seeking an application architect to join the workforce management product development organization.

In this position you will be responsible for designing technical architecture for a suite of applications which businesses use to manage high volumes of worker information in real-time such as schedules, time, and attendance. You will drive the rebuttal, long-term development strategy, technical architecture, development framework, and processes for incest essay the product engineering team. Rebuttal? As the Application Architect you will lead the way to building a best in class business solution that are distributed, high volume, real time, integrated, and interactive. You will work in an organization of highly skilled, motivated team members who collaborate across global borders to produce quality software in a timely manner. If you have a passion for continuous learning as well as solving complex problems by designing innovative technology this is the perfect role for you! Experience: * Must have more than 10 years of experience as a hands-on software engineer. * Must have recent experience developing cloud applications. Education Essay? * Must have more than 5 years experience architecting highly available, scalable, and distributed systems * Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science required, Masters in Computer Science preferred Hard Skills * In depth understanding of REST and rebuttal, Micro-Services * In depth understanding of cloud-based systems and essay, software engineering processes * In depth understanding of software architecture methodologies * Understanding of object oriented Systems and rebuttal essay, multiple languages used for implementing them (C, Java, etc.) * Understanding of distributed API's and essays, cloud integration methodologies * Understanding of applications role in the cloud systems (SaaS, IaaS, PaaS) Soft Skills * Excellent communication skills - written and spoken * Ability to lead projects with stakeholders from multiple teams * Ability to rebuttal, work in a global environment with team members around the world * Strong ability to communicate complex and technically challenging concepts * Strong facilitation and presentation skills * Knowledge of human capital management systems and their capabilities * Understanding of industry workforce management functionality SDL2017 Oracle Los Angeles CA.

Sr Programmer Analyst Oracle Applications Labs (Skilled. Posted 3 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 Work with Oracle*s world class technology to develop, implement, and support Oracle*s global infrastructure. As a member of the IT organization, assist with the analyze of existing complex programs and formulate logic for new complex internal systems. Prepare flowcharting, perform coding, and test/debug programs. Develop conversion and system implementation plans. Critique? Recommend changes to development, maintenance, and essay, system standards.

Job duties are varied and complex utilizing independent judgment. May have project lead role. BS or equivalent experience in programming on enterprise or department servers or systems. Oracle is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to essays on pollution, race, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability and protected veterans status or any other characteristic protected by law. Work with Oracle's world class technology to essay, develop, implement, and support Oracle*s global infrastructure. As a member of the development organization, assist with the design, development, modifications, debugging, and evaluation of programs for use in internal systems within a specific function area. Successful applicants should have/demonstrate: * - In-depth knowledge and conclusion, experience with one or more of the following languages: Java, JavaScript, HTML, CSS,SQL, GIT, OJET / Angular JS. Essay? * - Good communication (English), organizational and interpersonal skills. * - Strong analytical, troubleshooting and problem solving skills. * - BS in computer science or computer application. * - 3 to 5 years of development experience in developing,supporting JAVA based applications.

Preferred Qualifications: * - Writing web services using JAVA and develop JAVA based business applications on UNIX platform. * - Knowledge of incest essay Tools for Unit testing using Junit and Mockito. Rebuttal Essay? * - Knowledge of Agile Methodologies. SDL2017 Oracle Los Angeles CA. Senior Cloud Sdet Java Selenium Webdriver Shell Pe. Posted 3 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 Design, develop, troubleshoot and essay, debug software programs for databases, applications, tools, networks etc. As a member of the software engineering division, you will assist in defining and developing software for tasks associated with the developing, debugging or designing of rebuttal software applications or operating systems. Provide technical leadership to other software developers. Specify, design and implement modest changes to existing software architecture to meet changing needs. Duties and tasks are varied and complex needing independent judgment. Fully competent in own area of expertise. Incest Essay? May have project lead role and or supervise lower level personnel.

BS or MS degree or equivalent experience relevant to functional area. 4 years of software engineering or related experience. Oracle is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer. Essay? All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability and protected veterans status or any other characteristic protected by law. Every day at Oracle we are changing the familiar blog, way theworld does business by challenging the rebuttal, status quo through the delivery ofinnovative cloud, infrastructure and data solutions. The things we do at essay, Oraclehave never been done before and the technology we deliver has a tremendousimpact on millions of people across the globe. Oracle continues to push theboundaries of technology and passionately believes that integrated cloudapplications and rebuttal, platform services helps businesses realize and capitalize onnew opportunities as well as innovate faster. The largest names in incest essay technology and essay, global business choose Oraclebecause we provide best in class end-to-end integrated compute, storage,networking, database, security, and an ever expanding set of foundationalcloud-based services.

Oracle's Managed Cloud Services is an example ofone of the cutting edge next-generation platforms, built on in india essay, an innovativemodern architecture, that blends extreme scalability that can be integrated acrossan entire portfolio of Cloud Solutions. Rebuttal? This choice of cloud deployment modelsand a full range of services, helps Oracle's customers rapidly and of women in india, safelytransition to rebuttal, the cloud-and operate at essay on cleopatra, peak efficiency. Learn more about essay, our team here: The Oracle Management Cloud team is looking forstrong engineering leadership with ideas on how to smartly design and essay, developcloud platforms. As a Senior SoftwareDevelopment Engineer with the QA organization, you will design functional,integration and regression test plans, build and rebuttal, execute manual and automatedtests and perform complex analysis for multiple products. You will also beresponsible for analyzing, evaluating and planning methods to approachchallenges and to of women, achieve solutions to complex problems. You will also provide directionand mentoring to others. To be successful in this role you will need thefollowing: Preferred Experience: Programming Languages: Java, Selenium Webdriver, Shell, Perl Systems: Unix, Linux, Solaris, Windows Experience in essay Systems Monitoring, Management and Administration Experience in Cloud Services Experience with agile. SDL2017 Oracle Los Angeles CA.

Oracle ERP Cloud Procurement - Manager. 1. Incest Essay? Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Rebuttal Essay? Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter.

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3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the Best One [Examples] Especially if it’s your first one? Your hands are hovering over rebuttal essay the keyboard. You look at the blank Word document with the cursor pulsing in your face Now, what? What do you write? Where do you put the information?

Wouldn’t it be great if there were road maps for resumes? Choosing the format of a resume is key to starting the resume writing process. Familiar Essay Blog? But it’s not as easy as it sounds. Rebuttal Essay? So, how do you choose a resume format put you ahead of the other job seekers? This article will tell you which resume format is right for essay, you, and how to essay, use the format of a resume to your advantage so that you stand out in a sea of other resumes. Theory Thesis? Want to save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy. Essay? Plus, you'll get tips while writing your resume. See templates and create your resume here. How Do I Choose a Good Resume Format?

Choosing the format of a resume is like shopping for an outfit for prom. Both the outfit and the format need to accomplish two things: Show off your best assets. Be unique and within a certain dress code at essays on pollution, the same time. Just like everything else with resume writing, there are no black and white rules when it comes to choosing the format of a resume. To make things easy, there are three main types of recognized and accepted resume formats. Each takes a different approach to essay, the organization of the information on your resume. Theory Thesis? And each resume format has strengths and weaknesses. The three types of resume formats are: How do you know which one is rebuttal essay, best for you? The reverse-chronological resume format is for everyone.

Your mom, your little sister, and your uncle can all use a reverse-chronological resume format. The combination resume format is for people who want to thesis, show off their skills a little bit before jumping into their experience because they are either a career changer or a high-level professional. The functional resume format , aka the skills-based resume format, is controversial and should be avoided by everyone. More on that later. Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. Rebuttal Essay? “Resume 101 Checklist.” Speaking of skills, find out what skills are the most desirable and how to put them on a resume.

The guide has a great infographic too: What Skills to Put on a Resume? [Examples+ 6 Tips] The Usual Choice - The Reverse-chronological Resume. The reverse-chronological resume format is the most common format and can be used by virtually anyone applying for a job. Incest Essay? It is the bread and butter of resume formats. Benefits of the Reverse-chronological Format. 1. Essay? It’s standard. Recruiters are used to scanning this easy-to-read resume format. They will automatically know where your information is, and that you’ve sent a complete resume. Familiar? 2. Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) can read it too . Rebuttal Essay? It is easy for the robots to find the different sections of your resume when you use the reverse-chronological format. 3. The reverse-chronological resume format puts an emphasis on work history and dissertation critique conclusion experience . If you are an essay, average job seeker, your work history is familiar blog, where most of essay your relevant skills will be located. Weaknesses of the Reverse-chronological Resume Format. 1. It’s standard.

Choosing this standard resume format is safe, but it will look like all of the on cleopatra other resumes in the pile. So you will need to make an extra effort to catch a recruiter’s eye and showcase your skills and achievements. Essay? 2. The reverse-chronological format puts an emphasis on work history and experience. If you have large gaps in your work history or no experience then it may not be the conclusion best format for showing off your skills. The reverse-chronological resume format places an emphasis on your job history by putting it at the top of the resume under the contact information. Rebuttal? You start by listing your most recent work and follow with past jobs in a reverse chronological order - thus the incest essay name of the format. Think of rebuttal essay it like eating dessert before you get your main course followed by an appetizer. And it’s great because starting with dessert at the top of your resume is a good way to catch the attention of the familiar recruiter.

Here is rebuttal essay, what a reverse-chronological resume format sample looks like. We created it in our resume builder (you can make your resume here): As you can see in the resume format sample, the experience section comes first followed by essay the education section and other additional sections. Are you struggling with how to rebuttal, write a resume? Read our complete guide: So how do you dress up this standard resume format so that it works best for you and attracts attention? How To Improve Your Resume By Adding These 3 Sections. Incest Essay? Here are three ways that you can dress up a boring, old reverse-chronological resume format: Add a resume summary or resume objective. Add achievements to rebuttal essay, your experience section. Add a Hobbies and incest essay Interests Section.

I recommend starting with a carefully constructed resume objective or a resume summary. Choose the rebuttal essay resume objective if you are an entry-level applicant, changing your career, or have very little experience. All other professionals should opt for the resume summary. Resume objectives and summaries are confusing, and they are hard to critique conclusion, write. So, we’ve written complete guides about writing resume summaries and objectives so that you don’t have to struggle anymore. We’ve also made examples for rebuttal essay, almost any profession so you can see a sample from essays your own field of expertise. The Only Way to rebuttal essay, Use Resume Objectives [20+ Examples] (read now) 7 Resume Summary Tips That Will Get You the Job [INFOGRAPHIC] (read now) Adding your achievements within the experience section as bullet points is a way to critique, get your top accomplishments at the top of your resume.

Pro Tip: Use the PAR (Problem Action Result) approach to rebuttal essay, writing about your achievements: In situation P (Problem) I did A (Action) which led to R (Result) . So to pick a completely random and made up example: My previous employer wanted to increase revenue (P) so I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook (A) which led to a 15% increase in incest essay sales and a 10% increase in revenue (R) . Finally, adding a hobbies and interests section will give recruiters a fuller image of rebuttal essay you as a person. Conclusion? While it may seem unprofessional to include such an informal section in the format of a resume, a lot of businesses are beginning to look for candidates who will fit in with their office culture. Your personal interests can make you more attractive and memorable to a recruiter, and rebuttal essay signal that you would be a good fit for the company. If you want to find out more about the benefits of a hobbies and interests section and how to add one to writing, your resume, you can read the article below. Rebuttal Essay? The Only Way To Put Hobbies Interests on a Resume [5 Tips] (read now) How to essay, Use a Combination Resume Format to Boost Skills. A combination resume format is the only real alternative to rebuttal, the reverse-chronological resume format. As the name implies, the combination resume format combines aspects of the other two resume formats, focusing on skills without throwing out the experience section. The experience section is still important and near the top of your resume just like in a reverse-chronological resume format. You start a combination resume format with a resume summary (aka Qualifications Summary). Your resume summary can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list of bullet points, and is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. Education? Your experience section comes next.

Here is where the reverse-chronological and combination resume formats differ. With the combination resume format , you can emphasize your skills by grouping the bullet points under specific, skill-based subheadings. As you list your roles and responsibilities under each job, you can organize the bullet points like this: Cinderella Bootcamp (2009-01 - present) Her Royal Highness, Princess Event Organizer. Spearhead team building activities for groups of up to 10 housekeeping princesses. Rebuttal? Head up and familiar essay manage a team of 15 mice responsible for kitchen and housekeeping duties. Rebuttal? Project management involving the on pollution motivation of a team of 20+ bluebirds responsible for camp laundry, with a 10% increase in productivity after two months. Essay? Conduct webinars on how to wash dishes in glass heels. Orchestrate the theory thesis writing creation of internal communications between different departments. Responsible for organizing, writing, and communicating the daily schedules and activities of both staff and bootcamp participants. Pro Tip: Grouping your bullet points under such subheadings is rebuttal, also good for in india, providing ATS with keywords . The emphasis that the combination resume format places on skills is what makes it a good choice for talented professionals, who have a lot of skills and experience, and career changers. Career changers are able to focus on rebuttal essay, skills that will translate from their old role or profession to their new one.

After the education of women in india skills-based experience section, the combination format continues in the same way as the rebuttal reverse-chronological format: education and additional sections. Why the on cleopatra Functional Resume Format is Dysfunctional. A functional resume format takes the pressure off of your job history and refocuses on rebuttal, your skills and critique conclusion abilities. Sounds great right? In fact, the format of a functional resume just throws job history out of the window. On a functional resume, an rebuttal essay, experience section is familiar blog, reduced to a list of old, dusty employers at the bottom of the resume.

You can eliminate dates and rebuttal essay your roles and responsibilities. The bulk of the resume becomes a place for showcasing your skills in any order you see fit. In India? If you aren’t careful, it can look like a jumble of random skills listed under vague headlines like “customer service skills” or “leadership skills.” You do not have to link these skills with job experience or explain how you got them. So your leadership skills could come from being the oldest sibling in essay your family. And your awesome customer service skills could go all the way back to that time when you were five years old with a lemonade stand in your front yard. The fact that there is no specific information or proof that you learned your skills in any sort of job setting is the real weakness of the functional resume format.

The lack of proof alone makes you look suspicious and could result in a recruiter simply throwing out your resume. There are experts that will tell you that it is a good format for students , people who have gaps in thesis writing their work history, or people who are changing their careers. But it just makes you look sneaky - like you’re hiding something. It is also not good for ATS because the robots can't scan your resume for dates or specific sections. I would recommend not using the functional resume format if you can avoid it. Here's How to Choose a File Format - PDF Resume Vs. Word Resume. Should you save you create a PDF resume or a Word resume? The benefit of creating a PDF resume is that your resume formatting will not get messed up when it is opened by a recruiter.

It also gives you more creative freedom as you'd use platforms such as Photoshop or InDesign to create a PDF resume. At the essay same time, your resume may need to pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. Familiar Essay Blog? And some ATS software may have trouble reading a PDF resume. ATS does not like graphs or tables and requires plain text. In that case, a Word resume is probably a better choice. In any situation, having both formats on hand is best practice.

Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.” While there are not many resume formats to rebuttal, choose from, the choice is important. Dissertation? The format of a resume really comes down to whether or not you want to focus on your skills or your career progression. Either way, you have to find ways to overcome the cookie cutter nature of resume formats without coloring too far out of the lines. You also have to rebuttal essay, make sure that a recruiter doesn’t take one look at the format of your resume and essay on cleopatra decide that you are trying to hide something. The best way to enhance a standard resume format is to improve each section and to place your most important skills and achievements near the top third of your resume. Rebuttal Essay? If you can open with a great resume summary, followed by strong skills, experience, and achievements sections, then you can make any old resume format work for familiar, you. Do you have any questions about choosing the rebuttal essay right resume format for your position? Is there anything else that should be included in theory thesis the article? Leave a comment. Natalie is essay, a writer at Uptowork.

She loves writing about resumes and on pollution eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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Feeding Your Cat: Know the rebuttal essay, Basics of Feline Nutrition. If you do not want to read this entire webpage, please review this shortened version: Feeding Your Cat Short version 4 pages (updated November 2013) Many readers of this website have kindly donated their valuable time to essays on pollution translate this important information into various languages. Essay! Please click PDF options for more information. Diet is the brick and mortar of health.

This web page lays out thesis writing, some often-ignored principles of feline nutrition and explains why cats have a better chance at optimal health if they are fed canned food (or a balanced homemade diet) instead of dry kibble . Putting a little thought into what you feed your cat(s) can pay big dividends over their lifetime and very possibly help them avoid serious, painful, and costly illnesses. An increasing number of rebuttal essay nutrition-savvy veterinarians, including board-certified veterinary internists, are now strongly recommending the of women essay, feeding of canned food instead of dry kibble. The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1) water content is too low. 2) carbohydrate load is too high. 3) type of protein too high in plant-based versus animal-based proteins. In addition, dry food is very heavily processed which includes being subjected to rebuttal high temperatures for a long time resulting in alteration and destruction of essays on pollution nutrients. Dry food is also often contaminated with bacteria, fungal mycotoxins, storage mites/cockroaches and their feces, etc. Most people who are concerned about their own nutrition have heard nutritionists say shop the essay, perimeter of the grocery store. This statement refers to the push to get humans to focus on fresh food not overly processed food found in boxes and incest essay, cans. Where do you think kibble would reside in this scenario? Definitely not in the perimeter!

There is nothing fresh about this source of food and rebuttal essay, it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in essay on cleopatra, warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them. Fats can easily become rancid, and bacteria will proliferate, in this type of environment. There is no doubt that dry food is rebuttal essay, responsible for essay far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and cat owners realize. Please click on the links below to read more about optimal nutrition for cats. My Cat is Doing Just Fine on Dry Food!

Every living creature is rebuttal essay, fine until outward signs of a disease process are exhibited. That may sound like a very obvious and basic statement but if you think about it Every cat with a blocked urinary tract was fine until they started to strain to urinate and either died from a ruptured bladder or had to be rushed to essays the hospital for rebuttal essay emergency catheterization. Every cat on incest essay, the Feline Diabetes Message Board was fine until their owners started to rebuttal recognize the familiar blog, signs of rebuttal diabetes. Every cat with an inflamed bladder (cystitis) was fine until they ended up in severe pain, started passing blood in their urine, and began to essay on cleopatra refuse to use their litter box because they associated it with their pain. Every cat was fine until the feeding of species-inappropriate, hyperallergenic ingredients caught up with him and he started to show signs of food intolerance/IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Every cat was fine until that kidney or bladder stone got big enough to cause clinical signs. Every cancer patient was fine until their tumor grew large enough or spread far enough so that clinical signs were observed by the patient.

The point is that diseases brew long before being noticed by the living being. This is why the statement but my cat is healthy/fine on dry food means very little to rebuttal me because I believe in preventative nutrition not locking the barn door after the education in india essay, horse is gone. I dont want to rebuttal essay end up saying oopsI guess he is not so fine now!! when a patient presents to me with a medical problem that could have been avoided if he would have been feed a species-appropriate diet to begin with. Of course, in order to be on board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to familiar essay understand the following facts: 1 ) All urinary tract systems are much healthier with an rebuttal, appropriate amount of water flowing through them. 2) Carbohydrates can wreak havoc on cats blood sugar/insulin balance. 3) Cats inherently have a low thirst drive and need to consume water *with* their food. (A cats normal prey is.

70 75% water not the very low 5-10% found in dry food.) 4) Cats are strict carnivores which means they are designed to get their protein from meat/organs not plants. Cats are obligate (strict) carnivores and are very different from dogs in their nutritional needs. What does it mean to be an obligate carnivore? It means that your cat was built by Mother Nature to get her nutritional needs met by the consumption of a large amount of animal-based proteins (meat/organs) and derives much less nutritional support from plant-based proteins (grains/vegetables). On Cleopatra! It means that cats lack specific metabolic (enzymatic) pathways and cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. It is very important to rebuttal remember that not all proteins are created equal. Proteins derived from theory thesis writing, animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Rebuttal Essay! Think of them as pieces of a puzzle.) Plant-based proteins do not contain the incest essay, full complement (puzzle pieces) of the rebuttal, critical amino acids required by an obligate carnivore. The quality and dissertation conclusion, composition of a protein (are all of the puzzle pieces present?) is also referred to as its biological value . Humans and dogs can take the pieces of the puzzle in the plant protein and, from those, make the rebuttal essay, missing pieces.

Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and theory thesis, dogs can live on a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. (Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs.) Taurine is one of the most important nutrients present in meat but it is missing from plants. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and heart problems in rebuttal, cats. The protein in dry food, which is often heavily plant-based, is not equal in quality to the protein in canned food, which is meat-based . The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score. Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. Andy 18 years ago as a kitten. He still enjoys his meat! Veterinary nutritionists and pet food company representatives will argue that they are smart enough to know *exactly* what is on cleopatra, missing from a plant in terms of rebuttal nutrient forms and amounts nutrients that would otherwise be in a meat-based diet. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to their diets to critique conclusion make it complete and balanced to sustain life in essay, an obligate carnivore. Does anyone really think that humans are that smart?

This is the kind of conclusion arrogance that has led to fatal errors in the past. Not all that long ago (1980s) cats were going blind and dying from heart problems due to rebuttal essay this arrogance. Dissertation Critique! It was discovered in the late 1980s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to taurine deficiency and rebuttal essay, our cats were paying dearly for humans straying so far from nature in order to increase the profit margin of the pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to a diet being deficient in taurine but one of them is education of women in india essay, using a diet that relies heavily on rebuttal, plants (grains, etc.) as its source of protein. On Pollution! Instead of lowering their profit margin and essay, going back to nature by adding more meat to the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine.

This may be all well and good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of theory thesis other critical nutrients that are missing from a plant-based diet? Why are nutritionists so arrogant to essay think that we can safely stray so far from what a cat is designed by nature to eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is education of women, manufactured from a chemical reaction and all taurine (at least that I know of) comes out of rebuttal essay China. Given that countrys horrible track record with regard to essay food safety, I certainly would not want to depend on essay, taurine from Chinas chemical synthesis to meet my cats taurine needs. With regard to the overall protein amounts contained in education, dry versus canned food, do not be confused by the listing of the protein percentages on the packaging. At first glance, it might appear that the dry food has a higher amount of rebuttal protein than the incest essay, canned foodbut this is not true on a dry matter basis which considers the food minus the water. Most canned foods, when figured on rebuttal essay, a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. Theory Thesis Writing! And remember, even if this was not the case, the essay, percentage numbers do not tell the whole story. Essay! It is the essay, proteins biological value that is critical. Lets ask ourselves the following question: How many cats become ill or die from these species-inappropriate diets yet the patients diet is never even questioned as a possible cause of the illness or death? We cannot answer that question definitively but I have no doubt that the answer would be many.

Do cats survive on these heavily (synthetically) supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. Do cats thrive on familiar blog, these diets? No, they do not. Please pay special attention to the words *survive* versus *thrive* as there is a very big difference between the two states of health. Robbie hunting his dinner. Fresh vs Highly Processed with Synthetic Supplements. There are two basic ways to meet our nutrient needs: Eat fresh food with a short ingredient list or at least one that does not resemble a science experiment full of rebuttal long names that are hard to pronounce. Eat highly processed foods that have had much of their nutrient content destroyed or altered, with food chemists fixing the incest essay, deficit with synthetic supplements. This type of unhealthy diet is consumed under the assumption that humans know exactly what was destroyed or altered during processing and what needs to be added back and in what form and amount.

Again, people are simply not that smart. While canned food is rebuttal, not fresh, per se, dry food undergoes a harsher processing. Essay On Cleopatra! It has been cooked at very high temperatures for essay a long period of time. The extensive cooking required to education remove most of the water from the food (70% moisture reduced to 5-10% moisture) significantly alters the biological value of the protein sources and damages other vital nutrients. Nutritionists then have to rebuttal guess which nutrients in what form and amounts were destroyed by incest essay, this cooking process and then try to add them back into the diet. Occasionally real food is used instead of essay synthetic supplements but those long and hard-to-pronounce names on the ingredient list describe chemically synthesized nutrients. Given that humans will never be as smart as nature we will never know every detail of a cats normal prey it is obvious that there is a risk when greed cause humans to familiar essay stray so far from a cats natural diet.

We Are Feeding Cats Too Many Carbohydrates. Note: I have stopped using the term grain-free since it has become somewhat meaningless. Many companies (e.g., Blue Buffalo) tout that their products are grain free but then they just load up the food with high carbohydrate ingredients like potatoes and peas which are not grains but still contribute a significant carb load (and plant-based protein) to the food. The grain-free descriptive has become very deceptive and misleading. In their natural setting, catswhose unique biology makes them true carnivoreswould not consume the high level of carbohydrates (grains, potatoes, peas, etc.) that are in essay, the dry foods (and some canned foods) that we routinely feed them. You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of biscuits running across the essay, plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and topping it off with corn meal. In the rebuttal, wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fat and with only approximately 1-2 percent of essay on cleopatra her diet consisting of rebuttal essay carbohydrates . The average dry food contains 35-50 percent carbohydrate calories. Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. This is NOT the diet that Mother Nature intended for your cat to eat.

Many canned foods, on thesis, the other hand, contain approximately less than 10 percent carbohydrates. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in rebuttal essay, carbohydrates. For instance, most of the Hills Science Diet (over-the-counter) and the Hills prescription diets are very high in carbohydrates and are not foods that I would ever choose to feed. Cats have a physiological decrease in the ability to utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to their health as explained below.

With this in mind, it is essay, as illogical to rebuttal essay feed a carnivore a steady diet of meat-flavored cereals as it would be to feed meat to a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. On Pollution! Grains/potatoes are cheap. Dry food is convenient. Affordability and rebuttal essay, convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the best diet for our cats?

Absolutely not. Obligate carnivores are designed to eat meat/organs not grains/vegetables and they need to consume water with their food as explained below. Opies pictorial at Feline Urinary Tract Diseases is a must see for any cat caregiver who insists on feeding dry food. The first paragraph of on cleopatra that page is as follows: If I could have the reader of essay this webpage take away just one word from this discussion, it would be water. If your cat is on on cleopatra, a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned (or homemade) food and no dry food you stand a very good chance of never needing to read this webpage. Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to overall health in every living creature. Couple this with the essay, fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to other species, and you will understand why it is critical for them to education of women in india essay ingest a water-rich diet. The cats lack of a strong thirst drive can lead to low-level, chronic dehydration when dry food makes up the bulk of rebuttal their diet especially if they have any level of kidney insufficiency. A cats normal prey contains approximately 70 75 percent water.

Dry food only contains 5-10 percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water. Education In India Essay! Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the natural diet of the cat and are better suited to meet the essay, cats water needs. I hear the reader saying: But my cat drinks a lot of water so dry food is just fine for him! A cat consuming a predominantly dry food diet does drink more water than a cat consuming a canned food diet, but in the end, when water from all sources is added together (whats in their diet plus what they drink), the cat on dry food consumes approximately half the amount of water compared with a cat eating canned food. Put another way, a cat on a canned food diet consumes approximately double the amount of water consumed by a cat eating dry food when all sources (food and water bowl) are considered. This is familiar essay, a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and bladder problems are in the cat. Think of essay canned food as flushing out your cats bladder several times each day.

Please keep in education of women in india, mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of canned food, his urine output will increase which is a very good thing for bladder health. Because of this increase in urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Please see The Litter Box From Your Cats Point of essay View for reasons why I strongly feel that clumping litter is the only sanitary choice of litter to use for cats. Non-clumping litters do not allow you to education in india remove all of the urine and essay, are not sanitary litters. Toby very lean, energetic and athletic on a proper diet. He is 18 years old and still runs around like a kitten. Learn How To Read a Pet Food Ingredient Label. For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to dissertation critique write to me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. If someone wants to discuss the information contained on this site in more detail, an appointment for rebuttal essay a phone consultation needs to be set up. Before you get too confused and frustrated when reading this section, I will say at the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food regardless of quality level of the canned or dry food.

This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc., canned options. I am so tired of theory thesis writing seeing cats suffering tremendously from blocked urethras and other urinary tract diseases because of rebuttal Mans love affair with dry food. Try not to drive yourself nuts when picking out a canned cat food. The fact that you are feeding canned food and not dry food is 90% of the battle so just do the incest essay, best that you can given the information below, the rebuttal, information on familiar blog, the Commercial Foods page, and also the Cat Food Composition chart linked in rebuttal, the sidebar for future reference. When using that chart, just focus on the first four columns and the last column if you care about calories/can. Theory Writing! The first four columns show the caloric distribution which is the best way to analyze food. Essay! I ignore the dry matter basis columns.

I mentioned above that you should refrain from essay blog, driving yourself nuts but after becoming increasingly frustrated with the commercial pet food industry in 2003, I started making my cats food. See Making Cat Food for more information. I got tired of dealing with all of the rebuttal, pros and cons associated with the commercial options and the unknowns. However, putting my controlling nature aside, lets move forward into the commercial pet food world. When reading this section, two words need to thesis be firmly in rebuttal essay, your mind: composition (the percentage of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the food) ingredients. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. Thesis Writing! This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to a package of rebuttal food for essay a human. The guaranteed analysis numbers that you find on a can of food for protein, fat, and water (moisture) are listed as minimums and rebuttal, maximums which, by definition, are inaccurate. Plus, the labels never list the carbohydrate amount which is in india essay, very frustrating because we are trying to stay under 10% carbohydrate calories. This makes it impossible to accurately evaluate the food in terms of rebuttal essay composition unless you are willing to dissertation call the company and ask for their typical nutrient analysis which is essay, data that comes from testing an actual batch of food. During the summer of 2012, I spent over incest essay, 1,000 hours calling.

45 pet food companies to essay gather data for my Cat Food Composition chart. Essays! However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at any point in time so if you desire the most up-to-date information, you will need to call the rebuttal, individual companies. The ingredient list can help us out but only in some ways. For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc., listed on the label, it is a safe bet that the food is essay blog, low in carbohydrates. However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the amount in the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the rebuttal, carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of on pollution each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the ingredient on the nutritional profile of the food. Only the composition value will answer that question. This is why it is rebuttal, important to not just consider the list of ingredients but to also look at the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the company for essay on cleopatra the information. A good example of the rebuttal essay, above issue is a food like canned Wellness.

At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in essay, the form of fruits and vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in starch (carbohydrate). Essay! However, the low carbohydrate level (3-5%) tells us that the incest essay, amount of fruits and vegetables is rebuttal essay, very low. Again, we would like to education in india stay under 10% of calories coming from rebuttal essay, carbohydrates. Grains and potatoes should be absent from a cats diet but, unfortunately, they are cheap so they are included in essay on cleopatra, many commercial cat foods. Rebuttal! Think profit margin. Familiar Essay Blog! Grains/potatoes are cheaper than meat. Stay away from food with gravy and rebuttal essay, sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in the cat, soy has no business being in blog, cat food.

Unfortunately, soy is a common ingredient used by rebuttal, many pet food manufacturers especially Purina because it enhances their profit margin. When considering allergies , the ingredient list is useful since we dont care how much of the offending ingredient is in the food. The bottom line is education, that we dont want any of the ingredient to be present. Rebuttal! Fish/seafood, beef, lamb, corn, wheat, and soy tend to blog be the rebuttal essay, most hyperallergenic ingredients for the cat especially fish/seafood. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to feed animal-based by-products to a cat than it does to feed grains or potatoes. Essay! Therefore, do not shy away from the rebuttal essay, more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the more expensive canned foods without by-products. I would much rather see a cat eating an all-by-product canned food than any dry food. This is because even the cheaper canned foods have the Big Three covered: 1) high in dissertation conclusion, water. 2) usually low in rebuttal, carbohydrates.

3) the protein is from dissertation critique conclusion, animals not plants. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. However, there is more variability when quality is essay, being considered when compared to muscle meat. By-products are discussed in more detail on critique, the Commercial Foods page in this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the rebuttal, first ingredient. A muscle meat will be listed as chicken, or turkey, etc., not chicken by-products or chicken by-product meal, or chicken broth or liver.

Chicken meal is technically a muscle meat but the term meal denotes that it has been rendered (cooked for a long time at essay, very high temperatures) and is lower in quality than meat that has not been as heavily processed. A meal product is essay, more commonly found in dry foods. By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc., which are less nutritious (less biologically valuable/digestible) than meat. Avoid foods listing liver as a first ingredient. (Example: Purinas prescription diet DM canned for feline diabetic patients. There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive.) Liver is a very nutritious organ meat and should be present in small amounts but it should never be the first ingredient as it is theory thesis, very high in vitamin A and possibly D and rebuttal, you dont want to feed too much of essays those vitamins. Liver is cheaper than muscle meat so it will increase a companys profit margin when used in high amounts. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to pay attention to.

BHA, BHT, and rebuttal, ethoxyquin are extremely questionable in terms of safety. Please note that Hills has always used BHT, and ethoxyquin in many of incest essay their products although recently I have noticed that these chemicals have been removed from some of their foods. Essay! Be sure to check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the practice of on cleopatra using these chemicals as preservatives long ago opting for more natural and safer methods. Also, please take note of a recent deceptive move by Hills whereby they have incorporated into their labeling the word maize as a substitute for the word corn. Maize IS corn and since this company is well aware of the fact that consumers are becoming more savvy about pet food ingredients, they have decided to try to disguise the corn in their diets by calling it maize. Hills is hoping that consumers stay ignorant regarding the fact that maize is corn. I do not use products made by Hills (including their over-the-counter and Prescription Diets) since there are always healthier options available.

Marketing labels such as natural, or premium, or veterinarian recommended, or prescription are not necessarily indicative of essay high quality so please be careful not to of women in india fall into that trap. Indoor only is rebuttal, another meaningless marketing label that is nothing more than an enticing gimmick. This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to canned food labels. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over their heads. If you are thinking about feeding any breed-specific food, please see this link for some straight-forward comments about the utterly absurd claims that these companies make regarding these diets. Essay! A Siamese is rebuttal, no different from on cleopatra, Persian or a Maine Coon or an alley cat when considering optimal dietary composition. No matter the breed, the cat is still an essay, obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the first companies to come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. The labels on Hills over-the-counter products contain a statement that says Veterinarian Recommended. Unfortunately, many of my colleagues do, indeed, recommend products made by Hills (as well as Purina, Iams, and of women in india essay, Royal Canin) and this is a testament to the fact that most veterinarians are not well-versed in essay, proper feline nutrition and simply defer to these large companies that have huge marketing budgets. These large budgets include substantial sums of essay on cleopatra money dedicated to sponsoring including very heavy advertising our professional meetings and rebuttal, infiltrating veterinary schools to get students married to their products.

Keep in critique conclusion, mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the manufacturing of high quality or healthy products. Lets move on to the veterinarian prescribed diets which are also known as therapeutic or prescription diets. Prescription/therapeutic diet is another label that is certainly not indicative of a high quality diet or one that is essay, necessary. These diets represent an incest essay, area of the commercial cat food industry that is very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of embarrassment for rebuttal this profession. Many of education of women in india essay these very expensive products contain corn, wheat, and soy which have no logical place in rebuttal, your cats diet. These diets are often very high in carbohydrates and, of essays course, all of the essay, dry versions are water-depleted . Many of them also contain by-products as the main and often only on pollution, source of protein. While by-products can be very nutritious (and this really is the rebuttal, least of my concerns regarding these diets), they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the incest essay, companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for a more consistent source of rebuttal essay high quality protein. Incest Essay! (See by-products on the Commercial Food page for more details.) Study the ingredient list for rebuttal Hills dry i/d while keeping in essay, mind that cats are obligate carnivores. This dry food is 29% carbohydrates on a dry matter basis and essay, is, of course, water-depleted.

The ingredients are as follows: Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Powdered Cellulose, Dried Chicken, Chicken Liver Flavor. The base ingredients and composition mirror those of essay blog many dry foods found in pet stores and supermarkets. Also, this is a very good example of the ingredient splitting rule. This rule states that ingredients have to be listed very specifically which works in the pet food manufacturers favor.

It allows the grain fractions to be broken up into rebuttal, smaller components which places them lower on essay, the list since ingredients are listed by weight. However, when all of the grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet (including the protein content) often greatly outweighs the first ingredient . I have asked many times on VIN (Veterinary Information Network the whos who of veterinary specialists from all over the world) just what makes this diet worthy of being called a Prescription Diet for Feline Gastrointestinal Health or, for that matter, what makes it an optimal diet to feed to rebuttal any cat? I have never received an answer and the VIN threads have had Hills representatives participating. My questions about the quality and composition of their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is important to note that most of essays these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target. On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in this species. It is also critical to understand that there is no independent agency overseeing these diets medical claims. Rebuttal! None.

Zero. Including the FDA. The fox is theory, definitely guarding the rebuttal essay, henhouse and the FDA shows no interest in remedying the situation. The FDA has punted the responsibility of scrutinizing these diets for efficacy, safety, and essays on pollution, suitability to the veterinarian but most veterinarians are very poorly educated in rebuttal essay, the area of nutrition. This field of study is essay blog, not emphasized in veterinary schools and rebuttal essay, the minimal course work that is required, is often taught by people who have strong ties to the pet food industry. These are also usually the same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of nutrition. After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and very significant conflict of interest. In the end, the members of my profession allow Hills, Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin to dictate what ends up in our patients food bowls. Here is an excerpt from the Veterinarian-Prescribed Diets/OTC Options paper that I am working on: Prescription Diet trademark marketing tool creates false perception. As an example of the serious lack of regulatory oversight, Hills secured trademark status for the term prescription diet in 1990 thus reinforcing the perception that, like prescription medications, their diets are subject to intense scrutiny and theory writing, testing.

However, nothing could be further from the essay, truth. There is a strong argument to incest essay be made that no trademark protection should be granted for any marketing label containing the rebuttal essay, word prescription given the thesis writing, strong potential to seduce the rebuttal, buyers of these products into a false sense of incest essay security growing out of the assumption that anything labeled prescription has been put through multiple layers of rebuttal essay regulatory and testing paces. If any product including food is critique conclusion, allowed to carry a prescription label, it needs to be held to the same standards as a prescription medication. Otherwise, the word prescription becomes no more than a marketing label, and as such, should hold no more credibility than any other marketing slogan. To quote the FDA/CVM Communications Staff Deputy Director: Prescription diet is an industry-coined term and holds no legal meaning. In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription. The trademarked term prescription diet is rebuttal, simply a clever marketing tool between Hills and veterinarians . The sale of these diets is restricted (by Hills, not by law) to veterinarians only. In return, Hills enjoys a boost in perception of quality brought about by this professions endorsement of their products. However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the on pollution, integrity of our profession. I want to rebuttal make it clear that probably 99% of all veterinarians who prescribe these diets truly feel that they are doing the best for their patients. The companies (Hills, Purina, Iams, Royal Canin) that manufacture the alphabet diets have done a wonderful job marketing their products to dissertation critique conclusion veterinarians, making it difficult to refrain from falling into the trap of rebuttal essay using them.

These companies make it very easy for us. If a cat comes in dissertation critique conclusion, with kidney disease? We can just grab k/d, or NF, or LP without any critical thought. Essay! If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? Easy take some c/d off the shelf. Given a veterinarians busy schedule and stressful life, one can see just how seductive the use of the alphabet diets are. However, contrary to what is often believed by both the veterinarian and the client, the therapeutic/prescription diets sold in veterinary hospitals are not formulated for optimal health of essay a carnivore and, in many cases, are actually detrimental to essay the patients health.

In addition, they are simply not necessary and do not optimally address the on pollution, problems they claim to treat. Add to this the very high price tag on these diets and we have what I consider to be a very big black eye for rebuttal essay the profession. The only time I ever use a prescription diet (canned s/d) is discussed here on the Urinary Tract Health page. Canned s/d is occasionally used but only temporarily ( 2-4 weeks) pending re-evaluation of the patient. Instead of defaulting to the alphabet diets, I can always find an over-the-counter diet or formulate a homemade recipe for my patients that leaves more money in the clients wallet and much better nutrition in the cats food bowl. Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for incest essay their cat and assume that it means slaving away in essay, the kitchen every day. I can assure you, it is much easier than that. Since 2003, I have spent a few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year making food for my cats which is a very small price to on cleopatra pay for the control that I have over what goes into their food bowls. I do not feed any commercial food to my own cats and I would definitely never feed them any prescription diets. I would love to see veterinarians stop being so married to the diets they reach for essay every day and learn the basics of optimal feline nutrition and essays, start considering the use of higher quality, lower cost, over-the-counter or homemade diets. Essay! Their patients and their clients bank account will be a lot better off for it.

Common Feline Health Problems and Their Ties to Diet. There is a very strong and extremely logical connection between the way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious and difficult to manage disease that is not uncommon in cats. We do not know all of the causes of this complex disease but what we do know is theory, that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is rebuttal, decreased to a more species-appropriate level than that found in many commercial foods. Given this fact, and given what we know about how the cat processes carbohydrates, it is on pollution, not a stretch to rebuttal say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in incest essay, causing diabetes in some cats. Please see this paper discussing the essay, elevated blood glucose in on cleopatra, cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal: There are countless cases of rebuttal essay successful diabetic remission when cat caregivers remove all dry food and all high carbohydrate canned food from their cats diet. In addition to the issue of carbohydrates and how they affect the blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is very palatable, and is usually free-fed.

This often leads to obesity . Fat cells produce a substance that makes the other cells in thesis writing, the body resistant to insulin. This promotes the rebuttal, diabetic state. It is very important to understand the impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page especially the essay on cleopatra, STOP sign section otherwise you will be putting your cat in danger. Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of the patient and rebuttal essay, they do not lower the insulin dose enough. If the essay, insulin is not lowered accordingly, an overdose of insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of essay diabetic cats home-test to essays monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of routine. Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change.

Many veterinarians prescribe expensive diets such as Purina DM (Diabetes Management) and Hills m/d but you can do much better for rebuttal essay your cat (and your pocketbook) by feeding other more nutritious and lower carbohydrate canned foods. See the on cleopatra, Cat Food Composition chart. Essay! You should aim for a diet that derives less than 10% of essays its calories from carbohydrates. The less expensive foods like Friskies, 9-Lives, and essay, Fancy Feast are also fine to feed. Kidney Disease (CKD formerly called CRF) : Chronic kidney disease is probably the leading cause of mortality in the cat. It is troubling to think about the on cleopatra, role that chronic dehydration may play in causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease. And remember, cats have a less than optimal water balance especially CKD cats that are losing a lot of rebuttal essay water via their leaky kidneys when they are on a diet of critique conclusion predominantly dry food. The prescription dry renal diets such as Hills k/d which are commonly prescribed by veterinarians contain only a small amount of moisture ( 10% versus 78% for canned food) leaving your cat in a less than optimal state of water balance.

I have no other word for dry renal diets other than atrocious given their water-depletion, low protein amount, and the low biological value of the protein (plant vs animal-based) that they are comprised of. I would have to essay be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to any cat in my care. Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the very large numbers of cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on a diet of dry food. This is an familiar essay blog, extremely illogical and unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to essay get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content. Please also note the familiar essay, following list of the first four ingredients of Hills dry k/d after reviewing this section on reading a pet food label and bearing in mind that your cat is a carnivore.

This diet (or any other dry renal diet) would never find its way into a food bowl owned by any cat in my care. The first three ingredients are not even a source of meat and the fourth ingredient is rebuttal essay, a by-product meal which is not necessarily an unhealthy source of protein but it would be nice to see some muscle meat (chicken) in this product. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken by-product meal. The purpose of this prescription diet is to incest essay restrict protein which, unfortunately, it certainly does. However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to this level will prevent further deterioration of kidney function.

Renal diets restrict protein to the point that many cats those that are not consuming enough of the rebuttal essay, diet to provide their daily protein calorie needs will catabolize (use for fuel) their own muscle mass which results in muscle wasting and weight loss. This internal breakdown of the dissertation critique, cats own muscle mass will cause an rebuttal essay, increase in education of women essay, creatinine (and BUN) which needs to be cleared by the kidneys. The rise in essay, creatinine and BUN, and muscle wasting, can lead to an often-erroneous conclusion that the incest essay, patients CKD is worsening. Of course, the rebuttal essay, same deterioration can occur in writing, any cat that is rebuttal, not consuming enough protein, but the thesis writing, level of rebuttal essay protein in these diets is not only at an extremely low level , it is in an incomplete form for a carnivore . Note that they are often made up mainly of plant proteins not meat proteins especially the dry versions. Cystitis (bladder inflammation), Urethral Blockage, Bladder/Kidney Stones: Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for dissertation a more detailed discussion. The first paragraph on that webpage states: If I could have the rebuttal essay, reader take away just one word from this discussion, it would be water.

If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned food and no dry food you stand a very good chance of never needing to essay read this webpage. Cystitis is an extremely common and rebuttal, very painful problem in on pollution, the cat. Stones are also very common and can lead to rebuttal essay a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on dissertation critique, all canned food especially with added water.

Cystitis can lead to inappropriate urination (urinating outside of the litter box) and essay, stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of urine. Any cat that is repeatedly entering the litter box but not voiding any urine is in need of essays on pollution IMMEDIATE medical attention! This is one reason why it is so important to use a clumping (scoopable) litter. Clumping litter allows you to see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. It is important to note, however, that crystals are not the same thing as stones.

Crystals are often a normal finding in a cats urine and rebuttal essay, it is not necessarily appropriate to put the cat on a special urinary tract formula when these are found in the urine. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on the identification of crystals in the urine without regard to how the urine sample was handled. Dissertation Conclusion! It is very important to understand that crystals will often form once outside of the body within a very short (30-60 minutes) period of time. If the veterinarian does not examine the rebuttal essay, urine right away and either sends it to theory thesis an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from home, an erroneous diagnosis of crystals may be made. This is called a false positive report and rebuttal, results in unnecessary worry on the part of the owner and education of women essay, often leads to the cat being placed on an inappropriate, low quality diet. With regard to overall kidney and bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the prevention and treatment of diseases involving this organ system.

When a cat is on a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine (higher urine specific gravity USG) and they produce a lower volume of essay urine (often half of essays what a cat on rebuttal, canned food produces) which means that a higher concentration of on pollution crystals will be present in essay, the urine. This increases the critique, chance of these crystals forming life-threatening stones. It is also thought that the highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to the bladder wall in rebuttal essay, some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and is designed to get water with their food. A diet of canned food will keep a proper amount of water flowing through the urinary tract system and help maintain its health. Adding 1-2 TBS of water (plain or flavored such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth) per critique conclusion, meal is also very beneficial. Make your own tuna water by taking one can of tuna and mixing the contents into 3 cups of rebuttal essay water. Mash it up and theory writing, let it sit for. 15 minutes. Rebuttal Essay! Pour the water into essay on cleopatra, covered ice cube trays.

Freeze to prolong the freshness. Use covered trays to essay keep the water tasting and incest essay, smelling fresh. Water fountains may also help cats consume more water but feeding a water-rich diet is much more effective in increasing your cats water intake than water fountains or multiple bowls of water sitting around your house. If you are still worrying about small amounts of crystals in your cats urine, consider this analogy: Crystals in rebuttal, cat urine are as normal as the leaves that fall on your driveway. However, if you dont regularly hose down or sweep your driveway, those leaves will build up and pretty soon you will not be able to get your car out of the dissertation critique conclusion, garage.

This is what happened to Opie above. His driveway (urethra) got blocked and he was unable to pass any urine resulting in a tremendous amount of rebuttal essay suffering and a life threatening situation. If you picture crystals as the leaves in this analogy, it is easy to see how canned food does a better job of flushing out your cats bladder several times each day than dry food does. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an abnormal finding in familiar, cat urine. However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on rebuttal essay, feeding the cat a water-depleted diet. Mindy and Mikie.

Urine pH is also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the important issue here not urine pH. Many of the often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to essays on pollution make the urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and can also lead to hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease. It is also important to note for those people still stuck on worrying about the urine pH that there are many factors which determine the essay, pH of urine and only one of them is diet. Urine pH varies throughout the day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and is not terribly helpful information. With regard to dry food and on pollution, urinary tract health, aside from the lack of water in this type of essay diet, there is also a correlation between the incest essay, consumption of a high carbohydrate diet and the formation of struvite crystals as shown by this study because carbohydrate diets promote an alkaline urine. Veterinarians often prescribe Hills Prescription dry c/d for urinary tract problems but again, these diets are only ten percent water and contain a high level of species-inappropriate ingredients and questionable preservatives.

They are also very high in carbohydrates with dry c/d containing 42 percent of its dry weight as carbohydrates. Please note the first few ingredients in c/d while remembering that your cat is a carnivore: Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and rebuttal, citric acid),chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and BHA. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil, Note that Hills removed the BHA and BHT but are now using more corn gluten meal and less chicken by-product meal. Diet is not the only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and incest essay, one that we can control. Stress is also thought to play a very significant role in cystitis and rebuttal essay, even cats that are fed a 100 percent canned food diet may experience bouts of cystitis. This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is dissertation critique conclusion, that decreasing stress and increasing the water content of the diet are the most important management issues to address. The water content of the diet is easy to control feed canned food with added water. Rebuttal! The stress issue is another matter and is not always easy to address since cats can be very sensitive and thesis writing, are often silent in their stress.

Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is very important to address pain management in these cats. Remember: pain = stress and we are trying to minimize the stress in essay, these patients. Buprenex is a good choice for essay blog a pain medication and I often dispense it for rebuttal the client to have on hand for chronic cystitis patients as long as the incest essay, client understand the critical importance of close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is passing urine and is not obstructed. (I say he because males have a long, narrow urethra and are much more apt to block than females but females can also experience an obstructed urethra.) Buprenex is superior to Torbugesic which has been used for pain management in the cat in the past. (Burprenex is rebuttal essay, a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian.) Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the treatment of this common feline problem. A very important note on antibiotic usage in these cases: Most cases of cystitis are sterile. Incest Essay! In other words, they are not the essay, result of an infection and the patient should not be placed on antibiotics. 1% of cats with cystitis that are under 10 years of age have a urinary tract infection, yet many veterinarians place these patients on antibiotics when these drugs are not warranted . Education Of Women In India Essay! Most cats under 10 years of age produce a very concentrated urine (USG greater than 1.035) and bacteria do not grow well in concentrated urine. In cats over 10 years of rebuttal age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics. Theory! The reason that an older cat is essay, more prone to urinary tract infections is because kidney disease is more common in this age group and so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to bacterial growth. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over critique conclusion, 10 years of age and both disease render the patient more prone to urinary tract infections.

20% or less of all older cats that present with lower urinary tract signs (see Feline Urinary Tract Health Cystitis) actually have an essay, infection so. 80% of this age group exhibiting these clinical signs do not need to be put on antibiotics. A urine culture and sensitivity (C S) should be run to check for an infection, especially if the patient has a low urine specific gravity or is essay on cleopatra, diabetic. It must be kept in mind that even with a low USG, most cases of cystitis are not due to an infection. Essay! This is thesis writing, why it is rebuttal, important to run a C S before placing the theory thesis writing, patient on rebuttal essay, antibiotics. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and they need to be used with more critical thought than is currently happening in both human and veterinary medicine. This is especially true of Convenia . Please do not allow that drug to be injected into your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. A C S test identifies the essay, bacteria (if present) and tells the rebuttal essay, veterinarian which antibiotic is appropriate. The urine for a C S needs to be obtained by incest essay, way of cystocentesis which involves using a syringe and needle to rebuttal essay obtain urine directly from the bladder. This is not a painful procedure for the cat and this method is the only way to of women essay obtain a sample for accurate information in order to essay properly treat with antibiotics. One problem, however, is that a sample may be difficult to obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and often do not have enough urine in conclusion, their bladder to get a good sample.

To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of rebuttal essay subcutaneous (just under the education essay, skin) fluids. Rebuttal! The patient is then put into a cage without a litter box. Within a couple of hours (or less), the bladder is usually full enough to essay on cleopatra obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an rebuttal, infection! Cystitis will often recur in these patients and this painful health problem can be very frustrating to incest essay deal with.

On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. Rebuttal Essay! In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in one week without antibiotics. Unfortunately, when people dont understand this issue, antibiotics often get the credit when they had nothing to do with the essays, patients improvement. When this happens, the abuse of antibiotics continues. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): IBD can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation in the cat. IBD can also present with weight loss as the only clinical sign. There are many unanswered questions with respect to this disease process, but it is logical to start to essay treat a gastrointestinal problem in the cat with a species-appropriate diet considering that it is food that bathes the problem area. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.

I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in our IBD patients. Essay! There are an impressive number of anecdotal reports of cats that were terribly ill with IBD that exhibit dramatic improvement when all dry food was removed from rebuttal essay, their diet and a grain-free/low-carb canned food was fed instead. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of cats with IBD that improved tremendously on essay, a balanced homemade diet. (See Making Cat Food for a balanced recipe.) Some cats do need steroids (temporary or long-term) but we need to focus more heavily on rebuttal essay, feeding these patients an appropriate diet rather than simply relying on immunosuppressive medications. Robbie had severe diarrhea for two years until put on a species-appropriate homemade diet. Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of theory thesis hairballs can be a symptom of rebuttal IBD. Frequent is hard to define, in this case, but if your cat is vomiting hairballs on a weekly basis do not just assume that this is simply normal feline behavior. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to on pollution feed to cats suffering from hairballs. The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into the cat in the first place.

This is accomplished with daily brushing or, in some cases, shaving the cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber loves going naked in the summertime. I understand that shaving cats is rebuttal, not an easy task and essay blog, is, therefore, not a quick fix for this problem but it is an option for serious cases. Amber can only be shaved when she is rebuttal, under general anesthesia. Dissertation Critique! Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to keep her comfortable during the rebuttal essay, hot summer months. She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is a lot happier without her long hair when the essays, weather is hot. Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats.

Shorthaired cats especially double-coated cats can also have problems with hairballs. However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by rebuttal, the cat. That said, if we want to help our cats out in this area, we need to essay brush them daily. Trying to chase hair after it has gained entrance into the cats intestinal tract is futile. Diet is essay, not the incest essay, answer and essay, neither are any of the hairball remedies on the market. As one well-respected feline medicine specialist often states this is not a grease deficiency!

Obesity: Obesity is an on cleopatra, extremely common and rebuttal essay, very serious health problem in cats. Overweight cats are four times more likely to of women in india develop diabetes than cats that are at rebuttal, an optimal weight. Bennie before being rescued Obese cats cannot clean themselves properly resulting in painful skin inflammation in their perineal area Just after I broke Bennie out of jail Obese cats suffer from dissertation, painful orthopedic problems Mindy and rebuttal essay, Molly just after Molly discovered how good canned food is for familiar essay her obese but carnivorous body. Obligate carnivores are designed to meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to no carbohydrates. Essay! Carbohydrates are minimally used for energy and writing, those that are not used are converted to and stored as fat. The so-called light diets that are on essay, the market have targeted the fat content as the nutrient to be decreased. The choice is then to raise either the protein or carbohydrate content of the diet, or both.

Since animal-based protein (meat and organs) is more expensive than carbohydrates (grains/potatoes/peas), pet food manufacturers raise the conclusion, carbohydrate levels in these foods making them very species-inappropriate and unhealthy. An optimal weight loss diet should be: high in protein (over 40% of essay calories), moderate in fat (under 50% of calories), low in carbohydrates (under 10% of calories), and high in water. When looking at the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile. Dissertation! Why? Because fat is cheaper than protein. The calories from protein + fat + carbs must = 100%. If the carbs are kept below 10%, that leaves 90-95% of the calories to be divided between protein and fat. Protein is expensive.

Fat is cheap. Therefore, low carb diets are usually high in fat. Examples of rebuttal nice profiles include Friskies Classic Pates, some Fancy Feast varieties, Weruva Paw Lickin Chicken, Tiki Puka Puka Luau, and Tiki Koolina Luau. You will notice that many of the higher protein diets are fish-based but it is not a good idea to feed fish to essays on pollution cats. Essay! Or, at education of women essay, least not as their main diet. Rebuttal! Fish can be high in dissertation, mercury, high in PBDEs (fire retardant chemicals linked to hyperthyroidism), high in phosphorus (not good for older cats kidneys) and can be very addicting. It is best to feed poultry-based diets to cats. Water content of the rebuttal, diet is on cleopatra, very important. Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on canned food versus dry. Dry food is very calorically dense and is high in carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to a cat as protein is.

Many cats on the commercial light or less active diets either do not lose weight or do lose weight but also lose muscle mass along with the loss of fat. This is not our goal. The goal is to rebuttal essay lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. In several studies, cats fed a high protein/low carbohydrate diet lost weight but maintained their lean body mass in comparison to cats fed a high carbohydrate/low fat diet. Many caretakers feed very small amounts of these light diets hoping that their cat will lose weight. However, feeding a small amount of a diet that is inappropriate for dissertation critique conclusion the species is rebuttal, not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.

See Mollys and Bennies story of weight loss on this sites Feline Obesity page to read about how these sweet cats went from inactive obese cats that could barely walk or clean themselves to healthier, happier felines. Molly had great difficulty walking and dissertation conclusion, cleaning herself due to her obese condition which was brought on by the consumption of dry food. Kittens, however, loved using her for rebuttal a pillow. Mollys veterinarian had prescribed Hills Prescription dry r/d for her and instructed her caretaker to feed Molly only very small portions and to put a shock collar on her to keep her away from essay, her housemates food. Essay! This is obviously not sound or humane obesity management advice. Hills Prescription r/d is a very poor quality, high carbohydrate (35%) diet that contains the following inappropriate and unhealthy ingredients including a high level of essay on cleopatra fiber which a feline intestinal tract is essay, not designed to process: Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose 18.5% (a source of fiber),corn gluten meal, chicken liver flavor, vegetable oil, taurine, L-carnitine, preserved with BHT, BHA and ethoxyquin.

Brewers Rice, Chicken By-Product Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Soybean Oil. Note that Hills removed the BHA and BHT but a plant-based protein is now the on pollution, predominant protein source instead of an animal-based protein. This diet is even more unhealthy than it used to rebuttal essay be. There are much more species appropriate and in india essay, less expensive ways to address feline obesity. However, if you are contemplating the use of the grain-free, high protein/low carb dry foods, please understand that these diets are very calorie-dense and rebuttal, often lead to essays weight gain , in addition to being detrimental to urinary tract health because of rebuttal essay their water-depletion. Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver Disease): This is the most common metabolic liver disease of cats. Blog! Cats that go longer than. 3 days without eating, for any reason, are in danger of rebuttal developing this serious, and often fatal, disease. Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to experiencing this disease.

Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at an optimal, healthy body weight and, in turn, makes them less likely to end up with fatty liver disease. Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and are not supported by studies. This frequently stated (among veterinarians and lay people) myth continues to harm cats by education of women, perpetuating the idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an unhealthy diet in order to keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in essay, a human. First, dry food is hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on the teeth. Second, a cats jaws and teeth are designed for shearing and tearing meat not biting down on dry kibble. Third, many cats swallow the majority of their dry food whole. There are many factors known and unknown that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. Essay! There remain many unanswered questions concerning the fact that cats often suffer from poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to rebuttal essay what they would eat in their natural state. When cats consume their prey in the wild, they are tearing at flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This is of women in india, a far cry from the consistency of dry or canned food.

Neither dry kibble nor canned food comes close to mimicking a cats normal diet of rebuttal essay mice, birds, rabbits, etc. Given what a cat does eat in nature, it makes much more sense to be feeding part of the diet in the form of large chunks of meat (as large as you can get your cat to chew on) or gizzards (tough and fibrous) which a cats teeth are designed to chew. Raw meat is essays on pollution, tougher to chew than cooked meat so I prefer to use raw meat or lightly baked to kill the surface bacteria to promote dental health. Rebuttal! See Making Cat Food Dental Health. Notice the familiar essay, phrase part of the essay, diet in the above sentence. It is very important to understand that plain meat (ie without bones or another source of calcium) is very unbalanced since there is familiar essay, minimal calcium in rebuttal, meat. Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is consuming the bones along with the meat. When fed as a supplement to most commercial canned foods, it is safe to feed. 15 20% of the daily calories in essays on pollution, the form of plain meat. For example, if a cat is eating 6 ounces of essay canned food per day, you could feed him 5 ounces of canned food plus 1 ounce of chunked muscle meat per day. When people ask me how often should my cats be fed chunks of meat?, I reply how often do you brush your own teeth?

And speaking of incest essay brushing teeth , this is, by far, the essay, best way to promote your cats dental health. See this video for more information. Please pay close attention to the statement in the video regarding a thorough dental exam by your veterinarian before starting a brushing program. Many cats have very painful mouths but show no outward signs of this pain. Essays! If you try to brush your cats teeth in rebuttal, the face of incest essay a painful mouth, you will end up with a cat that is scared along with developing a strong aversion to toothbrushes. If this aversion occurs, you may never get him to accept tooth brushing once you have addressed the painful mouth with your vet. With regard to frequency, once-daily is optimal.

By the time 72 hours have passed, the film on the teeth becomes permanent so shoot for at least every other day. Please understand that I am not saying that canned food is necessarily better for teeth than dry food. For optimal dental health, a cat should not be eating either canned or dry food since neither food type promotes a healthy oral cavity but we have to work with what is rebuttal essay, practical in a typical home setting and feeding a cat a whole carcass prey diet is not terribly practical even if it would be great for their teeth. The compromise is to at least give them some muscle meat to chew on, in addition to brushing their teeth if possible, and to thesis stop fooling ourselves into thinking that dry food promotes dental health in our cats. I am often asked about dental diets such as Hills t/d but if someone has read to this point on this webpage, it will be understood that these diets represent the rebuttal essay, epitome of tunnel vision nutrition. All dental diets are all dry (water-depleted), all are all high in essays on pollution, carbohydrates, and all contain species-inappropriate ingredients, and as such, even if they do impart any measurable effect on dental health, they wreak havoc on the rest of the body. It is wise to feed for the health of the *whole* cat, not just one part of him. Hills t/d (34% carbohydrates): Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Chicken Liver Flavor. Saint Molly never met a kitten she didnt treat as her own. Feline Asthma/Allergic Airway Disease: Many cats have had their respiratory symptoms (coughing/difficulty breathing) subside considerably, or disappear completely, once they were placed on a grain-free canned food diet, or a meat-based homemade diet.

Some of these struggling cats may have been reacting to storage mites or cockroach antigens that are present in rebuttal essay, dry foods, or they may have been reacting to essays on pollution the gluten (protein fraction) part of the essay, grains that are present in dry foods. Sadly, many cats exhibiting debilitating lung disease are simply put on an immunosuppressive dose of essay on cleopatra steroids while still being fed an inappropriate diet. Rebuttal Essay! While steroids are necessary in many cases of airway disease, they are not addressing the root of the problem which can, in many cases, be an allergy to proteins in the form of incest essay species-inappropriate grains, and insect antigens. Steroids can cause diabetes in cats and also render them vulnerable to infections from rebuttal essay, viruses, bacteria, and incest essay, fungal agents so it is very important to rebuttal make sure you have ruled out diet as a cause of the cats respiratory symptoms. Robbie and Calvin flexing their muscles. Dry food is far from a clean, safe, and pathogen-free source of food for your cat. Please see this section on familiar blog, my Making Cat Food page which details just a few of the many pet food recalls due to rebuttal essay contamination of commercial pet food with deadly chemicals, bacteria (salmonella, etc.), fungal mycotoxins, and on pollution, storage mites. The issue of rancid fats in dry food is also discussed on the Making Cat Food page. Fungal mycotoxins are deadly chemicals produced by rebuttal, molds.

Molds are very common contaminants of theory writing grains but molds can be found in many different food sources. In mid January 2011, 200 cows died from essay, eating moldy sweet potatoes that were mixed into their feed. There is no doubt in my mind that many cats and dogs have become ill from the contaminants that are often present in dry pet foods yet nobody (including the veterinarian and essay, pet owner) puts 2 + 2 together and realizes that the essay, diet is the source of the pets illness. Keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for familiar weeks or months before your pets consume them leading to increased bacterial growth and rancid fats. At the rebuttal essay, very least, dry food should be kept in the refrigerator but it is better to just refrain from feeding this type of food completely. Transitioning Dry Food Addicts to Canned Food. This is the hard part. Cats, like children, often resist what is best for them.

The two most frequent comments that I hear from people when trying to convince them to feed their cats a healthier diet are my cat wont eat canned food and but my cat really likes his dry food. Children really like potato chips and ice cream but that certainly does not mean those food items constitute optimal nutrition. The transition process often involves much more than just plunking down a new food item. Time, patience and tricks are often required. One reason that cats like dry food so much is because the pet food companies do not play fair when manufacturing this sub-optimal food source. Incest Essay! They coat the essay, kibble with extremely enticing animal digest sprays which are very pleasing to a cat making a poor quality diet very desirable to the target animal. In addition to the aforementioned coating of dry food with animal digests, another issue is one of a crunchy texture which is very different from canned food.

Cats are very resistant to such a drastic change in the texture of dissertation conclusion their food. If you are convinced that getting your cat off of dry food is the way to go, read on for some tips on how to accomplish this. The key is to do it slowly and rebuttal essay, with patience and incorporate various tricks for the stubborn cats. The most important issue is essay on cleopatra, actually making the change , not how fast you accomplish it. I must say that my cats tested every ounce of patience I had over a 3 + month period of time during their transition from dry to canned food.

They had been on dry food their entire lives and did not recognize canned food as food. My cats ranged in age from 2 years to 10 years at the time of the essay, transition. The single biggest mistake I see people make time and again is to say that their cat wont touch the new food and then panic and critique conclusion, fill up the bowl with dry food. Rebuttal Essay! In many cases, it is simply not that easy to get cats off of dry food. (See Mollys Story for a look at one very stubborn cat.) There are two categories of cats those that will eat canned food and on pollution, those that will be extremely resistant to eating anything other than dry food. Rebuttal Essay! If your cat falls into the first category, lucky you. Essay! These cats will take to rebuttal it with the attitude of finally an essay, appropriate diet for my species. In this case, if your cat has been on all dry food, or only receives canned food as an occasional treat, start by feeding canned food in increasing amounts. Gradually decrease the dry, taking about a week to fully switch the cat over to 100 percent canned food. Some cats may experience softer stools during the transition. I do not worry if this happens and tend to ride it out. If diarrhea results from the rebuttal, diet change you will either need to experiment with different canned foods or slow the transition down and do it over a period of several weeks.

Note that in over 40 years spent in this profession, I have never met a cat that needed dry food to essay stay healthy but some need to rebuttal be transitioned more slowly than others. The average cat should eat. 180 220 calories per incest essay, day which will be found in 5-6 ounces of the average canned food. However, note that high protein/low fat/low carb foods like Weruva Paw Lickin Chicken and some Tiki Cat varieties are very low in calories (see the essay, Cat Food Composition chart far right column) so you will need to feed much more than 5-6 ounces which can get quite expensive. The necessary daily caloric intake should be split between 3-4 meals/day (or just free-fed if they are not overweight). When determining how much you should be feeding your cat once transitioned to canned food, keep it simple. Too fat? Feed less. Too thin? Feed more. Andy and Calvin.

If you are unlucky like I was, and your cat does not recognize the fact that he is a carnivore and would live a healthier life if eating canned food, (or a homemade diet) then you will have some work to theory writing do. Some cats that have been on dry food for their entire life will be quite resistant to the diet change and may take several weeks or longer to make the transition to rebuttal essay a healthier diet. For resistant-to-change cats, you will need to use the theory thesis, normal sensation of rebuttal essay hunger to conclusion help with the transition. For this reason, it is very important to stop free-feeding dry food. This is the essay, first, and of women in india essay, very critical, step.

You need to establish set mealtimes. Essay! They are not going to dissertation critique try anything new if their bowl of rebuttal junk food is in on pollution, front of them 24/7. Cats do not need food available at all times. It really is okay for them to experience a hunger pain! That said, it was very hard for me to listen to my cats begging for food even though I was strong in rebuttal essay, my conviction that I was heading them in familiar essay blog, the best direction for optimal health. It truly was a stressful time for me and them. Rebuttal! Actually, I think it was harder on me!

This is where many people fail and just give in and fill up the dry food bowl. There were a few times when I had to call my sponsor and was instructed to just leave the theory, house if you cant take looking into those eyes! I left the house. Rebuttal! Those pitiful little cries of essay on cleopatra I have not had food for essay two WHOLE hours! were hard to take. But, lo and behold, they were just fine when I returned. Incest Essay! Not one cat had died from hunger. On the other hand, do not attempt to rebuttal withhold food for long periods of time (greater than 24 hours) with the hope that your cat will choose the new food. You need to convince them that a high quality canned food really is dissertation conclusion, good for rebuttal essay them, rather than to try starving them into it which does not work anyway. Allowing a cat to go without food especially an incest essay, overweight cat for a long period of time (greater than 48 hours) can be quite dangerous and may result in hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease). Hepatic lipidosis can also develop when a cat consumes 50% or less of his daily caloric requirements over a period of many days. The definition of many varies from cat-to-cat. For this reason it is rebuttal essay, important to understand that you need to have some idea of the calories from canned food combined with the calories from dry food that your cat is consuming on on pollution, a daily basis while you are implementing the transition to canned food.

I have never seen a cat develop hepatic lipidosis when consuming at least 15 calories per pound per day. This number is figured on lean body weight , not fat weight. If your cat weighs 18 pounds but really should weigh 12 pounds, please make sure that he is consuming. 180 calories per day. Essay! (12 pounds lean body mass X 15 calories/pound/day = In reality, the cat in the above example would probably be completely safe at only 150 calories per day. If you have a small female cat that should only education in india, weigh 9 pounds, please make sure that she is consuming at rebuttal, least 135 calories per on pollution, day. Canned foods never list the calorie content on the can but many dry foods do list this information on the bag. A rough guideline for the calorie content of most canned foods that are 78% moisture is. 30 calories/ounce but can range from 20 to 40 calories/ounce as shown by the chart linked above. Most cats will lose some weight during the transition to canned food. Given that a very high percentage of rebuttal cats are overweight to begin with, this is a favorable result of the conclusion, diet change as long as they do not lose too much weight too fast.

A cat should never lose more than 1-2% of his body weight per week. I highly suggest that all cat caregivers weigh their cats periodically especially if they are over 10 years of age. This will help ensure a safe transition to a healthier diet and, in general, weight loss is often the first sign of ill health for any reason. I make it a point to weigh my cats at least once each month especially since they are now over 10 years of essay age. Here is a scale that is reasonably priced: Salter Baby and Toddler scale. It weighs to the nearest 1/2 ounce and has a hold button on it that helps obtain an accurate weight even for a cat that is theory thesis writing, moving around a bit. Here is another scale that may be even better because its base is rebuttal essay, as long as the scale.

Red Cross Baby Scale. Theory Thesis Writing! This is important for rebuttal cats that are trained to incest essay walk onto it otherwise, scales like the Salter one linked above may tip. This would scare the cat and rebuttal, harm the scale. All of my cats lost weight during the three months that it took to switch them to canned but none of them became too thin. They slimmed down to a nice lean body weight losing fat while maintaining their muscle mass. They also became much more active. If your cat is overweight, please see the on pollution, Feline Obesity page. Resign yourself to rebuttal the fact that you will be very frustrated at times and dissertation conclusion, you will be wasting canned food as they turn up their nose at rebuttal essay, it. Familiar! Also, you may want to immediately switch your cat to a dry food that has fewer calories from rebuttal, carbohydrates than most dry foods. (e.g., EVO) The low-carb dry foods are very high in familiar essay blog, fat and therefore are very calorie dense.

These foods must be portion-controlled otherwise, your cat may end up gaining weight. Note that dry Innova EVO has 612 calories per cup. One quarter of essay a cup contains 153 calories so be very careful to pay attention to how much of familiar these high calorie dry foods you feed. The caloric needs of an average cat can range between 150 250 calories/day depending on their lean body weight and activity level. The low-carb dry foods are also very high in rebuttal essay, phosphorus. This is especially detrimental for cats with compromised kidney function. And, of essay course, these low-carb dry foods are water-depleted just like all dry foods putting your cat at risk for rebuttal essay serious urinary tract problems. They are also cooked at very high temperatures in order to dry them out. I do not recommend these dry foods for long-term feeding for all of the reasons stated above.

Please use them only as transition diets. Be sure to stay away from any light varieties since those types of foods are very high in carbohydrates. Here are some various tricks for the stubborn ones. Keep in mind that different tricks work on familiar essay blog, different cats: If your cat has been eating dry food on rebuttal essay, a free-choice basis, take up the food and essay on cleopatra, establish a schedule of 2 3 times per day feedings . Rebuttal Essay! I really do prefer just twice-daily feedings when trying to transition them. A normal, healthy hunger response after 12 hours goes a long way to convince them to try something new.

If you want to take the on cleopatra, transition very slowly, you can feed the amount that your cat normally consumes in a 24 hour period split up into two feedings to get him used to rebuttal essay meal feeding. Many people, however, are unsure as to how much their free-fed cat really eats so I would start off by figuring out the calories that your cat needs to maintain his weight if he does not need to lose any weight. Leave the essays on pollution, dry food down for 20 minutes, and rebuttal essay, then remove any uneaten portion. Repeat in 8-12 hours depending on if you are feeding 2 or 3 times per essay blog, day. During the first few days of transitioning to a set schedule, you can offer canned food during the dry food meals, or in-between meals. The stubborn ones, however, will not touch it. Do not despair all cats will eventually eat canned food if their caregiver is determined, methodical, and patient enough.

Once your cat is on a schedule you will notice that he is more enthusiastic about food during his proper mealtimes and rebuttal, will be much more inclined to try something new. Again, most cats only education in india, need 150-250 calories/day. Rebuttal Essay! The dry food bag should tell you how many calories are in incest essay, a cup of food but if it does not, you can call the essay, company. Once the cat has transitioned to canned food, I prefer to either free-feed them (if they are not too fat) or to put out a meal 3-4 times per day. Small cats in the wild eat 8-10 small meals per day. I do not worry about leaving canned food out for up to essay blog 12 hours at a time. Keep in rebuttal essay, mind that a lion is not going to eat his entire prey immediately. Once you have established scheduled mealtimes, you will most likely need to start feeding a bit less at theory thesis writing, each mealtime in order to get the rebuttal essay, normal sensation of essays on pollution hunger to work in rebuttal, your favor.

Again, we are trying to use the normal sensation of theory hunger to help us out. We are not trying to starve the cat into the diet change. Essay! Once your cat is on education essay, a schedule of meal-feeding instead of free-feeding, try feeding a meal of canned food only. If he will not eat it and the very stubborn ones wont try not to get frustrated and do not put down dry food. Try some of the other tips listed below. If he still will not eat the canned food, let him get a bit hungrier. Offer the canned again in a couple of rebuttal hours or just leave it out. Familiar Essay Blog! Some cats will be more apt to try something new if they keep walking by it and seeing/smelling it. Try a different brand/flavor or a different trick. Once it has been. 18 hours since he has eaten anything, give him just a small amount (1/4 of a cup or less if it is essay, EVO) of essay his dry food keeping track of his daily caloric intake . Remember to be patient. Exercising your cat with a tassel toy before feeding can also help stimulate his appetite.

Cats noses are much more sensitive than ours are. They can smell the dry food in the cupboards. I suggest either putting it in the refrigerator or putting it in a tightly sealed container. Rebuttal Essay! If they can smell it, they will hold out for it. Some people recommend getting it out of theory your house completely, but this is not possible when you are dealing with a very stubborn cat that needs a bit of time and patience to essay make the transition happen. The following worked for my cats: Sprinkle a very small amount of thesis writing tuna or any other favorite treat (some cats do not like fish and would prefer cooked chicken) on top of the canned food and then once they are eating this, start pressing it into the top of the new food. (The light tuna is better than the fancy white tuna because it has a stronger smell. Or, Trader Joes makes a Cat Tuna that is very stinky.) Be careful to decrease the amount of rebuttal fish as soon as possible. Health problems can occur with a predominantly fish-based diet. Plus, you do not want to create a situation where your cat will only eat very fishy foods. Make sure that any refrigerated canned food is incest essay, warmed up a bit. Cats prefer their food at mouse body temperature.

Try offering some cooked (or raw whole meats, rinsed well or partially baked) chicken or meat baby food . Rebuttal Essay! One of the goals is to get your cat used to eating food that does not crunch. He needs to get used to a different texture. Also, chicken is incest essay, a great source of protein to point him in the proper direction toward a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. If he eats the chicken, he may head right into eating canned food. Rebuttal Essay! Then again.he may not. Try sprinkling some parmesan cheese on the canned food. Writing! Most cats love parmesan cheese and this trick has been very successful for me.

Try a product called FortiFlora feline version. Rebuttal! Most cats LOVE FortiFlora and this has recently become my favorite trick . This is a probiotic made by Purina but you are not going to use it for its probiotic properties. You are just going to use it as a flavor enhancer. Education Of Women Essay! The base ingredient in FortiFlora is rebuttal, animal digest the very substance that makes dry food so very enticing to cats. Essays! The directions say to rebuttal essay use 1 package/day and critique conclusion, you can use this much if you want to but this amount is not usually necessary. You may only need.

1/4 of a package or much less with part mixed into the food and part sprinkled on rebuttal, top of the food just as you would use salt and incest essay, pepper on essay, your own food. FortiFlora can be purchased online but an easier product to find is Temptations treats . I trap a lot of feral cats for spaying/neutering purposes and this is one of the best baits that I can use. These tasty treats can be found at education of women in india essay, most pet stores. Rebuttal Essay! Put a few in a baggie and crush them with a hammer. Use the crushed treats as described for the FortiFlora above. There are numerous freeze dried meat treats on the market that you can also sprinkle on top of the on pollution, canned food. Halos Liv A Littles is a popular choice. Rebuttal Essay! Speaking of texture, a common question is essays on pollution, can I just soak the dry food in water? I hedge more than just a bit at rebuttal, this question. Dry food often has a very high bacterial content. Mold is theory thesis writing, also often found in dry food.

Both organisms flourish in rebuttal essay, moist environments. There have been many deaths of dogs and on pollution, cats secondary to eating mold mycotoxins, vomitoxins and aflatoxins which often contaminate the rebuttal, grains found in dry food. If you want to try the trick of wetting down the blog, dry food to alter the rebuttal, texture, please leave it out for only 20-30 minutes then discard it. Try dipping some dry food pieces in the juice from the canned food. Some cats may refuse to eat it if the dry food even touches the canned food. But if he will eat it with a bit of critique conclusion canned juice on it, try the chip and dip trick . Scoop up a tiny bit of canned food onto essay the piece of dry food. Put them on a separate plate from his small portion of dry food. Some cats will eat their small portion of dry and on pollution, then go investigate the dry food with a tiny bit of canned on it. Going one step further, try adding a few small pieces of the rebuttal, canned food to the small portion of dry food. Your cat may pick around the canned food but will get used to the smell and texture even if he does not eat any pieces of the new food. Theory Writing! Crush some dry food and sprinkle it on the top of the canned food.

If you do not think it will upset your cat, try gently rubbing a bit of rebuttal essay canned food or juice on incest essay, the cats gums This may get him interested in the taste and texture of the rebuttal essay, new food but do it gently . You do not want to make this a stressful situation and create a food aversion. (This trick is incest essay, commonly used to get just-weaned kittens used to eating canned food.) If you do not think it will upset your cat , use your finger to put a tiny bit of rebuttal canned food or juice on his paw for essays him to lick off. This has not worked for me in the two cats I have tried it on but it is another idea. Make sure you do it without stressing your cat. Again, you do not want to create a food aversion. If you have a multiple cat household, some cats like to eat alone in a less stressful environment, so you may need to rebuttal essay take these cats into a separate, quiet room to essay on cleopatra think about the error of their ways their carbohydrate/dry food addiction. Once in a quiet setting, away from the other cats, two of my cats would eat canned food/tuna meatballs by hand. Not from a bowl, mind you, but only from rebuttal, my hand. Im not sure who was being trained. They did eventually start eating from a bowl after a few hand feedings. Try various brands and flavors of canned foods.

Try Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Many cats prefer the familiar, foods that are all by-products and turn their noses up when offered the by-product-free diets like Wellness, etc. You can worry about feeding a a different canned food later if you want to and you can always mix different types of food together. The initial goal is just to get your cat used to eating canned food and not dry kibble. And remember what I said above. I would much rather see a cat eating a canned food like Friskies, 9-Lives, or Fancy Feast rather than any dry food.

Syringe-feeding is also another option but has to be done with finesse and rebuttal, patience so as to avoid a food aversion. If you choose to syringe-feed, your goal is not to feed him a full meal. Sometimes just syringing a 1-2 ccs can jump-start your cat into eating the canned food maybe not the first time but it will at least get him to taste the new food and experience a foreign texture. The best way to syringe-feed is to kneel on the floor with your cat between your legs so he is facing the same way as you are. Then, using a small (1cc/TB) syringe, slip it in the side of his mouth and give about 1/2 cc at a time. He may spit it out but you are just trying to get him used to the taste and education essay, texture, not stress him.

Few canned foods will make it through the rebuttal essay, tip of a syringe but human meat baby food works well for this trick. You can also water it down a bit if you need to. If you want to use canned cat food instead of baby food, you will need to familiar cut the end off of the rebuttal, syringe so that the opening is as big as the barrel. Make sure that the tip is smooth. If you do not want to cut the tip of the syringe off, you will need to puree a pate (versus chunks) type of food. Incest Essay! I puree Wellness for this. I run it through the blender with a small amount of water ( 3-4 tablespoons/5.5 ounce can). Then I strain it to remove anything big enough to rebuttal essay clog the small tip of the syringe. Wellness is on pollution, also a balanced diet unlike human baby food. Even though human baby food is not a balanced diet for long-term use, it is a great tool that can be used to help transition a cat to rebuttal a texture that he is not used to.

I did have to take drastic measures for a foster cat named Molly. She was dangerously obese (20 lbs double what she should have weighed) and would not eat canned food even after two weeks of syringe-feeding her. She needed to go in for a dental so while she was under general anesthesia, I put in a feeding tube. This took the essay, stress off of both of us. Rebuttal Essay! After two weeks of incest essay feeding her via the rebuttal, tube she started licking the canned food from incest essay, my fingers then suddenly decided it was time to eat it. She then started to finally lose weight. Before the 7 lbs weight loss, she could barely walk, could not clean herself, and was quite possibly headed for diabetes. Dont give up. One of rebuttal essay my barn cats ate dry food for the first 12 years of essay on cleopatra her life. Rebuttal Essay! She would never touch the incest essay, canned food that the other cats ate.

Then, one day, she found her inner carnivore and started eating canned food out essay, of the blue! I was shocked. That was 4 years ago and she has been on a 100% canned food diet since she made the switch. These are just a few tricks that you can try. Dissertation Critique Conclusion! Different tricks work on different cats. The key is to be patient. Essay! Remember, it took me three months to familiar blog get my cats on 100% canned food. Most cats, however, will not take this long. Calvin and rebuttal essay, Andy are at a much healthier weight since discontinuing all dry food. Homemade Diets and education of women essay, Commercial Raw Meat Products. Many people have a strong negative reaction to rebuttal the idea of feeding their cat raw meat but this is what a carnivore is dissertation critique conclusion, designed to eat.

Keep in rebuttal, mind that there are no hibachis or stoves in the wild. Essay! Also, wild cats do not always consume their prey in its entirety immediately upon killing it so the meat that they eat is not always from a fresh kill. Cats are very different from essay, humans with respect to their susceptibility to food poisoning. Cats have a much shorter transit time through their intestinal tract than humans do (about 12 16 hours for the cat versus 35-55 hours for the human). This is a very important point because the more time bacteria spend in essays on pollution, the intestinal tract, the more they multiply, eventually leading to intestinal upset. That said, not all sources of raw meat are created equal.

For instance, I will not feed pre-ground supermarket meat in a raw form. Rebuttal! I buy only whole cuts of on cleopatra meat which can be thoroughly rinsed prior to grinding or they can be partially baked to kill the surface bacteria. Please see the Safety section on my Making Cat Food page for more information. A properly handled and prepared raw or semi-cooked meat diet has much less bacteria in it than many commercial dry foods. Commercial pet foods may also contain high levels of essay mold toxins from grains which are never a danger in critique conclusion, a grain-free raw meat diet. Please see the Dangers of Dry food section on my Making Cat Food page that discusses the common contamination issues associated with dry food. There are several ways to prepare a homemade diet which are discussed on my Making Cat Food page.

My cats have been thriving for the past 11 years on rebuttal essay, a diet that I prepare using either ground whole carcass rabbit (fed raw) from a reputable farm, or whole meats (chicken thighs) from on cleopatra, Whole Foods Market that I grind myself after partially baking. I add just a few supplements and water to rebuttal complete the diet. Note that the picture of the education of women essay, blue containers below is an old one. Rebuttal Essay! I now use Ball or Kerr Wide Mouth pint-size canning/freezing jars because I am trying to get away from plastic. Robbie waiting for dinner Cat food headed for the freezer. People are often overwhelmed or intimidated by the idea of making their cats food but, in incest essay, reality, its quite simple as long as you follow a balanced recipe . I make cat food once every few months and rebuttal, freeze it.

Making your own cat food doesnt mean slaving in the kitchen every daytrust me, if it did, I wouldnt be doing it. A few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year is a very small price to pay for incest essay having complete control over what goes into your cats food bowl. If you are interested in preparing your own cat food, see Making Cat Food. Interestingly, the Making Cat Food page is the second most visited page on this website second only to this home page. I am very pleasantly surprised to see that so many people are willing to make their cats food. One common mistake people make when feeding a home-prepared diet is thinking that a cat can live on meat alone without bones as a source of rebuttal essay calcium.

While meat must be the primary component of a feline diet, there is not enough calcium in meat (without the bones) to theory writing provide a proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. Always remember that calcium is not an optional supplement but is a very critical component of the diet. The bones must be ground with the rebuttal essay, meat (preferable), or bone meal must be added to education the recipe. Essay! (I am a stickler for using fresh bone not bone meal.) Another way to familiar essay feed a raw meat diet is to purchase ready-to-feed frozen commercial pet diets. Rebuttal! Many people feed these diets with great results. Unfortunately, as is writing, also true with canned foods, these products vary a great deal with respect to quality and ingredients. Many of these products use only poultry backs and necks which have a very high bone:meat ratio and, subsequently, a very high mineral load . Some products also contain items such as vegetables in a much higher quantity than would be found in rebuttal, a cats natural diet. Familiar Essay Blog! Plus, the rebuttal, vegetables in these diets are obviously not predigested as they would be if consumed with the cats prey.

This is a very important point that many people seem to forget when deciding to essays feed vegetables to carnivores. Cats do not have a physiologic requirement for vegetables and actually lack the essay, enzymes needed to break down this food source for efficient utilization. If you choose to feed a commercially prepared raw pet food, you must do some homework including calling the company to essay blog see if they have had their food analyzed for things like phosphorus amount and the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. The Ca:Phos should not be any higher than 1.8:1.0 and the overall phosphorus level should not be above. You should also look at the percentage of vegetables and fruits. Less than 5% is reasonable. Personally, I wont feed commercial raw diets since there are too many unknowns in terms of bacterial content and mineral composition. Rebuttal! I prefer to make my own. Congratulations if you have made it to this point in dissertation critique conclusion, this article.

You must really care about feeding your cat a healthy diet and are open to new ideas regarding their nutritional needs. Rebuttal! This paper has outlined what constitutes optimal nutrition for an obligate carnivore in a home environment as well as discussed some diseases that a poor diet can cause. The most common complaint that I hear from people is critique conclusion, that their cat will NOT eat canned food and rebuttal, will ONLY eat dry food. My cats fell into this category which was not surprising since they had been on a 100 percent dry food diet their entire lives and ranged in age from 2 -10 years at on cleopatra, the time of the transition to rebuttal essay a healthier diet. It took me several months to convince them that they are carnivores and need meat and not in a dry, overly processed form that also includes far too many carbohydrates and too little water.

It was a little rough, at essay, times, since two of my cats get very crabby with their housemates when they are hungry. These boys were occasionally taken into rebuttal, a separate room during the transition period and fed some dry food because I do not like unrest in my home. Surprisingly, one of my most stubborn dry food addicts is now happily eating a homemade raw or partially baked meat/bones/organs diet that he actually likes better than the canned food. To be very honest, it does my heart good to essay on cleopatra see my little carnivores gnawing on essay, meat eating a diet that was meant for dissertation critique their species. My cats are now eating a species-appropriate diet consisting of raw or partially baked meats (chicken, turkey, and rabbit), finely ground bones, and rebuttal, organs using a properly balanced recipe. Some people feed part homemade and part commercial canned for on cleopatra variety and rebuttal essay, convenience. Thesis Writing! However, I prefer to rebuttal stick to only what I make for them and do not feed any commercial food.

I have not fed any dry food to my cats for 14 years and incest essay, I cant imagine ever feeding my cats this type of diet again. Cats do not need, or benefit from, any dry food in their diet. They also do not need access to rebuttal essay food 24 hours a day although my cats are pretty much free-fed. Many people who are at work all day worry that their cat will suffer without access to food continuously. On Pollution! A healthy cat will not perish if she does not have food available at all times.

However, I routinely left canned food out for up to 12 hours at essay, a time for incest essay my foster cats and rebuttal essay, kittens when I was involved in rescue work. Keep in mind that a cats gastrointestinal tract is much different from ours. If you are worried about leaving canned food out, you can always leave part of the of women, food out at rebuttal, a normal (mouse body) temperature and part of it frozen . The frozen portion will thaw within a few hours and will add some time to the freshness of the food. This is theory thesis, also a great trick if you need to be gone for 24 hours or if your pet sitter can only come every 24 hours when you go on vacation. There is never any reason to rebuttal essay revert back to putting out a bowl of critique dry food since cats should be checked on including having their litter box cleaned at least once every 24 hours anyway. Rebuttal! Normally litter boxes should be cleaned at least twice-daily so if they are only going to familiar essay be cleaned once-daily, you should consider adding another box or two.keeping mind that once there are more than 2-3 items in a box, it is rebuttal, dirty and essay on cleopatra, needs to be scooped in order to be fair to your cat(s). Everyones lives are different and there are several ways to successfully feed your cat high quality nutrition. Essay! The goal of this paper is to arm you with knowledge regarding the special dietary needs of your cat so you can make an informed decision on how and what to feed while striking a balance that works for both of incest essay you.

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