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BSc (Hons) Speech and on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Language Therapy. Full-time: £9,250 (2017/18 fee. Fees for 2018/19 entry TBC)* Full-time: £16,500 (2017/18 fee. Fees for your favorite place, 2018/19 entry TBC)** From September 2017. Until 15 th January 2018. The course is designed for students who are looking for a rewarding and essay and endothermic, lifelong career within the speech and language therapy profession. You will need to for beowulf, have: Good listening and communication skills Good problem-solving skills Good organisational skills An ability to learn a range of reactions academic subjects and to apply your learning to clinical practice An enthusiasm for working with children and adults and essay questions for beowulf, as part of a team.
Read second year student Sophie Carmichaels’s monthly blog to essay on exothermic reactions, find out why she choose to study speech and language therapy at City, her experiences on a2 business coursework the course and essay and endothermic reactions, advice for anyone considering studying speech and language therapy at City. Coursework. As a student on the BSc (Hons)/MSLT Speech and Language Therapy course you will learn in a world-leading environment from academics who are at on exothermic reactions, the forefront of the field. The course covers the essay your place, foundations of speech and language therapy including both the essay on exothermic, social and clinical context of human communication. In the papers help, fourth year of the course you will partake in clinical placements to develop your practical and clinical skills and knowledge of the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, field. The innovative and research-informed curriculum is supported by the Roberta Williams Speech and Language Therapy Centre, our in-house SLT clinic led by specialist practitioners which offers excellent practice placement opportunities to students. You can also take advantage of City's close links with speech and language therapy services throughout London. This degree leads to work in a challenging and varied field - you could be working with autistic children, people who stammer or adults who have lost their speech following a stroke. If you have already graduated with a primary degree, City also offers a two year fast-track MSc in Speech and Language Therapy. As a graduate, you will be eligible to apply for registration with the Health and Care Professions Council and coursework, practice as a speech and language therapist within the NHS and other settings.
If you already have an undergraduate degree, City offer a two year MSc in Speech and Language Therapy, which also enables you to register with the Health and essay and endothermic, Care Professions Council and your, work as a speech and language therapist. 'A' Level: ABB. Tariff: 128 UCAS tariff points (typically ABB or BBB with a relevant EPQ). Read more about the new UCAS tariff from September 2017. BTEC: DDD - Extended Diploma in and endothermic reactions, Health and Social Care or Science-related subject. IB: 33 points. The following is essay place, also required: GCSE: A minimum of five passes grade 4 (C) in GCSE, including English and Mathematics. GCSE requirements for applicants studying an Access to HE Diploma are detailed below.
Pass in a QAA recognised Access to and endothermic, HE Diploma in a health or science related subject achieving 60 credits overall with 45 at Level 3 (36 at Distinction and 9 at Merit). Applicants must hold GCSE English and Mathematics at grade C (4) or above. As part of the selection process, if shortlisted you will be invited to a selection day where you will be required to historical figures, demonstrate that your values match those of the NHS Constitution. Master in Speech and Language Therapy (MSLT) entry. Students who achieve an essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions aggregate of at least 60% across years one and two of the BSc (Hons) Speech and Language Therapy course have the option of essay your favorite transferring to the MSLT at the start of the third year. The MSLT has the on exothermic and endothermic reactions, same UCAS code as the BSc (Hons). A2 Business. Extended Project Qualification (EPQ): We welcome applications that include the essay and endothermic, EPQ. Where relevant, this may be included in figures, our offer, resulting in an 'A' Level offer reduced by one grade.
If your first language is not English, we will require evidence of appropriate English Language proficiency. This is essay on exothermic, assessed by means of the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) for which we require a minimum score of your 8.0 (with no component below 7.5). Essay On Exothermic Reactions. If you need to improve your English language skills before you enter this course, our partner, INTO City, University of London offers a range of English language courses. These intensive and essay for beowulf, flexible courses are designed to improve your English ability for entry to this degree. Please click the links below for more information. If you are not from the European Economic Area / Switzerland and essay reactions, you are coming to how does annotated help in writing, study in the UK, you may need to on exothermic reactions, apply for a visa or entry clearance to come to the UK to study. The way that you apply may vary depending on the length of your course.
There are different rules for: Students on courses of more than six months Students on courses of bibliography help research less than six months Students on a pre-sessional English language course. If you require a Tier 4 student visa to study in the UK, you cannot undertake any City courses on a part-time basis. For more information see our main Visa page. Applications for degree courses must be made through the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS). You can apply through your school or college using the Apply system, which enables you to submit your application directly to essay, the UCAS website. You can apply to up to five universities or institutions on the form.
The UCAS code for how does help papers, City, University of London is C60. Please take care to enter the correct course code when applying, particularly for subjects with a Foundation year or with BEng (Hons) and on exothermic, MEng (Hons) or BSc (Hons) and MSci (Hons) options. UCAS has implemented an 'invisibility of choices' policy so that, on the initial application and while you are receiving decisions, each institution can see only their entry and not those of other institutions you have chosen. This ensures that your application for a course at City is considered solely on your academic and personal qualities. You should submit your completed application form to UCAS with a ?23 application fee. If you want to in writing research, apply to City, University of London only, you can make a single choice application at a reduced rate of ?12.
Your application for entry in September 2018 should arrive at UCAS between 1st September 2017 and 15th January 2018. Applications that arrive after 15th January 2018 will be considered only at City's discretion. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. When your application is acknowledged by UCAS, you will be sent a personal identification number so that you can access your records via Track on the UCAS website. For general enquiries about the admissions process at City, please contact our Admissions Office: If your enquiry is about admission to a particular course, please use the contact details provided on the course page. Address: Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS), Rosehill, New Barn Lane, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL52 3LZ. Telephone: from inside the UK 0871 468 0468; from how does help in writing, outside the UK +44 (0)871 468 0468.
For callers with hearing difficulties: from inside the UK use the Text Relay service on essay and endothermic 18001 0871 468 0468; from outside the UK dial +44 151 494 1260 (text phone) and then ask the operator to essay, dial 0871 468 0468. * The tuition fee for reactions, UK and EU students is ?9,250 for the first year of study (2017/18). Fees in each subsequent year of study will be subject to an annual increase limited to the Student Fees Inflation Index as determined by the UK Government’s Office for Budget Responsibility. Essay For Beowulf. This index is derived from the All Items Retail Prices Index. We will confirm any change to and endothermic, the annual tuition fee to favorite place, you in writing prior to you commencing each subsequent year of and endothermic reactions study. Evaluating Your Thesis. ** The tuition fee for Non-EU students is and endothermic reactions, ?16,500 for the first year of study (2017/18). Fees in each subsequent year of study may be subject to a2 business coursework, annual increase, as detailed above for UK and EU students.
Find out more funding information for studying nursing, midwifery and the allied health professions in England from the official Council of Deans of Health website. There are no fee waivers available for this course Means tested support is available for 2018/19 entry. Find out more about undergraduate funding. Future Finance offers students loans of between ?2,500 and ?40,000 to help cover tuition fees and living expenses. All students and courses are considered.
All loans are subject to credit checks and approval for further details please visit the City Finance website. City Sight and The Roberta Williams Centre. Staff and students at City's School of on exothermic reactions Health Sciences showcase the School's brand-new, purpose-built clinics. These state-of-the-art facilities provide a comprehensive range of services and place, educational resources in vision and essay, language sciences for our students, researchers and patients. Placements are essential for developing the for beowulf, professional and and endothermic, interpersonal skills necessary to practise as a speech and language therapist. Questions For Beowulf. Students undertake clinical placements in and endothermic reactions, our in-house clinic, health centres, schools and hospitals, with the coursework, opportunity to observe a range of communication disabilities and apply theoretical understanding to clinical practice in essay on exothermic reactions, settings throughout London. Speech and language therapy students have access to specialist equipment such as ultrasound and laryngographs to help them understand speech production.
The laryngograph is a device that permits the analyst or student to examine the patterns of evaluating thesis vocal fold vibration using gold-plated electrodes placed to either side of the larynx or 'voice box'. The technique is non-invasive and is thus ideal for teaching. The Roberta Williams Speech and Language Therapy Centre, opened in January 2016, is our specialist speech and essay and endothermic, language therapy clinic. The Centre contains state-of-the-art and equipment to enable staff within the Division of Language and Communication Science to papers, deliver cutting edge research and services to patients. And Endothermic Reactions. City Sight and The Roberta Williams Centre. We offer a free language course for City, University of London students. We offer an extensive support network during your time here at City, University of historical London from Learning Support (including disability support) and essay and endothermic, counselling to a2 business coursework, financial and career advice leaving you free to enjoy every opportunity campus life has to offer. The BSc (Hons) / MSLT Speech and Language Therapy course is taught by expert staff who are leaders in the field of essay and endothermic speech and how does bibliography help papers, language therapy and specialist areas such as phonetics, linguistics and audiology, in on exothermic reactions, addition to clinical tutors who are practising clinicians. A typical week consists of three days at City, one day in the clinic and one day of how does annotated bibliography in writing research papers private study.
The course is assessed through coursework, clinical reports and written and practical examinations. Academic subjects are taught through lectures supported by essay reactions, video presentations, small group problem-solving sessions, practical classes and tutorials. You will also have access to the most up-to-date equipment in the Speech Acoustics Laboratory and City's in-house speech and language therapy clinic and the Roberta Williams Speech and Language Therapy Centre. You will be assessed using a variety of methods, depending on module choices: Percentage of the course assessed by coursework.
The balance of assessment by examination, practical examination and assessment by coursework will to some extent depend on the optional modules you choose. The approximate percentage of the course assessment, based on 2016/17 entry is questions for beowulf, as follows: 51% written, 0% practical, 49% coursework. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. 46% written, 6% practical, 48% coursework. 61% written, 15% practical, 24% coursework. 35% written, 0% practical, 65% coursework. Annotated Bibliography In Writing. Over the duration of the Speech Therapy and Language undergraduate course, you will cover the foundations of speech and language therapy including both the and endothermic, social and clinical context of human communication. The four year course will provide you with clinical placements to develop your practical, clinical skills and knowledge of the field. Federalist Papers Help. You will explore the foundations of speech and the process of human communication in the social and clinical context. Core modules include: Articulatory Phonetics, Phonology and Speech Development Biomedical Sciences 1, Anatomy and essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Physiology Lifespan Studies Speech Disorders, Dysfluency and Augmentative and Alternative Communication Professional studies. You will explore the essay your place, nature of speech, communication and swallowing in children and adults and attend weekly clinical placements.
Core modules include: Applied Phonetics and Phonology Biomedical Sciences 2, ENT/Neurology/Brain and Behaviour Developmental Psychology and Research Methods Language Sciences: Linguistics and on exothermic reactions, Language Development Dysphagia, Voice, Motor Speech Disorders, Dementia Professional studies 2. You will examine the nature of cognition, language and communication disabilities in children and adults. You will attend weekly clinical placements. Students on federalist papers the BSc (Hons) Speech and Language Therapy will study the following Core modules include: Evidence Based Practice and Data Analysis Acoustic Phonetics, Audiology and Deafness Acquired and Developmental Language Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorder, Learning Disability, Child Mental Health, Cerebral Palsy, Cleft Palate Professional Studies 3 Research Project. Students on the MSLT will study the following Core Modules: Evidence Based Practice and Data Analysis Acoustic Phonetics, Audiology and Deafness Acquired and Developmental Language Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorder, Learning Disability, Child Mental Health, Cerebral Palsy, Cleft Palate Professional Studies 3 Research Project (Part 1). Students studying on the MSLT will continue to refine and develop the clinical skills, begin to develop clinical leadership skills and further develop their knowledge of theory and skills in research. They will also complete their research project in this year. Core modules: Research Project (Part 2) Advanced Clinical Practice. Students studying on the MSLT also undertake three elective modules. Elective modules include: Acquired Language Impairment Cognitive Communication Impairments Developmental Language Impairment Dysphagia and Disorders of Eating and essay on exothermic reactions, Drinking Habilitative Audiology Instrumental Techniques in essay questions for beowulf, Speech Sciences Language Learning and Development Identity Inclusion and Living with Disability.
36% scheduled learning, 61% independent learning, 3% placement. Essay. 19% scheduled learning, 61% independent learning, 20% placement. 20% scheduled learning, 80% independent learning, 0% placement. 6% scheduled learning, 77% independent learning, 17% placement. Speech and language therapists can work with a range of clients at different ages, including children with speech and language difficulties, stroke patients, head and neck cancer patients, deaf children and adults and those with learning difficulties. A career in speech and language therapy offers opportunities to work in a range of settings including health centres, hospitals, day centres, schools, charities and universities. You may also work abroad and in the independent sector, or follow a career path in management, research or education. Qualified speech and language therapists can earn a starting salary of ?21,000 per papers annum and this can quickly rise to between ?25,000-?34,000. Principal and lead speech language therapists can go on on exothermic and endothermic reactions to earn up to ?58,000 per annum.
City graduates have gone on to secure roles such as: Clinical specialists Senior managers Research leaders Heads of education services. Speech and Language Therapy. 15 th January 2018. Help Research. Applications for degree courses must be made through the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS). You can apply through your school or college using the Apply system, which enables you to on exothermic and endothermic, submit your application directly to the UCAS website. You can apply to up to federalist papers, five universities or institutions on and endothermic the form. The UCAS code for City, University of London is C60. Please take care to enter the federalist help, correct course code when applying, particularly for and endothermic, subjects with a Foundation year or with BEng (Hons) and MEng (Hons) or BSc (Hons) and MSci (Hons) options. UCAS has implemented an 'invisibility of choices' policy so that, on the initial application and while you are receiving decisions, each institution can see only their entry and not those of other institutions you have chosen. This ensures that your application for a course at City is considered solely on your academic and personal qualities.
You should submit your completed application form to UCAS with a ?23 application fee. If you want to apply to City, University of London only, you can make a single choice application at a reduced rate of ?12. Your application for entry in September 2018 should arrive at UCAS between 1st September 2017 and 15th January 2018. Applications that arrive after 15th January 2018 will be considered only at evaluating thesis, City's discretion. When your application is acknowledged by UCAS, you will be sent a personal identification number so that you can access your records via Track on the UCAS website. For general enquiries about the admissions process at City, please contact our Admissions Office: If your enquiry is about admission to essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, a particular course, please use the contact details provided on the course page. Address: Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS), Rosehill, New Barn Lane, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL52 3LZ. Telephone: from figures essay, inside the UK 0871 468 0468; from outside the UK +44 (0)871 468 0468. For callers with hearing difficulties: from inside the UK use the Text Relay service on 18001 0871 468 0468; from outside the UK dial +44 151 494 1260 (text phone) and then ask the operator to dial 0871 468 0468.
Find out more about City and all our undergraduate degree programmes. City, University of London. London EC1V 0HB. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. City, University of London is an independent member institution of the University of London. Established by Royal Charter in 1836, the University of London consists of 18 independent member institutions with outstanding global reputations and several prestigious central academic bodies and activities.
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Persuasive Essay On Pet Peeves Essays and essay and endothermic, Research Papers. ? Things that personally get on my nerves Pet peeve essay LaShawn Clark Have you ever . walked out of a public place such as a store, doctor’s office, or even a restaurant directly into a huge cloud of smoke? Maybe even just sitting at the traffic light and a huge gust of help cigarette smoke enters your window? How about the designated cigarette receptacles that are located right in front of an entrance or exit? What if your child took the essay on exothermic and endothermic, time to hold a door for a stranger.
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Barbie , Bratz , Bratz Babyz 860 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Erica Crawley COMM215 August 10, 2014 University of Phoenix Running head: PERSUASIVE . ESSAY 1 PERSUASIVE ESSAY 2 Persuasive Essay Many people can benefit from joining the Military service for a lot of on exothermic and endothermic reactions different reasons. Some joined for the pay, to serve their country and some do it for a2 business the experience. There are many reason people join the United States Army. Some other reasons to on exothermic, join the Army could be job security, education benefits, health insurance benefits, life.
Ernest McFarland , G.I. Bill , Health insurance 779 Words | 3 Pages. Writing assignment seriesPersuasive or argumentative essaysIn persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince othersto agree with our . facts, share our values,accept our argument and conclusions,and adopt our way of thinking.Elements toward building a good persuasive essay include establishing factsto support an argument clarifying relevant valuesfor your audience (perspective) prioritizing, editing, and/or sequencingthe facts and values in importance to build the argument . Argument , Conclusion , Logic 691 Words | 3 Pages. that we have an a2 business coursework abundance of water, but we do not. With our expanding population we must be putting in a effort to try and conserve all of it as we can. . There a lot of people that fail to understand this. Reactions? Individuals who waste water are my biggest pet peeves because they are usually clueless, too lazy to turn off the essay, tap or just don’t care.
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Barack Obama , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 980 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Raquel Daniel COMM/215 Essentials of College Writing July 7, 2011 Cassundra Flemister-White . Persuasive Essay Gangs Gangs are killing our upcoming generations. Gangs have always been around for many years and they are still growing. A2 Business? They are becoming more violent now because they are using more than just their body parts to beat up people. These gangs are killing and raping people. It used to be about colors and different language but now it is about something different.
Bloods , Crime , Gang 921 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Maurice R. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions? McKenzie Comm/215 August 23, 2012 Dr. Robert Hobson Introduction A universal healthcare . plan would lower the questions, overall healthcare cost and make it affordable for more people. And Endothermic? The Obamacare, addresses key issues that are beneficial to essay your favorite place, the majority and not the rich minority population. The plan focus on essay and endothermic reactions, affordable insurance for more people, coverage for children with pre-existing conditions, and figures essay, requiring business with fifty or more employees to offer health insurance. Health , Health care , Health economics 794 Words | 3 Pages.
Persuasive essay to your Employer Maria Cummings-Pinole Comm. /105 May 22, 2010 Margaret Fletcher Persuasive . essay to your Employer Tuition reimbursement program is one thing that every company should consider to offer to their employees. The program will not only essay on exothermic and endothermic, benefit employees but the company as well. Companies who offer this program are usually at evaluating your, an upper hand over a company that does not offer it. Three advantages for a company that offer tuition reimbursement program are, more knowledge. Commerce , Company , Employment 960 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Medelin Ocasio COMM/215 Essentials of Collage Writing January 29, 2013 Instructor Beverly Raznoff . And Endothermic? Persuasive Essay In the future; university education would be free? A few days ago my daughter asked me why people pay for federalist papers help our college education if everyone can help the society. Immediately flowed many questions in my mind and realized that her inquietude was true. Education is the key to on exothermic reactions, success.
At different stages of my life I have heard this phrase. Academic degree , College , Education 827 Words | 5 Pages. PERSUASIVE ESSAY COMM/215 ESSENTIALS OF COLLEGE WRITING JANUARY 20TH, 2013 The use of guns is everywhere nationwide. . Many families and individuals own a gun for a2 business coursework their own personal protection. Some families only feel comfortable owning a gun in their home to protect their families, than Sandy Hook happened and essay on exothermic, the world started turning. All of the sudden guns became dangerous but what people don’t understand is that before that tragedy happened many families and individuals still had ownership. Cannon , Firearm , Gun 812 Words | 3 Pages. ?Lorenzo Escude BBonincontri Ethical decision September / 22 / 2014 Persuasive essay The social network The social . networks like Facebook actually alienate people instead of bringing them together through the isolation of questions sitting alone on the computer.
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Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 807 Words | 3 Pages. George stone University 101 Ms. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions? Finch November 6, 2012 “Individual grievances and pet peeves have got to go by the wayside. . Generally, you don't have to worry about the guys who are playing every day; it's the annotated bibliography, guys who are sitting on the bench that are the ones that get needles in on exothermic and endothermic reactions their pants.”--Walt Alston. A pet peeve an opportunity for historical figures essay complaint that is seldom missed; coming into essay, my first semester of college I was uncertain o what to expect from my professors and my classmates. Historical Figures Essay? I really. Academic term , Education , High school 602 Words | 2 Pages. Chana Mushka Kalmanson Persuasive Essay November 26, 2012 Physical Education is a Necessity Schools are struggling with . the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, issue of whether physical education classes (“PE”) are a necessity or are an extra-curricular. However, PE is and must be an a2 business absolute necessity.
It is integral to the comprehensive school experience, both academically and essay reactions, socially. Questions For Beowulf? As such, it is essay on exothermic, vital that physical education classes be incorporated into the curriculum, regardless of grade. High school students. College , Exercise , Grammar school 868 Words | 3 Pages. Adam A Bentley English Comp. I Professor Singer January 31, 2012 Persuasive Essay , I’d Rather Smoke Than Kiss In times . like today, people have mixed views on evaluating your, smoking and on the effects it has on essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, the human body. Most people who smoke, feel that non-smokers are against them, and believe in the myths that are portrayed by cigarette companies. They do not realize how addictive cigarettes are, and end up stuck with the burden.
I feel that her entire article is truly opinionated and a2 business coursework, biased about. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 889 Words | 3 Pages. Evan Bennett November 4, 2010 Persuasive Essay Gay discrimination is a major problem that affects individuals all across the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, . country. The Defense of Marriage Act needs to be repealed. First, the Defense against Marriage Act will be explained and then why it needs to essay your place, be repealed, then the effects the law has on society. The federal government needs to give same sex couples the same health benefits that heterosexual couples receive. Currently, the and endothermic, government offers employees benefits such as health.
Bisexuality , Bullying , Discrimination 881 Words | 3 Pages. ?Iomy Estevez April 8, 2013 Persuasive essay Mandaory School Uniform Have you thought about essay, how your family, your . Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions? home, music and essay questions for beowulf, even television have influenced you on the way you behave or even dress? While I was in and endothermic middle school it was mandatory for evaluating your all students to wear uniform and I loved it, i felt welcome into on exothermic and endothermic, the school and since every one had to wear the same thing no one was bullied and i became a straight A student sice i would only focuse in evaluating your school. Then high school came. Clothing , College , Dress code 802 Words | 3 Pages.
Gabby Nelson Mr. And Endothermic Reactions? Telles English 2; Period 4 6 March 2013 Persuasive Essay Although many countries use nuclear weapons, it . is a struggle for them to historical figures essay, realize that it is very destructive and and endothermic, harmful to the people and land. One nuclear bomb can kill a many as an entire city, and can cause many long-lasting effects on peoples lives. The use of nuclear weapons is never justified, it is figures, destructive to essay, the country and can kill many innocent people. Many people say that nuclear weapons should be used. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Hiroshima , Little Boy 905 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Communications The housing . market or the figures, housing bubble, which burst did affect everyone nationally and local has been hit by on exothermic and endothermic the economy .My opinion I do not think that the housing market contributed to what the economy is today. But he housing market did hit the peak for what houses were worth in the San Diego area.( And this was all caused by the actions of lenders are directly attributable. Debt , Fannie Mae , Mortgage 856 Words | 3 Pages. ? Persuasive Essay Many movies, television shows, music songs, and video games are filled with violence: murder scenes, nonstop . profanity, rape and torture scenarios. By placing scenes like these in essay the movies for the children and teenagers to see, the media is on exothermic, causing them to become more violent than it already is.
What has our society come to questions for beowulf, these days? Everywhere we look, violence is present; in the streets, back alleys, schools, and even at on exothermic reactions, home. Even if one might be a pacifist, violence will. Columbine High School massacre , Media violence research , Seung-Hui Cho 888 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay COMM/215 Legalize Marijuana This essay will be about the legal issues of marijuana. Your Thesis? The . California government chooses to have a vote in essay reactions California and other states and federalist papers help, it passed the vote, now the federal government is essay and endothermic, trying to coursework, shut down dispensaries in the state. Even though California passed the vote in 1996 to allow the on exothermic, use of medical marijuana for medical use, the drug is still illegal under federal law. Historical Figures Essay? According to federal law, any amount found on a person is a misdemeanor.
Cannabis , Domestic violence , Global Marijuana March 963 Words | 3 Pages. ? Pet Peeves Pet peeves , everyone . has them. Some people make their peeves known; others just grit their teeth and keep their annoyance to themselves. My pet peeves include my husband talking loudly in public on essay on exothermic, the phone, people using their phones in public, and the way people care for federalist their kids. On Exothermic Reactions? These are just a few of my pet peeves that I want to questions, talk about. My husband is one of the worst about talking to loud on his phone in. Mobile phone , Public library , Public space 618 Words | 2 Pages. ? bcom/215 Persuasive Essay At least 11% of women smoke during pregnancy.
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Shoupe Period 7 Persuasive Essay 6 October 2014 Don’t Protect Marriage, Expand It Everyone has rights. Annotated Research? In . America, we have the on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Bill of evaluating your thesis Rights, telling the and endothermic, American people that they have the right to bear arms, freedom of speech, etc. A human, in any circumstance, has the right to love, and to get married. Why is it that men and women are expected to get married, have a family, and grow old together, but the right to be in a relationship with someone of the same gender is unspeakable. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 990 Words | 4 Pages. A. Write a persuasive essay on: People depend too much on computers. B. Audience: Your college professor C. Position: For or . against it?
D. Composing your three page persuasive essay : 1. Federalist Help? Introduction A. Essay Reactions? Hook B. Thesis 2. Body (several paragraphs) A. Essay Your Favorite? Topic sentence B. Supporting Details C. Transitions 3. Conclusion (a paragraph) A. Restate your main point B. Essay And Endothermic? Leave the reader with something to think about Nowadays people use computers in business, public services, education and. Computer , Docent , Lecturer 321 Words | 3 Pages. Carolyn Gaudioso 2-13-12 Dr. Your Favorite Place? Vericker: English 211 Persuasive Essay School Budget Cuts Do More Harm Than Good Due to the . financial crisis there have been many changes made to government programs to reduce costs and help with debt. Essay And Endothermic? Many of papers help these cuts are happening statewide, in America’s public schools. The first programs that are being cut are the reactions, art programs, and the excuse is evaluating, that the core classes are more important. The argument is that children need to be more focused on test scores. Art , Arts , Education 1386 Words | 4 Pages. ?Williams, Tasha Pet Peeve An irritating experience caused by essay on exothermic others in which one cannot control Speaking for myself I have . a very controlling issue that I am still working on until this day, so anything that is beyond my control irritates me highly. My advice is never go into any relationship lying about yourself.
Always give the your, other person the essay on exothermic and endothermic, option of deciding rather if they want to know you for you. Figures? Some people will say they’re pet peeve is and endothermic, hearing others smack while chewing food. Alimony , Annulment , Divorce 394 Words | 1 Pages. Persuasive Essay : Many people would be happy and satisfied if they were in a relationship with money and fame. Doesn't that seem . like the perfect life? Everyone begins to think that in life that's all that matters, and evaluating, that's all they need, nothing could be better.
Society dictates our morals, feelings, the way we do things and essay and endothermic reactions, try's to tell us certain things we do are wrong and we need to do them the way they feel necessary. Coursework? Our generations to come will have no clue what the essay, meaning of a true. Celebrity , Civil disobedience , Concord, Massachusetts 2066 Words | 5 Pages. Persuasive Essay The Return of the Rams: The Rams will make their long anticipated . return to Los Angeles Table of Contents Introduction Page: 1 Why St. Louis? Why not expand?
Page: 1, 2 Can Los Angeles Support a team Page: 3, 4 Farmers Field Page: 4, 5 Summary Page: 5 Introduction The NFL and AEG Financial Services have come to terms of an agreement to move the St. American football , California , Football 2331 Words | 7 Pages. Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines. Writing Handout E-5: Argumentative ( Persuasive ) Essay Guidelines Structuring a Argumentative ( Persuasive ) . Essay A persuasive essay is simply a writer’s attempt to convince readers of the validity of a particular opinion on a controversial issue. The following steps should help you write a persuasive essay . 1. Carefully select a topic Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. It can be anything you feel strongly about. Artery , Boxing , Brain 857 Words | 4 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Outline Introduction I. Your Favorite Place? (Attention Getter): Story about compulsive liars. Essay And Endothermic Reactions? II. (Thesis or specific purpose): I want . to inform you about my pet peeve which is people who compulsively lie III. (Goodwill): If compulsive lying doesn’t bother you it’s either because you’re one or you never had an issue with one.
IV. Papers? (Credibility): I played for a coach who would promise every single girl on reactions, his team the same exact things, or tell the other girl the complete opposite your, when asked the same question. Lie , Pseudologia fantastica 505 Words | 2 Pages. read a persuasive essay and then write one of your own. And Endothermic Reactions? The essay you write will use persuasive . A2 Business? techniques and on exothermic reactions, evidence to argue for adopting a good habit. You will evaluate a peer’s work and get peer feedback on your own essay using the federalist papers help, provided evaluation rubric. __________________________________________________________________________ ! Directions and Analysis Task 1: Persuasive Writing Using Evidence Forming good study habits is a great way to improve your grades. Read this persuasive essay. Eating , Essay , Habit 1003 Words | 4 Pages. My Biggest Pet Peeves . A pet peeve is an irritating experience caused by reactions others that you cannot control. It could be an act, noise, or just something that ticks us.
Sometimes people do not realize their acts or behaviors are annoying to others. Some of my biggest pet peeves are people who use a cellphone where or when there are not supposed to questions for beowulf, use it, people who chew loudly, and people. Asthma , Human behavior , Mobile phone 409 Words | 1 Pages. Gym Pet Peeves If you’re a fitness freak like me or spend countless hours in the gym rather than your own home you know what . goes on wants you step a foot in the gym. Essay On Exothermic? But at questions for beowulf, one point or another we’ve all seen nasty, irritating, and essay on exothermic, confusing behavior by federalist help others at essay on exothermic reactions, a gym or reaction center. Like for instance it are giant puddles of sweat left on machines, a meathead hoarding dumbbells in a packed weight room, or that one old man or women nude in the locker room. Bibliography Help Research Papers? Nevertheless, for essay on exothermic and endothermic some people common. Exercise , Health club , Old age 596 Words | 2 Pages. Jennifer Hansen Rant paper Creative writing August 29, 2012 My pet peeve One of my biggest pet . peeves is that when people don’t hold up to what they say. I have been surrounded by people not keeping their promises. Living it in.
And being around it, it has only essay questions for beowulf, made me annoyed by it. When I was little I can remember that my birth mom would always promise that she would come see us. Essay And Endothermic Reactions? That she would take time out of her day to spend time with us as much as she can. But she would never show. 2004 albums , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 546 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve Frankly I have a rather extensive list of pet peeves . Either that or I have a very low . tolerance for many things. One of my biggest annoyances however, happens to be something that I quite enjoy as well. To be in a relationship, for example, is my biggest pet peeve . Not so much being in a relationship, but all that pursues during and federalist, after this bond. On Exothermic Reactions? Don’t let me be misunderstood, though I hate to historical, be in essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions a relationship, it has its perks but that’s a different matter.
To be in a committed. Hate , Hatred , Interpersonal relationship 611 Words | 2 Pages. ? Essay 3, Rough Draft March 26, 2012 Should voters be required to how does bibliography help in writing papers, show a photo ID in essay reactions order to your favorite, vote? The laws that require voters to show . identifications have been around since 1970, but they are becoming stricter in today’s polls. In the past, all that was required was a voter registration card, but now the new laws are requiring voters to show picture IDs. Just recently there have been many states that have been including the voter ID law in their voting system, including eight states: Alabama. Democracy , Election , Elections 816 Words | 3 Pages. Typography and reactions, Political Persuasive Essay. Political Persuasive Essay Overview: The political persuasive essay is an opportunity for you . to help, take a stand on a political issue which concerns you.
You will research a controversial issue and defend your position on essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, it using the evidence you have discovered. Attach important research articles which contributed to your essay (1-2 page selections). Topic Suggestions: |Abortion | |Pledge of help Allegiance . Law , Political philosophy , Political science 554 Words | 3 Pages. Final Persuasive Paper Imagine a country where a woman is depicted as only being used for sex and essay, a as slave for their husband. Imagine a . country in which women are denied an education. Imagine a country where women are sent to jail, beaten, and left to die a long painful death for essay disobeying an order. There happens to be a country in which all this is on exothermic reactions, true.
Women are being persecuted physically, psychologically, and sexually on a routine and daily basis. The government in Afghanistan is likely. Afghanistan , Hamid Karzai , Human rights 2232 Words | 6 Pages. I’ve super sized this paragraph to mimic what McDonalds has been doing to the world’s waistbands for a2 business coursework the past 60 odd years. There is on exothermic, one story that I . would like to mention if only for the sole purpose of showing a little objectivity in this essay . Somewhere out in papers this world there lives a “super man” that has eaten more than 12,000 Big Mac hamburgers in his life.
Ok, so this man is actually a salesman and former Vietnam army medic that lives in Salt Lake City, Utah and his name is Dennis. Big Mac , Big Mac Index , French fries 1520 Words | 4 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- How to essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Write a Persuasive (Argumentative) Essay Rating: 5.0 A . persuasive essay is a form of academic writing that is federalist papers, built around a certain argument. Essay And Endothermic? Persuasive essays are thus also called argumentative essays . In this type of academic paper, the writer aims to persuade the reader to annotated bibliography help in writing, accept the writer’s point of view, using certain persuasive techniques to essay, prove the essay, point and convince the reader. Therefore, a successful persuasive essay requires following certain rules. Argument , Essay , Essays 2196 Words | 6 Pages. Does the freedom to own a firearm make you seem more secure? Or does the thought of your neighbors owning firearms make you feel less safe? Gun control is essay on exothermic and endothermic, a . subject that has passionate supporters and coursework, detractors alike. In the following essay , I will give you some facts that support the Pro Second Amendment argument; in essay on exothermic reactions hopes to gain your support in efforts to prevent the government from infringing on our constitutional rights.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free. Crime , Criminology , Firearm 825 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay w/o Visual Prompt: For this assignment, you are required to a2 business, write an argumentative/ persuasive . And Endothermic Reactions? essay . Evaluating Thesis? Topic: Think about something that is wrong (as you see it) in America or another country (i.e. your native country). Whatever you choose to write about, you have to make sure that you offer solutions to the problem. This is not a definition essay where you will just define and explain your problem; you have to argue (persuasively) why the problem exists and how the essay on exothermic and endothermic, problem. Argument , Argument map , Counterargument 672 Words | 3 Pages.
Argumentative- Persuasive Essay Argumentative- Persuasive Essay Page 1 Kathleen Rice ENC 1101-12 . Argumentative- Persuasive Essay Argumentative- Persuasive Essay Page 2 List of possible topics: 1. Essay For Beowulf? Pros and Cons of Birth Control 2. Pros and Cons of Adoption 3. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions? Pros and Con of Illegitimate children 4. Why Teenagers should wait to have sex 5. Your Favorite Place? Parents need to have sex talk with their teenagers Controversial Issues: . Family , Family law , Howard Staunton 1580 Words | 5 Pages. we have seen many different lifestyles of senior citizens, both positive and negative. The one true fact that we notice is essay on exothermic reactions, that when a senior citizen smiles, . he, or she, is bibliography in writing, happy, satisfied and will live a longer life. The point of this essay is to show how pets , either real or mechanical, will help make the on exothermic and endothermic reactions, lives of essay elderly people both pleasant and satisfying. After retirement, the years pass fast. Essay And Endothermic Reactions? We are concentrating on our being able to be with our friends and family more often, without. Ageing , Ageism , Elderly care 1641 Words | 4 Pages. THE WRITING PROCESS – PERSUASIVE ESSAY Prompt: Do you think cell phones should be allowed in school? Compose an . essay to persuade the school community of your opinion.
STEP 1: ANALYZE THE PROMPT Role: myself as a student Planning: Audience: students, teachers, parents Format: 5-paragraph persuasive essay Topic: cell phones in school STEP 2: PLAN THE PAPER Topic: Three reasons why cell phones should be allowed in favorite place school: Reasons: 1- students stay connected with family and essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, friends ________________________. Cellular network , Education , Laptop 927 Words | 8 Pages. In persuasive writing, a writer takes a position FOR or AGAINST an issue and writes to convince the reader to papers, believe or do something. . Persuasive writing is often used in on exothermic reactions advertisements to get the questions for beowulf, reader to buy a product. It is also used in essays and other types of writing to get the essay and endothermic reactions, reader to accept a point of view. In order to convince the reader you need more than opinion; you need facts or examples to evaluating your, back your opinion. So, be sure to do the research! Persuasive writing follows a particular. 2005 albums , Doctor of on exothermic and endothermic reactions Philosophy , Essay 1013 Words | 4 Pages. ?Staring Contest Have you ever been in school or at a restaurant, and all of a sudden, you catch someone staring at your place, you? You look again and they’re still . in that glazed over look, almost as though they can’t move.
When it comes to pet peeves , it seems as though everyone has a different answer. But, for me, nothing gets under my skin more when people stare at you for no reason at all. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic? When someone is staring at me, I feel as though I am being judged. A lot of times when people are in public, the. 2000 singles , American films , English-language films 432 Words | 2 Pages. Tips for Writing a Persuasive Essay. Tips for essay Writing a Persuasive Essay :: Persuasive Essay :: =A persuasive . essay is on exothermic and endothermic reactions, written to thesis, persuade the reader to think or do something, using convincing points to support the thesis statement.
First Step The first step is to find out essay and endothermic reactions, what you want to persuade the reader about. You can persuade the reader that blank movie is the best, that the state should pay more money for for beowulf schools rather than jails, that uniforms in essay on exothermic schools are good, etc. Whatever you want! Second Step Once you've. Dental braces , Dentistry , Edward Angle 1056 Words | 4 Pages. 101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Help Research Papers? Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay . topic, or a teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource. I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to essay reactions, today's society, but I believe I am happy with the results. I appreciate any and essay favorite, all comments or feedback. Essay? 1. 2. Help? 3. On Exothermic Reactions? 4. 5. 6. Essay Questions For Beowulf? 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
12. On Exothermic Reactions? 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. College , Education , Fast food 1228 Words | 4 Pages. Pet Peeve Essay I would have to say my number one pet peeve out of them all is . die-hard fans.
It seems like some of coursework these people are mentally insane from which the extent they go out to support their favorite team, their favorite product, anything that is their absolute true favorite. I can understand the football die-hards, but when it comes down to essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Coke or Pepsi, pc or Mac, I find it ridiculous. Im going to go through what I consider the levels of Die-Hards. The first level is sports. Questions? I consider.
A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer , Facebook 524 Words | 2 Pages.
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Essay on Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
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We invite you to scroll back to questions, the top and choose from essay and endothermic reactions one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in a2 business coursework, my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on essay on exothermic reactions, the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like.
With regards to your military experience, check out place our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Essay On Exothermic Reactions? Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for historical the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in essay and endothermic, the chronology, Any suggestions?
It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. How Does Help Research? Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and essay coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the evaluating your related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck!
Consider trying the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. A2 Business? Good luck with grad school!
As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to on exothermic, consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA.
I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for how does annotated bibliography in writing appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to essay reactions, native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service.
So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion!
Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a2 business a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and reactions South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to annotated bibliography help research papers, do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi!
Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to essay and endothermic, tap into the finance and accounting market. For Beowulf? Looking for on exothermic and endothermic reactions an entry-level position. You should go with the for beowulf ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work.
Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to essay and endothermic, earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Figures Essay? Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and essay and endothermic reactions interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on how does bibliography papers, the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the essay on exothermic and endothermic ‘Elegant 2.0’ template.
Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the figures download link for essay and endothermic reactions the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to questions for beowulf, get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out essay and endothermic reactions which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats.
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Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to coursework, the job application. As an aside, you may want to on exothermic and endothermic, look into whether you’re qualified to get back into federalist papers help, accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to and endothermic, be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Federalist Help? Good luck on the job hunt!
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Essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions
A Comprehensive Guide to APA Citations and Format. This page will provide you with an on exothermic and endothermic overview of APA citation format. Included is information about APA referencing, various citation formats and examples for each source type, and other helpful information related to APA. A2 Business Coursework. If you’re looking for essay on exothermic and endothermic MLA format, check out Citation Machine’s MLA Guide. Also, visit Citation Machine’s homepage to use the APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator. Historical Essay. See more across the site. Being Responsible While Researching.
When you’re writing a research paper or creating a research project, you will probably use another individual’s work to help develop your own project. A good researcher or scholar uses another individual’s work in a responsible way. This involves indicating that the work of on exothermic reactions, other individuals is included in your project, which is one way to prevent plagiarism. The word plagiarism is derived from the historical latin word, plagiare, which means to kidnap. The term has evolved over essay reactions, the years to now mean the act of questions for beowulf, taking another individual’s work and reactions using it as your own, without acknowledging the original author. How Does Bibliography Research Papers. Be careful of plagiarism! Plagiarism is illegal and essay there are many serious ramifications for plagiarizing someone else’s work.
Thankfully, plagiarism can be prevented. One way it can be prevented is by including APA format citations in your research project. Want to make these citations quickly and easily? Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Citations are included in research projects anytime you use another individual’s work in figures essay, your own assignment. When including a quote, paraphrased information, images, or any other piece of information from another’s work, you need to on exothermic reactions, show where you found it by including a citation. This APA format guide explains how to make citations in APA style. There are two types of APA citations. Historical. The first type of citation, which is essay and endothermic called in-text, or parenthetical citations, are included when you’re adding text, word for word, from for beowulf, another individual’s work into your own project. If you don’t use the information from another source word for word in your assignment, but you paraphrase it in your own words, you also need to add an in-text citation. On Exothermic And Endothermic. The other type of APA format citations, which are called reference citations, are found at the end of your research project, usually on the last page.
Included on this reference list page are the full citations for any in-text citations found in the body of the project, as well as full citations for any other sources you used to help develop your research. These citations are listed in alphabetical order, one after the other. The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different. Papers Help. In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the author, the year the source was published, and the page or location of the information. Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the title of the source, and the URL or page range. Why is it Important to Include APA Citations? Including APA citations into your research projects is a very important component of the research process.
When you include citations, you’re being a responsible researcher. You’re showing readers that you were able to find valuable, high-quality information from other sources, place them into your project where appropriate, all while acknowledging those original authors. The American Psychological Association, also called APA, is an organization created for individuals in the psychology field. With close to 116,000 members, they provide education opportunities, funding, guidance, and and endothermic research information for everything psychology related. APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health.
The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is a popular way to create citations. This citation format is used by individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well. Education, economics, business, and questions social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Click here for more information. On Exothermic Reactions. APA created APA style format in 1929 in order to form a standard way for researchers in the science fields to document their sources.
Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in a random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to look at a few different pieces of research and determine the types of sources that were used to develop the research project! Having a standard format for a2 business citing sources allows readers to glance at an APA citation and easily locate the title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source. Click here to learn more about why the and endothermic reactions American Psychological Association created APA. APA Style is currently in its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of APA format, researchers and scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed. In addition, names of databases were included, and thesis only the essay on exothermic and endothermic name of the city was included for publication information. Federalist Help. Now, it is no longer required to include the date of access as well as the name of the database in an APA citation. The full location, including the city AND state, or the essay on exothermic and endothermic city and country if it’s an international publisher, is included in the citation.
In 2013, APA released a revised manual just for electronic resources. This was released due to the increase in the amount of technology advances and resources. Federalist. There are two types of citations in APA Style - there are in-text, or parenthetical citations, and complete reference APA citations. In-text, also called parenthetical citations, are found in the body, or text, of a research project. On Exothermic. They’re included after a direct quote or paraphrase. See the next section below to questions for beowulf, learn more about how to format and include in-text citations in your project. Essay Reactions. Complete reference citations are found at the end of a research project.
These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in your thesis, a project. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. So, full citations for all of the in-text citations are found here. The format for APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Federalist. Retrieved from URL. And Endothermic. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for how does research the source that they’re using. Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and essay on exothermic and endothermic so on. Scroll down to find the proper format for the source you’re trying to cite.
If you would like to cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the citation process easier for you. Questions For Beowulf. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for word, from another source and include it in their own research projects. Federalist Help. This is done for many reasons. Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself. Other times, the author’s words can help prove a point or establish an understanding for something in your research project. When using another author’s exact words in essay on exothermic and endothermic, your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it.
In addition to evaluating your, using the on exothermic reactions exact words from another source and placing them into questions for beowulf your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in essay, your own words. When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference. They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase.
This information is included in order to help the reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to include this information when you’re simply referring to another source. Here’s are some examples of in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and evaluating the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport. The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52).
Student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the author’s names in the sentence, only include the year in the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to essay and endothermic reactions, continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The full references, or citations, for these sources can be found on the last part of a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on federalist help Citation Machine. Try our APA citation machine which is essay and endothermic reactions found on our homepage. Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. As stated above, reference list citations are the full citations for all of the in-text citations found in your thesis, the body of a research project. Essay And Endothermic Reactions. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names. They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is a2 business coursework indented in half an essay on exothermic reactions inch.
See examples below to essay questions, see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Retrieved from URL. On Exothermic And Endothermic. Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the questions initials for on exothermic and endothermic reactions the first and middle names. End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M. Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. Bibliography Research. If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and then add the last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Lopez, G. S. If you plan on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the essay on exothermic and endothermic names of the authors will format properly for you.
Directly after the author’s name is the date the federalist source was published. Include the essay on exothermic and endothermic full date for historical newspapers, the month and year for magazine articles, and only the year for journals and all other sources. If no date is found on the source, include the initials, n.d. for “no date.” Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder. The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for essay on exothermic books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the first word of the title and the first word of the subtitle. Names of people, places, organizations, and other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized.
For books and essay reports, italicize the title in an APA citation. Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Roots: The saga of an American family. Essay. For articles and chapters in APA referencing, do not italicize the historical figures essay title. Wake up the nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in each word and italicize the title.
The Seattle Times. Essay On Exothermic. A common question is whether to underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in your favorite place, quotation marks. They are either placed in italics or not. Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Essay On Exothermic Reactions. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in books, and articles in journals are not placed in your favorite, italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in essay, your citations automatically by following proper APA bibliography guidelines. Additional Information about the Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title.
Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. Help. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose.
Information About the Publication. A2 Business. For books and reports, include the city and state, or the city and country, of the publisher’s location. Instead of typing out the entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. Essay And Endothermic Reactions. Type out the entire country name when including areas outside of the United States. After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the name of the publisher. How Does Annotated Help Research. It is not necessary to include the entire name of the publisher. It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form.
However, if Books or Press are part of the essay on exothermic publisher’s names, keep these words in the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and others can be omitted. For newspapers, journals, magazines, and other periodicals, include the volume and issue number after the title in an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in italics. The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. (2016, May). A study on the role of computers in adult education.
Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688. If the thesis publisher is a college or university, and the location name matches part of the and endothermic school’s information, exclude the publisher information from the essay for beowulf citation. After including the location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period. London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for you. Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to learn more.
For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at the end of essay on exothermic reactions, a citation. DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and evaluating other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and and endothermic URLs. When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change. Papers. Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of essay, electronic information to for beowulf, include in APA citations. Essay On Exothermic Reactions. When a DOI number is not available, include the source’s URL. For DOIs, include the number in essay for beowulf, this format: For URLs, only essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions include the information about the homepage and write it in this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over time. - It is not necessary to include the names of figures, databases.
When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for on exothermic you, automatically. Click here for more information about the basics of questions, APA. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic. APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . Location: Publisher. Evaluating Your Thesis. Dickens, C. (1942). Reactions. Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead. Print Books with Two or More Authors. Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title . Location: Publisher.
Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. Figures Essay. (2008). The race between education and essay technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in coursework, archives, libraries and museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate. When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the essay on exothermic and endothermic following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: Last name of how does bibliography help in writing, chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial.
Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher. APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. (2001). The role of and endothermic, media literacy education within social networking and the library. In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp. 39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. APA reference Structure for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. (Year published).
Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from questions, http://xxxx. Example for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. F. (2003). Figures. Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp.
65-89). On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. Retrieved from https://books.google.com. Favorite Place. If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Your citations will automatically format properly when using the generator. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work [E-reader Version]. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. Essay On Exothermic. (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version].
Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the first letter of the first word and historical figures essay any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is essay on exothermic and endothermic basically a number that links a source to federalist, its location on the Internet. Essay And Endothermic. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. E. (2007). Attaining organizational innovations. To cite your e-books automatically, use the “Book” form on Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on “Manual entry mode,” and click the “E-book” tab. Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published).
Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419. If your source is evaluating thesis found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in your citation rather than including a URL. Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is only necessary if the source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia).
Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of essay reactions, article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. A2 Business Coursework. Sahin, N. Essay And Endothermic Reactions. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009).
Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an article appears is on in writing research papers non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp. D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to include the date of and endothermic, access for electronic sources. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Day Published). Title of article.
Title of Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on federalist a database. Author, F. And Endothermic Reactions. I. Questions. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article . Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of action. USA Today . Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com.
Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range. Quammen, D. (2008, December). The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title.
Retrieved from URL. Example of an evaluating APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from essay on exothermic and endothermic, http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of blog post). Title of how does research papers, blog post [Blog post]. Essay Reactions. Retrieved from your, URL of blog post. McClintock Miller, S. (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com. On our APA citation machine form for blogs, you have the option to choose from standard, audio, and video blogs. Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for you.
Writer Last Name, F. I. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). Essay For Beowulf. (Year aired). Title of on exothermic and endothermic, episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. I. (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . City, State of original channel: Channel. Lin, K. (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014). Chapter 18 [Television series episode]. Evaluating Your. In Bays, C. (Executive producer), House of cards . Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and essay reactions radio broadcasts use the same form. Annotated Bibliography Help In Writing. Producer Last Name, F. I. (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year Released).
Title of film [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio. Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. (Director). (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder. It is highly recommended not to essay on exothermic and endothermic, use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation. However, here is an essay favorite place example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. And Endothermic Reactions. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011)
Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. Coursework. I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12). Essay And Endothermic. Personal Interview.
If you are planning on coursework using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. *Note: If the name of the songwriter is the same as the name of the recording artist, leave out the essay reactions bracketed information located after the essay favorite name of the song. Last name, First initial.
Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created). Song title [Recorded by First initial. Middle initial. Last name of the performer’s name or the name of the band]. On Album Title [Medium]. And Endothermic Reactions. Retrieved from URL.
Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Essay Questions. Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. On Until Now [Audio file]. Retrieved from and endothermic reactions, https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Music/Audio,” to automatically cite your songs and how does research papers musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to use. Doctoral Dissertations found on a Database: Last name, First initial.
Middle initial. (Year published). Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). Essay On Exothermic. English, L. S. (2014). The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from a2 business, American Doctoral Dissertations. Essay On Exothermic. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On our APA citation machine, there is your a form for essay and endothermic dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. Coursework. (Producer). (Year, Month Day).
Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions. (Producer). How Does Annotated Help In Writing. (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts. If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the “Blog/Podcast,” form to cite your podcasts automatically. Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. Essay On Exothermic. (Year, Month, Day of posting). Title of YouTube video [Video file].
Retrieved from URL. Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM. If using our APA citation machine, choose the historical figures essay form titled, “Film” to automatically cite your YouTube videos. Looking for a source type that is not on this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the essay full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source. When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations. Looking to create an APA format title page?
Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Can be non-fiction or fiction. A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and opinion articles. Annotated Bibliography Help In Writing. A collection of pages that provides information about a certain topic. A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research. On Exothermic Reactions. A motion picture or movie.
Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service. Bibliography Help In Writing Research. Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of essay on exothermic and endothermic, Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).
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Difference Between Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
Essays from the Far East Film Festival. T he Far East Film Festival in on exothermic Udine, Italy held its first edition in 1998 with a special focus on popular films from questions Hong Kong. And Endothermic Reactions! Since then, the event has grown in historical size and expanded to encompass works from across East and essay and endothermic reactions Southeast Asia. For Beowulf! The festival specializes in on exothermic and endothermic popular films that are often not shown by other festivals, in the hopes of providing a snapshot of how cinema fits within overall trends in Asian popular culture. The festival also hosts a major retrospective each year: recent focuses include the Asian musical, director Patrick Tam, Nikkatsu action films from historical essay Japan, and director Chor Yuen. The following essays are reprinted with permission from the FEFF official catalogue. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions! The main essay for each year covers general commercial and artistic trends within the previous 12 months (the catalogue is printed during the festival in late April, so I usually write them in February or March). There are also comments centered primarily, but not exclusively, on the Korean films screened in Udine each year. How Does Annotated Bibliography Papers! More information about the festival can be found at http://www.fareastfilm.com. T he past twelve months have seen numerous ups and downs for Korean cinema -- but mostly downs. The industry has struggled through downturns in the past, notably in on exothermic reactions 2002, when investors became spooked by the failure of several big-budget films including Resurrection of the Little Match Girl . But most commentators would agree that 2007 ranks as the most serious challenge for Korean cinema since the start of evaluating, its boom in the late 1990s.
At the same time, the industry is much larger than it was in on exothermic and endothermic 2002, so the reverberations are spreading further. There are two sides to the crisis. Historical Essay! The first is that Korean audiences seem to and endothermic reactions be cooling a bit on local films. After a record-setting 2006, with smash hits like The Host (13 million admissions), King and the Clown (12.3 million admissions), Tazza: The High Rollers (6.8 million admissions) and in writing papers 200 Pound Beauty (6.6 million admissions), some retreat to more normal levels might have been expected. But a string of box office disappointments and a strong performance by Hollywood films caused the market store of Korean cinema to and endothermic fall to 50% -- its lowest level since 2002. This was partly due to the films themselves. 2007 was a year in which few of Korea's best known commercial filmmakers -- Bong Joon-ho, Park Chan-wook, Kim Jae-woon, etc -- had new films to release. There were a few word-of-mouth hits, such as Seven Days (pictured) or Going By the annotated bibliography help in writing research Book , but in general there were not enough high profile releases to catch audiences' attention. A few big-budget disappointments, such as the $10 million costume drama Hwang Jin Yi, also contributed to the impression that some of the air had gone out of Korean cinema.
There were two notable exceptions to this rule, however (at least in a commercial sense). Blockbusters May 18 and D-War were released a week apart in mid summer, and rode a wave of publicity to become the essay reactions best-selling Korean films of the year (with 7.3 and 8.4 million admissions respectively). May 18 is based on the real life Gwangju Uprising of 1980, when military paratroopers sent in by the government clashed with pro-democracy activists and ordinary citizens, leaving hundreds (or, more likely thousands) dead. The horrific incident had been portrayed by Korean filmmakers before, such as in Jang Sun-woo's A Petal (1996) or Lee Chang-dong's Peppermint Candy (2000), but May 18 was the most mainstream treatment of the subject yet. A bit too mainstream, argued some of its detractors -- the film seemed at times to favorite place be deliberately pushing the same emotional buttons that made Tae Guk Gi (2004) and Silmido (2003) so popular. Essay On Exothermic Reactions! Nonetheless its strong box office performance most be credited to more then just the market power of its distributor CJ Entertainment, as it continued to papers help attract large numbers of viewers even late in its release. D-War , meanwhile, was another kind of animal entirely. Shim Hyung-rae, the creator of Yonggary (1999), shot this massively expensive, English language monster movie in LA with an essay on exothermic reactions American cast and crew. The film is based on a mythical Korean creature that resembles a giant snake. Although to most Western viewers it will appear indistinguishable from any other really bad Hollywood B-movie, to many Koreans it became a source of national pride, since the at-times impressive CGI effects were done entirely in federalist help Korea, and since it was slated to receive a large 2,000 screen release in the U.S.
Korean distributor Showbox, as well as Shim himself, successfully turned the and endothermic reactions film's release into a major media event, and when local critics attacked the film for its inept direction or preposterous screenplay, it only help in writing made viewers more curious to see it. A strange kind of culture war also emerged, with ardent supporters of the and endothermic reactions film arguing on essay your favorite place, its behalf online, and and endothermic attacking anyone who criticized it. In the event, the monstrously budgeted film ($30 million or $70 million, depending on how you do the accounting) was a huge commercial success in Korea, though its U.S. Federalist Help! theatrical release a month later proved to be somewhat of a dud. Ultimately these two films would be the on exothermic reactions only ones to essay sell more than 3.5 million tickets in 2007, compared to five titles in 2006 and eight in 2005. Two other films -- kidnapping drama Voice of a Murderer (pictured below) and on exothermic and endothermic reactions comic adaptation Le Grand Chef , would sneak past the essay your favorite 3 million admissions mark, though it seems both films failed to reach the full potential of their eye-catching source material. The other side to Korean cinema's crisis was related to the overall profitability of the industry. The boom years of 2005-2006 had encouraged, among other things, a large number of new investors to enter the industry and an increasing number of film companies to essay reactions list on the local stock market (mostly through back door means). Overseas sales of Korean films, thanks to annotated bibliography papers a surge of interest in Japan, peaked at $76 million in 2005. Essay And Endothermic! With all this money sloshing around in the industry, the results were predictable: budgets rose, salaries of major stars (and star directors) shot up, and Korea began making many more films than it had in essay your favorite place the past. The good times couldn't last forever, though. As Japan recovered from its momentary fascination with Korean pop culture, export figures plunged.
More seriously, the large numbers of on exothermic reactions, films being made meant steeply increased competition at the box office, so that even in 2006 -- a record year at historical figures, the box office -- almost everyone in the industry was losing money. In 2007, when the essay on exothermic number of tickets sold to Korean films dropped sharply, the situation was even more serious. The crisis was a source of almost constant discussion in 2007, and a2 business coursework few investors or producers expect the essay and endothermic situation to how does in writing papers improve in the next year or two. There are signs now that fewer films are being made. It seems likely that the rate of production will fall to 60-80 commercial films per essay on exothermic and endothermic year, which most people view as a sustainable level (excluding the essay questions sort of low-budget independent films that are often supported by the Korean Film Council).
Some worry that it could drop further than that. On the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions other hand, though, new companies continue to enter the film industry, such as telecoms conglomerates SK Telecom and KT, so at this point it remains extremely difficult to product the crisis's long term effects. Essay Questions! In the meantime, producers have been trying to lower budgets, though most find it is not an easy process. But all was not bad news in 2007. The most exciting development came in May, when Jeon Do-yeon won the Best Actress award at Cannes for her fearless performance in essay reactions Lee Chang-dong's Secret Sunshine . A2 Business! Jeon has been well known to fans of Korean cinema as a supremely talented performer with the chameleon-like ability to fully inhabit any role. From her debut in The Contact in 1997, she has won breathless praise and essay reactions cartfuls of local awards. However this marked her first appearance in a major international film festival, so in that sense, a new Asian star was born. As months passed the awards would continue to roll in, with Jeon winning at questions, the first Asia Pacific Screen Awards in New Zealand as well as the second Asian Film Awards in essay on exothermic and endothermic Hong Kong this March. Secret Sunshine itself also won numerous praise and awards, including Best Picture honors at the two awards ceremonies mentioned above. A harrowing story about a young widow who moves to historical her husband's hometown and experiences further tragedy, the essay and endothermic reactions film was a consensus pick by a2 business, many critics as the best film of the year. In its local release, audiences initially found it hard to relate to, but news of Jeon's award gave a considerable boost to essay and endothermic its box office performance.
A few other trends emerged among the films on release in 2007. Coursework! One was a revival of the thriller genre, thanks to works like Seven Days , Our Town and, in on exothermic reactions the early part of 2008, The Chaser . Rather than a wholesale deconstruction of the genre, as in Bong Joon-ho's Memories of Murder (2003), recent thrillers have combined stylish direction, great acting and creative variations on genre conventions. Seven Days in particular was highly rated by viewers for its brisk pacing, well-structured plot and outstanding lead performance by Lost star Kim Yun-jin (it was to Kim's misfortune that the federalist papers film opened in the same year as Secret Sunshine , otherwise she'd have been sure to win numerous acting awards). The film is based on a clever premise: the young daughter of essay on exothermic and endothermic, a star defense attorney is kidnapped, and rather than demanding ransom, the kidnappers tell the lawyer she must prove the essay for beowulf innocence of a man on death row. Sure enough, remake rights were scooped up by Hollywood company Summit Entertainment. The ironically titled Our Town (pictured), by debut director Jeong Gil-young, is another addition to a long line of Korean serial murder thrillers. However the essay reactions film focuses on not just one, but two killers on coursework, the loose in an ordinary urban neighborhood (even if one of the reactions two is clearly the more ruthless and a2 business coursework efficient killing machine).
As the body count grows, a complicated web of and endothermic, flashbacks fills in the viewer on the formative experiences of the two men. The autumn season turned up a few other genre surprises. Director Lee Joon-ik has emerged in the past few years as one of Korea's most distinctive and talented commercial directors, even if he is not yet attracting much attention abroad. After his breakout smash hit King and the Clown and the word of essay, mouth driven success Radio Star in 2006, he returned in 2007 with The Happy Life , the story of three middle aged men who decide to start a rock band. It doesn't sound like a particularly commercial concept, but once again the storytelling skills of on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Lee and his regular screenwriter Choi Seok-hwan have turned this into a hugely entertaining and figures essay enjoyable film. Shadows in essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions the Palace is the debut work of Kim Mee-jeung, who worked on the crew of King and papers the Clown and Lee's earlier Once Upon a Time in a Battlefield (2003). Set during Korea's Joseon Dynasty, the film is unusual in focusing on the women's quarters of the royal palace, where an unexplained murder sets dangerous events into motion. Mixing elements of the on exothermic and endothermic historical costume drama, the crime thriller and Asian horror, the film ranks as a distinctive, well-crafted (and cruel) film debut. Another mid-sized hit was the comedy Going By the federalist papers help Book (pictured), based on a script by the well-known director Jang Jin and directed by newcomer Ra Hee-chan. The setup is simple: a soft-spoken but extremely conscientious policeman is asked to play the part of a bank robber in a highly realistic simulation of a robbery. He proves to be more clever and devoted to the task at hand than his superiors expect, however.
Ultimately the film proved more popular than Jang Jin's own 2007 release My Son , which seems to be one of the weaker items in essay on exothermic and endothermic his filmography. Another trend, related perhaps to the current challenge facing the industry, was the increasing number of low-budget commercial films shot in figures HD format. Often with partial funding from TV broadcasters, the essay and endothermic reactions films are interesting because, despite being commercial in orientation, their low budget allows lesser known directors a bit more creative freedom. One of the most interesting of essay your favorite place, 2007's HD films was The Wonder Years , a nuanced look at on exothermic reactions, the worries and fantasies of a reclusive 13-year old girl. The film is especially notable for the great performance coaxed out of teenage actress Lee Se-young by the film's debut director Kim Hee-jung. The year 2008 opened on a slightly more positive note, with the runaway success of two films that, before their release, were considered to figures essay be fairly low-profile. Essay Reactions! Forever the Moment focuses on the real-life experiences of how does bibliography help research papers, Korea's women's handball team that competed at the 2004 Athens Olympics. Directed by Lim Soon-rye, who was previously pegged as an arthouse director with virtually no commercial potential, the on exothermic film proved to be broadly popular among all age groups, especially women in their 30s (an increasingly influential segment of the viewing public). The film ultimately sold just over 4 million tickets.
Even more popular was The Chaser , a thriller which became an instant sensation purely on the basis of it being so well made. The film by debut director Na Hong-jin drew numerous comparisons to Memories of Murder (2003), despite being smaller in how does annotated scale and featuring a much lower-profile cast. It's particularly effective in and endothermic creating suspense, not related to whether the killer will be identified or caught (that is dealt with fairly early), but in the fate of a woman left at the edge of death at the killer's home. Like Memories of Murder , the film takes a hard look at the ineptitude of the police force, and bibliography uses this to further heighten the suspense. Sure enough, remake rights to this film were sold as well, to Warner Bros. and the production team behind Academy Award-winner The Departed . The rest of the spring looks to be fairly quiet for Korean cinema, however, with most high profile releases being pushed back to the fall. The biggest genre film on essay and endothermic reactions, the near horizon is The Guard Post , a military horror film set on the border between North and South Korea. From Kong Su-chang, director of commercial and critical hit R-Point , the film is being given a major release by distributor Showbox.
But in general, the year 2008 will be crucial in terms of essay your favorite place, assessing the essay depth of the film industry's downturn, and your the extent to which audiences turn out for high profile upcoming projects like Kim Jee-woon's western The Good, The Bad, The Weird (slated for a July release) and Park Chan-wook's vampire film Thirst (next winter). The film industry continues to essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions receive a lot of coursework, attention in essay and endothermic Korea, and new business friendly president Lee Myung-bak claims he will make cultural industries a priority in the coming years. But with many well-known film companies threatened with downsizing or bankruptcy, the industry is still in need of a little good news. H owever the year 2006 is ultimately remembered -- as the coursework commercial peak of the modern day Korean film renaissance, or as a year in which the environment for making films sharply deteriorated -- it was a year of and endothermic, extremes for a2 business, Korean cinema. On the one hand, the all-time box office record was broken twice, and Korean films as a whole sold a record number of tickets. Yet at the same time, the overseas market for Korean films collapsed (due mostly to essay on exothermic and endothermic slackening interest from a2 business coursework Japan), and essay on exothermic because of rising budgets, the vast majority of films failed to turn a profit. Many smaller film companies found themselves on the verge of bankruptcy. Last year's bitterly fought reduction of the local screen quota system to 73 days per year only added to a creeping sense of pessimism for the future. The mood among Korean filmmakers in early 2007 is federalist help one of deep concern.
The word crisis is now thrown about with abandon in the local press, however if there is essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions indeed a crisis, it is thesis of a different sort than the problems faced by most film industries around the essay reactions world. There's little sense right now that the essay your favorite place industry is running out of creative ideas. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic! A look back on the films produced last year confirms this, and although it's hard to see any sure-fire commercial hits lined up for the second part of 2007, for fans of Korean cinema there is more than enough to look forward to. In addition, the problem with the essay favorite Korean film industry is essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions clearly not the audience, which is as supportive of papers, local films as ever. The problem is something in the system itself, and the worry is that if it is not fixed, it will deal a blow to the long term potential of Korean cinema. First, however, it is worth taking a look at the films produced in the last year. Several directors took big steps forward in 2006. Most obvious, perhaps, is the case of Bong Joon-ho, whose ambitious creature movie The Host triumphed over initial skepticism and established its director as a consensus choice for the most respected filmmaker in on exothermic reactions Korea.
After opening to a warm reception in thesis the Directors Fortnight section at Cannes, the film went on to sell 13 million tickets (worth $97 million) in Korea, setting a new local record. Although some viewers took issue with certain elements of the film (such as a much-criticized CGI shot of the essay reactions monster on fire), and critics did not afford it the same level of evaluating thesis, praise as Bong's previous film Memories of Murder , The Host nonetheless confirmed Bong's prodigious cinematic talent and gave him new visibility abroad. Another director to enjoy a breakout year was Choi Dong-hoon with the box office smash hit Tazza: The High Rollers , based on a well-known local comic. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions! A spirited showcase of gambling, fast talk, betrayal and questions innuendo that earned $47 million at the local box office, Tazza confirmed its director's expert feel for witty dialogue and ensemble acting, first displayed in his 2004 debut work The Big Swindle . Choi also has a knack for great casting, and indeed Tazza won particular praise -- and several high-profile acting awards -- for actress Kim Hye-soo's standout performance as a sultry, manipulative femme fatale . With two breakout hits to essay and endothermic his credit and evaluating thesis a clearly recognizable visual and narrative style, Choi can now count himself among the upper ranks of essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Korean directors. Whether his films will eventually cross the translation gap to gain a reputation among international audiences remains to be seen, however. Although the how does annotated help box office success of The Host and essay and endothermic Tazza could in some ways have been foretold, one smashing success that surprised everyone was Kim Yong-hwa's 200 Pound Beauty . Based on a Japanese comic book about an overweight singer who undergoes extreme plastic surgery to become thin and historical figures essay beautiful, the essay reactions mid-budget film benefited from strong word-of-mouth and a showstopping performance by young actress Kim Ah-joong. After grossing $16 million with his 2003 debut film Oh! Brothers and coursework a further $45 million with this latest work, director Kim Yong-hwa can rightfully consider himself one of contemporary Korean cinema's most successful directors of comedy.
On a smaller scale, one of the best-loved films of the year among critics and fellow filmmakers was Kim Tae-yong's Family Ties . Told in three separate but related segments about people struggling with familial and romantic relationships, the film was named Best Picture at the Busan Film Critics Awards and went on to find festival success at Toronto and Thessaloniki, where it took Best Feature Film, Best Screenplay, Best Actress (shared among four members of the cast) and the Audience Award. Essay! Kim had previously been best known as the favorite co-director of the 1999 cult horror film Memento Mori , but with Family Ties he established himself as a highly skilled director in his own right. 2006 was certainly a breakout year for director Lee Joon-ik as well. After grossing $84 million with record-breaking hit King and the Clown earlier in the year, Lee quickly shot a much more modest follow-up that, while only ranking as a mid-level hit, enjoyed the strongest word-of-mouth of the year. Radio Star is the story of an essay on exothermic and endothermic aging rock star (Park Joong-hoon) and your favorite his loyal manager (Ahn Sung-ki) who move out to the country to work as a radio DJ. The synopsis does not inspire confidence, but Lee's storytelling skills ultimately make the and endothermic film surprisingly engaging. In an online poll held at the end of the year, the a2 business film topped even The Host to essay and endothermic be named by ordinary citizens as the best film of 2006.
Other directors who saw their careers advance in 2006 include Yu Ha with his well-reviewed epic gangster drama A Dirty Carnival ; arthouse director Hong Sang-soo with his acclaimed seventh feature Woman on the Beach ; Ryoo Seung-wan with the low-budget action extravaganza The City of Violence (which premiered internationally in a midnight screening at Venice); Lee Yoon-ki, whose low-budget art film Ad Lib Night won attention from festivals including Berlin; Song Hae-sung, who followed up the disappointment of Rikidozan with a major hit in help melodrama Maundy Thursday ; Choi Ho, who won over both critics and audiences with his Busan-set drug ring drama Bloody Tie ; and independent directors Shin Dong-il and Min Boung-hun whose low-budget films My Friend His Wife and Pruning the Grapevine won critical praise at the Pusan International Film Festival. For an industry in which over 50% of essay and endothermic reactions, new releases are by debut directors, it won't be a surprise to hear that there were several accomplished debut films in federalist 2006 -- though admittedly, first-time directors in essay reactions Korea generally hold less artistic control over their work than established filmmakers. Son Jae-gon's My Scary Girl may not technically be a debut film, since he produced an coursework earlier independent work that never screened in theaters, but as a first commercial release it was a hugely influential success. Shot for $700,000 on HD video, the essay on exothermic and endothermic film was originally conceived more as TV content than as a mainstream release, but given a strong reaction from viewers it ended up securing a wide release, beating out Ice Age 2 and grossing $16 million. Having proved that a low-budget comedy can succeed without big-name stars, My Scary Girl now ranks as sort of a model case for film companies that wish to make good films on a cheap budget.
Another highly praised debut came from the directing duo of Lee Hae-young and Lee Hae-joon in the comic drama Like a Virgin . Best known previously for their screenwriting credit on the 2002 hit film Conduct Zero , the how does annotated bibliography help research Lees portrayed the on exothermic and endothermic story of a gay high school boy from a rough neighborhood who ends up joining the local ssireum (traditional Korean wrestling) team. Filled with a deadpan, wistful humour, the film is in high demand from festivals following its international premiere at bibliography, Berlin earlier this year. Much less noticed, but also deserving of praise was an inspired low-budget horror film from first-time director Kim Eun-kyung. Roommates is set in on exothermic and endothermic a sort of how does annotated bibliography in writing papers, study academy from hell, which is all the and endothermic reactions more disturbing and vivid because such places actually exist in historical figures real life. In Europe and North America, Asian education systems are often held up as a model for other countries to follow. Roommates shows in memorable fashion that such high achievement can sometimes come at a terrible cost. Meanwhile, director Lee Jeong-beom debuted with an unusually-structured story about a gangster who ends up befriending the and endothermic reactions mother of a man he has been ordered to kill.
Cruel Winter Blues debuted at the Pusan International Film Festival in favorite place October and took many viewers by on exothermic and endothermic, surprise with its earthy realism and essay questions accomplished acting. Two other noted debuts from on exothermic 2006 include No Regret , an a2 business acclaimed gay-themed drama by Leesong Hee-il that enjoyed a surprising commercial success considering its low-budget origins; and Byun Seung-wook's Solace (pictured), a simply-told but highly engaging story about essay on exothermic reactions, a pharmacist and a clothes designer who find much to get in the way of a2 business, their growing attraction to each other. Although not a box office success, the latter work boasts two great performances by essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Han Suk-kyu ( Shiri ) and Kim Ji-soo ( This Charming Girl ). Of course, the your place year had its share of essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, disappointments as well. Kang Woo-suk's big-budget political drama Hanbando hoped to turn a hypothetical tale of Japanese aggression into a box office smash along the how does annotated bibliography lines of the director's earlier Silmido (2003). Essay! However a scathing critical reception and a lukewarm response by audiences meant that even with one of the biggest marketing campaigns of the year it fell well short of how does help in writing papers, 4 million admissions. And Endothermic Reactions! At the end of the year, a similar fate would befall the big-budget martial arts fantasy The Restless , although the film's technical accomplishments in CGI imagery, costumes and mise-en-scene were widely acknowledged. Finally, the 1969-set romance Once in a Summer became the apparent victim of a viewer backlash against films featuring hallyu (Korean Wave) stars. Ironically, Once in a Summer was unusually successful in favorite place showcasing the charm of its leads Lee Byung-heon ( A Bittersweet Life ) and Soo Ae ( A Family ). It was not that the film suffered poor word of mouth -- instead, it was simply skipped over by essay and endothermic, viewers who were more interested in watching something else.
It was partly due to a2 business such commercial flops, and essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions partly due to an unusually large number of films released (108, the most since the your early 1990s) that overall profitability in the industry took a steep dive. At first glance, it seems odd that an industry with a 60% market share that recorded 100 million ticket sales to essay on exothermic local films alone in 2006 should be losing money. However the cost of making, marketing and releasing films has steadily risen over the years, so that an average commercial film now needs to sell upwards of for beowulf, two million tickets, or about $14 million, simply to break even. The biggest cloud over the economics of filmmaking in Korea is the weakness of DVD and on exothermic and endothermic reactions other ancillary markets such as cable TV. (Indeed, illegal downloading of films on the internet has become a way of life) Whereas a country like Japan can release 200-300 films annually, with many smaller titles getting most of their revenues from DVD sales, Korea's over-reliance on help, theatrical admissions places a practical limit on essay reactions, the number of films that can be made each year. Competition at favorite, the box office was particularly fierce last year, due to and endothermic a production glut brought on evaluating your thesis, by a host of stock market listings and new companies moving into the industry. So while the investors in The Host , Tazza (pictured) and several other titles enjoyed a very good year, most of the other 100+ films that were released in theaters lost money. The mood among investors in early 2007 is on exothermic reactions a 180-degree turn from last year, when the questions for beowulf industry was swimming in cash. Producers hoping to make new films are struggling to attract investment, and most observers predict that from the on exothermic and endothermic second half of favorite, this year there will be a sharp drop in the number of films made. In a classic case of bad timing, several other developments have emerged just as the industry is trying to deal with the after-effects of the production glut. One is a sharp drop in the level of international sales, from $76 million in 2005 to on exothermic $24.5 million in 2006. The prime reason behind this was a return to earth by annotated bibliography help, Japanese buyers.
In 2004-5, fierce competition between buyers led to a string of high profile Korean films selling for astronomical prices ranging from $4 million to $7 million per essay reactions picture. Essay! However, despite a few notable exceptions such as April Snow and A Moment to Remember , most of these films later flopped at essay and endothermic, the Japanese box office. How Does Annotated Bibliography! As Japanese films gain increased popularity in their own market, it now appears that the Korean Wave has lost much of its sheen. This will have a particularly strong effect on Korean producers of star-driven, big-budget productions, which can no longer count on a strong sale to Japan. Another internal development is the Korean film industry's first ever labor deal, which is currently in the last stages of negotiation and scheduled to go into effect in July. There is widespread agreement among the Korean film community that lower-ranking crew members and other production staff have been treated in essay on exothermic reactions horrendous fashion throughout the help modern-day boom. In general, such crew members receive very little pay and are compensated on a project basis, so that if a production fails to finish on schedule (as often happens), crew members work overtime for essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, no extra pay. A2 Business! In worst-case scenarios, crew members have finished shooting a film and then never been paid for on exothermic and endothermic, their work. The new labor deal will establish industry-wide standards for overtime pay and give workers increased leverage in settling disputes, so in essay your place one sense it is a highly welcome development. On the essay and endothermic reactions other hand, it is sure to result in a further rise in budgets, so Korea's profitability problem may get worse before it gets better. Producers are currently working hard to thesis find solutions for the industry's problems, ranging from incentive-based pay to essay and endothermic limiting the amount of money distributors spend on prints and marketing costs.
More and more productions are being shot on your, HD video (such as My Scary Girl or Roommates , pictured above) or super 16mm (such as Family Ties ) to essay reactions help reduce costs. A2 Business! Still open to question is whether the salary demands of the industry's biggest stars will fall in response to on exothermic the worsening environment. Indeed, many of the biggest star-centered productions of 2006 failed to excite viewers, suggesting that a strong story is essay place what audiences really care about. Korea has faced crises before, notably in 2002 after the spectacular crash of the essay reactions big-budget films Yesterday, R U Ready? and Resurrection of the help Little Match Girl . But many insist that this time is different. If there's any optimism to be gleaned from the current situation, it's that there is widespread agreement in the industry that its current problems need to be addressed.
That, and the fact that Korean directors are as inspired as ever, and essay audiences still like to line up for the latest hot film. I n a memorable line from historical figures Song Neung-han's comedy classic No. 3 (1997), a gangster played by Han Suk-kyu says to his wife: Take a swan, for example. It looks graceful and elegant above the water. But do you know what's happening underneath? Its feet are paddling away like hell! That's what life is.
Such is also the essay usual state of the Korean film industry. On the surface, Korean cinema glided from hit to hit in 2005, on its way to another brilliant year in which it accounted for 60% of essay place, local ticket sales. Star-driven films such as April Snow and A Moment to Remember became strong hits in essay on exothermic Japan, while on the festival circuit, a record seven Korean films screened at Cannes and Park Chan-wook's Sympathy For Lady Vengeance drew widespread notice at Venice. In October the Pusan International Film Festival celebrated its tenth edition in grand style, then in the final days of 2005 a modest film called King and the Clown was released which unexpectedly sold upwards of 11 million tickets, and essay your favorite which at the time of this writing looked likely to set a new all-time box office record. It was indeed a good year for essay on exothermic reactions, Korean cinema in 2005, but a peek beneath the surface reveals a turbulent, unruly side to the industry as well. A public spat between producers and star management companies in the summer underlined some shifting power relationships in how does bibliography the industry. Labor issues have been simmering for some time, resulting in the establishment of the industry's first labor unions in December.
Major conglomerates CJ Entertainment, Showbox and essay on exothermic and endothermic Lotte continued to consolidate their power, causing friction with smaller and mid-sized companies. One of the highest rates of internet piracy in essay questions the world has resulted in a DVD market that is and endothermic described by some as about to essay collapse. And most explosive of all has been the issue of Korea's Screen Quota system, which the South Korean government has decided to and endothermic reactions reduce by half from July 1 of this year. But first, a discussion of the coursework films. The production of large and small films alike has been booming over the past year. In 2005, a total of 85 local films were released in theaters, ranging from KT Kwak's action blockbuster Typhoon costing a record $18 million, to 17 low-budget films with budgets all under $1 million. The former is yet another example of the on exothermic much-discussed Korean blockbuster -- high-concept, big-budget genre productions that over the past five or six years have failed more often than they have succeeded. The phenomenal success of Tae Guk Gi and Silmido in 2004 seemed to give the Korean blockbuster a second lease on life, yet 2005 must go down as yet another year in your which most of the big, expensive pictures were outclassed and outgrossed by mid-sized fare.
Typhoon , a multi-lingual, globetrotting action film about a man planning a terrorist attack on essay on exothermic, North and federalist help South Korea, was released on December 14 on the same day as King Kong . Nonetheless, despite an enthusiastic performance by top-ranked actor Jang Dong-gun ( Tae Guk Gi, The Promise ), the film's impressive special effects and overseas location shooting in Thailand and on exothermic reactions Vladivostok failed to generate any excitement among viewers. The film ended up selling 4.2 million tickets -- certainly not small change, but not enough to ensure a profit, and much less than its distributor CJ Entertainment was hoping for when it opened the film on a record 540 screens. Kong, meanwhile, ended up with the last laugh when despite opening at #2, it hung on to eventually pass its competitor. (South Korea is one of the few countries in the world where King Kong was the highest-grossing Hollywood movie released in 2005) Other would-be blockbusters did even worse. Your Thesis! Antarctic Journal , a fantasy/adventure/horror film centering around an expedition to the Point of Inaccessibility in essay and endothermic Antarctica, cost $8.5 million to make but sold only about a million tickets. Shot in New Zealand, the film featured major stars Song Kang-ho ( Memories of Murder ) and Yu Ji-tae ( Oldboy ), but fans ridiculed the essay place filmmakers for making a movie set in essay and endothermic reactions the Antarctic snow where nothing really happens. The biggest loss-maker of the year is federalist papers help likely to be the $10 million Blue Swallow , a film that is essay much more accomplished from a cinematic point of view than the bibliography help two works mentioned above, but which only managed to sell about 600,000 tickets.
A biopic of and endothermic reactions, Korea's first civilian female aviator, who lived in Japan in the 1920s, Blue Swallow tried to entice viewers with its relevance to real-life history, but ended up being blindsided by real-life history. Shortly before the place film's release, accusations surfaced on the internet that the film's protagonist had in essay actuality engaged in pro-Japanese publicity stunts. How Does In Writing! Whatever the subtleties of the real-life situation may have been, it ended up giving viewers one more reason to go see King and the Clown (released on essay and endothermic, the same day) instead. Yet there was one notable example of a blockbuster that soared above expectations, and indeed it became one of the essay top five grossing Korean films of reactions, all time. Welcome to Dongmakgol didn't have quite as high of a budget as the works mentioned above, but it was a film painted on essay place, a vast canvass with numerous special effects and extensive CGI. Based on a stage play by Jang Jin -- the director of Guns Talks (2001) and essay reactions Someone Special (2004), both of which were popular favorites in Udine -- Welcome to a2 business Dongmakgol was blockbuster in style but relied most heavily on the characterization and humor in its script. Almost a textbook example of how to do an on exothermic reactions effective Korean blockbuster, Dongmakgol was an instant hit with viewers of all ages and eventually topped 8 million admissions. Yet except for this one example, it was mid-sized films that primarily held the spotlight. From the start of the historical summer until the end of the essay reactions year, one or two films emerged in every month as a hot topic of conversation among young Koreans. In June it was Rules of Dating , a controversial and frank look at the line between lust and essay questions sexual harassment by debut director Han Jae-rim.
With standout performances by Gang Hye-jung ( Oldboy ) and Park Hae-il ( Memories of Murder ), the film's off-color dialogue and unflinching attitude made it one of the essay and endothermic year's standouts. In late July, Park Chan-wook's Sympathy for Lady Vengeance stole the spotlight, opening to record box office in its first weekend, but tailing off in the following week, when Dongmakgol was released. August featured both Dongmakgol and yet another film based on a stage play by Jang Jin, this time directed by Jang himself. Essay Your Favorite Place! Murder, Take One is a look at the various personalities involved in a murder investigation, which a local broadcaster has decided to record on air in real time. Jang's unique verbal humour and comic timing, which separates him from any other Korean director, was on full display in this film, and it became a robust hit. September featured two major hits: comedy sequel Marrying the and endothermic reactions Mafia 2 , which with over 6 million admissions did even better than the highly successful original film, and the critically acclaimed melodrama You Are My Sunshine , about a rural farmer who falls in evaluating love with and marries a local prostitute. Essay On Exothermic! The two films are an exercise in contrasts: the broad humor and lightheartedness of Mafia played well with audiences who seem to have missed the high-concept gangster comedies of 2001. Meanwhile, You Are My Sunshine is an over-the-top melodrama directed by Park Jin-pyo, better known for bibliography research, gritty, uncompromising low-budget independent films like Too Young To Die . If that last sentence seems to contradict itself, the film was nonetheless a refreshing blend of traditional melodramatic forms with a more modern, realist-based point of view. The film also featured the two most critically-praised performances of 2005, with Hwang Jeong-min ( A Bittersweet Life ) picking up a host of Best Actor honors for his portrayal of the farmer, and Jeon Do-yeon ( Untold Scandal ) also walking off with a fair number of on exothermic and endothermic, trophies of figures, her own.
October's standout proved to be All For Love , a film with a large ensemble cast that was marketed as sort of a Korean Love Actually , but which proved to be a bit more serious in tone. From second time director Min Kyu-dong, who co-directed the essay reactions horror classic Memento Mori in annotated help in writing papers 1999, the film juggled its many personalities and and endothermic reactions performances with skill. Much compared to Sad Movie , another ensemble piece with an all-star cast released in the same month, All For Love was judged by both critics and audiences to have come out on top. November saw a decent-sized hit in Kim Hyun-seok's unconventional romantic comedy When Romance Meets Destiny. The film is historical figures a perfect example of the art of good casting: often Korean audiences are far more drawn by mid-level stars in unexpected combinations, rather than big-name stars in conventional roles.
The film centers around Kim Ju-hyuk ( Singles ) and Bong Tae-gyu ( A Good Lawyer's Wife ) as two brothers, opposite in character, who both experience romantic troubles. The film's convincing performances and clever screenplay, particularly in the first half, won over a large number of essay reactions, fans. In late December and into January, it was the turn of King and the Clown . This mid-budget period drama about a pair of clowns who end up at the court of a mad king was seen as a commercially risky venture, particularly given an obvious gay subtext that pervades the film. Nonetheless its popularity was explosive from day one, and it ultimately passed the elusive 10 million admissions mark that had previously only been reached by big-budget military dramas. Part of the federalist credit for the film's success has to go to young star Lee Joon-ki ( Flying Boys ), whose feminine demeanor and pretty face turned him into an object of essay, worship among Korean schoolgirls. Federalist Papers! On the other hand, the essay and endothermic reactions film itself proved to thesis be highly effective drama, particularly in its convincing re-enactments of traditional comic theater. There was another story to and endothermic the films of 2005, though, and this was the increasingly large number of essay, low-budget films which managed to reach theaters. Although perhaps not reflecting any underlying change in the tastes of Korean audiences, this phenomenon was initiated with distribution support from the Korean Film Council and the increased accessibility of low-budget filmmaking technology. With the help of a theater network devoted to arthouse releases, 17 low-budget Korean films were released in and endothermic 2005, compared to only 3 in 2004.
The films themselves displayed a wide diversity, from the low-budget martial arts film Geochilmaru: The Showdown to the lightly comic Five Is Too Many -- about a2 business coursework, a woman who unwittingly acquires four eccentric roommates -- to The Unforgiven , which picked up multiple awards at essay and endothermic, Pusan for its critical take on life in the Korean military. Evaluating Thesis! With distribution support continuing in 2006, this year is expected to see another full crop of independent films. As in every year, there were also a significant number of films that, for whatever reason, were unfairly overlooked. Blossom Again, by director Jung Ji-woo ( Happy End ) probably stands at the head of this class. A touching and surprising drama about relationships and memory, the film's subtle brand of and endothermic, experimentation was neither arthouse enough to appeal to major festivals, nor commercial enough to appeal to audiences.
Those who search the film out will be surprised and rewarded, however. Papers Help! Park Heung-shik's Bravo My Life, meanwhile, centers around one boy's early adolescence during the early 1980s, an era of political oppression and change. While the political elements of the film remain largely in the background, the film's light but sad tone indirectly sketches the problems faced by ordinary people living in a poor and authoritarian state. Finally, Oh Seok-geun's Love is a Crazy Thing provides an unusually clear-headed and engaging portrait of a Busan housewife who takes up work in the sex industry, anchored by essay and endothermic, a terrific, understated performance by Jeon Mi-seon. At the help in writing research papers same time, however, 2005 saw a fair number of overly conventional works that relied on old formulas and star power in a bid for commercial success. Seeing this, some local critics are becoming more insistent in asking if Korean cinema is being spoiled by its commercial success. Certainly, the vast amounts of money being poured into the film industry, from large conglomerates like CJ Entertainment and Showbox to giant telecoms companies such as SK Telecom and KTF, have raised questions about the links between big business and creativity. Could commercial success come to ruin the Korean film industry, by turning the filmmaking process into an overly formulaic, commercially-oriented activity? Such concerns are particularly pressing for debut filmmakers -- whereas established directors such as Park Chan-wook or Bong Joon-ho are given a great deal of artistic freedom, young directors making their first film must often adhere to a more mainstream, commercial line.
It's worth noting, however, that the biggest buzz films of 2005 -- which in many cases expressed a more individualistic character -- were virtually all the work of experienced, respected producers. The role of the producer is often overlooked in the filmmaking process, but on average it is on exothermic probably the best predictor of a film's creative and box-office success, at papers, least within the realm of Korean commercial cinema (smaller-scale, independent film is another matter). In that sense, it's interesting that many of Korea's most accomplished producers are in the process of gaining a bit more independence from the on exothermic big conglomerates. Essay Questions! Tcha Seung-jai's Sidus Pictures merged with Kim Mi-hee's Fun Happiness in 2005, and on exothermic reactions is predicted to launch its own distribution arm in essay favorite the second half of this year. MK Pictures, formed from the on exothermic merger of annotated bibliography help in writing research papers, Myung Films and and endothermic reactions KangJeGyu Films in help 2004, also launched its own distribution arm last year after creating several film investment funds.
As for other industry trends in 2005, perhaps the biggest one was the rising importance of essay and endothermic reactions, stars. A2 Business Coursework! While a major star is no guarantee of box office success in Korea (see Antarctic Journal, Duelist, Sad Movie, etc.), it can without question guarantee a much higher selling price to Japan. Korea raised $76 million from selling its films overseas last year, with $60 million of that total coming from Japan. The sudden craze for Korean pop culture in reactions Japan is having a huge effect on the Korean industry -- a film like April Snow serves as a perfect example. Although it tanked at the local box office, the film featuring pan-Asian stars Bae Yong-joon and Son Ye-jin was pre-sold for a rumoured $7.5 million to Japan, ensuring that it would make a profit anyway. The film went on to earn $23.7 million at the Japanese box office, a new record for a Korean film -- at least, until another Korean film A Moment to Remember passed it with $24 million a few weeks later. Such forces have transformed the mathematics involved in making a film in Korea. With the essay your place casting of a hallyu (Korean Wave) star starting to resemble a license to print money, a struggle is emerging between producers and reactions the talent management companies who represent stars. In particular, management companies' insistence on co-production status for films featuring their actors -- which guarantees a percentage of a film's profits -- caused producers to your favorite place lash out in and endothermic a widely-publicized press conference.
Indeed, under US laws (designed to protect actors, not producers), such practices would be illegal. Eventually, the for beowulf two sides met for discussions and resolved their differences to essay on exothermic and endothermic a certain extent. It's probably true, however, that under the US system a lot more of this money would be going to the stars themselves, rather than their agents. In many respects, Korean cinema has developed so fast over the past 5-6 years that proper regulations have not yet been put in essay your favorite place to guide its growth. Concerns about regulations and film policy have now taken center stage, after the decision by the Korean government in late January to reduce the nation's Screen Quota system to 73 days.
The Screen Quota obligates Korean theaters to screen local films for a certain number of days per essay and endothermic year -- until now the official level has been set at 146 days, although due to various reductions the actual level ranges from 106-126 days. The regulation is Korea's best-known form of protection against domination by foreign (i.e. Hollywood) cinema, and as such the federalist help U.S. has been pressuring Korea for years to essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions reduce or scrap it. U.S. trade negotiators finally found the bibliography in writing stick they needed this year when it linked a reduction of the Screen Quota to the opening of talks on a Korea-U.S. free trade agreement. The announcement that the on exothermic quota would be halved was met with fury by many members of the film industry, and your place Seoul has been witness to demonstrations, candlelight vigils and one-man protests by essay on exothermic, actors and directors ever since. Rhetoric surrounding the a2 business coursework quota has taken on a strongly political character, as the quota's fate has implications not only for Korea but for other countries around the reactions world who wish to keep protective measures for your place, local cinema. The future effect on the Korean film industry of a quota reduction is essay and endothermic reactions hard for anyone to historical predict, given the current success of local films and the indirect way in which the quota works. Although even supporters of the essay on exothermic reactions quota admit that there is unlikely to be much of an influence in the next few years, the real test will come in ten or twenty years.
Will Korean cinema be able to evaluating your thesis remain vibrant and healthy even without the quota system? Only time will tell. A History of the Korean Musical to 1980. S tudying the essay development of the musical genre in Korea sadly involves more time spent at historical essay, the library than at the cinematheque. A comparatively small number of on exothermic and endothermic, musicals have been produced throughout Korean film history, and the majority of evaluating, these have been lost to and endothermic reactions the ravages of time and neglect. In many cases, all that remain of such works are scattered stills and posters, old published reviews, and essay questions for beowulf the memories of those who saw them during their original release. In recent years, there have been a few older Korean films of other genres rediscovered in foreign archives or private collections, so it's not out on exothermic reactions of the question to hope that a work like The Blue Hill (1947), Korea's first ever musical, might be re-discovered someday. Until then, however, we must satisfy ourselves with a fragmented view of the genre, pieced together with what materials are available. Before considering the film musicals that have been made in Korea in the last half-century, it would be useful to examine the backdrop to the genre, particularly developments in federalist help the film, stage, and music industries during Japan's colonization of Korea (1910-1945), the essay on exothermic reactions Korean War (1950-53), and your the decades following.
A filmmaker setting out to shoot a musical film in the 1950s or 1960s would have had exposure to essay on exothermic reactions a wide array of influences and essay questions models, both Western and on exothermic and endothermic reactions indigenous. In terms of the Hollywood musical, Korea had been introduced to the form early. Research conducted on censorship records by Brian Yecies of the University of Wollongong in a2 business coursework Australia suggests that Koreans watched a wide variety of Hollywood films during the colonial era -- much more so than the Japanese, in on exothermic reactions fact. Between 1926 and 1936, more than 6,700 Hollywood films were submitted by import companies or Seoul-based Hollywood branch offices (which did exist in this era) to censorship authorities for research, approval, compared to 639 for essay on exothermic, all other countries combined. Records for 1934 indicate that such musicals as Footlight Parade (1933) , 42nd Street (1933), and Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933) were approved for essay for beowulf, release and screened for audiences. Later in the decade, as Japan moved towards war, the Japanese Department of essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, Home Affairs began to limit and eventually ban the screening of Hollywood films in Korea. However after liberation in 1945, and particularly with the start of the bibliography help research Korean War, Hollywood films began once again to flood Korean theaters. According to the Korean Film Archive, Road to Singapore (1940), Let's Face It (1943), and Something to Sing About (1937) are three examples of musicals that were screened during the war.
Therefore several generations of Koreans had been introduced to on exothermic reactions the Western film musical by the time local cinema entered its renaissance period in the late 1950s. At the same time, stage performances provided another vibrant source of inspiration for filmmakers wishing to tap into a2 business popular culture. Musical dramas (ak-geuk) that told a story while incorporating up to 30 songs began to find widespread popularity during the colonial era, with the essay on exothermic reactions locally-based OK Record Company giving the phenomenon a boost by establishing the Korean Musical Drama Troupe in 1939. From 1945 to 1955, musical dramas, often performed together with comedy and music acts, became the populace's most beloved form of entertainment, providing light, escapist entertainment even throughout the war period. The 1936 film Songs of Joseon (pictured), although it may not technically qualify as a musical, was a groundbreaking effort in integrating musical dramas and how does help papers film. Writer/director Kim Sang-jin and cinematographer/editor Lee Myeong-wu shot footage from the musical drama The Comic Story of Chunhyang, and also traveled to essay and endothermic Osaka in Japan to shoot Korean actors performing on stage there. The resulting footage was then edited together into federalist papers help a single film. Although the film itself is lost to essay and endothermic reactions us, several stills are currently held by historical figures, the Korean Film Archive. Popular songs were also a vibrant and emergent feature of this era.
Two genres of popular songs rose to essay on exothermic and endothermic prominence in questions for beowulf the colonial period: the reactions new folksong (shin minyo), which were updated versions of traditional folksongs intended to be sung on the stage; and trot, a term that derives from the English word foxtrot. Like the foxtrot, Korean trot is built around a strong, simple beat, but it was also strongly influenced by Japanese popular songs known as enka. With the passing of the colonial era, new folksongs would fade in influence but trot would take its place as the leading form of popular music in Korea. Two famous examples of post-liberation songs in the trot style are works written by questions, composer Park Si-choon that, incidentally, have become the titles of contemporary Korean films. Be Strong, Geum-soon! (the original title of the on exothermic reactions 2002 film Saving My Hubby , as well as a recent TV drama) features lyrics about a man and a woman separated during the Korean War, while the essay questions for beowulf earlier Moonlit Nights of Shilla forms the original title for the film Kick the Moon (2001).
To this day, trot songs remain highly popular among middle-aged and reactions older listeners and are a staple on federalist help, Korean TV. To the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions untrained ear, the genre in its contemporary manifestation may sound something like a cross between American country western music and the polka. This range of musical influences was in the air when Korea's first-ever musical was shot in 1947. Shot by debut filmmaker Yu Dong-il, The Blue Hill centered around a youth from the country who travels to Seoul and wins a singing contest. It starred Hyun In (pictured right), who in real life had been similarly launched into stardom after recording Moonlit Nights of Shilla (later he would record Be Strong, Geum-soon! as well). Recording the film's soundtrack at a time when equipment was scarce and the industry's infrastructure was almost non-existent proved to be a challenge. Unusually for historical essay, the time, the on exothermic and endothermic reactions voices of the actors were recorded directly on the set, with pre-recorded music played in the background. Some point to technical issues as the reason behind the small number of musicals that were ultimately attempted in Korea.
Post-dubbing of soundtracks was the norm in this era, due to a lack of capital and historical figures equipment during the 1940s and 1950s, and due to government regulations that encouraged quantity over quality in the 1960s and essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions 1970s. With an import quota in place that obligated film companies to produce a certain number of domestic films for each foreign film imported, so-called quota quickies were produced at great speed with only the bare minimum spent on post-production. Given the more complicated recording and technical demands of musicals, most producers decided to give the genre a pass. Yet there were some directors who were keen to explore the for beowulf potential offered by combining music and film. Han Hyeong-mo, considered to be the on exothermic and endothermic leading director of the 1950s, was a pioneer in this respect. A cinematographer by training, Han was famous both for introducing technical innovations to the industry (his most successful and famous work Madame Freedom from 1956 was the first in Korea to use crane shots, with equipment he designed himself), and for his ability to read trends in annotated papers popular culture. In this way, he enlisted the participation of essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, famous figures from the realm of musical dramas and papers popular music. Madame Freedom contains the first scene ever set in a Korean dance hall, and features the popular and essay on exothermic and endothermic somewhat notorious entertainer Na Bok-hee singing and for beowulf dancing the mambo, as well as the popular singer Baek Seol-hee. Double Curve of Youth (1956, left) not only essay and endothermic enlists above-mentioned composer Park Si-choon as music director, but also features Park playing a doctor in a delightful early scene where he performs a song with three singing nurses, played by three sisters who were well-known under the moniker the Kim Trio.
Although fleeting, this scene marks a short detour from the film's realist aesthetic into the realm of musical fantasy, providing viewers with a unique and memorable taste of the musical genre. Double Curve also integrated a couple songs into the course of the narrative that grew quite popular, becoming in questions for beowulf one sense the first example in Korean film history of a 'hit soundtrack.' Meanwhile, outside of the film industry, new developments were making themselves felt in the realm of popular music. Together with the influx of U.S. military forces during the Korean War came an increased exposure to Western pop songs. Soon after the start of the war in 1950, AFKN (Armed Forces Korea Network) debuted as one of only three radio stations broadcasting in on exothermic reactions Korea, and the only one to feature Western popular music.
After the federalist papers help war a large contingent of US soldiers remained in Korea, which created demand for the live entertainment of troops. The so-called Eighth US Army Show, consisting of song and dance routines performed in English by Korean entertainers, would eventually grow into a major institution. (Shin Sang-ok's 1958 classic A Flower in Hell contains memorable live footage from one of on exothermic and endothermic reactions, these shows) At its peak, 264 Eighth US Army Show clubs were operating across the how does annotated bibliography in writing research country, attracting revenues in hard currency of essay, $1.2 million a year, in an era when the country's total exports added up to only $1 million. Apart from being such a profitable business, the Eighth US Army Show also came to be one of the primary venues through which many popular singers of the essay your favorite place 1950s and 1960s, such as Patti Kim, Choi Hee-jun, Lee Geum-hee, etc. made their debut. At the same time, society at large was becoming swept up in a fad for Western goods and and endothermic reactions pop culture. In 1955 music cafes (eumak-dabang) began to spring up in Jongro and Myeongdong, the most trendy districts of Seoul. Thesis! Western dances, from the on exothermic and endothermic mambo all the way to historical the twist in the mid-sixties, found devoted followers among the young and middle-aged alike. Korean radio stations began broadcasting shows of Western pop music in essay reactions the early 1960s, and music listening rooms (eumak-gamsangsil) set up by devotees of popular music started to proliferate.
Many music listening rooms would hold twist competitions or performances by amateur musicians. It was also in this period that many directors started to turn to music to evaluating your liven up their films. As the medium of film began to reactions overtake musical dramas in popularity, many actors and directors famous for their stage work, such as actress Jeon Ok who was dubbed the queen of papers help, tears, began to move to the film industry. At the reactions same time, many plotlines started to feature characters who sing or play music for how does in writing research, a living. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic! Whereas films targeted at young audiences would contain more Western-oriented music, mainstream melodramas drew heavily on thesis, popular trot songs and the traditions of musical dramas. Described as a musical, but now lost, the essay on exothermic reactions 1960 film Song of the Rose (left) by Kwon Young-soon centers around a composer who loses his wife and gives up music. Through the support of a group of musicians and a talented young singer from the countryside, he is eventually persuaded to take up composing again. Three films from the 1960s that do still exist show us how popular songs were integrated into traditional melodramas to provide added spectacle for the viewer. Essay! Kang Chan-woo's Mother, Daughter, and Guitar (1964) tells the story of an actress from a musical drama troupe who loses contact with her husband after he is drafted by the Japanese.
After the liberation, she leads a poor life as a traveling singer, while her re-married husband has become rich and successful. Her moment of redemption comes at the end of the film when she appears in a high-profile variety show, and on exothermic and endothermic reactions her daughter emerges from the audience to sing with her. Significantly, the annotated papers variety show at the end of the film is essay and endothermic shown in great detail, with singing and dancing acts of various styles as well as comedy routines appearing onscreen even when they contribute nothing to the narrative. A few of the numbers are quite sexually provocative by the standards of the day, forming a stark contrast to our more traditionally-dressed heroine who appears at the end. At first she sings a more traditional song and is nearly booed off the essay stage, until the reactions appearance of federalist, her daughter gives her singing a more modern edge. Similar themes run through A Yearning In Every Heart (1967) by Jang Il-ho, in on exothermic and endothermic which a mother and daughter are separated during an attack by the Communists in how does help in writing research papers the Korean War. Years later, the on exothermic and endothermic mother is an accomplished singer, while the daughter arrives in Seoul and falls in with a young composer and male singer who plan to enter a singing contest. When the daughter is revealed to questions for beowulf possess a natural talent in singing, she joins their act and a tear-filled reunion between mother and daughter occurs onstage during the contest. The film is notable for the casting of popular singer Nam Jin, who would go on to enjoy a long career in on exothermic the film industry. Finally, Noh Pil's Night Sky Blues (right) hinges on federalist papers, a love triangle between a famous male-female singing combo who split up when the man becomes engaged to a young colleague. With his former partner having left for Paris, the man's singing career takes a dive and his young wife develops a life-threatening medical condition.
A year later the wife, hiding the severity of her condition, leaves her husband and encourages him to return to on exothermic reactions his former partner, who is enjoying explosive popularity after having updated her singing style in France. While the two are on stage, they are delivered some sheet music composed by the wife on her deathbed, which the coursework husband sings over a live radio broadcast as the wife dies. Essay! Like Mother, Daughter, and Guitar , Night Sky Blues features a range of essay favorite, famous singers, comedians, and dance troupes in and endothermic various side performances that are scattered throughout the essay film. Other musical-themed films would appear in the coming years, such as Blue Apple (1969), about a girl who becomes friendly with a college band; Echo of an on exothermic Angel (1974) about a clinically-ill little girl who joins a famous ballet company (both films directed by Kim Eung-cheon); Kim Young-hyo's Don't Turn Away From Me My Love! (1974) about a music student who suffers a tragic love and becomes a pop singer; and your thesis Shin Sang-ok's I Love Mama (1975), about three musician daughters who map out a strategy to get their mother re-married. (Among these, only Don't Turn Away From Me My Love! still exists in complete form) Even if we can't see many of these films today, it appears that most Korean musicals have stuck to a realist mode in the presentation of their music. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic! Generally, the songs that appear in the films discussed above are motivated by events in essay the plot: for essay and endothermic, example, a singer practices singing at home, or performs on stage. Rarely does a character express feelings toward another character directly through song, and few of the songs serve to advance the plot by themselves. In that sense, Han Hyeong-mo's Double Curve of Youth from 1956 may be the closest thing to essay your favorite place a classical Western musical that still exists on film, even though with its very limited number of songs it might be better termed a half-musical. The film's use of music was highly unusual in its day, and seemed to promise a robust future development of the musical genre in Korea.
Unfortunately, through a combination of economic factors and lost prints, the progeny of Han's experimentation with music have failed to reach modern-day viewers. S outh Korean cinema has lived through mixed fortunes in the past twelve months, with bad news often seeming to crowd out the good. Essay And Endothermic! Although the industry made some key strides overseas in 2004, at a2 business coursework, home a sense of essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, uneasiness seemed to prevail. Talk has focused on turmoil at the box office, in the courts, in the festival community and on the distribution circuit. Help Papers! Nevertheless, ordinary Koreans' love affair with cinema continues unabated, and the amount of attention that the film industry receives from the essay on exothermic press, business community and government circles has remained at historical figures, extraordinary levels. After the essay on exothermic reactions phenomenal selection of films that debuted in 2003, including Old Boy, Memories of your place, Murder, Save the essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions Green Planet, A Good Lawyer's Wife, A Tale of Two Sisters, A Good Lawyer's Wife, and Spring Summer Fall Winter. and Spring, it's perhaps not surprising to hear that most critics considered 2004 to for beowulf be a disappointment. Despite the highlights, such as Kim Ki-duk's Best Director award at Venice for 3-Iron , or Kim Dong-won's prize-winning documentary Repatriation about essay on exothermic, long-term prisoners of conscience, the films of 2004 seemed to be more commercially oriented and less director-driven. Meanwhile, movements by some of Korea's biggest distributors reinforced the sense that the industry was growing more commercialized. How Does Annotated Bibliography Help In Writing Research! Most prominently, leading distributor CJ Entertainment solidified its power at essay on exothermic and endothermic, the top by acquiring large shares in rival distributor Cinema Service and rival exhibition chain Primus Cinema. For Beowulf! Critics charged CJ with pursuing a dictatorial strategy, and were little assuaged when the company announced new measures to support independent and essay arthouse films. At the same time, distributor Showbox -- which like CJ is part of an enormous food conglomerate -- emerged as a powerful new player in the industry, reinforcing the view that Korea's chaebol (major conglomerates) are the dominant power brokers in the film industry.
Yet despite such concerns over essay the direction of the industry, a close look at the films of essay on exothermic and endothermic, 2004 -- including some that failed at help, the box office -- reveals many features that embrace the conventions of genre cinema while also pushing forward in new creative directions. Ryu Seung-wan's Arahan boasts CGI work and stunts that recall Hong Kong and Hollywood blockbusters, but its core element is finely-drawn characterization, rather than special effects. Chang Yoon-hyun's Some takes the basic elements of crime thrillers but infuses it with an atmosphere and shading all its own. With Flying Boys , a coming of age drama about high school seniors, the experiences of the main characters gain depth through the essay on exothermic and endothermic director's candid, understanding perspective. It may seem ridiculous to say that 2004 was a mixed year at the box office, when local exhibitor CGV estimates a record 60% market share for bibliography help, local films (the Korean Film Council posits a more conservative 57%).
Certainly it was not a weak year, but it was somewhat lopsided: the numbers are skewed by the tremendous dominance enjoyed by local cinema from January to April, when Silmido and Tae Guk Gi racked up an unprecedented 11 million admissions each. In contrast, no Korean film released after May 1 managed to reach the 3 million admissions mark. The peak summer season in particular opened with high expectations among Korean film companies, but an uncommonly large number of local releases (12 between June 25 and July 30 alone, not to mention the major Hollywood titles) meant fierce competition for viewers and on exothermic mostly dashed hopes. Two worthy titles among this crowd that struggled to sell tickets were Jang Jin's Someone Special -- a relationship comedy that delighted critics with its offbeat humor and memorable characters -- and the sleek, sexy comedy Everybody Has Secrets , featuring one of Korea's best known stars in your favorite place Lee Byung-heon. Essay! Both would probably have done better if they were released during another time of the year. Faring somewhat better in August were two films that played with the horror genre. Military horror film R-Point , set during the Vietnam War and shot in a2 business coursework Cambodia, marked the successful debut of screenwriter Kong Su-chang, with a chilling story that managed to be both scary and politically relevant at the same time. Horror-comedy To Catch a Virgin Ghost , meanwhile, ridiculed gangsters and ghosts with equal fervor in its full-scale assault on Korean genre filmmaking. The fall season also failed to and endothermic reactions match expectations.
The Chuseok holiday in September, Korea's biggest holiday and a key release date for local films, underperformed compared to the previous year, with only Kim Sang-jin's Ghost House doing well (and even it was not up to the level of his previous films). Essay For Beowulf! Surprisingly, it was a low-budget feature released two weeks before the holiday that garnered the biggest buzz: debut director Lee Jeong-cheol's melodrama A Family . While most Korean films in 2004 opened well and quickly faded, A Family -- about the troubled relationship between a single father and his daughter just released from prison -- ranks as perhaps the only genuine word-of-mouth hit of the year. In October, November and December as well, total box office failed to match the levels of 2003. This is significant, as theatrical admissions have shown strong, constant growth since 1999 due to the revival in local filmmaking and aggressive construction of new multiplexes. Questions began to arise whether the local box office had finally reached a plateau.
The low point, perhaps, came on December 15 with the commercial failure of essay on exothermic, Korean-Japanese co-production Rikidozan -- which at $10m ranks as one of the most expensive Korean films ever made. The story of real-life professional wrestler Rikidozan -- an essay ethnic Korean who became a national hero in essay on exothermic reactions 1950s Japan -- boasted a magnificent, bilingual turn by leading actor Sol Kyung-gu, but failed to spark with audiences. The month of December ended up having the lowest local market share in essay questions four years, as Korea's demanding viewers turned to works from other countries. It wasn't until late January that Korean cinema began to re-acquire a bit of its sheen. Jeong Yun-cheol's Marathon , about an autistic boy who dreams of running a marathon, struck the essay reactions perfect balance of sentiment and federalist help social relevance for local audiences, and and endothermic was rewarded with a box office run that easily powered past 4 million admissions. Also released on the same day was Another Public Enemy, Kang Woo-suk's sequel to his 2002 hit (and FEFF closing film) Public Enemy . Although judged to be more soft-edged than the acclaimed original, it proved entertaining enough to draw 4 million admissions of its own. But important to remember in how does annotated bibliography research any discussion of the Korean box office is essay and endothermic reactions that despite the sometimes gaudy numbers put up by the theatrical sector -- the average Korean film from 2004 earned a surprising $5.34 million at the box office -- Korea's TV, cable and video/DVD markets remain miniscule.
Online piracy and high prices have stunted the DVD sector, which is dominated by essay your place, rentals rather than sell-through. Surveys indicate that only 29% of the two million households that own a DVD player have ever bought a DVD. Whereas US or European releases can double their revenues on DVD sales alone, Korea more resembles the US in the 1970s, when films had to earn two and a half times their budget in theaters just in order to break even. Korea's weak ancillary markets mean that international sales are becoming ever more important, and and endothermic reactions here was one area that showed grounds for optimism. The big news was in Japan, where a sudden surge of popularity for Korean pop culture set off big reverberations back home. Much of the attention was focused on actor Bae Yong-joon, star of the TV drama Winter Sonata which garnered a cult following in Japan, particularly among middle-aged female viewers. A2 Business Coursework! Bae's nickname Yonsama was even voted Word of the Year by a Japanese magazine. But the enthusiasm spread to other actors and films as well. Essay And Endothermic Reactions! In late December, Kwak Jae-yong's Windstruck starring Jeon Ji-hyun was given a wide-scale opening and ultimately passed Shiri to become the best-selling Korean film ever released in Japan. These days, many Korean films -- particularly those with a star cast -- raise much or most of historical figures essay, their budgets through a sale to Japan. In 2004, total revenues from international sales totaled $58m (an 88% rise from the previous year), and the Japanese market accounted for on exothermic and endothermic reactions, $40m of annotated help papers, that total.
In 2005, the totals are expected to rise even higher. As a result, no big-budget Korean film is made in essay and endothermic the present day without seriously considering how it will be received in thesis Japan. In the meantime, Korean pop culture continues to receive attention in the rest of Asia. On Exothermic! A recent report claimed that Korean content accounts for over a quarter of the imported films and TV dramas screened on Chinese television, more than any other country besides the US. A solid TV and theatrical presence exists in other Asian countries as well. Historical Figures Essay! Yet it is worth asking amidst all the attention over the so-called Korean Wave or hallyu phenomenon, whether it marks a genuine exchange between Korea and other countries, or if hallyu is just a one-way street. Asian pop culture still draws very little interest in Korea itself, particularly in regard to music and television. Asian films have found a bit more success, particularly Japanese cinema. The past year saw the major success of essay, Howl's Moving Castle -- which sold over essay your favorite place 3 million tickets ($18m) -- and the encouraging minor success of Inudo Isshin's Josee, the Tiger and the Fish , which opened on just a few screens but enjoyed an unprecedented three month run. On the on exothermic and endothermic reactions whole however, Asian films outside of big-budget fare like Kung Fu Hustle face an uphill climb in Korea.
Apart from box-office and industry trends, the past year has seen more than its fair share of incidents. One of the most damaging was the abrupt turmoil that befell the country's second most famous film festival, the Puchon International Fantastic Film Festival (PiFan). How Does Annotated In Writing Research Papers! In December, citing reasons that in essay and endothermic reactions retrospect seem questionable, the mayor of the city abruptly dismissed popular festival director Kim Hong-joon, and in the face of strong protest from papers members of the film industry, fired the programming team, announcing that the upcoming edition would be held without a festival director. As talk of a boycott spreads throughout the film industry, the end result has been that the significant progress made by PiFan over essay and endothermic the past eight editions has disintegrated, and Korea now in effect has one less major festival. Kim and his programmers, meanwhile, are in negotiations to set up a rival event in a different city. In January, an help even bigger news story arrived with the essay and endothermic first screening of a film titled The President's Last Bang . Directed by Im Sang-soo, whose A Good Lawyer's Wife competed at Venice in 2003, the film is centered around the your thesis death of Korea's most famous military ruler Park Chung-hee in 1979, when his chief of intelligence unexpectedly shot him. Essay! Im's film, a black comedy which mixes fact and fiction, outraged conservative critics, including Park's daughter who now serves as the head of Korea's center-right opposition party. A lawsuit filed by Park's son to block the film's release was thrown out by essay place, a Seoul Central Court judge, however the judge set off a storm when he ordered that the director remove four minutes of documentary footage from the film, as it could potentially confuse viewers about fact and fiction. The ruling has re-opened debate about the need to protect freedom of expression in Korean society, and lost amidst all the noise and protest is the fact that Im has made a masterful film that looks back on history in a completely new way. Finally, the saddest incident of all took place on February 22, when popular actress Lee Eun-ju, who had starred in nine films including Virgin Stripped Bare by her Bachelors (2000) , Bungee Jumping of Their Own (2001), and Korea's box-office record holder Tae Guk Gi (2004), was found dead in her apartment after committing suicide.
The 24-year old Lee had been suffering from depression for close to a year, and her death came as a shock for the entire country. On Exothermic And Endothermic! Lee will be remembered for the intelligence, talent, and essay passion she brought to all of her roles. If the past twelve months have not been the brightest, the upcoming year seems to offer much more in the way of hope. A look through the list of upcoming releases by established and upcoming directors reveals a broad range of essay reactions, ambitious and exciting projects. Your Favorite! New technologies may offer opportunities to lesser-known filmmakers, in particular a joint effort by broadcaster KBS and the Korean Film Council to support low-budget features shot on HD.
And finally, the best reason to retain hope for the future creativity of Korean cinema is the current attitude of Korean viewers. As audiences grow more demanding -- supporting the likes of Old Boy and turning their backs on formulaic comedies -- then directors and producers will be pushed to keep on experimenting. K orean cinema continued to on exothermic reactions boom in 2003. Despite worries at figures, the start of the year about out-of-control budgets and nervous investors, local movies dominated screens and raked in a record amount of money at on exothermic and endothermic, the box-office. Your Favorite Place! An estimated 53% of all tickets sold were to Korean films -- compared to less than 43% for Hollywood titles -- and eight of the top ten selling films of the year were made locally. Worldwide, only the U.S. and India have film industries that are more popular in their home markets.
Nonetheless there was something different in the air last year, compared to the similarly successful years of and endothermic, 2002 and 2001. Essay Questions For Beowulf! Signs began to essay on exothermic emerge that audience tastes were changing, as the inexpensive comedies that used to how does annotated help research papers dominate the box-office started to essay and endothermic reactions lose strength relative to more serious or stylish works by Korea's commercial auteurs. In 2003, well-made (spoken in English) became the new buzzword among producers and executives in the Korean film industry. Producer Kim Seung-beom of Tube Entertainment noted in July that Korean audiences are demanding more quality from evaluating local films these days. Viewer buzz began centering less on that was funny and more on that was well-made. According to Kim So-hee, editor of local film magazine Cine21 , well-made in essay on exothermic reactions this context usually means a commercial feature that makes use of defined genres and the star system, but which contains both a distinctive directorial style and commentary on social issues. Your! As such, directors who could infuse commercial features with their own personal style became more in demand. It all began with late April with Bong Joon-ho's Memories of Murder (which has since won the Best Director prize at the San Sebastian International Film Festival, and the Best Screenplay and Audience awards at Torino).
Based on a real-life string of murders in on exothermic and endothermic rural Korea during the 1980s, Bong's nuanced, frightening and thought-provoking work became an unexpected smash hit, selling over 5 million tickets. Many viewers commented that they hadn't seen a commercial film of such impact and evaluating thesis quality since Joint Security Area in and endothermic reactions 2000. From then on, audiences turned a string of other challenging well-made films into box-office smashes, from Kim Jee-woon's stylish and frighteningly complex horror film A Tale of Two Sisters ; to Im Sang-soo's risque and at times shocking Venice competition film A Good Lawyer's Wife ; to E J-yong's elegant Untold Scandal (an adaptation of Dangerous Liaisons transposed to 18th-century Korea); to the brilliantly inventive Old Boy from director Park Chan-wook ( Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance ), which is expected to get its international premiere at the 2004 Cannes film festival. The strength of such films has caused filmmakers and how does annotated help in writing research investors to on exothermic and endothermic reactions rethink some commonly-accepted beliefs about making films in Korea. With high-concept comedies no longer dominating other genres at your place, the box-office, producers and directors are searching out new topics and styles that may appeal to audiences. In Korea there used to be a jinx that costume dramas, sports movies, and movies about animals would never succeed, notes E J-yong, who proved that jinx wrong with costume drama Untold Scandal . Sure enough, several sports movies and films centering around animals are also now nearing production. Not only are filmmakers exploring new topics, but film companies are also re-thinking common practices in film production.
In recent years, industry watchers have distinguished between three different approaches to making films in reactions Korea. One is the evaluating producer-oriented project, which is usually built around a catchy central concept. Generally quite inexpensive to make (about $2m on average, with 3-4 months of essay on exothermic and endothermic, shooting time), these films dominated the questions for beowulf box-office in 2001 and 2002. Essay And Endothermic Reactions! One advantage of these types of projects is that they usually manage to how does help research papers draw viewers even with only mid-level stars, so productions don't have to search out top-name talent. Films such as Hi, Dharma (2001) and Sex is Zero (2002) are good examples of such works. In contrast, director-oriented projects focus on a well-developed screenplay and essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions a director's individual style. Essay Place! They are more expensive to and endothermic reactions make ($3 million on average), and employ highly experienced crew members and federalist papers big-name stars, who often prefer working on projects that test their acting abilities. If you have a good director and good screenplay, then you can find a strong cast, and with enough financing you can do well commercially, says Tcha Seung-jai of Sidus Corporation, one of Korea's top production companies. Director-oriented projects like Happy End (1999) and Friend (2001) have been successful in the past, but they had fallen out of favor by on exothermic, 2002.
Last year gave investors new confidence in this sort of film, however. Most of the well-made films of 2003 fall into historical this category. The final type of on exothermic and endothermic, project is the Korean blockbuster, which reached the nadir of respectability in 2003. Costing about $6m on average, the blockbuster focuses its attention on favorite, mise-en-scene and special effects. Big-name stars have not been actively sought out in the past, but instead filmmakers tried to essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions attract audiences with high production values and a new kind of imagery. Nonetheless this has been the least successful sort of project in recent years, with films like Yesterday and R U Ready? losing tremendous amounts of money for their investors.
The trend continued into thesis late 2003 with action movie Tube , animated blockbuster Wonderful Days and the science fiction title Natural City . In the beginning of essay, 2003, all of the smart money in evaluating thesis the industry was pouring into producer-centered works, yet for the most part these films ended up making less money than director-centered projects. In an industry where the director retains a fair amount of influence compared to on exothermic and endothermic other countries, 2003 tilted the balance of power even more in the director's favor. Then came early 2004, when two giants crashed into essay your the industry, changing everything in their path. Silmido by director Kang Woo-suk (the founder of one of Korea's most powerful film companies Cinema Service) tells the story of 31 death row convicts who were taken by the South Korean government to a remote island and trained to assassinate North Korean leader Kim Il-sung. Based on a true story, the film was a colossal hit, setting a new all-time record by selling over 10 million tickets. The attention drawn by the movie also forced the government's intelligence agency to answer new questions about the past cover-up of the incident. Then in February, Taegukgi by director Kang Je-gyu (of Shiri fame) premiered to an even bigger storm at the box-office. A fictional story of two brothers set during the Korean War, the essay reactions film featured elaborately-staged battle scenes and detailed reconstructions of 1950s-era cities. The most expensive Korean film ever with a budget of $12m, Taegukgi easily vaulted over the box-office records set by Silmido a month before, and some estimates predicted it would earn $95m in Korea alone by the end of its box-office run. Like Silmido , the film was also being actively marketed abroad, particularly in Korea's most important overseas market Japan.
In some ways, these two films can be considered a new approach to a2 business coursework filmmaking that combines the director-centered project with the blockbuster. Unlike other blockbusters of recent years, both these films featured top stars in the lead roles and contained the essay signature styles of their respective directors. Both also touched on historical, serious issues from Korea's history which still resonate with contemporary viewers. The local media has quickly proclaimed a new era of 10 million admissions for the local film industry. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions! Most significant about the box-office performance of the two films was the number of older viewers drawn to the theater, in coursework a country where most people stop going to the movies after getting married. Reporters walking through the crowds in essay and endothermic reactions front of local multiplexes found significant numbers of thesis, older people who were going to essay on exothermic reactions the movies for the first time in your favorite place twenty or thirty years. Essay And Endothermic Reactions! Many executives in the film industry hoped it would not be their last. If older viewers re-discovered a habit for moviegoing, it could provide a significant boost to the film industry. There were, of course, negative aspects to these two films' success. Smaller films are finding it increasingly difficult to a2 business secure a release in Korea, and essay on exothermic even those that do fairly well are often dropped by theaters after just a couple weeks. For bigger productions, the need for wider and wider releases is essay place also weakening overall profitability.
A report by the Korean Film Commission suggested that despite the and endothermic reactions strength of local cinema, the average Korean film still ends up losing about $300,000. In looking back over the past year, we see a fair number of distinctive, interesting productions that have been overlooked by audiences or critics. Evaluating Your Thesis! The Road Taken is a low-budget film about long-term prisoners of conscience in South Korean jails, who spent up to 45 years in essay on exothermic and endothermic prison while refusing to papers help renounce their Communist beliefs. Moving and illuminating, the film nonetheless bombed at the box-office and has been overlooked by on exothermic and endothermic, international festivals. Historical! Legend of the Evil Lake is the remake of a 1969 swordplay fantasy by Shin Sang-ok, shot in China with a mixed Chinese-Korean crew. On Exothermic And Endothermic! Although it failed commercially, the film is visually arresting and is shot on a scale rarely seen in Korean cinema. The curiously-titled . ing , meanwhile, features one of the most memorable mother-daughter relationships in recent years in essay a very moving story of a teenage girl with medical troubles. In terms of essay and endothermic, genre, 2003 was seen as somewhat of a down year for federalist papers, Korean comedies, with several notable exceptions including relationships comedy Singles , which was adapted from a Japanese TV drama and which became a mid-summer hit; and essay on exothermic the period-set Once Upon a Time in a Battlefield which spoofed historical battles between rival kingdoms in 7th century Korea. Horror films saw a strong rebound, however.
Summer is considered a traditional time of year to watch horror films in Korea, and the industry responded with four mid-summer scare fests that included A Tale of Two Sisters , Wishing Stairs , The Uninvited , and Into the papers Mirror . Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic! Although the latter two may not be horror films in the traditional sense, they were strongly marketed as such in order to appeal to the summer crowds. Some interesting new talent also emerged in federalist papers help 2003. Actress Im Su-jeong of A Tale of Two Sisters and essay reactions . ing is now widely recognized as an federalist papers help emerging star and essay and endothermic reactions the most talented of the actresses to debut in 2003. At her young age she has already secured Best Actress awards from the Fantasporto festival in Portugal and at Screamfest L.A. As for directors, Jang Jun-hwan has won multiple awards locally and a Best Director prize at how does help research, Moscow for his brilliant Save the Green Planet, about a man who kidnaps a company president believing him to be an alien plotting to destroy the earth. Other notable directorial debuts in 2003 include Lee Su-yeon with The Uninvited , Kim Sung-ho with Into the Mirror , legendary porn director Bong Man-dae with his first mainstream commercial feature Sweet Sex and Love , theatre director Lee Youn-taek with his first film Ogu , and Lee Eon-hee with the drama . ing . Local cinema these days attracts an almost unprecedented amount of attention in Korea, and this is reflected in on exothermic the large number of essay, new film students, crew members, and outside companies who have decided to enter the film industry. High levels of competition and essay on exothermic a quickly changing industrial landscape mean that 2004 will likely contain a similar level of a2 business coursework, turbulence and essay unpredictability for the people who make Korean films.
For audiences, however, this may lead to an interesting selection of films in the coming year. T he year 2001 was such a great leap forward for Korean movies that many people greeted 2002 with a sense of apprehension. Industry watchers were skeptical that local cinema could continue to capture 49% of the market, as it did in 2001, or to produce hits on the level of Friend (8 million admissions) or My Wife is evaluating your a Gangster (5.2 million admissions). Yet film companies were betting on success, as budgets continued to rise, meaning that many films would have to sell millions of tickets just to on exothermic and endothermic reactions break even. If 2001 turned out to be a one-year fluke, then the industry would be in trouble. With the results in, we can safely say that Korean audiences continued to place support local cinema in 2002. Market share for Korean films amounted to essay reactions 47%, just a shade below 2001, and essay an impressive 25 films earned at least $3m at the box-office. International audiences provided support as well, with local companies earning a record $15m through sales to foreign countries (a 33% rise from 2001). In terms of international recognition as well, Korean cinema seemed to be reaching new heights. The year 2002 will be remembered for three major prizes won at international film festivals: veteran director Im Kwon-taek's Best Director award at Cannes for Chihwaseon ; animated film My Beautiful Girl Mari 's Grand Prix at the top-ranked Annecy International Animated Film Festival; and two awards presented to Oasis at Venice: Best Director for Lee Chang-dong, and the Marcello Mastroianni Award for essay on exothermic, Best New Actor or Actress to Moon So-ri. Nonetheless, there was a lot of blood spilled in the industry last year.
Several high budget genre films bombed in coursework spectacular fashion, losing millions of dollars for their investors. On Exothermic Reactions! Three movies in particular gained infamy for their steep losses: the futuristic sci-fi film Yesterday , family adventure R U Ready? and cyber-action film Resurrection of the Little Match Girl . Together these three films cost $21 million to make, and sold only your favorite $3.5 million worth of tickets. These box-office bombs, combined with other less-publicized losses, helped bring about a new problem for essay on exothermic and endothermic, Korean cinema, as many investors who supported the industry in a2 business the past began to pull out. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions! The profitability of local cinema has taken a hit in your thesis recent years, as labor costs, star salaries, and advertising budgets have all shot up. As a result, even films that did moderately well at the box-office often ended up losing money for their investors. With venture capitalists having turned highly skeptical towards investments in cinema, only a few large film companies have enough cash on essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, hand to continue making movies as they wish. In the coming year, this is likely to essay shape the character of the films that get made.
Although a few big-budget genre titles are in the works, many film companies are turning towards less-expensive comedies and melodramas which come with less financial risk. One example of this is on exothermic and endothermic director Kim Sung-soo, who brought his lavish production Musa to essay questions last year's FEFF. On Exothermic Reactions! For his next project, after considering a big-budget historical war film to be shot in China, he decided to shoot his first ever comedy, titled Please Teach Me English and featuring two up-and-coming young stars. Your Thesis! Shooting starts this April. Looking back to 2002, comedies dominated the reactions box-office, as in previous years. The energetic though largely derivative Marrying the Mafia led the pack with 5.1m admissions, continuing the trend of gangster films which performed so well in 2001. Other comedies broke into new territory: sex comedies made their first-ever appearance in federalist papers help Korea, first with Wet Dreams and essay on exothermic then with the in writing hugely successful Sex is Zero by up-and-coming director/screenwriter Yoon Je-gyun. Meanwhile director Kim Sang-jin, well-known for his previous movies Kick the and endothermic reactions Moon and historical figures Attack the Gas Station , returned with Jail Breakers , a manic tale of two convicts who tunnel their way out of prison, only to on exothermic discover a nasty surprise waiting for them.
One of the year's top grossing films stands out questions for beowulf from the others, however. And Endothermic Reactions! Lee Jeong-hyang's The Way Home , about a spoiled young boy who goes to how does annotated help in writing papers live with his mute grandmother in the country, surprised everyone by attracting 4.1m viewers, more than the combined admissions of Signs, Men In Black II, and Star Wars: Attack of the on exothermic reactions Clones . The outstanding performance of this modest, low-budget drama gave a measure of federalist help, hope to producers working outside of the essay on exothermic reactions comedy genre. Several trends can be spotted in the movies produced last year. One is the use of the 1980s as a prominent backdrop. For most of evaluating, these filmmakers, it is the poverty of essay and endothermic reactions, that period, compared to the high-tech Korea of today, that captures the help in writing research imagination.
The lead characters in these films tend to be poor, and struggle to get by with the essay limited means at their disposal -- for most of them, this means their fists. Champion and Are You a True Guy both feature lead characters who take up boxing in federalist help the hope that it will lead them out of poverty. That was an reactions era when Korea was trying desperately to escape the poverty of the 60s and 70s, to cast off our reputation as a third world country, says Champion director Kwak Kyung-taek. Comedies Bet On My Disco and Conduct Zero, meanwhile, feature heroes that are renowned for their fighting skills. (They find, however, that this only gets them so far in pursuing their goals.) In general, the evaluating your eighties are presented with a mixture of fond nostalgia and sharp irony that highlights how quickly the country has developed into a modern, urbanized society. Strong subject matter and controversy also continue to and endothermic reactions characterize many South Korean films. Director Park Chan-wook, following the mainstream success of Joint Security Area , shocked a lot of viewers with the grim, harrowing violence of historical, his next film Sympathy for Mr. On Exothermic! Vengeance . Although one of the most accomplished artistic offerings of figures, recent years, viewers will need a strong stomach to sit through to the end. On Exothermic! Ryu Seung-wan's women's action buddy movie No Blood No Tears features violence of a more open, in-your-face variety. Many viewers again found this a little too strong to their taste, and despite its artistic strengths the film underachieved at the box-office. Debut filmmaker Park Jin-pyo, meanwhile, saw his film Too Young To Die banned by Korea's Media Ratings Board for its sexually explicit portrait of an elderly couple who meet and fall in love. Although the federalist papers help film eventually made it past the censors by digitally darkening some problematic scenes, the incident serves as a reminder of the confrontational stance taken by many Korean filmmakers towards mainstream social attitudes.
On the essay production side, a welcome trend was the large number of women making their directorial debuts. Prior to 2001 there were only a handful of women directing in the Korean industry, but the rapid expansion of a2 business coursework, film schools and the efforts of some powerful female producers have resulted in a new generation of women behind the camera. For a sense of perspective, in late 2001 Jeong Jae-eun became only the ninth woman in Korean film history to direct a commercial feature. In 2002, however, five women directors made their debut, and a further five new faces will present their first works in 2003. Apart from on exothermic and endothermic Lee Jeong-hyang, director of the above-mentioned The Way Home , another female director highlighted in this year's program is Moh Ji-eun with her romantic comedy A Perfect Match . A young graduate of the Korean Academy of Film Arts, Moh represents the newest generation of how does bibliography in writing research, filmmakers in Korea. The year 2002 was also notable for the large number of local films produced and essay on exothermic released in theaters -- 77 in total. Historical! This was the highest level of production seen in a decade, and essay it meant not only increased choice for viewers, but also more competition at the box-office. One result of this was that revenues were much more evenly spread out than in 2001, when the top films controlled a larger share of the total box-office.
The first few weeks of 2003 dawned with news that many people in the industry found unpleasant. Korea's two biggest film companies, CJ Entertainment and Cinema Service, announced plans to merge their filmmaking operations. With essentially one less major studio in your Korean cinema, and with smaller companies struggling to and endothermic attract financing, many expect some shrinkage in the industry for the coming years, and a return to the past level of 50-60 films produced per year. In terms of releases, the early part of 2003 featured a large number of melodramas, and one runaway hit at the box-office. Like My Sassy Girl in 2001, My Tutor Friend is a romantic comedy based on a story published on the internet. It has grossed more than any Korean film released in 2002, and it has provided the industry with a well-needed boost to start the new year. The coming year has a large number of interesting projects lined up, and these films will have to perform well at the box-office if Korean cinema is to essay favorite place win back some of its lost investors. Two mega-projects loom on the horizon: an $11m Korean war epic (the most expensive Korean film of on exothermic and endothermic, all time) shot by Kang Jae-gyu, the director of Shiri , and a $10m action film by coursework, Cinema Service founder Kang Woo-suk ( Public Enemy ) about a real incident in the 1970s in which trained South Korean spies revolted against their superiors and tried to assassinate dictator Park Chung-hee. Other upcoming projects include new works by young generation filmmakers Kim Jee-woon ( The Foul King ), Bong Joon-ho ( Barking Dogs Never Bite ), E J-yong ( An Affair ), Ryu Seung-wan ( No Blood No Tears ), and essay on exothermic and endothermic Kim Ki-duk ( Bad Guy ). Despite the increased challenges faced by Korean cinema in papers 2003, it appears that young filmmakers and a few more risks will make for a diverse and essay and endothermic interesting year.
The Golden Age of Korean Cinema: Seven Directors. A local film industry first appeared in Korea under Japanese colonial rule in the 1920s. Despite the hardships and oppression of that era, a steady output of films were produced up until the late 1930s, at which time the industry was subsumed by the Japanese propaganda effort in the buildup to World War II. Unfortunately none of these early films still exist in federalist complete form; neglect and the destruction brought on by war have erased all of Korea's early film history. The five years following Korea's liberation in 1945, which also saw the country divided into North and South, saw hesitant steps towards a rebirth in Korean cinema.
Nonetheless, the onset of civil war from 1950-53 left the on exothermic capital of Seoul reduced to rubble and the film industry in tatters. A sustained rebuilding, making use of film equipment donated by the U.S., only began to take place in the mid-1950s. Within a remarkably short period of time, however, local filmmaking began to flourish. Helped along by blockbuster hits The Tale of a2 business, Chunhyang (1955) and Madame Freedom (1955), film companies began to multiply and production increased until Korea was making 108 films a year by 1959. This year's Golden Age of Korean Cinema: Seven Directors programme focuses on the 1960s, which from a commercial standpoint remains unparalleled by any other era in Korean film history. With television still in essay on exothermic reactions its infancy, moviegoing formed the primary means of entertainment for young and old alike, with the average Korean watching six films per year by coursework, 1968. Essay And Endothermic Reactions! This decade also saw the emergence of a new generation of directors, who as a group would produce some of Korea's most diverse and exciting films, despite the highly restrictive policies of the military government. Three names are recognized above all others as the masters of Golden Age cinema: Kim Ki-young, Yu Hyun-mok and a2 business coursework Shin Sang-ok. Talented and prolific, these three very different filmmakers continue to command much of the attention focused on Korean movies of this era.
Kim Ki-young, nicknamed Mr. Monster, stands out essay on exothermic as the most unconventional and bizarre of the trio. His 1960 masterpiece The Housemaid , about a diabolical maid who seduces her master and rips apart the bibliography papers Confucian order of on exothermic reactions, his family, is evaluating your thesis considered by many to be the best Korean film ever made. After years of neglect, the essay and endothermic work of Kim Ki-young was finally re-habilitated at the third Pusan International Film Festival, after which his films have slowly begun to circulate worldwide in festivals and special screenings. Yu Hyun-mok is often described as the most intellectual of thesis, Golden Age filmmakers. His anguished and essay on exothermic reactions brooding Obaltan (1961), heavily influenced by the Italian Neorealists, also ranks at the top of papers, many best-ever lists in essay on exothermic reactions Korea. Yet in many of his works, Yu displays a far greater range of style and mood than the austere image usually associated with his name. Guests Who Arrived by the Last Train (1967) is a colorful and multifaceted portrait of help, young adults struggling with love, art, and ambition in 1960s Korea. Although we do not feature any films by Shin Sang-ok in this year's programme, he remains a hugely influential figure of that era. He stands out not only for essay on exothermic and endothermic, his extensive and accomplished filmography, but also for his powerful company Shin Film, which with its own shooting studio, acting school, distribution chain and 300+ employees towered over the industry much as Cinema Service and CJ Entertainment do today.
Yet beyond the big three Korean masters, a large number of filmmaking talents remain unknown abroad and mostly forgotten in figures essay Korea. The works of these directors express an energy and experimental spirit that, while rooted more firmly in commercial traditions, provide many of the artistic highlights of the decade. Of these lesser known directors, the prolific Kim Soo-yong has begun to achieve some outside recognition, most prominently in a retrospective at the 2002 Pusan International Film Festival. His Mist (1967) is a melancholy, impressionistic account of a man's trip to reactions his hometown, where he is essay favorite place overpowered with memories and the attentions of an attractive young schoolteacher. Meanwhile, another immensely talented director who may be on the verge of an international re-discovery is Lee Man-hee. Essay On Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions! After setting off a boom in war films with one of his early works The Marines Who Never Returned (1962), Lee went on to become one of the your place industry's most respected directors. His untimely death in 1975 at reactions, the age of 45 is considered to evaluating have robbed Korea of and endothermic reactions, one of its greatest filmmakers. Lee's The Evil Stairs (1964, right) remains a masterpiece of the thriller genre, with its supremely accomplished film technique driving the story of a doctor who kills in pursuit of evaluating, his ambitions. Other lesser known directors include Jeong Jin-woo, whose youth dramas display gaudy images and an impulsive energy which borders on self-parody; Kim Ki-deok (no relation to the contemporary director of the reactions same name), a versatile filmmaker who shot the monster film Grand Evil Master Yonggary (1967) as well as Barefooted Youth (1964), the figures essay quintessential Korean youth film; and essay on exothermic and endothermic Kwon Chul-hwi, a director and screenwriter whose Public Cemetery Under the Moon broke new ground in federalist the aesthetics of the on exothermic and endothermic horror genre. Of course, the films of the 1960s were profoundly influenced by the political and federalist help social environment of the essay on exothermic and endothermic time.
One of the defining events of this era was a series of your thesis, student-led protests on April 19, 1960 which toppled the essay authoritarian government of Syngman Rhee. The movement's success profoundly influenced the attitudes and perceptions of essay for beowulf, younger Koreans, who had grown up during and just after the war. The 4.19 generation ultimately took a far more active role in essay on exothermic reactions society than young people had in previous decades, and the resulting generation gap can be seen in essay your place many films of the essay and endothermic time such as Barefoot Youth (left). After April 19, for the space of a little over a year, Korean society enjoyed a much greater freedom of expression, during which films such as Kim Ki-young's The Housemaid and Yu Hyun-mok's Obaltan were shot. Nonetheless in May 1961 a military coup led to a2 business the accession of dictator Park Chung-hee, who would lead the country until his assassination in on exothermic and endothermic reactions 1979. As in other sectors of society, the military government introduced disruptive and a2 business authoritarian reforms which severely impacted the film industry. The first manifestation of essay on exothermic and endothermic, this control came in the Motion Picture Law of 1962, which sought to thesis introduce massive consolidation and a strong emphasis on commercial filmmaking. Essay On Exothermic Reactions! After passage of the law, film companies were required to federalist papers help own their own studios and essay and endothermic reactions equipment, have a minimum number of actors and directors under contract, and to produce a minimum of 15 films per year.
That year, the number of film companies dwindled from 71 to 16, and soon after only favorite place 4 officially registered companies remained. Major revisions in and endothermic reactions the law would follow almost every subsequent year, making for chaos among the filmmaking community. Ultimately, by the early 1970s, the initiative and vitality of the film industry would be crushed under the heel of government restrictions. Directors of this era worked in an industry marked by frenzied activity. The Motion Picture Law allowed film companies to federalist help import one foreign feature for every three local movies produced, so directors were under tremendous pressure to essay on exothermic and endothermic work quickly. How Does Annotated Help In Writing Papers! Movies were shot in a matter of weeks on limited budgets, in studios that were unheated in the winter (in many films you see clouds of steam escaping from the essay reactions actors' lips). More popular filmmakers often turned out coursework 6 to 8 films per year. Kim Soo-yong, who is Korea's most prolific director ever, shot 10 features in 1967 alone, including Mist . Once completed, movies faced a strict government censorship board, which would often ban or delay films based on either political/social content (Yu Hyun-mok's Obaltan ), alleged pro-communist sympathies (Lee Man-hee's Seven Women Prisoners , for which he was briefly arrested), or sexuality (Shin Sang-ok's Eunuch ). Most directors produced a striking range of genres throughout their careers, in order to meet the voracious demands of essay and endothermic reactions, both audiences and your film companies.
War films, comedies, youth-oriented movies, and action films were staples of the time. The first animated film Hong Kil-dong appeared in 1967. Literary adaptations such as Mist and Guests Who Arrived by essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, the Last Train (right) were encouraged by evaluating your, the government through a point system, which awarded the producers of selected films the right to import foreign movies. Nonetheless, melodrama remained probably the most popular and essay and endothermic reactions influential genre of the thesis time, often impacting films of other genres ( Public Cemetery Under the and endothermic Moon being one example). A robust star system grew up at the same time, with popular actors taking on a tremendous number of roles. Leading man Shin Sung-il ( Mist, The Student Boarder, Barefooted Youth ), now a representative in Korea's National Assembly, appeared in 536 films during his career, and 45 in favorite place 1968 alone. He and co-star Eom Aeng-ran from essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions Barefooted Youth remain one of the most famous and popular on-screen couples in Korean film history, and the two ultimately married each other.
As for actresses, Shin Sang-ok's wife Choi Eun-hee and Kim Ji-mi ( The Student Boarder ) received the spotlight for much of the decade's first half, until the federalist help debut of three superstars dubbed by the press as the troika -- Moon Hee ( Guests Who Arrived by the Last Train ), Yoon Jung-hee ( Mist ), and Nam Jung-im (also in Guests Who Arrived by the Last Train ). The enduring popularity of these three women has led to the term troika being resurrected every decade or so to describe the era's leading actresses, most recently in the late 1990s with Shim Eun-ha, Jeon Do-yeon and Ko So-young. Despite the fame and visibility of on exothermic reactions, 1960s actors, one aspect of their persona often remained hidden to the public: their voice. Virtually all films were dubbed throughout the your 1960s as part of the relentless drive to produce films quickly and at low cost. Although some stars such as Do Geum-bong ( Public Cemetery Under the Moon ) and essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions Joo Jeung-nyeo ( The Housemaid ) made a point to dub their own voices during post-production, others such as Kim Ji-mi and Eom Aeng-ran were given personalized dubbing artists who loaned their voices (without on-screen credit) to an actor or actress virtually throughout an entire career. This practice would prove long-lived in Korean cinema, only historical essay dying out in the 1980s. The seven films chosen for this programme are meant to highlight the essay and endothermic range of styles and personalities that make up Korean Cinema's Golden Age.
Despite the your place constraints faced by 1960s filmmakers, they succeeded in essay on exothermic and endothermic capturing the imaginations and ambitions of young and a2 business coursework old alike with creativity and an impressive command of the film medium. These directors must also have shared one thing in common with the characters in their films: a stubborn will and relentless motivation to essay reactions succeed, despite the disadvantages and figures obstacles thrown in their path. Whether driven by love or loss, it would be this will to and endothermic reactions succeed which would power the local film industry and coursework deliver Korea from the abject poverty they faced after the war.
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Endothermic and Exothermic reactions Essay Sample
KFC says it has been making the same mistake for decades €” but now it has a plan to on exothermic reactions beat Chick-fil-A. One year after KFC brought back Colonel Sanders, business is better than it had been in years. But the chain needs to accomplish one thing if it wants to truly come back: persuade Americans to trust its food. In the birthplace of this brand, KFC hasn't done well in decades, KFC's chief marketing officer, Kevin Hochman, told Business Insider during a visit to a2 business coursework the chain's Louisville, Kentucky, headquarters. As the chain exploded internationally, sales stagnated and locations rapidly shuttered in the US. KFC has lost more than 1,200 net restaurants in the US in the past 14 years, going from 5,472 locations in 2002 to 4,270 restaurants today. Then there's the issue of KFC's food. The chain has been plagued by rumors of essay on exothermic using steroids to produce Frankenchicken, even as KFC fries its chicken fresh at each restaurant. At the figures same time, business has been booming for its rival Chick-fil-A, which passed KFC as the reactions No.
1 chicken chain in historical figures essay, the US by sales in 2013 with half as many locations. To turn business around, KFC last year turned to the man who started it all: Colonel Harland Sanders. The chain is now undergoing a Re-Colonelization, reinventing its menu, remodeling restaurants, and on exothermic retraining employees across the coursework US. Sales are rising, with growth every quarter since the Colonel's return. Here's why KFC's controversial campaign to bring back its founder's image worked €” and essay what the chain still needs to evaluating your thesis do to on exothermic reactions regain its spot as the top chicken chain in America. As Hochman tells it, KFC began a decades-long decline in quality and sales when Colonel Sanders died in 1980. The issues started with the brand when he died, Hochman told Business Insider, comparing the post-Sanders-era KFC to Apple after the death of federalist papers its cofounder Steve Jobs. People think he was just our spokesperson, and essay and endothermic reactions some people don't even know he's real.
But, he's really the founder of our values and our recipes. Soon after the thesis death of Sanders, the chain decided to ditch the Colonel and its iconic red-and-white stripes from marketing. It instead focused on ads featuring young customers, and it introduced a cartoon Colonel in the 1990s €” something executives today see as an embarrassing misstep. In 1991 the and endothermic chain changed its name from Kentucky Fried Chicken to a2 business coursework KFC to highlight nonfried products, but the move inspired rumors that the company genetically modified its chicken . Operations broke down internally, as the essay chain added menu options without considering the effect the changes would have on employees. Attention to your thesis bone-in chicken €” which remains the bulk of KFC's business €” was downplayed in favor of popcorn chicken and other new developments. Tellingly, one of the chain's most memorable recent products is the Double Down, a double-meat, pseudo-sandwich that KFC is now eager to erase from Americans' memories. In the 1990s, KFC bet big on being hip, running ads starring young customers and chasing trends. The chain even produced an ad featuring a rapping Colonel Sanders. For a while, it worked. Now, as millennial consumers bristle at pandering and and endothermic authenticity is the essay place catchphrase of the day, it doesn't sell. The consumer bulls--- meter couldn't be higher, Hochman said.
They know when you're being authentic and true. So the chain decided to return to its roots. In May 2015, KFC released an essay on exothermic reactions ad starring comedian Darrell Hammond as Colonel Harland Sanders. It attracted a quick reaction in essay, the US €” not all of essay it positive. Those who hated the new campaign quickly emerged as the loudest voices on social media. So far the response has been about 80% positive, 20% hate it, Greg Creed, the CEO of KFC's parent company, Yum Brands, said at a2 business coursework, a conference a few weeks after the commercial ran. And I am actually quite happy that 20% hate it, because now they at on exothermic reactions, least have an opinion.
Hochman told Business Insider that KFC knew bringing back a more traditional Sanders was a major risk but thought it necessary. We have to have a point of view, Hochman said. We've been playing it safe for so many years €” some people will like it, some people won't like it, but at the end of the day if we're growing our business and we get more people into our brand, it's worth it. Jim Gaffigan as Colonel Sanders in questions for beowulf, an ad released on Super Bowl Sunday. KFC. The campaign required some tweaking. Hochman said many critics thought KFC was mocking the dead in wanting to poke fun at itself. Sometimes jokes got a little too meta and went over some consumers' heads, such as an ad in essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, which a family of evaluating thesis four (a longtime go-to for KFC commercials) eats a family meal in the Colonel's limousine. As the campaign has continued, with three comedians playing the Colonel in on exothermic and endothermic, the past year, critics' voices have died down. One year in, it looks as if the campaign has gone from a controversy to a marketing success. Commercials starring Colonel Sanders have accumulated millions of federalist papers views on YouTube, with the Colonel's reintroduction in essay, the No.
1 spot, reaching more than 7 million views . The British ad-tech company Unruly crowned the chain the essay questions for beowulf most shared fast-food brand of the year . Perhaps most exciting for the brand, celebrities are increasingly talking about essay reactions KFC €” without the chain paying them to do so. Colonel Sanders wasn't a chef until 40. Your Place! He franchised his first @kfc at 62. Don't ever stop dreaming. https://t.co/TgAFezuGMf. €” Steve Harvey (@IAmSteveHarvey) August 27, 2015. The thing that destroys me, Hochman said, was when people say KFC is disrespecting the Colonel. And Endothermic Reactions! Hochman said he deeply researched Sanders (KFC has both a museum and an impressive archive) and spoke with as many people who knew Sanders as he could find. Just the opposite €” I'm trying to make him relevant again so that a Steve Harvey will tweet about him unprompted! While commercials have been the Colonel's most noticeable return to help research KFC, Sanders also dominates the company's multimillion-dollar remodeling efforts . More than 50 locations have already been remodeled, and there are plans to essay reactions redesign 70% of the chain's US locations, or 3,000 restaurants, in the next three years. A remodeled KFC in questions, Louisville, Kentucky. Kate Taylor.
In brand-new locations, the Colonel is everywhere: plastered on the building's exterior, quoted on walls, and even displayed behind-the-scenes in the kitchen. Essay Reactions! KFC's chief development officer, Brian Cahoe, says the design and how does bibliography help in writing new ads go hand-in-hand in and endothermic, revamping the your brand's image and bringing customers back to KFC. Putting the Colonel front and center seems to be yielding results for the chain. KFC told Business Insider that millennials' belief that the brand was relevant to them grew in the double digits since the reactions new campaign began. KFC recently achieved its seventh consecutive quarter of sales growth at locations open at least a year, or same-store sales. In 2015 the brand grew system sales, the total sales of all franchise and corporate locations, by 2% in the US. Simply bringing back the Colonel, however, can't save KFC. The Colonel's distinctive voice may help pierce the din of endless marketing by other brands, even for those who hated him. But now KFC needs to get Americans to listen to what he is annotated help research saying. KFC chef Bob Das demonstrating the process of making KFC chicken. Kate Taylor.
In April, KFC announced it was undergoing Re-Colonelization, which it describes as a public recommitment to quality involving national employee retraining and a new satisfaction guarantee. Customers were saying, 'Your food doesn't taste the same,' Jason Marker, KFC's US president, said in a press event announcing the reactions program. We're not making the food the same way the Colonel had, and we're not making food in what he described as 'the hard way.' Today marks the end of evaluating thesis that. If year one of Colonel Sander's revival at KFC was about rejoining the conversation, part two is on exothermic reactions making the conversation about food. A piece of KFC chicken that a customer found, with a fried lung inside. Coursework! The Daily Mail. Doing things the hard way €” we think that's our difference in comparison to essay on exothermic reactions McDonald's or most QSRs, or quick-service restaurants, said Hochman, who plans to double down on marketing the food story at KFC.
We aren't serving stuff that's being cooked in a central kitchen, frozen, and then reheated. We're really making food. KFC chicken is not organic or antibiotic-free, but it is prepared by hand in every restaurant, never frozen (except in special circumstances, such as transport to Hawaii and historical figures essay Alaska), and made without artificial hormones or steroids. Despite this, the essay and endothermic chain has been plagued with rumors about questions mutant chickens and general skepticism regarding food quality. That's where €” yet again €” the Colonel comes in. Internally at KFC, Colonel Sanders represents high-quality chicken and on exothermic doing things the hard way. The Colonel launched a Re-Colonelization program of his own at KFC in the 1970s, when he was disgusted by a2 business, the brand's departure from his recipes.
KFC lore says that he would travel to restaurants around the US, testing gravy with a golden spoon. If he didn't like it, he would dump that gravy on the floor of the restaurant. If you aren't a KFC history buff, the Colonel-quality link is less clear. Re-Colonelization tries to make the connection, using the catchphrase Colonel Quality Guaranteed. New ads further the effort, with commercials with lyrics like the on exothermic hard way is the way. KFC also launched a blog called Chicken Chattin', written under the Colonel Sanders name, with posts like The Great KFC Mutant Chicken Myth and KFC Colonel Sanders Pledge. Still, while the Colonel Sanders campaign may have grabbed customers' attention, getting Americans to believe a promise by a comedian dressed as Colonel Sanders that KFC sells genuine, real food might be more difficult.
I think it's going to take time, Hochman said. You can't just pivot from Double Downs to essay your favorite 'We make fried chicken in the back of the house' overnight. Nashville hot chicken. Reactions! Kate Taylor. New menu items far from the historical figures essay Double Down are also realigning KFC for a food-focused future. The chain launched Nashville hot chicken, based on an iconic Nashville, Tennessee, dish, in on exothermic, January.
While some were skeptical of the product, sales were strong. Nashville, a city originally highly unimpressed by KFC's take on essay questions the spicy dish , ended up being one of the top markets of the chicken's sales, according to KFC. Still, the changes aren't enough. And Endothermic Reactions! Re-Colonelization, with its employee retraining and attempts at your, improving customer service, needs to extend into KFC kitchens across the US for the chain to take on its biggest fried-chicken competitor. Chick-fil-A recently debuted a valet service in essay and endothermic reactions, an effort to papers help better serve busy parents. YouTube/The Texting Yoga Pants. While buckets of Original Recipe chicken can be prepared perfectly in KFC's test kitchen, ensuring that chicken is made the on exothermic reactions hard way at every KFC location is a much more difficult task. Evaluating Your Thesis! Unlike reheating frozen food (like McNuggets) or preparing food (like a Subway sandwich) in and endothermic reactions, front of historical essay customers, there's a much wider margin for error when cooking is put in the hands of employees.
Operations, quite frankly, has been broken for a long time, Hochman said. KFC's difficulties in maintaining quality are complicated by its biggest fried-chicken competitor. Chick-fil-A has some of the highest ratings for taste and customer service in the business €” a fact analysts say allows its locations to make triple the revenue of KFC restaurants. Chick-fil-A's dominance on a restaurant-by-restaurant basis can be traced in essay on exothermic reactions, part to the chain's peculiar business model. The company accepts just 0.4% of franchisees, making it one of the most selective chains in essay, the industry.
Operators do not own or receive any equity in their business and can open only one location. The kitchen of reactions a remodeled KFC location. Kate Taylor. I don't necessarily subscribe to their religious beliefs, or their beliefs about the world, but I think they find owners that are religious bent [who] tend to be more conservative, Hochman said. Favorite Place! They can make sure that procedures get followed. Essay Reactions! I think that's a competitive advantage for them. I don't know if it's an advantage I would want, but it's certainly working for them from a business standpoint. Today, Chick-fil-A is pushing a more apolitical, inclusive message than it has in the past. Papers! F ranchisees are still encouraged, however, to on exothermic and endothermic reactions become entrenched in their communities, including involvement in favorite, local churches €” a strategy that has helped build up the chain's loyal fan base over the years. It's difficult to pin down what sets Chick-fil-A employees apart (their pay is roughly equivalent to other chains' employees), though the on exothermic and endothermic company attributes its success to investing in essay favorite place, training employees. With only one location per franchisee and a strongly cultivated company culture, that training may come more easily than at chains like KFC.
In essence, Chick-fil-A has developed a reputation for customer-service excellence. KFC has developed the opposite, with even the company acknowledging that customers no longer trust restaurants to delivery quality food, sparking Re-Colonelization. Another detail in on exothermic and endothermic, the remodeled kitchen. Kate Taylor. KFC's operations problems need to be fixed for the chain to stay competitive with Chick-fil-A. As with everything today at KFC, the company's game plan comes back to the Colonel. While Re-Colonelization at first seems like a consumer-focused quality pledge, it has far greater impact behind-the-scenes at KFC. Essay! Last year, pressure fryers across the on exothermic and endothermic reactions country were recalibrated. Federalist Papers! The chain spent more than 100,000 worker-hours retraining more than 20,000 employees. KFC held 43 rallies across the US, attended by more than 97% of restaurant general managers, in addition to national training events at every KFC location in the US. Remodeled locations have blackboards to show customers the name of the chef and the origin of the chicken.
Kate Taylor. Perhaps more interesting are the subtle ways KFC is attempting to boost employee performance and customer service. Essay On Exothermic Reactions! Redesigned locations reportedly experience reduced turnover and evaluating your thesis encourage more applications; in the kitchen, new signs encourage employees to Make the Colonel proud. Blackboards at remodeled locations tell customers where the and endothermic chicken comes from and identifies the chef who is cooking the chicken that day. Much of the brand's tech innovations are focused on evaluating thesis employees, not customers, with digital innovations to help employees schedule shifts, restock, and even chart their distance from on exothermic work to how does help in writing research encourage timeliness. We've got an initiative right now where I'm trying to on exothermic and endothermic make it easier for our employees, Chris Caldwell, KFC's chief information officer, told Business Insider of the papers help brand's tech developments that excited him most. Working in essay on exothermic and endothermic reactions, our restaurants isn't the easiest.
You have to freshly prepare food €” you don't have a whole lot of time for administrative tasks. KFC says taste scores have substantially increased across locations in the past year, apparent proof that the Re-Colonelization process is working by boosting not only customer interest but satisfaction. I'm not going to tell you, 'Things are fixed! Say anything bad about me! We're Teflon!' Hochman said. We're not.
We're still putting the pieces back together. It's a long road. KFC is still closing more locations than it is opening, though the help company believes that will change in the near future, with growing sales and more remodeled locations. After the Colonel's success getting Americans' attention in essay, the past year, however, KFC is federalist doubling down on its roots. And Endothermic Reactions! Now it will be left to employees across the essay US to on exothermic and endothermic reactions make sure that the chain's chicken follows suit. SEE ALSO: KFC is annotated bibliography help in writing papers fixing a mistake it has been making for years. NOW WATCH: Here€™s how many calories are in 6 of the most popular fast-food kids meals. Recommended For You Powered by Sailthru.
KFC says it has been making the same mistake for decades €” but now it has a plan to beat Chick-fil-A. One year after KFC brought back Colonel. Get the best of Business Insider delivered to your inbox every day.