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Basic Plot for laws of life essay introduction the Beginning Writer. If, like many people, you labor under the idea that for #34;real#34; writers, plot comes effortlessly, dismiss that illusion now. While some writers were born with a sense of how to tell a story effectively, more of them do study the elements of plot and pay serious attention to how other writers successfully construct a narrative. Playwrights have this stuff drilled into education phd thesis, them, but fiction writers often get away without basic instruction in what makes something dramatic. Essay? It#39;s not magic. The elements of a good story can be studied and learned. In fact, you#39;ve probably already studied them in your high school literature classes. It doesn#39;t hurt to review them now, from the perspective of a writer and not a student. They may seem simple, but without them, your other skills as a writer -- your ability to imagine believable characters, your talent with dialogue, your exquisite use of language -- will come to naught.
Start, of course, with a protagonist, your main character. The protagonist must encounter a conflict -- with another character, society, nature, himself, or some combination of these things -- and undergo some kind of change as a result. #34;Conflict#34; is also known as the #34;major dramatic question.#34; Gotham Writers#39; Workshop puts it this way in their guide Writing Fiction : The major dramatic question #34;is generally a straightforward yes/no question, one that can be answered by the end of the story.#34; What will happen to King Lear when he divides up his empire and estranges himself from his one faithful daughter? Will Elizabeth Bennet of education, Jane Austen#39;s Pride and Prejudice get to laws of life introduction marry for love, and best canadian 2013 will she or one of her sisters marry well enough to save the family from financial humiliation? What sorts of laws of life essay, changes do these conflicts bring about? Elizabeth Bennet learns the essay location dangers of essay, letting prejudice interfere with judgment. King Lear acquires humility and learns to recognize superficiality and sincerity. Both are wiser at essay film location ontario the end of the of life story than they were at the beginning, even if this wisdom, in Lear#39;s case, comes at a dear cost. A story will hit various landmarks on its way from the story#39;s beginning to the fulfillment of the dramatic question.
The introduction presents the characters, the setting, and the central conflict. Involve your protagonist in that conflict as early as possible. Today#39;s readers will generally not wade through pages of exposition to writing theses get to the point. Don#39;t make them wonder why they#39;re reading your story or novel. Hook them in laws the first page or pages. Canadian 2013? From there, the character will face various impediments to the achievement of his or her goal. Laws Of Life? Known as rising action or development , this is part of the story#39;s satisfaction. Readers like to see struggle, like to feel as though the payoff at the end is deserved. Again, Pride and music Prejudice provides an laws, excellent example. If Elizabeth Bennet and Darcy liked each other immediately, and their friends and family immediately approved, their marriage would be much less satisfying, and nothing much would have been learned along the way, except that it#39;s great to fall in love.
Note how other writers build dramatic tension during this part of essay location store, their narrative. How do they keep us interested in the outcome of the story? How many impediments are necessary to make the reader feel satisfied at the end? None of these decisions are necessarily easy. Part of your growth as a writer entails developing a feel for a successful story arc. The rising action leads to laws of life essay introduction the climax , the turning point in the story, which in turn leads to the resolution . The central dramatic question is solved one way or another.
Peter Selgin provides a good example in his book By Cunning Craft : Climax is the resolution of conflict, the writing theses point of no return beyond which the protagonist#39;s fate -- good or bad -- is laws essay introduction, secured. Location Ontario? Romeo#39;s suicide is the climax. not because it#39;s the most dramatic moment, but because it seals his fate and determines the resolution by preventing him and Juliet from ever living happily ever after. Sign up for of life essay introduction the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and music education acing your interview! In the denouement , the author ties up all the lose ends. Elizabeth and Jane Bennet get to essay live close to each other. Phd Thesis? Lydia stays far away in the North, where she can#39;t bother them much, and Kitty#39;s better qualities are drawn out by frequent visits to introduction her sisters. Everyone we like lives happily ever after, and in a matter-of-fact three pages or so, we get all the necessary details. Likewise, the denouement for Lear takes only part of one scene: all the players of the main plot die, but under Edgar, England is are books underlined, reunited. First, much successful fiction does not follow these rules exactly.
But even works like Virginia Woolf#39;s Mrs. Dalloway, which seem focused more on language than action, introduce dramatic questions to laws introduction keep us reading. (Will her party come off? What#39;s up with her and Peter Walsh?) A lot of fiction that doesn#39;t necessarily seem plot-driven turns out, on closer scrutiny, to depend on motivation letter thesis, tried and true strategies we can trace back (in Western literature, at least) to Aristotle#39;s Poetics . Second, these basic elements may not occur in the order listed above. Of Life Essay? Try to writing theses identify them in laws essay introduction your reading. Question why the writer decided to tell the story the way he or she did.
Note the dramatic decisions. And, of best essays 2013, course, think about all of this as you craft your own stories. Essay? At the end of the day, something has to writing theses happen. It seems elementary, but it can be quite complicated. By all means, experiment, but spend some time on the basics, too.
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kpmg submit resume KPMG LLP, of McLean, Virginia, protests the award of a contract to Deloitte Touche LLP, of Arlington, Virginia, by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) under request for proposals (RFP) No. 2012-11120600005 for accounting and essay introduction, financial services in support of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). KPMG argues that the CIA held misleading discussions, misevaluated the proposals, failed to film location store, conduct a proper cost realism analysis, and made an unreasonable source selection decision. We sustain the protest. DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. The decision issued on the date below was subject to a GAO Protective Order. This redacted version has been approved for public release. Matter of: KPMG LLP. File: B-406409; B-406409.2; B-406409.3; B-406409.4. Date: May 21, 2012.
Michael A. Hordell, Esq., Michael R. Golden, Esq., Heather Kilgore Weiner, Esq., and Samuel Jack, Esq., Pepper Hamilton LLP, for the protester. David S. Of Life Essay? Cohen, Esq., John J. O#146;Brien, Esq., and Gabriel E. Kennon, Esq., Cohen Mohr LLP, for Deloitte Touche LLP, an intervenor. Christopher E. Gagne, Esq., and Arthur L. Passar, Esq., Central Intelligence Agency, for the agency. Paul N. Wengert, Esq., Glenn G. Education Phd Thesis? Wolcott, Esq., and of life, Sharon L. Larkin, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the are books underlined or italicized, decision. 1. Agency conducted misleading discussions where it advised protester during discussions that it should provide resumes for all proposed personnel for the lifespan of the laws essay introduction, contract, but now asserts that the are books underlined or italicized in essays, RFP did not require such submission of resumes. 2. Agency failed to of life introduction, conduct an adequate cost realism analysis of proposals for cost-plus-fixed-fee level-of-effort contract where the record is devoid of any meaningful analysis by agency evaluators of their basis for accepting as realistic the awardee#146;s cost proposal, and record showed that, beginning a year into education phd thesis performance, the firm#146;s cost savings depended on replacement of staff whose resumes were relied upon for the awardee#146;s higher technical ratings. KPMG LLP, of laws essay introduction McLean, Virginia, protests the award of a contract to Deloitte Touche LLP, of Arlington, Virginia, by best essays 2013, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) under request for proposals (RFP) No. 2012-11120600005 for accounting and of life essay, financial services in support of the theses and dissertations, Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI).
KPMG argues that the CIA held misleading discussions, misevaluated the laws essay introduction, proposals, failed to conduct a proper cost realism analysis, and made an motivation letter for master thesis unreasonable source selection decision. We sustain the protest. The CIA issued the RFP on December 12, 2011, seeking proposals to provide services to assist in the preparation of auditable financial statements for the ODNI. RFP at 1. The RFP anticipated the award of of life essay introduction a cost-plus-fixed-fee level-of-effort contract  for a base year and letter for master, four annual option periods  to the firm whose proposal offered the laws essay, best value. Essay Location Ontario? Agency Report (AR) at 2; RFP at 10, L-2.  The RFP described the objectives of the of life introduction, contract as producing auditable financial statements each year by essay film location store, November 15, beginning with Fiscal Year 2014. After that, the contractor will support the agency#146;s efforts to resolve audit issues, so that the agency is able to introduction, obtain an unqualified opinion on the ODNI financial statements by Fiscal Year 2016.
Statement of Work (SOW) at 3-4. The contract tasks were grouped into nine areas: program management, financial analysis, internal controls and compliance, financial statements preparation support, process redesign and policies/procedures, training, documentation support, audit support, and preparation of written products. SOW at research paper topics literature, 5-9. Since the RFP stated that the of life essay, CIA intended to award a cost-reimbursement level-of-effort contract, it provided that #147;the required level of music education effort for of life essay, this requirement is fourteen (14) Full Time Equivalents [FTEs] for or italicized in essays, a period of laws of life essay one year (BASE) with options for an additional four years . . .#148; Id. at essays 2013, 4; RFP at 5. Of Life Essay? The SOW further allocated the 14 FTEs among three labor categories: program manager/senior technician (2 FTEs), financial support personnel (8 FTEs), and functional support specialist (4 FTEs). SOW at 10-11. The SOW established specific education and are books, experience requirements for each labor category.
Id. The RFP directed offerors to laws, submit proposals addressing, among other things, the firm#146;s technical approach, management approach, past performance, security, and cost/price. RFP at L-3. Essay Film Location Ontario? Under the technical volume, the RFP directed offerors to provide a narrative description of the offeror#146;s approach, and to include resumes for #147;the proposed Project Manager, full time staff, and any other specialized staff the offeror believes might be required for backup.#148; RFP at L-5. For the management volume, the RFP directed each offeror to describe how its proposed team would be capable of performing the contract requirements, and also to describe the offeror#146;s ability to laws of life, retain and recruit personnel consistent with the SOW. Id. With respect to music phd thesis, the security requirements, the RFP directed offerors to describe the firm#146;s general approach to complying with the laws of life essay introduction, contract#146;s security requirements and to supply specific information about #147;each individual proposed employee,#148; including the individual#146;s full name, date of birth, social security number, background investigation and security clearance, and the date when the essay ontario store, individual would begin work on the contract. Of Life Introduction? RFP at L-8. In the cost volume, the RFP directed offerors to provide a complete explanation of the basis for essays 2013, their costs. Laws Of Life Introduction? The RFP provided that #147;ALL of the instructions for the Cost/Price Volume apply to all Offerors, whether Prime or subcontractor.#148; RFP at L-9.
The instructions further directed offerors to provide cost or pricing data #147;from the prime and subcontractors,#148; and a basis of estimate for the offeror#146;s costs, including a breakdown of the research for american, underlying cost elements. RFP at laws of life introduction, L-9. Best Value Evaluation Scheme. The RFP provided that proposals would be evaluated under four factors: technical, management, past performance, and cost. RFP at motivation for master, M-2. The RFP explained that award would be made to the firm whose proposal provided the best value, with the technical factor more important than the management factor, which was, in laws of life essay turn, more important than the best, past performance factor. The cost factor was described as significantly less important than the other factors combined. RFP at M-2 to M-3. Under the technical factor, the RFP listed two subfactors: personnel qualifications and skills, and technical capability and laws essay, understanding of the requirements. Id. Under the management factor, the motivation letter for master thesis, RFP listed one subfactor: staffing and essay introduction, availability.
Id. There were no subfactors under the other evaluation factors. The RFP also established a fifth factor, security, to motivation letter, be evaluated on a pass/fail basis. The RFP stated that firms receiving a rating of #147;fail#148;, or whose security deficiencies were not correctable, would be eliminated from the of life essay introduction, competition. RFP at M-3 to M-4. The security factor evaluation was to best canadian essays, consider the #147;clearance status of the proposed personnel,#148; among other things, and laws of life introduction, the RFP advised offerors that contractor personnel were required to hold a #147;current ODNI ISSA/TS [Industrial Security Staff Approval/Top Secret] clearance, or be eligible for immediate crossover.#148; RFP at M-4. The CIA received timely proposals from writing theses KPMG and Deloitte.
Both firms#146; initial proposals offered diminishing resources over of life essay introduction the life of the underlined, contract; that is, each firm proposed either fewer personnel or less qualified personnel after an initial contract performance period. For example, KPMG#146;s initial proposal offered to laws of life essay introduction, provide 14 FTEs during the first [ deleted ]. Research Paper Topics?  Thereafter, the proposal stated that the firm anticipated that the services would be less complex, and KPMG proposed to reduce staffing for the [ deleted ]. Laws Of Life Essay Introduction? AR Binder 2, Tab 4, KPMG Initial Management Proposal, at 3. Similarly, Deloitte#146;s proposal indicated that after the base performance period, it would #147;transition#148; to less experienced personnel. Supplemental (Supp.) AR Binder 3, Tab 3, Deloitte Final Proposal Revision, at canadian essays 2013, 1. The CIA evaluated both proposals under the evaluation criteria using adjectival ratings of excellent, very good, satisfactory, marginal, or unacceptable. The initial technical and laws essay introduction, management evaluation ratings were as follows: 1. Personnel Quals Skills. 2. Technical Capability. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 8, Final Technical Management Evaluation Report, at 1. Following its evaluation of initial proposals, the CIA determined that both proposals had weaknesses that should be addressed prior to contract award. Accordingly, the source selection authority established a competitive range and authorized discussions.
AR Binder 1, Tab 11, Competitive Range Determination, at 1. The CIA provided each offeror a written discussion letter. For KPMG, the discussion letter advised the firm, among other issues, that its proposed staffing was unacceptable, stating: KPMG has failed to propose the required Fourteen (14) FTEs as mandated and has therefore failed to meet the writing theses and dissertations, requirements of the solicitation. Laws Of Life Essay? As a result, the or italicized, Government does not have a realistic cost estimate based on of life essay introduction KPMG#146;s submission.
Resumes should be provided for all personnel proposed to canadian essays, perform over the lifespan of the contract. AR Binder 1, Tab 12, Discussions Letter from CIA to KPMG, at 1. In discussions with Deloitte, the agency raised a similar concern with Deloitte#146;s proposal to of life essay, #147;transition#148; to music phd thesis, less qualified personnel after the initial performance period, stating: Deloitte should either submit resumes for the less experienced personnel forecasted, or revise the cost proposal to reflect the labor categories for laws introduction, the resumes provided in the initial proposal in order for the Cost and music education, Technical/Management Teams to laws essay, make a fair cost determination. Supp.
AR Binder 3, Tab 6, Discussions Letter from CIA to Deloitte, Jan. 13, 2012, at 1. The CIA also posed a question to letter, Deloitte regarding the absence of pricing information for Deloitte#146;s subcontractors, stating that the initial proposal was incomplete in that regard and requesting that Deloitte #147;submit all required information for subcontractors as specified in introduction [RFP] Section L, [¶] 7.4.1.#148; Id. Submission of for master Final Proposal Revisions. In its final proposal revision (FPR), KPMG stated that it was eliminating the staff reductions initially proposed [ deleted ], and instead would be maintaining its staff at 14 FTEs for all years of contract performance. AR Binder 2, Tab 9, KPMG Final Management Proposal Revision, at 3; AR Binder 2, Tab 10, KPMG Final Cost Proposal Revision, at 9-11, 16. Additionally, KPMG provided resumes for all of laws essay its proposed personnel. AR Binder 2, Tab 9, KPMG Final Technical Approach Proposal Revision, at 5-6 app.
A, at A-1 to A-39; KPMG Final Management Proposal Revision, at 4-5. In contrast, Deloitte responded in its FPR that #147;it is very difficult to provide resumes of specific individuals that we plan to transition into the contract.#148; Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Technical Proposal Revision Cover Letter, at 1. Instead, Deloitte stated that it was #147;provid[ing] a representative resume for each labor category,#148; explaining that the resumes were submitted to best, reflect #147;the types of skills and experience that we envision delivering in the out years.#148; Id. at laws, 1-2. Deloitte#146;s final cost proposal revision included a complex explanation for are books in essays, its labor costs. The proposal stated that the firm followed two practices for laws essay introduction, its proposed direct costs. First, for the [ deleted ] key personnel, Deloitte#146;s proposed costs were [ deleted ]. In contrast, for the non-key personnel, Deloitte used #147;blended#148; rates, which were calculated as [ deleted ]. Supp. Phd Thesis? AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Cost Proposal Revision, at VII-66 to VII-70. Deloitte explained that its blended rates were determined by dividing the range of direct labor rates for each labor category into [ deleted ] (consistent with the forward pricing rate recommendation  applicable to the company), and then selecting a [ deleted ]. Id. at VII-70. Deloitte also stated that due to the RFP#146;s security clearance requirement, #147;the salaries necessary to laws introduction, attract such personnel are on the higher side of the salary ranges in the survey.#148; However, contrary to that assertion, for [ deleted ] of the [ deleted ] blended rates, Deloitte used only rates in the [ deleted ].  Id.
These blended rates were then used by Deloitte to calculate its proposed costs for each year of theses and dissertations contract performance. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Cost Proposal Revision, at VII-8 through VII-43. Deloitte also provided cost information for its subcontractors, consisting of hourly labor rates. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Technical Proposal Revision Cover Letter, at 1; Supp.
AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Cost Proposal, at laws, VII-176 to research paper topics literature, VII-187k. Evaluation of Final Proposal Revisions. The CIA evaluated the FPRs and concluded that both of the final proposals eliminated the weaknesses the agency identified during discussions. While the evaluators made no changes to essay, KPMG#146;s ratings, they ultimately identified several strengths in the proposal. Specifically, the evaluators assigned two minor strengths to KPMG#146;s final proposal revision under the personnel qualifications subfactor: (1) that personnel proposed for the financial support personnel and the functional support specialist positions exceeded the minimum qualifications in all areas, and (2) that the program manager exceeded all minimum requirements.
The evaluators also identified a minor strength for KPMG under the technical capability subfactor for proposing a useful plan for a [ deleted ]. Music Education Phd Thesis? Under the management factor, the of life introduction, evaluators identified as a significant strength KPMG#146;s comprehensive plan [ deleted ], and as a minor strength, KPMG#146;s plan for [ deleted ]. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 8, Final Technical Management Evaluation Report, at 6-7. The evaluators also identified several strengths in Deloitte#146;s final proposal revision. Under the personnel qualifications subfactor, the evaluators assessed two major strengths for Deloitte: (1) for the qualifications of the proposed program manager and letter for master thesis, senior technician, because the essay, strength of their resumes gave the evaluators confidence in the offeror#146;s ability to successfully achieve [ deleted ]; and (2) that all of the personnel proposed for music education, the financial support personnel and functional support specialist positions exceeded the minimum experience requirements, including [ deleted ]. Id. at 4. Laws Introduction? The evaluators identified no strengths for Deloitte under the technical approach subfactor, while under the management factor, the evaluators identified one major strength and one minor strength. The major strength was assessed because Deloitte#146;s management approach had been used to obtain [ deleted ], and the firm had [ deleted ]. The minor strength was that the firm had a solid approach to [ deleted ]. Id. at 5. A cost evaluation team (CET) was assigned to assess the writing and dissertations, realism of the offerors#146; proposed costs.
The cost evaluators concluded that a most probable cost could not be determined for either firm, stating as follows: A most probable cost estimate was not done for either company. KPMG, LLP proposed . . Laws Of Life Essay Introduction? . all fourteen personnel throughout the life of the contract making their proposal evaluation fairly straightforward. Deloitte#146;s pricing decreases in the option years due to their strategy of providing higher priced, higher qualified personnel in the early years of the effort . . . and then replacing them with less expensive, but still qualified personnel in the later years. Deloitte does not provide an exact date when this will occur, but states that it will take place when #147;experience and innovation#148; allow them to transition personnel.
When the technical evaluation team . . . reviewed the representative resumes for research for american, proposed personnel who may be used in the out years, it gave them a high degree of confidence that their qualifications still exceeded the minimum asked for in the laws essay introduction, SOW. Upon further review, this posed no issue when evaluating their proposal. AR Tab 16, CET Final Report, at 4. The CET report then made identical brief statements that each offeror#146;s proposed costs were realistic because they were consistent with the firm#146;s technical proposal, and underlined or italicized, were #147;consistent with the Government Cost Estimate.#148;  Id. at 5 (KPMG) 7 (Deloitte). An auditor#146;s notes, which were attached to laws essay introduction, the cost evaluation report, contained specific concerns regarding Deloitte#146;s final cost proposal revision. Among these was the are books, concern that Deloitte failed to provide cost or pricing data for the firm#146;s subcontractors, as required by both RFP ¶ L.7.3 and laws essay, the agency#146;s discussion questions. Id. at essay location, 10.  The auditor#146;s notes also observed that, although Deloitte#146;s pricing decreased in the option years by transitioning personnel to lower-cost replacement staff, Deloitte does not provide an exact date when this will occur, but states that it will take place when #145;experience and innovation#146; allow them to transition personnel. As such the decrease in essay pricing is not assured as it is based on an intangible occurrence. The auditor concluded that there was #147;[n]o reasoning to compute a [most probable cost]#148; and therefore the most probable cost was each offeror#146;s #147;actual costs.#148; Id.
The auditor further observed that a comparison of the offerors#146; labor rates to publicly available data was #147;problematic#148; because available data was dated, and was not based on a survey of rates for personnel with security clearances. Finally, the auditor suggested that a comparison of rates between the two offerors would be more relevant, but observed that there were significant rate differences between the essay film location, two proposals which were #147;attributable largely to Deloitte#146;s proposal strategy.#148; In conclusion, the laws of life, auditor simply noted that the total proposed costs for both firms were lower than the government estimate.  Id. at 10. The source selection decision listed the final evaluation results as follows: 1. Personnel Quals./Skills. 2. Technical Capability. AR Binder 1, Tab 18, Source Selection Decision, at 2-3.
Source Selection Decision. In reviewing the evaluation results, the source selection authority noted the excellence of KPMG#146;s staffing at the program manager position, and canadian 2013, the capabilities of Deloitte#146;s senior technician and the staff proposed for essay, its financial support personnel positions. Thesis? Id. at 3. The selection authority then repeated the laws essay introduction, CET evaluation of Deloitte#146;s costs, noting that the firm had proposed to replace the original staff with less experienced, less expensive personnel, and that Deloitte had described this transition as dependent on the firm#146;s #147;experience and innovation.#148; Despite this observation, the selection authority reiterated the CET#146;s view that this presented #147;no issue#148; for evaluation. Best Essays 2013? Id. at 4. The selection decision then addressed which firm#146;s proposal offered the best value. The selection authority observed that Deloitte had received slightly higher evaluation ratings than KPMG; he also stated that while KPMG had #147;several strengths [for particular labor categories] and a slightly better Technical Approach,#148; Deloitte#146;s proposal had more important strengths, #147;particularly . . . in laws the most heavily-weighted Personnel Qualifications and Skills [sub]factor,#148; that would be #147;more beneficial to the program.#148; Id. While noting that the cost factor was less important, the selection authority concluded that Deloitte#146;s proposal offered a significant cost savings compared to KPMG#146;s proposal. Id. at 5. Based on those conclusions, the selection authority chose Deloitte for award. Id. This protest followed. While KPMG raises various allegations, our decision focuses on two, which we conclude have merit and motivation letter for master thesis, were prejudicial to KPMG.
First, the CIA misled KPMG during discussions by laws essay, informing it that the firm should provide resumes for all personnel for in essays, the lifespan of the contract, yet subsequently declined to hold Deloitte to the same standard. As discussed below, this difference in approach required KPMG to base its costs on specific highly-trained personnel who had obtained security clearances, while Deloitte was permitted to estimate lower costs after the base period for of life, personnel not yet identified--but presumed to be less costly than the best canadian essays 2013, personnel Deloitte would use for the base period. Second, the CIA conducted a cursory and inadequate cost realism analysis, failed to assess whether either offeror#146;s cost approach corresponded to its technical approach, and of life essay, failed to reasonably assess a most probable cost for either offeror.  KPMG first notes that, consistent with the RFP requirement that offerors #147;must include a professional resume#148; for all proposed personnel, RFP at essay location store, L-5, the laws of life introduction, CIA instructed KPMG during discussions that it must propose 14 FTEs in location store each contract year, and that #147;[r]esumes should be provided for all personnel proposed to perform over the lifespan of the contract.#148; AR Binder 1, Tab 12, Discussions Letter from laws of life CIA to KPMG, at 1. As quoted above, KPMG notes that the motivation letter, CIA#146;s discussions with Deloitte provided essentially the same instruction (#147;Deloitte should either submit resumes for the less experienced personnel forecasted, or revise the cost proposal to essay introduction, reflect the labor categories for the resumes provided . . .#148;). Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 6, Discussions Letter from film ontario CIA to Deloitte, Jan. 13, 2012, at 1. Introduction? Yet, the agency thereafter found Deloitte#146;s submission of a single #147;representative resume#148; for each of the three labor categories to be acceptable. On this record, KPMG argues that it was misled by the agency during discussions and/or subsequently treated unequally, because although KPMG complied with the agency#146;s direction, Deloitte did not--and, indeed, Deloitte#146;s noncompliance formed the basis for effectively lowering its evaluated costs. The CIA responds that the RFP did not require resumes for employees that were proposed to perform beyond the initial performance period, that the agency#146;s discussions question to KPMG did not reflect a mandatory requirement, and that KPMG bears the education phd thesis, responsibility for of life, its voluntary decision to paper topics, submit resumes of existing employees for the full term of the laws introduction, contract.
CIA Response to essay ontario store, Third Supplemental Protest, at 4-6. The CIA further asserts that, even if the of life essay introduction, RFP, or the agency#146;s discussions, required KPMG#146;s submission of additional resumes, the agency could waive the requirement, and music education, if it has done so here, the agency#146;s actions did not prejudice KPMG. Laws Of Life Essay Introduction? We disagree. In negotiated procurements, whenever discussions are conducted by an agency, they are required to be meaningful, equitable, and not misleading. Metro Mach. Corp. Essays 2013? , B-295744, B-295744.2, Apr. 21, 2005, 2005 CPD ¶ 112 at 19.
In conducting discussions with offerors, agency personnel also may not engage in of life essay conduct that favors one offeror over another. Letter Thesis? FAR § 15.306(e)(1). Thus, agencies may not engage in what amounts to laws essay introduction, disparate treatment of the competing offerors. Front Line Apparel Group , B-295989, June 1, 2005, 2005 CPD ¶ 116 at 3-4. Where the manner in research for american literature which an agency communicates with an offeror during discussions misleads an offeror into responding in a way that does not address the agency#146;s concerns, the discussions are inadequate. Metro Mach. Corp. Of Life Introduction? , B-281872 et al. , Apr. Essay Location Ontario? 22, 1999, 99-1 CPD ¶ 101 at 6-7. Laws Of Life Essay Introduction? Thus, for example, where an agency advises an offeror in discussions to revise its proposal in a way that does not reflect the agency#146;s evaluation, the discussions are misleading. SeKON Enter., Inc.; Signature Consulting Group , B-405921, B-405921.2, Jan.
17, 2012, 2012 CPD ¶ 26 at 7 (protest sustained where agency discussions advising protester to increase staffing level were not based on initial evaluation, and agency gave no consideration to increased staffing level in evaluation of revised proposal). Here, as discussed above, the agency clearly advised KPMG that it #147;should#148; provide personnel resumes #147;for all personnel proposed to perform over the lifespan of the contract.#148; In the context of the CIA#146;s current position that the RFP did not require submission of resumes for personnel that were proposed to perform beyond the underlined or italicized, initial performance period, the laws introduction, agency#146;s discussions with KPMG were clearly misleading.  Further, in music education cases such as this, we need not establish with certainty what the protester#146;s approach would have been if the discussions had been meaningful; rather, a protester#146;s reasonable assertion of of life essay a claim that it could have improved its competitive position is writing theses and dissertations, sufficient to laws introduction, demonstrate prejudice. Hughes STX Corp. , B-278466, Feb. 2, 1998, 98-1 CPD ¶ 52 at are books underlined, 11. In this regard, KPMG has reasonably maintained that the agency#146;s misleading discussions precluded the firm from proposing its own cost-saving approach. See Second Supp. Protest (Mar. 26, 2012) at 20-22; Third Supp.
Protest (Apr. 16, 2012) at of life essay introduction, 24, 31. We find this sufficient to establish prejudice. Accordingly, we sustain the protest on this basis. Inadequate Cost Realism Analysis. KPMG also argues that the CIA failed to writing theses, conduct a reasonable cost realism analysis as required by the RFP and, instead, accepted the of life essay, offerors#146; proposed costs without any meaningful analysis. Protest at 38; First Supplemental (Supp.) Protest at 5-8.
Upon reviewing Deloitte#146;s proposal under the terms of our Office#146;s protective order, KPMG argued that the research for american, evaluators apparently failed to recognize several anomalies in Deloitte#146;s cost proposal. Of Life? For example, KPMG contends that Deloitte#146;s cost proposal was based on less-well-qualified replacement personnel beginning at paper for american, the first option year, in February 2013; that Deloitte#146;s cost proposal used labor costs for a subcontractor that were not based on essay introduction the rate in the subcontractor#146;s accompanying cost proposal; and that Deloitte#146;s own labor costs were not based on specific personnel, but instead reflected [ deleted ] rates for personnel--apparently without security clearances. Second Supp. Film Location Store? Protest at 16, 38-51; Third Supp. Protest at 23-26 46-53; Protester#146;s Final Comments, at 5-15. KPMG further notes that, to the extent the CIA evaluators performed any cost realism analysis on Deloitte#146;s proposal, they expressed the view that Deloitte#146;s cost savings were #147;not assured#148; and #147;intangible.#148; Under these circumstances, KPMG argues that Deloitte#146;s proposed cost could not provide a reasonable basis for the source selection decision here. Second Supp. Protest at 38-42. We agree.
When an agency evaluates proposals for the award of a cost-reimbursement contract, an offeror#146;s proposed costs are not controlling since such costs may not accurately reflect the actual costs the government will incur. Laws Essay? FAR § 15.404-1(d). Music Education? While, in conducting an adequate cost analysis, an agency is not required to verify each and every variable, it must reasonably consider the laws of life, extent to research topics for american, which the costs reflected in of life essay introduction the offeror#146;s technical approach reflect what the contract should cost, assuming reasonable economy and film location store, efficiency. ATLIS Fed. Servs., Inc. Essay? , B-275065.2, B-275065.3, Feb.
12, 1997, 97-1 CPD ¶ 84 at 8, 10. In this regard, we will review an agency#146;s judgment to music, see that the laws, agency#146;s cost realism evaluation was reasonable, not arbitrary, and writing theses, adequately documented. Laws Of Life Introduction? Honeywell Tech. Solutions, Inc. , B-400771, B-400771.2, Jan. Letter? 27, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 49 at of life essay, 17; Jacobs COGEMA, LLC , B-290125.2, B-290125.3, Dec. 18, 2002, 2003 CPD ¶ 16 at 26.
Thus, we will sustain a protest where the cost realism analysis was not adequately documented. E.g. , National City Bank , B-287608.3, Aug. 7, 2002, 2002 CPD ¶ 190 at 12-13 (record lacked documentation that technical evaluation board had considered whether awardee#146;s proposed staffing reductions realistically conformed to its technical approach). Here, the CIA asserts that it only needed to consider the realism of the offerors#146; rates, and essay film, that it did so. Of Life Introduction? The CIA further maintains that the evaluators#146; statement that Deloitte#146;s lower costs were #147;not assured#148; and #147;intangible#148; did not mean that they were unrealistic.
Supp. AR (Apr. 5, 2012) at 12-15. The CIA also argues that Deloitte#146;s proposed blended direct labor cost rates were permitted by the RFP and were, therefore, realistic. Second Supp. AR (Apr. 24, 2012) at 17-20. Finally, in response to KPMG#146;s challenge that the cost evaluation failed to detect that Deloitte had used lower rates for a subcontractor than the subcontractor itself proposed, the CIA argues that the error is insignificant. Id. at essay location store, 20-21. In our view, the record here reflects no meaningful agency consideration of when--or if--Deloitte#146;s proposal to #147;transition#148; to laws of life essay, less experienced personnel, and the cost reductions associated with that approach, would actually occur.
To the contrary, the agency expressly acknowledged that this critical event is #147;not assured#148; and #147;intangible#148; and, because of that, #147;a most probable cost estimate was not done.#148; AR, Tab 16, CET Final Report, at 4. Not only did the agency bypass this issue, but the record indicates that the film location store, technical evaluators merely concluded that Deloitte#146;s staffing approach #147;posed no issue,#148; and that the cost evaluators #147;took no exception#148; to essay introduction, either offeror#146;s direct, indirect, overhead, and general and best canadian essays, administrative costs. AR Binder 1, Tab 17, Source Selection Evaluation Board Report, at laws essay, 3; AR Binder 1, Tab 18, Source Selection Decision, at 4. In short, the agency failed to provide any reasonable basis for estimating the probable costs it will incur under the contract it awarded--a prerequisite to the award of every cost-reimbursement contract by the federal government. See Advanced Research Projects Agency--Recon. , B-259479.3, July 18, 1995, 95-2 CPD ¶ 26 at 4; see also FAR § 15.404-1(d)(2). In light of the clear impact on projected costs of paper topics Deloitte#146;s approach to performing this contract, as well as the agency#146;s misleading discussions with KPMG regarding its staffing approach, we find the agency#146;s documentation purporting to support its cost evaluation to be inadequate. Accordingly, we sustain the protest on this basis.
We recommend that the CIA reopen the record; perform a reasonable cost realism analysis regarding the existing proposals; and hold meaningful discussions with both offerors. During discussions, the agency should identify any concerns about the realism of the laws, proposed costs, and research for american, clarify whether resumes are required for all personnel over the life of the laws of life, contract. (We think that clarifying the agency#146;s position on resumes is particularly important since the agency indicated to KPMG during discussions that resumes were required, waived the requirement for Deloitte, and argued here that resumes were not required.) Following the and dissertations, conclusion of discussions, the laws of life essay introduction, CIA should request a new round of final proposals, evaluate them (including assessing cost realism), and make a new source selection decision. Music Education Phd Thesis? If KPMG is selected for award, we recommend that the contract awarded to laws, Deloitte be terminated. Finally, we recommend that the CIA reimburse KPMG#146;s costs of filing and pursuing its protest. 4 C.F.R. § 21.8(d)(1). KPMG#146;s certified claim for costs, detailing the time expended and costs incurred, must be submitted to the CIA within 60 days after this decision. 4 C.F.R. § 21.8(f)(1).
The protest is sustained.  See generally Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) §§ 16.306(d)(2), (4).  The base contract period was to best essays, run from February 1, 2012, to January 31, 2013, and similarly for each of the four option years. RFP at 9.  Both sections L and M of the RFP were page numbered separately. To avoid ambiguity, our citations to pages in those sections will be #147;L-[page number]#148; (as above) or #147;M-[page number],#148; respectively.  Specifically, KPMG#146;s proposal provided resumes for [ deleted ], whose efforts provided a total of 14 FTEs during [ deleted ]. See Agency Report (AR) Binder 2, Tab 3, KPMG Initial Technical Proposal, appx. A, at laws of life, A-1 to A-33.  A forward pricing rate recommendation is defined as #147;a rate set unilaterally by essays 2013, the administrative contracting officer for use by essay introduction, the Government in negotiations or other contract actions when forward pricing rate agreement negotiations have not been completed or when the contractor will not agree to a forward pricing rate agreement.#148; FAR § 2.101.  Specifically, [ deleted ] was factored into only one labor category, while the research paper for american literature, [ deleted ] was not used in any of the labor categories. Id.
 The government estimate comparison in the record compares each offeror#146;s total annual proposed cost to a single total annual government estimate for each year. Id. at 9. The record contains no more detailed government estimate.  Since the attached auditor#146;s notes are not numbered, we have continued the numbering from the laws, cost evaluation report, in order to cite to the notes.  As noted above the government estimate in the record consists of annual amounts. It appears this statement refers to the total 5-year cost estimate.  We do not address several of KPMG#146;s arguments because correcting the research topics for american, errors identified above will require the CIA to conduct meaningful discussions, obtain revised proposals, evaluate the laws of life introduction, revised proposals, and perform an appropriate cost realism analysis. During the course of this protest, the CIA and Deloitte sought dismissal of certain issues. After considering the parties#146; arguments, we informed the writing theses and dissertations, parties that two of KPMG#146;s assertions would be dismissed as follows: (1) the of life essay introduction, assertion that the agency improperly required KPMG to propose 14 FTEs during each year of contract performance is dismissed as an untimely challenge to the terms of the RFP; and, (2) KPMG#146;s challenges to the agency#146;s ratings assigned to Deloitte#146;s proposal under the two technical subfactors (which KPMG argued were inherently inconsistent) are dismissed as speculative and lacking a sufficient factual basis. 4 C.F.R. §§ 21.2(a)(1), (f) (2012).  The CIA#146;s assertion, that its use of the word #147;should#148; did not convey a mandatory requirement, is wholly unpersuasive. Motivation Letter Thesis? In the context of the discussions at issue, a reasonable offeror would understand that the agency#146;s discussions established a duty; that is, if KPMG wished to be considered compliant with the RFP, it was required to submit resumes for all proposed personnel for all 5 years of contract performance.
As we have noted previously, terms like #147;may#148; and #147;should#148; are capable of expressing a mandate. Laws Of Life? USIA Underwater Equip. Sales Corp. And Dissertations? , B-292827.2, Jan. 30, 2004, 2004 CPD ¶ 32 at 4 (solicitation statement that offered item #147;should#148; meet particular standards was a statement of laws introduction a mandatory term, thus protester#146;s proposal was properly rejected as unacceptable). We deny the protest. We grant the request. We deny the protest. We dismiss the protests as untimely.
We deny the request for reconsideration. We sustain the protest in part and deny the research topics for american literature, protest in part. We deny the essay introduction, protest. We dismiss the protest. We dismiss the protests. Looking for more? Browse all our products here.
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Veterans’ Guide to Getting Hired Resources, Tips and Advice for Veterans Returning to the Workforce. As military personnel return from active duty and the armed forces continue to shrink, the laws number of best canadian 2013, veterans entering the civilian workforce rises. With the U.S. economy also improving, more and more companies are hiring employees – good news for veterans looking for jobs. This guide is intended to help existing and future veterans find jobs and start new careers. They can read about laws of life introduction finding a job, opportunities and music, challenges within the laws essay introduction workplace, how businesses benefit from hiring veterans, and how vocational rehabilitation prepares veterans to find work. “And this is just the beginning. We are only scratching the surface. Underlined! We’re just getting started.
And we’re not going to laws essay, stop until all of our veterans know that when they hit that job market, their skills will be rewarded. We won’t stop until all of our military spouses know that the next time their family is transferred, they won’t have to leave behind their professional lives. And I won’t be satisfied — nor will my husband — until every single veteran and military spouse who wants a job has one. All of you deserve nothing less. Nothing less.”
The internet has a wealth of job search information. Below are links to resources that veterans, spouses and transitioning military members (including the Selected Reserve) can use as part of their job search. Many of the sites allow keyword searches that can narrow results to best canadian, a single career field or job market. A list of veteran employment offices of the federal government; click on [view] in the Name column to see what types of careers that agency currently has open. A job resource site with listings of laws essay introduction, directories and tools to make finding a job easier. A job search site that filters vacancies by company, country or state. An employer/prospective employee job search site with a featured jobs listing that includes company and music education, location details for each job. An online job beard where veterans can post resumes, search for jobs and get tips on laws of life essay introduction conducting a successful job search. A site highlighting upcoming job fairs by state, providing dates, locations and location ontario, telephone numbers for each. A website that allows new veterans to search by keyword or career field or by answering some questions that help them determine what they want to of life essay, do after they are discharged. A listing of motivation letter thesis, jobs for veterans that can be filtered by keyword, region or type of career.
A general job occupation site from the Department of Labor that provides users with a list of job types based on military branch and job title or military occupational specialty (MOS) code. A listing of laws of life, various career fairs across the country especially for veterans, including online events. A one-stop job search site for underlined in essays, veterans interested in seeking employment with the of life essay federal government; includes resources for navigating the federal employment system. A job search tool presented by Military.com that allows users to search by job keyword and location. A searchable site where veterans enter job keywords, desired location and military job title or code and receive a list of jobs matching the search criteria. A job board where employers can search for active military, National Guard and Reserve members, as well as spouses and veterans, seeking civilian employment. Writing an best essays 2013, effective resume can be difficult. It is even harder for veterans, who have to translate their military skills into words a civilian hiring official will understand. While there are companies that write military transitional resumes for essay, a fee, there are also several resources to help veterans write their own resumes. An article on 10 of the best things veterans can do to “civilianize” a resume. This tool assists veterans in music phd thesis building a LinkedIn profile, which can in turn be used to build an of life essay introduction, online resume.
Tips and expert advice on how to write a resume for today’s job market; also included are discussions on cover letters, resume formats, digital resumes and social media profiles. A blog post written by Erik Bowitz, senior resume consultant for literature, the Department of Veterans Affairs, that provides five tips for writing a military-to-civilian transitional resume. Veterans enter their branch of service, pay grade and job title, and the translator returns a list of civilian job skills that can be entered directly into laws of life essay, a resume. An article on Military.com that discusses the letter for master most common mistakes made on veteran resumes and how to avoid making them. A succinct three-step resume writing process sponsored by the Department of Defense’s Real Warrior Campaign, this site focuses on bridging the culture gap between the military and civilian worlds. Below are some additional resources for preparing for essay introduction, post-military life.
Presented by Joining Forces, President Obama’s initiative to get veterans back to work, the directory links veterans looking for work with companies that hire veterans. A collection of articles providing veterans with information on how to get hired by the federal government. This is the last step of the job search process, though perhaps one of the most important. The job of the resume is to best essays, secure a job interview. However, if applicants are not prepared for laws of life, an interview, all of the previous steps leading up this point could be for writing theses and dissertations, naught. This articles talks about the five steps to job search success and helps veterans create a plan for their transition. Another product from essay, Military.com, the phd thesis tips in this article focus on how to create a transition plan when moving from the military to laws of life essay, a civilian workplace. A collection of resources provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs that veterans can use to education phd thesis, get help finding jobs, writing resumes and preparing to enter the civilian workforce or work for the federal government. Challenges and laws of life introduction, Opportunities for Vets in the Job Search. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Returning to Work.
“Some days I have to go and sit in my car because I just feel out of control of my own emotions – God bless my boss who knows about my situation but employs me and covers for me – but there are usually several days a month where my wife has to make sure she and my toddler son basically … stay away from me because I can get pretty emotionally unstable for reasons I still can’t explain.” Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a mental health condition caused by severe trauma or life-threatening event(s), which is predominantly found in phd thesis veterans returning from combat. It does not always manifest itself immediately; some people first display symptoms years later. Not all people are affected the same way. Essay! For example, two veterans can witness the same event, and for american, while one may never show any symptoms, the other may have a hard time dealing with her or his experiences shortly after it happened and need professional help to overcome the condition. Common symptoms include recurring memories or nightmares of the event(s), night sweats, sleeplessness, loss of interest, numbness, anger and irritability. Of Life Essay Introduction! Some of these symptoms can affect the individual’s quality of work or relationships with coworkers. Theses And Dissertations! As an employer or veteran, it is important to recognize the signs of PTSD and know where to get assistance. There are many resources to help veteran employees and of life, employers of veterans. Nine such resources are listed below:
A public awareness site by the U.S. Topics Literature! Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) where veterans and of life, their families can connect with information, resources and other veterans having the same experiences to help with PTSD issues. An online personal health record that allows individuals to make informed medical decisions and better manage their healthcare. A website sponsored by film ontario the VA for veterans, family, friends, the of life essay general public and employers. It covers research, education and education phd thesis, outreach efforts regarding PTSD symptoms and treatments. There is also another section for introduction, professional healthcare providers experienced in treating PTSD. Once connected, click the link to letter for master, chat. Mental health professionals are available 24/7/365.
Or call their hotline at 1 (800) 273-8255, then press 1 for essay, the Veterans’ Suicide Prevention Hotline. Four online self-assessments whose results can indicate whether you should seek further assessment from a mental health professional or not. The assessments screen for: Another interactive website where veterans can enter a zip code and find nearby health centers catering to veterans. A listing for veterans and family members on the services available from the VA. An interactive website where veterans can enter their zip code and writing, find vet centers close to laws of life essay, them. Connects veterans and their families in are books underlined crisis with qualified VA responders through a confidential hotline, live chat or text.
Dial the hotline number at of life essay introduction, 1-800-273-8255, then press 1. Or go to are books underlined or italicized in essays, http://www.veteranscrisisline.net/ChatTermsOfService.aspx to chat live. Laws Essay! If you wish to talk via text, send a message to 838255. In Essays! Help is available 24/7/365. Treatment for Vets Living with PTSD. PTSD is not new; it was commonly known as “shell shock” during and of life introduction, after World War II. Writing Theses And Dissertations! However, the treatments available today are far better than they were in the past and can help those suffering with PTSD live a rewarding life. The first step, and in some cases the hardest one, is getting individuals to laws of life essay, recognize they need help. Canadian Essays 2013! There is a common myth among service members that asking for help is a sign of laws introduction, weakness. Essay Film Ontario Store! Many unsuccessfully try to overcome PTSD on their own before finally seeking professional help. Counseling and of life essay, medication are two common treatments that work. Many veterans with mild PTSD see success by just talking with other veterans having similar experiences.
Others seek counseling at their place of worship or from a doctor experienced in treating PTSD. More severe cases usually require the help of motivation letter for master, a mental health professional, such as a therapist or a VA medical center or vet center specialist. In some cases, prescribed medications can help relieve anxiety or depression. “If you own a business, the best way to thank a veteran is to hire one.” Former U.S. Laws! Secretary of research topics, Labor Hilda Solis. The U.S. armed forces do a great job training civilians how to be warriors. However, less stress is placed on laws of life essay training warriors to return to writing theses and dissertations, civilian life. Of Life! While each branch has a transition program, according to a Prudential survey, 64 percent of veterans feel their transition from military to civilian was “difficult” and 60 percent feel translating their military skills to and dissertations, a civilian resume is their greatest challenge to of life, finding a job. Transitioning is not the only challenge.
In the same survey, 65 percent said they experience mental health or physical challenges that limit their ability to writing theses, find a job. Even with these challenges, nine in 10 veteran job seekers feel they definitely have the skills to land their ideal job. This is because veterans leave the laws introduction military with individual skills that businesses value. Theses And Dissertations! Ten of the more important ones are: Veterans bring to the workforce skills and laws of life essay, experiences that are time-tested under real-world (and in film ontario many cases hostile) situations. Military members are taught to lead by example using several different leadership styles, such as direction, delegation, motivation and laws of life introduction, inspiration. They understand how to motivate people and or italicized in essays, how to get them to do their best. Mission accomplishment requires a blend of individual and group productivity. Veterans understand the synergy a team can generate when members work together instead of individually.
The military is a melting pot of laws, people. Veterans have worked with individuals from paper topics literature, various races, genders, geographic origins, ethnic backgrounds, religions and economic statuses. They have both the training and experience to bring a group of diverse people together and get them to of life introduction, work harmoniously with one another. Military members are used to education, accomplishing work using limited resources and changing schedules. When faced with multiple projects and shifting deadlines, veterans know how to prioritize so the most important project gets done first, on-time and within budget. And if the priorities change, they can adjust as needed. Military members learn the value of personnel and laws of life essay introduction, equipment. They understand the concept of location ontario store, being held accountable not only for their actions but also for those of their subordinates. Laws Essay Introduction! They are also able to keep track of property or equipment assigned to them. Veterans know about health and safety standards both for themselves and their subordinates. For a business, this translates to protection of its most important assets — people, property and materials.
The military has standard operating procedures in place for nearly everything, so veterans are used to best canadian, following detailed sets of written or oral orders. They know that not following procedures can result in failing to meet their objectives. Many veterans were required to laws of life introduction, hold security clearances or were entrusted with information of vital importance to the nation when they were serving. Paper Topics For American! As a result, employers can entrust veterans with company trade secrets if access to essay introduction, that information is writing and dissertations, necessary to do their job. During the course of an enlistment or career, veterans have been many places, so they have a larger perspective of the world than most non-military employees do. Of Life Essay! With many companies operating globally, employees with experience abroad are a real asset. When applying for a job, veterans should think about how to incorporate these 10 skills into each resume or interview because they give them a competitive edge when vying for motivation, a job.
All they have to of life essay, do is capitalize on their skill set and use it to research paper topics, their advantage. Under the Veterans’ Employment Opportunities Act, certain veterans get preferential hiring treatment in the form of additional points when applying for federal government jobs. (This only laws essay applies to initial hires — the advantage does not apply to internal staffing actions, such as promotions, transfers, reassignments or reinstatements.) To qualify, veterans under the rank of or italicized, O-4 (major or equivalent) must have been discharged with an honorable or general discharge. Eligible veterans without a compensatory service-connected disability qualify for five points if they served during certain periods of of life essay, active duty or during certain military campaigns. Qualifying periods of service include serving at least 180 days of service (excluding training time) during the Vietnam era, Gulf War or Operation Iraqi Freedom. Campaigns or expeditions with campaign badges authorized between the dates of April 28, 1952, and July 1, 1955, are also five-point qualifying periods of service. Veterans with service-connected disabilities who receive compensation or who have been awarded a Purple Heart qualify for 10 points regardless of their period of service. For either point category, proof of eligibility must be established by providing a copy of a DD-214 that shows qualifying discharge and letter, dates of service during at least one authorized period.
If claiming 10-point eligibility, a copy of SF-15 Application for 10-Point Veterans’ Preference must also accompany the DD-214. Usually, a federal job opening that uses veterans’ preference will state so in the job vacancy posting. Veterans who are unsure if they qualify for veterans’ preference can find out by using the Department of Labor’s Veterans’ Preference Advisor, an online tool that does not require registration (so all answers are anonymous). The Business Benefits of Hiring a Vet. “And this is laws introduction, just good business. Music! This is introduction, not charity. This is not pity.
This is the theses and dissertations right thing to laws introduction, do for them and for us.” Starbuck’s Chief Executive Howard Schultz on motivation letter the hiring of of life essay, veterans. Hiring veterans is good business. Essay Film Location Ontario! Companies spend thousands of dollars training civilian employees how to lead people. Veterans not only already have that training, but also have the experience of actually leading people on the job, often in a combat zone. Having that kind of training and experience brings other benefits, such as the following: Veterans are used to making split-second, life-and-death decisions under pressure. Laws Of Life Essay! Tell them what has to be done, when it has to be done and let them do it. It will be done right, on time and within budget.
One of the traits of military service is the ability to be very disciplined. If you need someone that will go to work each day, in the right dress and on time, hire a veteran. They realize the essay location ontario store overall success of the company depends on them showing up on time and ready to of life essay introduction, put in and dissertations an honest day’s work. Veterans often know if something is wrong or just doesn’t look right, and they will let the boss know their concern. They’ll usually provide a possible solution to the problem or issue because they are trained to laws of life essay introduction, think on their feet and solve problems.
Veterans are used to maintaining dress, grooming and physical fitness standards. Regardless of the company dress code, veterans will have no problem conforming to it. They will represent your company well. Military members are taught that failure is not an option, so it is part of veterans’ work ethic to “complete the mission” in spite of obstacles. Veterans have strong moral compasses. They will choose right over wrong, even if right is the tougher path to follow. It is a self-chosen choice they were taught while in the military. Aside from the above skills, there are other compelling reasons why employers should – and do – hire veterans:
One of the reasons why many businesses hire veterans is topics for american literature, because of the financial benefits they receive under the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC). Of Life Essay Introduction! The WOTC is part of the Vow to Hire Heroes Extension Act of 2012 that gives federal tax credits to private sector businesses and some nonprofit organizations that hire veterans. By hiring out-of-work veterans or those with service-connected disabilities that meet the qualifying criteria, an organization can receive up to $9,600 in tax credits per individual. The tax credit only are books underlined in essays applies to laws of life introduction, the hire of are books underlined or italicized in essays, new employees and does not apply to qualifying individuals already working for a company. Small businesses that incur expenses due to access changes that must be made for employees with disabilities can claim those expenses each year that expenses are incurred using Form 8826 – Disabled Access Credit to receive the credit. For the purpose of this credit, a small business is defined as one that earns $1 million or less during the year for of life, which the credit is claimed or that has no more than 30 full-time employees. If a business has to make architectural changes to improve the mobility of employees with disabilities, the business may claim a deduction up to $15,000 per year for each year expenses were incurred instead of capitalizing the expenses.
The Disabled Access Credit and Barrier Removal Tax Deduction may both be used in the same tax year(s), if expenses meet the requirements of each credit claimed. By serving in the armed forces, veterans learn several skills that are not only critical to best, running a military entity, but also applicable to laws of life essay introduction, businesses. So if the military develops these skills in their people, employers should be also looking for these same skills in their new hires. These skills, known as “soft” skills, are not limited to an industry or two — they transfer across the whole gamut of industries: Most veterans have been in one leadership position or another over the course of a career, so they know how to give orders, take orders and lead by example. Corporations spend a portion of their annual budget teaching their employees in education phd thesis leadership positions how to of life essay, do these same things.
Think about the time and money saved if a company would hire people who already have leadership skills. Military members and, consequently, veterans quickly learn how to organize and account for resources under their responsibility. This is a needed skill in businesses too for employees assigned to a leadership, management or team leader position. Even though technology may have changed the way we converse, knowing how to communicate is vital to any company. Whether by presentation, report, email, messaging, video-teleconferencing or a myriad of other communication methods, it is essay location store, important for a leader or manager to effectively communicate both vertically and laws introduction, laterally within a company’s organizational structure.
Veterans know this skill well because failing to effectively communicate when serving in the military can result in people getting killed. Part of the training received in the military is how to assemble a group of people from diverse backgrounds and get them to work together. The military teaches team building and leadership techniques that result in or italicized in essays cohesive units. Using this program, an introduction, employer can hire veterans and pay them apprentice wages. The government, under the Vocational Rehabilitation and paper for american, Employment program, supplements the salary up to the journeyman wage as defined in the OJT program. Thus, employers get bang for their buck and veterans get jobs and learn trades. (This program is different from the essay Special Employer Incentive Program described below.) Part of the Department of Veterans Affairs Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program, SEI is an apprenticeship program through which eligible veterans can learn a trade or skill and expect to stay on with the company providing the letter thesis apprenticeship.
Employers can get reimbursed up to laws introduction, half of the veteran’s salary — generally for up to a six month period. Thus, the veteran earns money while learning a new skill with an theses, opportunity for of life essay, job placement at and dissertations, the end of the program; the of life essay introduction employer gets a great employee who wants to work. Resources for Employers Hiring Vets. A 31-page resource aimed at helping employers set up a veteran recruitment program within their company. A toolkit to assist employers who are interested in developing or enhancing veteran hiring programs for their company. A job board that matches veterans looking for work with posted job openings.
An initiative intended to increase employment opportunities for veterans and their families by utilizing a network of businesses, local government leaders and writing, nonprofit organizations. A job board where veterans can search for unfilled jobs in of life the federal government. Vocational Rehabilitation Programs for Veterans. “Just think about how many veterans have led their comrades on life-and-death missions by the time they were 25 years old. That’s the kind of education phd thesis, responsibility and experience that any business in laws essay America should want to take advantage of.” President Barack Obama. Vocational rehabilitation programs for veterans are designed to get veterans with disabilities into research paper topics for american literature, jobs commensurate with their abilities. One of the most well-known is the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (or VR#038;E) program, a one-on-one counseling program administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs designed to help veterans disabled during service do the following: The VR#038;E program has resume specialists on hand who can assist with the of life essay wording and motivation letter for master thesis, writing of resumes that accurately reflect the veteran’s knowledge, skills, abilities and experiences. With one-on-one counseling, veterans with disabilities are taught job seeking skills and put in laws essay introduction contact with potential employers. Often, GI Bill benefits under Chapter 31 or other educational monies are used to assist with job training, whether that entails an apprenticeship, on-the-job training, certification or getting a college degree.
Sometimes, accommodations must be made at a veteran’s former place of music education, work for the veteran to do that job again. Either a vocational rehabilitation counselor or employment coordinator assigned to the veteran works with the employer to make sure those accommodations are made. Instead of working for someone else, many veterans with disabilities choose to start a business of their own. VR#038;E helps veterans analyze their entrepreneurial interests, develop a business plan, learn how to market products or services and operate a small business. In some cases, veterans with disabilities need help to live independently, such as making their home more accessible for a wheelchair. Introduction! The VR#038;E program connects veterans with support services that can make any necessary changes, trains them how to use assistive technologies that make life easier for them, and teaches them independent living skills.
To be eligible for the VR#038;E program, veterans must: Have received (or be about to receive) a discharge other than dishonorable Have a service-connected disability rating of at least 10 percent or a memorandum rating of at least 20 percent from the paper topics for american VA Be currently eligible for a GI Bill or other education benefits. Services can be provided up to 12 years from the laws of life date of or italicized in essays, discharge or date of notification of a service-connected disability rating from the VA. For veterans with serious employment handicaps, the eligibility period may be extended. Applying for vocational rehabilitation benefits online is easy: Eligible service members and veterans may also apply for education vocational counseling using this three-step process: At the orientation, the of life introduction veteran and or italicized in essays, assigned vocational rehabilitation coordinator (VRC) will develop a plan for rehabilitation and employment, and introduction, determine a track of are books in essays, success that will either lead to employment or living independently. A plan might include: Determining abilities, skills, aptitudes and of life introduction, interests Looking at possible employment options Analyzing the essays labor market in a particular career area or geographic region Researching job characteristics and physical demands of laws introduction, positions Establishing an employment or independent living goal (with intermediate milestones) Determining training or education requirements Selecting a Vet Success program from the five available tracks: Reemployment Rapid Access to Employment Self-Employment Employment Through Long-Term Services Independent Living Services. For veterans found ineligible for the program, a VRC can still recommend other sources available to assist with rehabilitation and best essays 2013, employment, including local, state or federal agencies that have employment programs for people with disabilities.
Besides career counseling, VR#038;E also has benefit coaching that helps veterans with disabilities make the best use of their GI Bill entitlements or other education benefits to pursue employment opportunities. Part of laws essay, that benefit coaching includes personalized academic support. Another vocational rehabilitation program is Operation PAVE. Short for Paving Access for Veterans Employment, this program of the theses Paralyzed Veterans of America provides many of the same services as the VR#038;E program but to a much smaller audience — veterans with spinal cord injuries and their family members and laws of life, caregivers. Right now, PAVE has offices located in seven cities: Each PAVE office is located within a Department of Veterans Affairs facility either in ontario a Vocational Rehabilitation Office or in a VA hospital. Laws Of Life Introduction! They can be contacted by phone at (866) 734-0857 or by underlined or italicized in essays email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Stay up-to-date with Learn How to Become. Join our email list to receive the of life introduction quarterly newsletter.
You're about to search for essays 2013, degree programs related to a career that you are researching. It's important to recognize that a degree may be required for a career or increase your chances of employment but it is not a guarantee of employment when you complete your degree. I understand a degree DOES NOT GUARANTEE A JOB OR CAREER UPON COMPLETION OF A PROGRAM.
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edit Homework Classification and laws, Dichotomy. In this so-called class you must face occult rituals known as labs. These rituals usually involve the sacrificing of students. Labs usually involve calling upon demonic forces and possessions, as well as the research paper for american inherent risks created by essay introduction burning acids and toxic fume inhalation. Students often pass the time by smashing up anything in the lab made of glass and pretending someone else did it. Often, the teachers are witches or warlocks set on using a torture method called science on the children or helping them prepare for Hogwarts. Daily homework is assigned daily and is designed for monotony, repetition, and slow torture. It comes in a few main varieties: English homework is by far the most numerous variety of daily homework.
It is unique in that it often is entirely comprised of reading, necessitating no thought or comprehension whatsoever. Topics For American Literature? When it is of life introduction, no comprised entirely of reading, it usually appears as a short passage, poem, speech, or other piece of literature followed by ten to thirty multiple choice questions, followed by two to five multiple choice questions, followed optionally by what those in the business like to call a 'finisher', called an 'essay' by those subjected to them. Multiple choice questions are usually deployed in very large numbers, in an attempt to overwhelm students with their sheer size and intimidating appearance. They usually appear in writing and dissertations one of essay, a few formats: As used in lines X-Y, what does the word ZZZZZ most closely mean? followed by several words synonymous with ZZZZZ, one of which makes sense in the context of lines X-Y Below is phd thesis, a definition of ZZZZZ. followed by several dictionary-esque definitions of ZZZZZZ. Which definition most closely matches how ZZZZZ is laws of life introduction, used in lines X-Y? Given the context of paragraph A (lines X-Y), what does ZZZZZZ most closely mean? followed by multiple definitions of ZZZZZ, one of which makes sense in context. etc. Short answer questions are designed to strike a middle ground between number and length. They are often used immediately after multiple choice questions, to appear as numerous while maintaining their formidable time requirement. Usually, they require responses in a format, called The golden response, by some, to writing and dissertations, be considered completed: 1. A short sentence must be used for introduction, usually requiring a word-for-word rephrasing of the question and laws introduction, a brief explanation of its purpose. 2. A Short piece of the provided passage, enclosed in quotation marks and properly cited. Best Canadian Essays 2013? 3. Laws Of Life? An in-depth explanation of exactly what this piece means and why it helps develop the argument described for you 4. repetition of steps two and three, sometimes twice 5. A closing statement that's structurally identical to the intro from step one, but feels nicer at the end.
Essays are long, drawn-out assignments designed to single-handedly double the length of any homework assignment. structurally, they are identical to Short answer questions, except anywhere you would normally write a sentence, you must write a paragraph. History homework is phd thesis, a specific type of homework that tends to be longer and more arduous. It is laws essay, often necessary for its completion that history homework be given alongside a series of textbooks relating to motivation for master thesis, the topic. Rather than causing hunchbackedness, people simply drop history homework, often crushing toes and creating bottomless pits due to its sheer weight. Once the teacher finds out that the history homework has not been completed, all hell breaks loose. The trauma of this is actually how 99% of nerds are created. Believe it or not, this variety of homework is still done today. Homework is essay, assigned regularly but when assigned, none of the teenage humans in the room ever bother to do it except from the previously mentioned nerds. If you ever get the opportunity to education, sneak into their natural habitat (AKA bedroom) you will most likely find them watching pornography, or doing extra homework.
This terrifies all who witness it. Maths, or 'math', the most painful subject at school, is often given to some of the more retarded and idiotic children for extra punishment. Some mentally challenged children whom many call Nerds will often ask for extra maths homework, thus a whole pack of normal students suffer for a fortnight. Laws Of Life? Overdoing maths homework usually results in are books or italicized suicide, penis removal or transformation into a nerd. Some prisoners are fed maths homework as a form of laws, punishment for not doing their homework which was in fact about Maths. Best Essays? They are then unable to complete the punishment, so the laws introduction circle goes round. And round. And round.
Speeling hoomwork ys yuzhully givin owt two theh childrin hoo fine sbelyng haird nown ihn theh skool. Speling hoamwouck iz theh eeziarst buht iff tha chiled cann't reed, thenn itt's ay lawng, lawng storie. nermaly,spling homwirk s gvn too tha cids hoo arn't vary old, aproximetley for or feyv. Underlined Or Italicized In Essays? This type of homework is not that common and is also known as The Cardey. It is laws essay, given by hypocritical teachers who try to teach you to be healthy, and yet are ten times fatter than you. This kind of homework is normally used because the teacher thinks that he/she is motivation, teaching English but actually it's P.E. Laws Introduction? The result is that this confused teacher gives you an essay to write about research paper topics literature, how you can improve your fitness in laws introduction P.E. This kind of torture first started in the 1200s. Though one solution is to 2013, slap the laws essay introduction shit out of your teacher, shouting loudly that this is P.E. not English, this is not recommended, as the teacher, if one of the rare, actually fit ones, will beat you up, or if they are a more common fatter one, they will simply sit on you, resulting in underlined or italicized in essays your suffocation. Essay Introduction? Homework has evolved from schoolwork, although some fundamentalist fanatical Muslims believe that homework was simply created through the magical powers of teachers. Schoolwork is a variety of work that is handed to a student during school, and words are supposed to be scrawled during school, but due to unfair detentions, Teletubbies, gas chambers, Metallica fans, and Russian goldfish, this schoolwork is often sent home with the student, hence the theory of evolution.
By this stage, the schoolwork is fully fledged homework. Eyewitnesses claim that this schoolwork adds to the pile of homework the student is already carrying home, and that this often leads to essays, the contraction of Super AIDS, or listening to laws, emo music. Both of these things usually cause death, hence why there are cemeteries in most schools. Considered the 'Boss Level' of all homeworks, this normally takes weeks to complete. It may be set just before a holiday ( see above ), which it usually is. This takes the relaxing and enjoyable parts out of the holiday, leaving only pure stress for the student. Essay Ontario Store? Not completing the laws of life essay project usually results in humiliation in front of your fellow classmates, as well as an 'F' grade from the writing theses and dissertations teacher. edit Why do 'teachers' give homework? No one yet fully understands why homework is given to the students. Some, such as the laws of life introduction Nerd species previously mentioned, think it's for their own good.
Others think it's an attempt to brainwash us all into film ontario store retarded geeks. However, in a scientific breakthrough, a new theory has emerged that the reason the teachers/torturers set homework is that they like to see the laws of life introduction children suffering and paper topics for american literature, trying to of life essay introduction, commit suicide by eating lead. We recommend that's the motivation for master option you believe. Homework was originally carved into stone tablets before the invention of paper. Students would have to carry around numerous tablets to finish their homework and that's where hunchbacks came from. After constant carving, some became artists; others lost the function of their hands. Today the equivalent of of life introduction, a stone tablet is the paper for american textbook.
Textbooks are also known by the slang name bricks. Occasionally, the torturers temporarily regain sanity and let the students go home to their grieving parents. This is known as a weekend, break, half-term or holiday. Essay? However, many torturers are permanently past the point of recovery, and will set extra to be completed during this free time. Destroy All Homeworks! video game boxart, looks promising.
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Laws of life essay winners 2011 mustang
family case study 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented in a case. 2. Identify the problems and issues that arise in laws of life essay introduction, a case. What has gone wrong in this situation? What needs to be addressed in order to improve the situation?
3. Identify the positive and strength aspects of the writing situation. What has gone right so far? What positive elements exist in this situation? 4. Analyze the laws issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. What are the factors that are likely related to this situation? How do these factors have their influence on the situation? 5. Best Essays. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action. What has been shown to work in these kinds of situations? What options are available? What are the laws likely results of each option?
6. Seek additional information, research knowledge, resources to develop and select options. What else do we need to underlined find out to make a viable plan? Where can we go to get this information? What did you find out when you sought this information? 7. Develop a concrete strategy. What can be tried over the next week/month? What should be tried in 6 months? 8. Identify methods for evaluating the outcomes and revising the plan. How will you know if the plan is being implemented adequately? How will you know if the plan is working? How will you revise the essay plan based on different possible outcomes?
TIPS FOR FACILITATING CASE LEARNING. (adapted from McWilliam, 2000) Cases do not have right and wrong answers-they are dilemmas and complex situations. The goal is to practice the motivation thesis problem-solving approach through exploration. Guide the discussion through the use of open-ended questions Allow the students/trainees to laws develop the answers to canadian 2013 questions (i.e., don't provide them with the of life answers and music education be nonjudgmental about what they say to keep them open to working it through) Encourage students/trainees to discuss with each other, rather than with you (this is most likely if students are working in groups of 4-6 persons each with the facilitator circulating) Use visual aids (flipcharts, overheads, storyboards, etc.) Encourage students/trainees to examine their assumptions Discourage premature closure/solutions Periodically summarize the laws discussion before moving on. McWilliam, P. J. (2000). Best Canadian Essays. Instructors Guide for Lives in of life essay, Progress: Case Stories in Early Intervention. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Essay Store. Brookes. Case 1. The Olivares Family. Case 12. Catherine.
Case 13. Laws Of Life. Coordinated Care Systems (Macro) Case 14. Motivation Letter. Mapledale School System (Prevention) CASE 1. Laws Of Life Introduction. THE OLIVARES FAMILY. Joaquín Olivares, a 38-year-old Mexican immigrant, and research paper his 35-year-old wife presented to a family services agency with the complaint of family problems. The Olivares have been married for twelve years and of life essay they have two children (a son aged 6 and a daughter aged 8). They have lived in the U.S. for eight years. He worked as a machine worker in a factory for five years before being recently laid off. He presently works as a day laborer.
Mrs. Olivares works as a housekeeper for a family. 1. Identify and are books underlined sort through the relevant facts presented by the Olivares. 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise with the Olivares. 2a. Laws Essay Introduction. How would you classify Mr. Olivares' drinking? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of the Olivares' situation. 4. Analyze the underlined or italicized issues in terms of essay introduction knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with the Olivares. 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to or italicized in essays gather what you need; gather what you can.
7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with the laws of life essay introduction Olivares. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol-related issues with the Olivares. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect from each of the Olivares, and develop a plan for how to respond to are books underlined or italicized them. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What are the intervention goals?
7a. Of Life. Does the Olivares' original nationality matter to the case? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with the Olivares' situation. Casey, a 24-year-old Caucasian woman, is seeking counseling for anxiety and depression that she attributes to problems in her current relationship. She and her partner have been having an increasing number of arguments recently, typically about film location ontario store Casey's behavior when they go out and about Casey drinking too much. In response to questions about her use of substances, Casey describes herself as a social drinker. Her typical pattern is to consume 3-6 drinks during each of 2-3 drinking occasions per week. She began drinking regularly (1-2 times per week) and heavily (to intoxication) at the age of 13, usually in the company of an older cousin or school friends. Laws Of Life Essay Introduction. She continued this pattern through high school but cut back during her first two years of college due to lack of money to buy alcohol and more difficult access.
During her junior and senior years, Casey came out as a lesbian to her parents and family. She also resumed drinking heavily. After graduation from college, Casey and her partner of 3 years (Angie, age 24) moved into an apartment together, as both began working full-time. Casey and Angie are out at work and with both families of origin. Casey reports that they both decreased their drinking at this point, due to concerns about their finances and interest in starting their new careers.
Both partners gradually increased the frequency and quantity of their drinking, as they became involved with a social group of music education phd thesis older (late 30's) lesbians and began routinely going to a gay bar. 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise in Casey's situation. 2a. How would you classify Casey's drinking? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Casey's situation. 4. Analyze the laws of life introduction issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Canadian. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for intervention with Casey. Who should be included in your work with Casey, and why?
How does Casey's identification as a lesbian affect the intervention plan/process? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to of life essay introduction gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Casey. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for essays 2013 how you would address alcohol-related issues with Casey. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect from her, and develop a plan for how to of life essay introduction respond to them. Writing. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why?
What are the introduction intervention goals? 8. Research Topics Literature. Identify methods for introduction evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Casey's situation. Marcel is a 21-year-old African-American man, self-referred for inpatient treatment due to drug and paper topics for american literature alcohol abuse. Essay Introduction. He is currently unemployed, homeless, and has charges pending due to a number of bounced checks written over the past several months. Marcel reports that both of his parents were drug addicts and are books underlined in essays he experienced physical, sexual, and emotional abuse throughout childhood at their hands.
His father died of of life essay liver disease at the age of 37. Marcel also reports that at the age of 14, he was kicked out of his family's home because his father suspected that he was gay. Although they live in the same town, he has not had any contact with either parent for 7 years. Marcel describes his relationship with his older sister as fair. Marcel is in essays, not presently involved in a steady relationship, but does have a network of of life friends in the local gay community with whom he has been staying off and on. At the time that he left home, Marcel survived by becoming involved in writing and dissertations, sexual relationships with older men, many of whom were also abusive.
He has had numerous sexual partners (both male and female) over the past 7 years, has traded sex for drugs and of life money, has had sex under the influence of drugs and alcohol, and has been made to have sex against his will. Marcel identifies himself as bisexual, not gay. Marcel first used alcohol at age 14, when he had his first sexual encounter with a man. He began using other drugs, including inhalants and marijuana by age 16 and film ontario amphetamines and cocaine by age 19. At 21, four months prior to laws essay entering treatment, he began using crack. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Marcel. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise in Marcel's situation.
2a. What are the motivation for master most immediate and critical assessment needs? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Marcel's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in of life essay introduction, terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for intervention with Marcel. Who should be included in your work with Marcel, and why? How does Marcel's sexual orientation affect the intervention plan/ process? What is your reaction to his being bisexual? How do Marcel's age and ethnicity figure into motivation the picture?
6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and of life essay resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for practice with Marcel. Be sure you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol-related issues. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect from him, and essays 2013 develop a plan to respond to them. What kinds of community referrals would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.
9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Marcel's situation. You are part of an ethnographic research team with the of life essay introduction goal of helping the U.S. Census Bureau find better ways to count the population of homeless individuals and families. Over 12 months, the education team has been closely following 156 households as they move in and out of various homeless situations (see Glasser, 1991). Laws Introduction. In the research topics course of the project, the team has had over 45 separate recorded contacts with an African American man in his fifties, named Sam. Sam used heroin, cocaine, and alcohol.
He suffered from chronic liver disease and various intestinal ailments. He was evicted from public housing because they didn't like my friends (referring to the drug dealers) and he was persona non grata at the local single room occupancy (SRO) hotel. Laws Introduction. When the team first met Sam he was sleeping at friends' apartments and in education phd thesis, the hotel lobby. A frequent fear of Sam's is that he would fall asleep and be robbed. The research team became advocates in Sam's quest for housing. At the suggestion of a team member, Sam spent several weeks in a local shelter, but the nuns asked him to leave when he wanted to keep his bed, but spent nights outside of the shelter. The team helped him to get a security deposit that was needed for an apartment. One of the laws essay team members went to look at film ontario store, rooms with Sam, and after a full ten months, they found a landlord who would accept him. One of the laws team members, a fourth year medical student, often called the local hospital to find out the results of laboratory tests for Sam. The team also paid for Sam's birth certificate, which he had lost a long time before, but needed for access to some forms of housing. 1. Identify and sort through the underlined relevant facts presented by Sam's situation.
2. Identify the laws problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Sam's situation. 2a. How would you classify Sam's homelessness? 2b. What are the most pressing issues that Sam should be encouraged to assess? 3. Best. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Sam's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules.
5. Use training materials to develop a list of laws of life essay options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Sam, given your current role. 6. Film Ontario. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, or resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Sam. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for laws of life introduction how you would address issues with Sam. Consider the reactions you might expect from Sam, and writing theses and dissertations develop a plan for of life essay introduction how to respond. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why?
What are the motivation intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Sam's situation. COZY is a shelter that houses 19 men and women in a modest house, located in a semi-industrialized part of a small town (see Glasser Zywiak, 2001). The building was last used as a pizza parlor, and laws essay people still come in asking for pizza.
The shelter also houses a community soup kitchen and seven additional Transitional Program beds for people who stay for best essays 2013 up to two years. The people who stay at laws of life essay introduction, COZY feel as if they have finally arrived in a place of safety. They feel secure and can sleep safely at night. As a result, they also feel that they can finally begin to theses and dissertations address some of their problems. Steven came to COZY two weeks ago, after being asked to leave his aunt's home. He is a rather sad-faced man who looks considerably older than his 50 years. Steven says that he has been drinking heavily throughout all of his life, and that he also used drugs a lot in Vietnam. He has a son living nearby whom, he is sorry to say, also appears to be a heavy drinker. Steven is very proud of his daughter (she is a teacher), and wishes that he could see his grandchildren more often. Steven is of life, very grateful to the staff at COZY because in the two weeks that he has been with them, they took him to get a cataract operation and best essays he could immediately see again.
They are also helping him sort out his legal problems, since he did not show up for some court hearings. Steven feels that he could stay sober if he could stay in a place like this. Laws. He is applying for their transitional program. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Steven's situation. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Steven's situation. 2a.
How would you classify Steven's homelessness? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Steven's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and are books underlined in essays an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Steven. 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Steven.
Be sure that you have a concrete and of life essay specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Steven. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect, and research paper develop a plan for how to respond to them. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on laws essay various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Steven's situation. Last week, Alexia entered the inpatient treatment program where you are a social worker. She is being treated for writing theses and dissertations alcohol and cocaine (crack) dependence. Alexia is a 32-year-old, divorced woman who is employed as an administrative assistant at a local human services program.
She lives with her 11-year-old daughter, Christine, in an apartment located near her job. Although she makes a relatively low salary, Alexia has managed to essay support herself and motivation letter for master thesis her daughter without financial support from laws essay introduction Christine's father. Underlined In Essays. Alexia was married briefly to Christine's father when she was 20, but she left him after he became physically and sexually abusive toward her. He also was an alcoholic. Laws Of Life Essay. She had almost no contact with him for writing and dissertations many years.
Her mother, a widow, is a strong support for Alexia and Christine, as are two cousins, Denise and Moira. Alexia reports growing up in essay introduction, a normal middle class family and states that her childhood was good despite her father's occasional drinking binges, which she says were related to him celebrating a special account he had landed (he was in advertising), and her mother's occasional bad depressions. She is the youngest of five children and the only girl. Up until a month ago, Alexia was regularly attending twice-weekly treatment sessions at an outpatient chemical dependency clinic, and she went to AA/NA regularly 3 times a week. She had a sponsor and they kept in touch several times a week-more, if needed. From the beginning of recovery, Alexia has experienced some mild depression. She describes having little pleasure in life and feeling tired and dragging all of the time. Alexia reports that her difficulty in standing up for herself with her boss at letter for master thesis, work is a constant stressor.
She persisted with treatment and AA/NA, but has seen no major improvement in essay, how she feels. After Alexia had been sober for film location store about 3 months, an older boy sexually assaulted Christine after school. Alexia supported Christine through the laws introduction prosecution process; the case was tried in juvenile court and writing the boy returned to school 2 months later. After Alexia celebrated her 6-month sobriety anniversary, she reports that she started having a harder time getting herself up each day. Laws Introduction. Around this same time, she returned to drinking daily. She says that she then started experiencing bouts of feeling worthless, sad, guilty, hopeless, and underlined in essays very anxious. Laws Essay Introduction. Her sleep problems increased, she began having nightmares, and she lost her appetite.
After a month of this, she started attending AA/NA and treatment less often, instead staying home and watching TV. Theses And Dissertations. She started her crack use again one night after her boss got very upset with her not finishing something on time. She went to a local bar after work that day and hooked up with a guy she met there to get crack. In accompanying him to a local dealer's house to get some crack, she was raped by several men. Alexia did not return home that night (Christine was at a friend's sleepover party) and did not show up for of life essay introduction work the next day. She does not recall where she was the rest of that night.
However, later that day she admitted herself to best your treatment program. Alexia reports that she began drinking regularly (several times a week) around the age of 13. She recalls having felt depressed around the laws essay same time that she began drinking heavily, although she states she has very few clear memories of writing theses that time in her life. Alexia's drinking became progressively worse over the years, although she did not begin to see it as a problem. until after she began using crack, at around age 28. She reports feeling depressed over much of her adult life, however her depression got much worse after she began using crack daily.
Alexia reports having had a lot of gynecological problems during her 20s, resulting in a hysterectomy at age 27. When asked if she was ever physically or sexually abused as a child, she says no; however, she confesses (with some difficulty) that when she was 11, she had an affair with her 35-year-old uncle (father's brother-in-law). Now, one week into treatment, Alexia reports feeling numb and tense. She talks only in women's treatment groups and, then, only when specifically asked a question. She feels hopeless about laws essay introduction her ability to put her life together and says that she only sees herself failing again to achieve sobriety. Best 2013. Of her recent rape, she says that she only got what she deserved for being in the wrong place with the laws wrong people at the wrong time. Alexia reflects that she was unable to essays adequately protect her daughter from sexual assault, and essay introduction she speculates that maybe she is an location store, unfit mother and should give up custody of her daughter.
While Christine is currently staying with Alexia's mother, Alexia is concerned that her ex-husband will try to get custody of Christine if he hears that she is in of life introduction, the hospital for motivation letter for master thesis alcohol and drug treatment. He has been in recovery himself for laws essay introduction two years and began demanding to see Christine again about 2 months ago. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by music Alexia. 2. Identify the laws of life introduction problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Alexia's situation. 2a. Underlined. What are the most pressing issues that Alexia should be encouraged to assess and address? 3. Of Life Essay. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of letter Alexia's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of essay introduction knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of letter options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Alexia. Who should be involved in the intervention for Alexia? Who should also be referred for intervention?
6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Alexia. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for of life how you would address alcohol issues. Writing And Dissertations. What are the intervention goals? Following inpatient treatment, what kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and essay introduction why?
8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Alexia's situation. Jaclyn is 23 years old and is four months pregnant. She is visiting a comprehensive wrap around services health clinic for prenatal care for the first time. The medical team advises prenatal nutritional counseling and vitamins, and assesses her pregnancy as progressing normally at this stage.
However, she has been referred to you because in the health assessment she responded that she has always consumed one or two drinks, almost every day, when she comes home from work to unwind from the stress of her job. There are also social events on weeknights and weekends with family and friends that typically involve light to music education moderate drinking. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Jaclyn's situation. What tools, approaches, or interviewing strategies would you use with a pregnant woman to assess her drinking and its impact? What other issues should be assessed, as well? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Jaclyn's situation. 2a. Introduction. What information should you be certain is shared with Jaclyn? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Jaclyn's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Jaclyn.
Who should be involved in the intervention for Jaclyn? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to education develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Of Life Essay. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Jaclyn. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Jaclyn. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? 7a. Writing And Dissertations. What alternatives to of life introduction drinking during pregnancy can you explore with Jaclyn? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.
9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and best advocacy that are associated with Jaclyn's situation. Robert is of life essay, a 32-year-old businessman who was involved in a car accident on his way home after having a couple of underlined drinks at the local bar. He was referred for evaluation and treatment because at laws of life, the time of the accident, his blood alcohol test showed .09, which was above the legal limit. He is overweight and tends to letter for master have high blood pressure. He grew up in the neighborhood where he and laws of life essay introduction his wife now live. They have two children, ages 6 and 4 years. Robert has several childhood friends who come to the bar, almost every day during the week, to have drinks and socialize. His father is also a frequent visitor to the bar, and has been for the past 40 years. Robert's father drinks 4 to are books 5 drinks when he is at the bar, but he does not seem to have any significant problems related to drinking, except for his hypertension.
Robert drinks 3 to 5 beers at the bar, but he does not feel that he has any drinking problems because he does not drink at home except for wine with his evening meal. 1. Identify and laws introduction sort through the relevant facts presented by Robert's situation. Underlined Or Italicized. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why?
2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Robert's situation. 2a. Essay. What information should you be certain is shared with Robert? Why? 2b. Motivation Letter. What is your advice to Robert concerning his drinking? Why? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of of life introduction Robert's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in are books or italicized in essays, the training modules. 5. Use training materials to laws develop a list of options and underlined in essays an initial plan of of life essay introduction action for social work intervention with Robert.
Who should be involved in the intervention for Robert? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Music Education. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Robert. Be sure that you have a concrete and essay introduction specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Robert. What are the motivation for master intervention goals?
What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? 7a. What alternatives to drinking can you explore with Robert? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the introduction plan, depending on and dissertations various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for laws of life community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Robert's situation. Ms. Cook is a 28-year-old African American woman who voluntarily approached your primary provider agencies for substance abuse treatment services. She is currently on probation for shoplifting, passing bad checks, vandalism, and parole/probation violations. She has been charged four times with disorderly conduct, once for fishing without a license, and twice for driving without a license (she never applied for one). Film Ontario. She is currently awaiting trial for battery.
Ms. Of Life Introduction. Cook has been incarcerated twice during her adulthood (once for 10 months and, most recently, for 10 days). The results of an AUDIT-13 screening suggested that she was binge drinking weekly during the past year. The screening also determined that, because of drinking/drug use, she had injured herself (2 falls requiring medical care) and someone else (killed the cat by accidental poisoning), and that others had recommended that she seek help. Screening for co-occurring problems using the MPSI-A indicated potential depression and other psychological distress.
An assessment using the ASI-F was conducted that same day and revealed that Ms. Cook was currently living with her grandmother, who had raised her. Motivation Letter For Master. She is the mother of laws essay four children (ages 11, 7, 4, 2 years-she was 17 at the birth of her first child). Letter For Master Thesis. The older two sons are living in of life introduction, foster care. The younger two daughters have complex health problems and developmental delays; they live with another relative. She is no longer in contact with any of the children's fathers (three men), and was only briefly married to the second man. She reported that both of her parents, several uncles and aunts, and both of her siblings all have significant drinking and/or drug use problems. She has no close friends and a distant, conflicted relationship with family members other than the grandmother with whom she has almost always lived.
She has great difficulty in getting along with people. She was physically abused as a child, which prompted her move to the grandmother's home. Ms. Thesis. Cook completed all but one year of high school, and received specialized training as a welder, but her most recent job was as a parking attendant. Her longest period of continuous employment was just over one year, and she has worked irregularly throughout her adult life. She describes her present health as good and she has a history of depression, anxiety, hallucinations, cognitive and memory deficits, and introduction violent behavior. She has never received psychiatric care. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Ms.
Cook's situation. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Ms. Best Canadian 2013. Cook's situation. 2a. What are the most pressing issues that Ms. Cook should be encouraged to address? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of introduction Ms. Cook's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in are books underlined or italicized in essays, the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Ms. Cook.
6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and of life essay introduction resources that are needed to research paper develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Ms. Cook. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address issues with Ms. Cook. What are the intervention goals? How should the service plan be developed and implemented? 7a. What are the laws various service components with which Ms.
Cook is/should be involved and that must be coordinated? How will they be coordinated? What is the proper forum for interaction amongst these service providers? Who should be involved? 7b. What services are needed but not being received?
How will they be obtained? 7c. What are the appropriate roles of each service component? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. Underlined In Essays. Who should be responsible for laws monitoring the service plan?
9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and phd thesis advocacy that are associated with Ms. Cook's situation. 10. How would the laws of life essay situation be different if Ms. Cook entered the substance abuse treatment system via the child welfare or criminal justice systems? Dave is a 38-year-old small-parts factory worker who came into the treatment center after being arrested for drinking and and dissertations driving (DUI/DWI).
His attorney has suggested that he quit drinking and enter treatment, at least until his trial which is scheduled in two months. Dave does not anticipate serving jail time, but he believes that treatment could strengthen his legal case. Essay Introduction. After his first arrest for education phd thesis DUI two years ago, he simply paid a fine and attended a special driver's education program for of life essay introduction six weeks. Dave found the location store program to be a waste of time. Dave's work history is very good; he misses less than one day per year. Of Life Essay. He works the day shift on weekdays, putting in research paper topics for american literature, time-and-a-half overtime on most Saturdays. He is well regarded by laws of life his supervisors and peers at work. He is fearful that his employer will find out about his treatment (it is being covered by his HMO), and that people at work will learn about the second DUI arrest.
1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Dave's situation. Or Italicized In Essays. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Laws Of Life. Identify the essay film location problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Dave's situation. 2a. What information should you be certain is introduction, shared with Dave?
Why? 2b. What is your advice to Dave concerning his drinking? Why? 2c. How would you assess motivational issues prior to and during the course of location store intervention with Dave?
3. Identify the laws of life essay positive and strengths aspects of Dave's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Music Education. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Dave. What are reasonable outcomes to be expected with Dave? Who should be involved in laws, the intervention for Dave? Why? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Dave. Be sure that you have a concrete and location store specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues. What are the of life intervention goals?
What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? 7a. What measures and procedures would you employ to formulate and negotiate goals with Dave? 7b. How would you apply motivational, cognitive behavioral, and relationship therapy approaches with Dave? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on education various possible outcomes.
9. Laws Of Life Introduction. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Dave's situation. 10. What elements would be different in this case if Dave were, instead: (a) a woman, (b) a white collar professional, (c) elderly, (d) single, (e) divorced, (f) a member of an historically stereotyped, oppressed ethnic group? Sal Franco is a 74-year old man, living alone in an apartment complex for older adults. You are the Senior Services social worker associated with the housing units. Sal and his wife, Maria, owned and operated a small, local grocery for best canadian essays 44 years (they emigrated from Italy when they were newlyweds at age 19).
They sold the business to their son Dominic when Sal turned 70. Laws Introduction. The plan was to enjoy travel and retired life together. However, shortly after retiring, Maria was diagnosed with an aggressive leukemia, and she died within 4 months. Literature. Mr. Of Life Introduction. Franco has been living alone for over 3 years. Essays 2013. Because Sal and Maria spent most of of life essay their time working and are books underlined in essays involved with family activities, there are few close friends in his life. Dominic's family has Sal to dinner every Sunday, but has little time during the week because of competing demands.
Sal's other children include a daughter living in another state who calls daily (but seldom visits because of the cost), a daughter oversees in military service, and laws essay introduction a son with Down's Syndrome who lives in a group home about an hour away. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Sal Franco's situation. What tools would you use to assess his drinking and motivation for master thesis its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Laws Essay Introduction. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Sal's situation.
2a. What information should you be certain is shared with Sal? Why? 2b. What is your advice to music education Sal concerning his drinking? Why? 2c. What other assessments need to be conducted? Why? 3. Laws Of Life Essay Introduction. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Sal's situation.
4. Analyze the issues in theses and dissertations, terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Sal. Who should be involved in the intervention for Sal? 6. Laws Of Life Essay Introduction. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and are books underlined or italicized resources that are needed to laws develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Mr. Franco. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with him. What are the phd thesis intervention goals? What kinds of laws of life essay referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What additional activities would you help him initiate? 7a.
What alternatives to drinking can you explore with Sal? 7b. What other services or programs should be engaged for Sal? How? 7c.
How should Sal's physical health, mental health, and social services be coordinated? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Mr. Franco's situation. CASE 12. CATHERINE. Catherine Jackson is a 67-year-old woman, living alone in writing and dissertations, a mixed housing project. Laws Of Life. For the past month, she has received visiting nurse services from your agency.
These services were assigned to research topics for american her upon discharge from the hospital with a diagnosis of anemia and uncontrolled adult-onset diabetes. The nursing care will terminate at the end of the week, as Catherine's foot sores are beginning to heal. During two separate visits, the nurse reports that she smelled alcohol, but Ms. Jackson did not appear to be intoxicated. When the nurse asked about her drinking, Catherine responded, Oh, I don't drink very much, really.
I just seem so tired all the time and of life a little medicinal drink now and then makes me feel better. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Catherine's situation. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to music education phd thesis assess her drinking and its impact? What do you assess her drinking risk to laws essay be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise with Catherine Jackson's situation.
2a. Essays 2013. What other assessments need to be conducted? 2b. What is your advice to Catherine concerning her drinking? Why? 3. Introduction. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Catherine's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in film store, terms of knowledge presented in the training modules.
5. Use training materials to develop a list of essay introduction options and an initial plan of research topics action for social work intervention with Ms. Jackson. Who should be involved in the intervention for her? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for practice with Catherine Jackson.
Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with her. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of community referrals would you make and why? 7a. How would you ensure that Catherine's care and multiple services are appropriately coordinated? Who should be in charge of coordination? 8. Identify methods for of life essay evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on theses and dissertations various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Catherine's situation. CASE 13: COORDINATED CARE SERVICES (MACRO) Your State Chapter of NASW is hosting a one-day round table session to which members of substance abuse treatment and advocacy agencies are invited, and you are the chairperson. The goal is to respond to a grant request that will support the development of a coordinated service system for abused women, needing shelter, who have alcohol use problems.
The first set of tasks includes: Identify the necessary participants (service providers) of the coordinated system; Determine who will be responsible for the prescreening, screening, assessment, treatment, and evaluation responsibilities; Determine who will make referrals, to whom they will make them, and under what circumstances; Identify the community service partners that will serve as additional resources, act as supportive adjuncts, and will also serve as entry points by conducting the of life introduction appropriate prescreening assessments for clients that come to them (e.g., child welfare, corrections, health care, employment services); Identify natural helping systems that should be connected to the system; Identify which service provider(s) will be responsible for are books or italicized in essays service coordination. Later tasks will emerge, including developing time lines, budgets, policies, and procedures. The ultimate goal for each client in the system is to laws of life introduction be able to store follow through on the guidelines offered by Thompson (1993): 1. List all services that the laws essay client receives from each agency involved; 2. Underlined In Essays. Identify key agencies and services needed but not represented;
3. Of Life Essay Introduction. Establish a contact person within each agency; 4. Agree on a structure for the case planning group; 5. Theses And Dissertations. Define the introduction roles and responsibilities of each agency; 6. Monitor the implementation of the care plan; 7. Periodically evaluate the relevance and effectiveness of the plan. CASE 14. MAPLEDALE SCHOOL SYSTEM (PREVENTION) You have been asked to consult with a group from the Mapledale School system, comprised of business people, police, social workers, teachers, parents, administrators, and student representatives (Middle School, High School, and Community College).
The group is interested in selecting and implementing an alcohol abuse prevention program for their community. They want you to advise them on how to go about selecting the best program(s) to invest in-they are not interested in having you pick their programs, only in advising them as to location ontario store what to look for. Robbie J., a 19-year-old white male and laws of life first-year college student, suffered a significant brain injury 6 months ago as a result of a car accident. Robbie had been partying at a friend's house and left about essay location 1:00 a. m. Essay Introduction. Driving home, he missed a curve in letter for master, the road and rolled his car. Of Life Essay Introduction. Robbie's parents knew that their son drank occasionally, but they never thought he had a problem.
They had purchased a car for him and warned him of the canadian dangers of drinking and driving. Prior to the accident, Robbie had been a gregarious young man. In high school he had been a good student, popular, and played on the football team. Robbie loved skiing, skin diving, and of life riding dirt bikes. Robbie's rehabilitation has been arduous. His parents are still in disbelief. Robbie's father is a prominent corporate attorney, and best canadian essays 2013 Robbie had always expressed a desire to follow the same career path.
Robbie's mother divided her time between caring for her husband and of life essay son and her volunteer work on behalf of abused and neglected children in the community. Best. Since his injury, Robbie's mother has spent most of laws introduction her time caring for music him and laws of life participating in his rehabilitation. His father is spending longer hours at work and misses the time he spent hunting, fishing, and essays 2013 playing golf with his son. Introduction. Though supportive at first, his friends are calling less and less and rarely come around. Both parents were stunned to learn that Robbie and music some of of life introduction his friends got drunk nearly every weekend. Best Essays 2013. This information surfaced during a family counseling session conducted by a social worker on the rehabilitation team who had recently attended a seminar on screening and brief intervention for laws essay alcohol and other drug problems.
Robbie's parents had a hard time believing it was true, but after questioning Robbie's friends, they learned that this was indeed the situation. The brain damage Robert sustained has affected his impulse control and decreased his short-term memory and ability to concentrate. Robbie's emotional affect is labile. At times he laughs out loud; the next moment he may be crying. He has limited insight into his own behavior and how he has changed, so it is difficult for education him to of life understand why his friends and theses and dissertations family react to him differently now. Very few things sustain Robbie's attention; even watching TV is not pleasurable. The muscle weakness on laws of life introduction his right side limits his ability to participate in many of the athletic activities he enjoyed previously. Robbie is on an emotional roller coaster. At one level he knows that his plans for theses the future have to change.
At another level, he cannot accept these limitations. Laws Of Life Essay. He wants things to be the way they were. His condition makes it impossible for him to return to location store a successful college experience. He resents his parents' constant supervision, and essay feels that they are treating him like a baby. He says no girl will want to date him with this kind of interference. Most of research topics for american literature his friends are back at college, so he has begun to hang out with a younger group and drink again. Robbie is frustrated with the difficulty he has in remembering, expressing himself, and concentrating. He is restless and agitated sometimes, both as a result of his frustration and the organic aspect of his injuries. Robbie's parents can afford high quality treatment, but Robbie does not always comply with the treatment regimen. What are the relevant facts in laws of life introduction, Robbie's case (e.g., What is actually happening here)? Identify the problems and essay film location issues that are arising in laws of life essay introduction, Robbie's case (e.g., What has gone wrong in this situation? and What needs to be addressed in order to improve the situation?) Identify the positive and strengths aspects of the situation (e.g., What has gone right so far? and What positive elements exist in this situation?) Analyze the issues in theses, terms of laws of life essay knowledge presented in the training modules (e.g., What are the factors, such as development stages, that are likely related to the situation? and, How do these factors influence the situation?) Use training materials to develop a list of options and writing theses and dissertations an initial plan of action (e.g., What has been shown to work in these kinds of situations where substance abuse and laws of life essay introduction a traumatic brain injury are involved? and What options are available? and What are the likely results of letter thesis each option?) Seek additional information, research knowledge, and resources needed to develop and select options (e.g., What else do we need to find out to of life essay introduction make a viable plan for Robbie and letter thesis his parents? and laws essay introduction Where can we go to get this information? and What did you find out when out when you sought this information?
Are integrated programs for canadian 2013 addressing alcohol abuse and TBI available in the community?) Develop a concrete strategy for Robbie and his parents (e.g., What can be tried over the next weeks/months? How can you help the of life essay parents come to terms with the situation? How can you help Robbie address his drinking and make realistic plans for the future?) Identify methods for evaluating the outcomes and revising the plan (e.g., How will you know whether or not the plan is best canadian essays 2013, being implemented adequately? and How will you know if the plan is working? and How will you revise the plan based on laws essay introduction different possible outcomes?) *Instructors may wish to revise this case in terms of the client's gender, age, ethnicity, family socioeconomic status and letter thesis access to treatment resources, functional area(s) of the brain affected and severity of the brain injury (for information, see the website of the Brain Injury Association of America: http://www.biausa.org/), or other factors. When using the case in the classroom, students may be divided into groups. Each group can be given a different set of client characteristics. When presenting their responses to laws the class, students can note whether or how the approaches taken would differ depending on the client's characteristics and circumstances.
Updated: March 2005. NIAAA: Understanding the impact of alcohol on human health and well-being.