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Essay on raphael

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My essay is about Raphael's life - WriteWork

Essay on raphael

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Реферат: Life Of Raphael Sanzio Essay Research Paper

Business Ethics In The Enron Scandal Accounting Essay. Ans:In the essay case study the company had never gone for write my college any braking of any rules and regulations or the laws. The company was following the practice of the Financial Accounting Standard Board's (FASB) rules. According to this the company the use Mark To Market Accounting . According to this system the company can include in current earnings those profits that they expect to essay, earn on energy contracts and related derivatives estimates. Write My College Essays? The company was posting earnings for non cash gains that they expect to realize in the future. In lay man definition they were following the earnings on the assumptions. whether the company was using the price of the goods which was expected in the future but circumstances change and every time there was change in on raphael, price. This resulted into non match of the balance sheets with the my college actual figures which should have been there in the balance sheets. Secondaly, the company was following the standards of essay compensation to topic, their employees. Option of stock options was given as a part of compensation to the company officials.

The only thing lacking on their part was that the company gives excess compensation to the executives. Thirdly the company was using the concept of special entity projects, according to which the company was using the essay money of the profits but there were many of the projects which were not accomplished and resulted into resume empty debts and such valuation was being used in the balance sheets. According to the set standards the company can go for some of the off the book entities of which there would be 50% stake in the other companies but here the company was using 3000 off the book entities with 49% stake in the projects. The only problem was with the essay interpretation of the whole rules and regulations. Cataract Paper? Q 2) Do you think that Enron's financial reports gave a false impression? Ans: yes, I think that Enron's financial reports gave a false impression because according to the analysts the balance sheets are still not clear to most of the CFOs of the officials. The company was using the concept of on raphael mark to market. This concept was totally based on the assumption in the near future. Looks Empty? The concept named off the essay book entities also adds to the over puzzling nature of the balance sheets. On Photoshop? In addition to this the company paid zero tax in the balance sheets.

With the help of essay on raphael special entity projects they were able to manipulate the assets and liabilities of the company with the transfer of the same with the Cayman Island projects. Q 3) Does it matter that most investors in topic, Enron were relatively sophisticated financial institutions? What about the employee's ownership of the essay stock and their 401(k) plans? Ans: Most of the resume looks investors in the company were sophisticated institutions. when for the first time Enron traded its energy as commodity in Wall Street Market, the share prices of the company raises. The price was $85 each when floated even for the first time. With the help of essay such a strong financial institution the prices of the essay topic and juliet stock raise so much that created the overvaluation of the company's wealth. Also due to this strong backing the company controlled all the energy market in U.S. The company's employees were given 401(k) plans. According to this, the employees were given stock option plans with the basic compensation. They have invested heavily in essay, the company's stocks and the company has a matching program in which it contributed additional shares of the essay questions in the stock to saving and retirement plans when employees chose to fund them with Enron stock . Essay? This has added a great value for the company.

When most of the shares or the stake were controlled by the employees then it has contributed to the value addition for the company. As per the case also under 401(k) plan the company offer the compensation as per the performance of the employee and relate it to the balance sheet of the company where it uses mark to market policy. Q 4) How the top leadership at Enron undermined the foundation values of Enron code of ethics? Ans: In company the essay raisin in the top management always made the code of ethics. On Raphael? In this case, The top management never go for ruining the cataract paper rules and regulations but it has always said its employees to manipulate the laws. Essay? The company officials themselves have given the orders to their accountants to write essays, go for the best way to on raphael, save the taxes. It was on the employee's saying that we don't ruin the topics things we just manipulating the things.

Willingly of the unwillingly the company officials specially Lay and Skilling who were the in charge of handling the financial of the company were totally unethical and they were concentrating on the profits of the company. They were also using the unfair means for getting the profits. The financial frauds, insider trading were some of the practices common in the top level executives. Also they laid emphasis on the creating superficial financial reports which is totally unethical. Q 5) Could another Enron occur now? Why or why not? Ans 5) yes,it can happen anywhere. There has been recent scam in the corporate world named as Indian Enron as Satyam scam. The financials were hampered in this company as well. The only difference in Enron and Satyam was that the top level admitted its hand in the case of Satyam. The company uses experienced skill sets which were manipulating the regulations in a logical way.

Uses the accounting standard different to other being used by the ordinary companies so that manipulation is done in better way. Expanding business of the company was one its strengths. The company was taking the help of top most financial institutions which were acting as a support for essay the company also. Also the company was having a large no. of cataract employees who relied on the company's stock options and were having the large chunk of stocks or shares. Complex business model. Complex business financial principles. Complex balance sheets. Non understandable business balance sheets. The upcoming projects in the power generation businesses act as opportunity to grow.

The special entity projects also act as an opportunity for the growth as well as the financial confusions. Employee's agreement of non selling of their stock options also act as an essay on raphael, opportunity to write my college essays, invest employees money by essay, the company. Open hand welcome by Wall Street also acts as an opportunity. The competitors act as threats. Ethical employees act as a threat for the company unethical deeds. Relationships in terms of employment also act as a threat.

Rules of government and other financial regulators act as a threat.

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Реферат: Life Of Raphael Sanzio Essay Research Paper

Goodbye to All That: Why Obama Matters. Is Iraq Vietnam? Who really won in 2000? Which side are you on in the culture wars? These questions have divided the Baby Boomers and distorted our politics. One candidate could transcend them. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster.

Civil-Rights Protests Have Never Been Popular. Sterilizing a Child, for essay a Better Life. The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science. The logic behind the candidacy of Barack Obama is not, in the end, about Barack Obama. It has little to topic for romeo and juliet, do with his policy proposals, which are very close to essay, his Democratic rivals’ and which, with a few exceptions, exist firmly within the conventions of our politics. It has little to do with Obama’s considerable skills as a conciliator, legislator, or even thinker.

It has even less to research paper, do with his ideological pedigree or legal background or rhetorical skills. Yes, as the many profiles prove, he has considerable intelligence and not a little guile. But so do others, not least his formidably polished and practiced opponent Senator Hillary Clinton. Obama, moreover, is no saint. He has flaws and essay on raphael, tics: Often tired, sometimes crabby, intermittently solipsistic, he’s a surprisingly uneven campaigner.

Andrew Sullivan speaks candidly about why he supports Barack Obama, how he became a blogger, and why he's not afraid to change his mind. Listen to an excerpt from his interview with Andrew Sullivan. (Audio player will pop up in a new window.) Listen to a podcast of Andrew Sullivan's discussion with Tom Ashbrook on NPR's On Point. A soaring rhetorical flourish one day is undercut by a lackluster debate performance the next. He is certainly not without self-regard. He has more experience in public life than his opponents want to acknowledge, but he has not spent much time in and juliet, Washington and has never run a business. His lean physique, close-cropped hair, and stick-out ears can give the impression of a slightly pushy undergraduate. You can see why many of his friends and admirers have urged him to wait his turn.

He could be president in five or nine years’ time—why the rush? But he knows, and privately acknowledges, that the fundamental point of his candidacy is that it is happening now. In politics, timing matters. And the most persuasive case for essay Obama has less to do with him than with the moment he is meeting. The moment has been a long time coming, and it is the result of a confluence of events, from one traumatizing war in Southeast Asia to essays, another in the most fractious country in the Middle East. The legacy is a cultural climate that stultifies our politics and essay, corrupts our discourse. Obama’s candidacy in this sense is a potentially transformational one. Unlike any of the other candidates, he could take America—finally—past the resume debilitating, self-perpetuating family quarrel of the Baby Boom generation that has long engulfed all of us. So much has happened in America in the past seven years, let alone the essay on raphael past 40, that we can be forgiven for focusing on the present and essays, the immediate future. But it is only when you take several large steps back into the long past that the full logic of an Obama presidency stares directly—and uncomfortably—at you. At its best, the Obama candidacy is about ending a war—not so much the war in Iraq, which now has a mo­mentum that will propel the occupation into the next decade—but the war within America that has prevailed since Vietnam and that shows dangerous signs of essay on raphael, intensifying, a nonviolent civil war that has crippled America at the very time the world needs it most.

It is a war about depression essays war—and about culture and about religion and about race. And in essay on raphael, that war, Obama—and Obama alone—offers the depression topics essays possibility of a truce. The traces of our long journey to this juncture can be found all around us. Essay On Raphael. Its most obvious manifestation is political rhetoric. The high temperature—Bill O’Reilly’s nightly screeds against anti-Americans on one channel, Keith Olbermann’s “Worst Person in the World” on the other;’s “General Betray Us” on resume the one side, Ann Coulter’s Treason on on raphael the other; Michael Moore’s accusation of treason at the core of the Iraq War, Sean Hannity’s assertion of treason in the opposition to it—is particularly striking when you examine the generally minor policy choices on the table. Something deeper and more powerful than the actual decisions we face is driving the tone of the questions sun debate. Take the biggest foreign-policy question—the war in essay on raphael, Iraq. The rhetoric ranges from John McCain’s “No Surrender” banner to the “End the War Now” absolutism of much of the Democratic base. Yet the research substantive issue is almost comically removed from this hyperventilation.

Every potential president, Republican or Democrat, would likely inherit more than 100,000 occupying troops in essay on raphael, January 2009; every one would be attempting to topics, redeploy them as prudently as possible and to build stronger alliances both in the region and in the world. Every major candidate, moreover, will pledge to use targeted military force against al-Qaeda if necessary; every one is committed to ensuring that Iran will not have a nuclear bomb; every one is committed to an open-ended deployment in Afghanistan and essay on raphael, an unbending alliance with Israel. We are fighting over something, to be sure. But it is more a fight over how we define ourselves and over resume on photoshop long-term goals than over what is practically to be done on the ground. On domestic policy, the primary issue is health care. Again, the ferocious rhetoric belies the mundane reality. Between the essay boogeyman of “Big Government” and the alleged threat of the drug companies, the practical differences are more matters of nuance than ideology.

Yes, there are policy disagreements, but in the wake of the Bush administration, they are underwhelming. Most Republicans support continuing the Medicare drug benefit for seniors, the largest expansion of the entitlement state since Lyndon Johnson, while Democrats are merely favoring more cost controls on drug and insurance companies. Essay For Romeo. Between Mitt Romney’s Massachusetts plan—individual mandates, private-sector leadership—and Senator Clinton’s triangulated update of her 1994 debacle, the difference is more technical than fundamental. The country has moved ever so slightly leftward. But this again is less a function of ideological transformation than of the current system’s failure to on raphael, provide affordable health care for resume the insured or any care at all for growing numbers of the working poor. If the Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade, it will set off tectonic shifts in the American political landscape not seen since the civil-rights movement—or perhaps even the Civil War. By Jeffrey Rosen. Even on issues that are seen as integral to the polarization, the practical stakes in this election are minor. Essay On Raphael. A large consensus in America favors legal abortions during the first trimester and varying restrictions thereafter.

Even in solidly red states, such as South Dakota, the resume support for total criminalization is essay on raphael, weak. If Roe were to fall, the primary impact would be the end of a system more liberal than any in Europe in favor of one more in research paper, sync with the varied views that exist across this country. On marriage, the battles in essay on raphael, the states are subsiding, as a bevy of blue states adopt either civil marriage or civil unions for gay couples, and the rest stand pat. Most states that want no recognition for same-sex couples have already made that decision, usually through state constitutional amendments that allow change only with extreme difficulty. And the one state where marriage equality exists, Massachusetts, has decided to essay in the sun, maintain the on raphael reform indefinitely. Given this quiet, evolving consensus on policy, how do we account for the bitter, brutal tone of American politics? The answer lies mainly with the biggest and paper, most influential generation in America: the Baby Boomers. The divide is on raphael, still—amazingly—between those who fought in Vietnam and those who didn’t, and between those who fought and essays, dissented and those who fought but never dissented at all.

By defining the on raphael contours of the Boomer generation, it lasted decades. Essay Questions In The Sun. And with time came a strange intensity. The professionalization of the battle, and the emergence of an array of well-funded interest groups dedicated to essay, continuing it, can be traced most proximately to the bitter confirmation fights over Robert Bork and depression topics essays, Clarence Thomas, in 1987 and 1991 respectively. Essay On Raphael. The presidency of Bill Clinton, who was elected with only 43 percent of the vote in 1992, crystallized the new reality. As soon as the raisin Baby Boomers hit the commanding heights, the Vietnam power struggle rebooted. The facts mattered little in the face of such a divide. Essay. While Clinton was substantively a moderate conservative in policy, his countercultural origins led to the drama, ultimately, of religious warfare and even impeachment. Clinton clearly tried to bridge the Boomer split. But he was trapped on one side of it—and his personal foibles only reignited his generation’s agonies over resume sex and essay, love and marriage. Even the failed impeachment didn’t bring the two sides to their senses, and looks empty, the election of 2000 only made matters worse: Gore and Bush were almost designed to reflect the essay on raphael Boomers’ and the country’s divide, which deepened further. The trauma of resume on photoshop, 9/11 has tended to obscure the essay memory of that unprecedentedly bitter election, and its nail- biting aftermath, which verged on a constitutional crisis.

But its legacy is very much still with us, made far worse by resume on photoshop President Bush’s approach to essay on raphael, dealing with it. Despite losing the popular vote, Bush governed as if he had won Reagan’s 49 states. Instead of in the, cementing a coalition of the center-right, Bush and Rove set out to ensure that the new evangelical base of the Republicans would turn out more reliably in 2004. Instead of seeing the post-’60s divide as a wound to be healed, they poured acid on it. With 9/11, Bush had a reset moment—a chance to reunite the country in a way that would marginalize the extreme haters on both sides and forge a national consensus. He chose not to do so. It wasn’t entirely his fault. On the left, the essay on raphael truest believers were unprepared to looks empty, give the president the benefit of any doubt in the wake of the essay on raphael 2000 election, and they even judged the 9/11 attacks to be a legitimate response to decades of U.S. foreign policy. Some could not support the resume war in essay, Afghanistan, let alone the adventure in Iraq. As the empty Iraq War faltered, the polarization intensified. In 2004, the Vietnam argument returned with a new energy, with the Swift Boat attacks on John Kerry’s Vietnam War record and CBS’s misbegotten report on essay on raphael Bush’s record in the Texas Air National Guard.

These were the stories that touched the collective nerve of the on photoshop political classes—because they parsed once again along the on raphael fault lines of the Boomer divide that had come to define all of essay topic and juliet, us. The result was an even deeper schism. Essay On Raphael. Kerry was arguably the resume looks worst candidate on earth to put to rest the post-1960s culture war—and his decision to embrace his Vietnam identity at the convention made things worse. On Raphael. Bush, for his part, was unable to do nuance. And so the campaign became a matter of symbolism—pitting those who took the terror threat “seriously” against those who didn’t.

Supporters of the Iraq War became more invested in asserting the morality of cataract research, their cause than in essay on raphael, examining the effectiveness of their tactics. Depression. Opponents of the war found themselves dispirited. Some were left to hope privately for American failure; others lashed out, as distrust turned to paranoia. It was and is a toxic cycle, in which the interests of the United States are supplanted by domestic agendas born of pride and ruthlessness on the one hand and bitterness and alienation on the other. This is the critical context for the election of 2008. It is an election that holds the potential not merely to intensify this cycle of division but to bequeath it to a new generation, one marked by a new war that need not be—that should not be—seen as another Vietnam. A Giuliani-Clinton matchup, favored by the media elite, is a classic intragenerational struggle—with two deeply divisive and ruthless personalities ready to go to the brink. Essay. Giuliani represents that Nixonian disgust with anyone asking questions about, let alone actively protesting, a war. Clinton will always be, in the minds of so many, the young woman who gave the commencement address at depression topics Wellesley, who sat in on the Nixon implosion and essay, who once disdained baking cookies. For some, her husband will always be the draft dodger who smoked pot and wouldn’t admit it. And however hard she tries, there is essay raisin, nothing Hillary Clinton can do about essay it.

She and Giuliani are conscripts in their generation’s war. To their respective sides, they are war heroes. In normal times, such division is not fatal, and can even be healthy. It’s great copy for journalists. Resume. But we are not talking about routine rancor. And we are not talking about normal times. We are talking about a world in essay on raphael, which Islamist terror, combined with increasingly available destructive technology, has already murdered thousands of Americans, and tens of thousands of Muslims, and could pose an existential danger to the West. The terrible failures of the essay and juliet Iraq occupation, the resurgence of al-Qaeda in Pakistan, the on raphael progress of Iran toward nuclear capability, and paper, the collapse of America’s prestige and moral reputation, especially among those millions of essay on raphael, Muslims too young to research paper, have known any American president but Bush, heighten the stakes dramatically. Perhaps the underlying risk is best illustrated by our asking what the popular response would be to another 9/11–style attack. It is hard to imagine a reprise of the sudden unity and solidarity in the days after 9/11, or an outpouring of support from essay allies and looks empty, neighbors.

It is far easier to imagine an even more bitter fight over who was responsible (apart from the perpetrators) and a profound suspicion of a government forced to impose more restrictions on travel, communications, and civil liberties. Essay On Raphael. The current president would be unable to command the trust, let alone the support, of half the country in such a time. He could even be blamed for provoking any attack that came. Of the viable national candidates, only Obama and in the sun, possibly McCain have the potential to essay, bridge this widening partisan gulf. Polling reveals Obama to be the favored Democrat among Republicans. Research. McCain’s bipartisan appeal has receded in recent years, especially with his enthusiastic embrace of the essay on raphael latest phase of the Iraq War. And his personal history can only reinforce the on photoshop Vietnam divide.

But Obama’s reach outside his own ranks remains striking. Why? It’s a good question: How has a black, urban liberal gained far stronger support among Republicans than the essay on raphael made-over moderate Clinton or the southern charmer Edwards? Perhaps because the Republicans and independents who are open to depression topics essays, an Obama candidacy see his primary advantage in prosecuting the war on Islamist terrorism. It isn’t about his policies as such; it is about his person. They are prepared to set their own ideological preferences to one side in favor of what Obama offers America in a critical moment in our dealings with the rest of the world.

The war today matters enormously. The war of the on raphael last generation? Not so much. If you are an American who yearns to finally get beyond the symbolic battles of the Boomer generation and face today’s actual problems, Obama may be your man. What does he offer? First and foremost: his face. Think of it as the most effective potential re-branding of the United States since Reagan.

Such a re-branding is cataract paper, not trivial—it’s central to an effective war strategy. The war on Islamist terror, after all, is two-pronged: a function of both hard power and soft power. We have seen the potential of essay, hard power in removing the Taliban and cataract research, Saddam Hussein. We have also seen its inherent weaknesses in Iraq, and its profound limitations in winning a long war against essay on raphael, radical Islam. The next president has to depression topics, create a sophisticated and supple blend of soft and essay, hard power to isolate the enemy, to fight where necessary, but also to create an ideological template that works to resume on photoshop, the West’s advantage over the long haul. There is simply no other candidate with the potential of Obama to do this. Which is where his face comes in. Consider this hypothetical. It’s November 2008.

A young Pakistani Muslim is watching television and sees that this man—Barack Hussein Obama—is the new face of America. In one simple image, America’s soft power has been ratcheted up not a notch, but a logarithm. Essay. A brown-skinned man whose father was an African, who grew up in Indonesia and Hawaii, who attended a majority-Muslim school as a boy, is now the alleged enemy. If you wanted the crudest but most effective weapon against resume empty, the demonization of America that fuels Islamist ideology, Obama’s face gets close. It proves them wrong about what America is in ways no words can. The other obvious advantage that Obama has in facing the world and essay, our enemies is his record on the Iraq War. He is the only major candidate to have clearly opposed it from the start. Whoever is in office in January 2009 will be tasked with redeploying forces in and out of Iraq, negotiating with neighboring states, engaging America’s estranged allies, tamping down regional violence. Raisin In The Sun. Obama’s interlocutors in essay, Iraq and the Middle East would know that he never had suspicious motives toward Iraq, has no interest in occupying it indefinitely, and foresaw more clearly than most Americans the looks empty baleful consequences of long-term occupation. This latter point is the on raphael most salient. The act of picking the next president will be in some ways a statement of America’s view of Iraq.

Clinton is running as a centrist Democrat—voting for essay questions raisin war, accepting the need for an occupation at essay on raphael least through her first term, while attempting to do triage as practically as possible. Essay Raisin In The. Obama is running as the essay on raphael clearer antiwar candidate. At the write my college essays same time, Obama’s candidacy cannot fairly be cast as a McGovernite revival in tone or substance. He is not opposed to on raphael, war as such. Looks. He is not opposed to the use of unilateral force, either—as demonstrated by his willingness to target al-Qaeda in Pakistan over the objections of the Pakistani government. He does not oppose the idea of essay on raphael, democratization in my college, the Muslim world as a general principle or the concept of nation building as such.

He is not an isolationist, as his support for the campaign in Afghanistan proves. Essay On Raphael. It is worth recalling the essay questions key passages of the on raphael speech Obama gave in Chicago on October 2, 2002, five months before the war: I don’t oppose all wars. Depression Topics. And I know that in this crowd today, there is no shortage of patriots, or of patriotism. What I am opposed to is a dumb war. What I am opposed to is a rash war … I know that even a successful war against Iraq will require a U.S. occupation of undetermined length, at undetermined cost, with undetermined consequences. Essay On Raphael. I know that an invasion of Iraq without a clear rationale and without strong international support will only fan the my college essays flames of the essay on raphael Middle East, and encourage the worst, rather than best, impulses of the Arab world, and strengthen the recruitment arm of al-Qaeda.

I am not opposed to all wars. I’m opposed to dumb wars. The man who opposed the depression war for the right reasons is for that reason the potential president with the most flexibility in dealing with it. Clinton is hemmed in by her past and essay, her generation. If she pulls out too quickly, she will fall prey to the usual browbeating from the right—the same theme that has played relentlessly since 1968. If she stays in too long, the questions in the antiwar base of her own party, already suspicious of her, will pounce. Essay. The Boomer legacy imprisons her—and so it may continue to my college essays, imprison us. The debate about the war in essay, the next four years needs to be about the practical and difficult choices ahead of us—not about the essays symbolism or whether it’s a second Vietnam. How Hillary Clinton turned herself into the consummate Washington player.

By Joshua Green. A generational divide also separates Clinton and Obama with respect to domestic politics. Clinton grew up saturated in the conflict that still defines American politics. As a liberal, she has spent years in a defensive crouch against triumphant post-Reagan conservatism. The mau-mauing that greeted her health-care plan and the endless nightmares of her husband’s scandals drove her deeper into her political bunker. Her liberalism is essay on raphael, warped by what you might call a Political Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome.

Reagan spooked people on the left, especially those, like Clinton, who were interested primarily in winning power. Resume On Photoshop. She has internalized what most Democrats of her generation have internalized: They suspect that the majority is on raphael, not with them, and so some quotient of discretion, fear, or plain deception is required if they are to advance their objectives. And so the less-adept ones seem deceptive, and the more-practiced ones, like Clinton, exhibit the plastic-ness and inauthenticity that still plague her candidacy. She’s hiding her true feelings. We know it, she knows we know it, and there is no way out of it. Obama, simply by virtue of when he was born, is free of my college essays, this defensiveness. Strictly speaking, he is at the tail end of the essay Boomer generation. But he is not of it. Listen to an excerpt from resume looks Obama’s interview with Andrew Sullivan. “Partly because my mother, you know, was smack-dab in the middle of the Baby Boom generation,” he told me. “She was only 18 when she had me. So when I think of Baby Boomers, I think of my mother’s generation.

And you know, I was too young for the formative period of the ’60s—civil rights, sexual revolution, Vietnam War. Those all sort of passed me by.” Obama’s mother was, in fact, born only five years earlier than Hillary Clinton. He did not politically come of age during the Vietnam era, and he is essay, simply less afraid of the right wing than Clinton is, because he has emerged on resume the national stage during a period of on raphael, conservative decadence and essay questions in the, decline. And so, for example, he felt much freer than Clinton to say he was prepared to meet and hold talks with hostile world leaders in his first year in office. He has proposed sweeping middle-class tax cuts and essay, opposed drastic reforms of Social Security, without being tarred as a fiscally reckless liberal. (Of course, such accusations are hard to essay topic, make after the fiscal performance of today’s “conservatives.”) Even his more conservative positions—like his openness to bombing Pakistan, or his support for merit pay for on raphael public-school teachers—do not appear to emerge from a desire or need to credentialize himself with the right. He is among the first Democrats in a generation not to be afraid or ashamed of what they actually believe, which also gives them more freedom to move pragmatically to the right, if necessary. He does not smell, as Clinton does, of political fear. There are few areas where this Democratic fear is more intense than religion. The crude exploitation of sectarian loyalty and religious zeal by Bush and Rove succeeded in deepening the culture war, to looks, Republican advantage. Again, this played into essay, the divide of the Boomer years—between God-fearing Americans and the peacenik atheist hippies of lore.

The Democrats have responded by pretending to a public religiosity that still seems strained. Listening to Hillary Clinton detail her prayer life in public, as she did last spring to a packed house at George Washington University, was at once poignant and repellent. Poignant because her faith may well be genuine; repellent because its Methodist genuineness demands that she not profess it so tackily. But she did. The polls told her to. Obama, in resume, contrast, opened his soul up in public long before any focus group demanded it. His first book, Dreams From My Father , is a candid, haunting, and supple piece of writing. It was not concocted to solve a political problem (his second, hackneyed book, The Audacity of on raphael, Hope , filled that niche). It was a genuine display of internal doubt and conflict and sadness.

And it reveals Obama as someone whose “complex fate,” to use Ralph Ellison’s term, is to be both believer and doubter, in resume, a world where such complexity is as beleaguered as it is necessary. This struggle to embrace modernity without abandoning faith falls on one of the fault lines in the modern world. It is arguably the critical fault line, the tectonic rift that is advancing the on raphael bloody borders of Islam and the increasingly sectarian boundaries of American politics. As humankind abandons the paper secular totalitarianisms of the last century and grapples with breakneck technological and essay on raphael, scientific discoveries, the appeal of and juliet, absolutist faith is powerful in essay, both developing and developed countries. Depression Topics. It is the on raphael latest in a long line of topics essays, rebukes to liberal modernity—but this rebuke has the deepest roots, the widest appeal, and the attraction that all total solutions to the human predicament proffer. On Raphael. From the doctrinal absolutism of essay topic and juliet, Pope Benedict’s Vatican to the revival of fundamentalist Protestantism in the U.S. and Asia to the attraction for many Muslims of the most extreme and antimodern forms of Islam, the same phenomenon has spread to every culture and place.

You cannot confront the complex challenges of domestic or foreign policy today unless you understand this gulf and its seriousness. You cannot lead the essay United States without having a foot in both the religious and secular camps. This, surely, is where Bush has failed most profoundly. By aligning himself with the most extreme and basic of religious orientations, he has lost many moderate believers and alienated the secular and agnostic in the West. If you cannot bring the essay topic for romeo agnostics along in a campaign against religious terrorism, you have a problem. Here again, Obama, by virtue of generation and accident, bridges this deepening divide. He was brought up in a nonreligious home and converted to Christianity as an adult. But—critically—he is not born-again. His faith—at once real and measured, hot and cool—lives at the center of the American religious experience.

It is a modern, intellectual Christianity. “I didn’t have an epiphany,” he explained to me. Essay On Raphael. “What I really did was to take a set of empty, values and ideals that were first instilled in me from my mother, who was, as I have called her in my book, the last of the secular humanists—you know, belief in kindness and empathy and essay, discipline, responsibility—those kinds of values. And I found in the Church a vessel or a repository for those values and a way to connect those values to a larger community and topics, a belief in God and a belief in redemption and mercy and essay, justice … I guess the point is, it continues to be both a spiritual, but also intellectual, journey for me, this issue of faith.” The best speech Obama has ever given was not his famous 2004 convention address, but a June 2007 speech in Connecticut. In it, he described his religious conversion: One Sunday, I put on one of the few clean jackets I had, and write essays, went over to Trinity United Church of on raphael, Christ on 95th Street on topic the South Side of Chicago. And I heard Reverend Jeremiah A. Wright deliver a sermon called “The Audacity of Hope.” And during the course of that sermon, he introduced me to someone named Jesus Christ. I learned that my sins could be redeemed. On Raphael. I learned that those things I was too weak to accomplish myself, he would accomplish with me if I placed my trust in him. And in time, I came to see faith as more than just a comfort to the weary or a hedge against death, but rather as an active, palpable agent in the world and in my own life. To be able to express this kind of religious conviction without disturbing or alienating the growing phalanx of secular voters, especially on the left, is cataract research paper, quite an achievement.

As he said in 2006, “Faith doesn’t mean that you don’t have doubts.” To deploy the rhetoric of Evangelicalism while eschewing its occasional anti-intellectualism and hubristic certainty is as rare as it is exhilarating. It is both an intellectual achievement, because Obama has clearly attempted to wrestle a modern Christianity from the essay encumbrances and anachronisms of its past, and an American achievement, because it was forged in the only American institution where conservative theology and the Democratic Party still communicate: the essay topic black church. And this, of course, is the other element that makes Obama a potentially transformative candidate: race. Here, Obama again finds himself in essay, the center of cataract, a complex fate, unwilling to pick sides in a divide that reaches back centuries and appears at times unbridgeable. Essay On Raphael. His appeal to whites is palpable. Essay Raisin In The. I have felt it myself. Earlier this fall, I attended an essay Obama speech in Washington on tax policy that underwhelmed on delivery; his address was wooden, stilted, even tedious. It was only after I left the hotel that it occurred to me that I’d just been bored on tax policy by cataract paper a national black leader. That I should have been struck by this was born in my own racial stereotypes, of essay on raphael, course. But it won me over. Obama is deeply aware of how he comes across to whites.

In a revealing passage in his first book, he recounts how, in adolescence, he defused his white mother’s fears that he was drifting into delinquency. She had marched into his room and demanded to know what was going on. He flashed her “a reassuring smile and patted her hand and write my college, told her not to worry.” This, he tells us, was “usually an effective tactic,” because people. were satisfied as long as you were courteous and essay, smiled and made no sudden moves. They were more than satisfied; they were relieved—such a pleasant surprise to find a well-mannered young black man who didn’t seem angry all the depression time. And so you have Obama’s campaign for white America: courteous and smiling and with no sudden moves. This may, of course, be one reason for his still-lukewarm support among many African Americans, a large number of whom back a white woman for the presidency.

It may also be because African Americans (more than many whites) simply don’t believe that a black man can win the presidency, and so are leery of wasting their vote. And the persistence of race as a divisive, even explosive factor in American life was unmissable the week of Obama’s tax speech. While he was detailing middle-class tax breaks, thousands of activists were preparing to on raphael, march in Jena, Louisiana, after a series of crude racial incidents had blown up into a polarizing conflict. Jesse Jackson voiced puzzlement that Obama was not at the forefront of the march. “If I were a candidate, I’d be all over write essays Jena,” he remarked. The South Carolina newspaper The State reported that Jackson said Obama was “acting like he’s white.” Obama didn’t jump into the fray (no sudden moves), but instead issued measured statements on Jena, waiting till a late-September address at Howard University to find his voice. It was simultaneously an essay endorsement of black identity politics and a distancing from it: When I’m president, we will no longer accept the false choice between being tough on write my college crime and vigilant in our pursuit of justice. Dr. King said: “It’s not either/or, it’s both/and.” We can have a crime policy that’s both tough and smart.

If you’re convicted of a crime involving drugs, of course you should be punished. But let’s not make the essay punishment for crack cocaine that much more severe than the punishment for powder cocaine when the real difference between the two is the skin color of the people using them. Essay Topic And Juliet. Judges think that’s wrong. Republicans think that’s wrong, Democrats think that’s wrong, and yet it’s been approved by Republican and Democratic presidents because no one has been willing to brave the politics and make it right. That will end when I am president. Obama’s racial journey makes this kind of both/and politics something more than a matter of political compromise. The paradox of his candidacy is that, as potentially the first African American president in essay, a country founded on slavery, he has taken pains to downplay the racial catharsis his candidacy implies.

He knows race is important, and yet he knows that it turns destructive if it becomes the only important thing. In this he again subverts a Boomer paradigm, of black victimology or black conservatism. He is neither Al Sharpton nor Clarence Thomas; neither Julian Bond nor Colin Powell. Essay Questions Raisin. Nor is he a post-racial figure like Tiger Woods, insofar as he has spent his life trying to reconnect with a black identity his childhood never gave him. Equally, he cannot be a Jesse Jackson. His white mother brought him up to essay, be someone else.

In Dreams From My Father , Obama tells the resume story of a man with an almost eerily nonracial childhood, who has to learn what racism is, what his own racial identity is, and even what being black in America is. And so Obama’s relationship to the black American experience is as much learned as intuitive. Essay. He broke up with a serious early girlfriend in topics essays, part because she was white. He decided to abandon a post-racial career among the upper-middle classes of the East Coast in essay, order to reengage with the black experience of Chicago’s South Side. It was an act of integration—personal as well as communal—that called him to the work of community organizing. This restlessness with where he was, this attempt at personal integration, represents both an affirmation of identity politics and cataract paper, a commitment to carving a unique personal identity out of the race, geography, and essay, class he inherited. It yields an identity born of displacement, not rootedness. And there are times, I confess, when Obama’s account of topic, understanding his own racial experience seemed more like that of a gay teen discovering that he lives in two worlds simultaneously than that of a young African American confronting racism for the first time.

And there are also times when Obama’s experience feels more like an immigrant story than a black memoir. His autobiography navigates a new and strange world of an American racial legacy that never quite defined him at his core. He therefore speaks to a complicated and mixed identity—not a simple and on raphael, alienated one. This may hurt him among some African Americans, who may fail to identify with this fellow with an odd name. Black conservatives, like Shelby Steele, fear he is too deferential to the black establishment. Black leftists worry that he is not beholden at all. But there is no reason why African Americans cannot see the logic of Americanism that Obama also represents, a legacy that is ultimately theirs as well. To be black and white, to have belonged to resume on photoshop, a nonreligious home and a Christian church, to have attended a majority-Muslim school in Indonesia and a black church in urban Chicago, to be more than one thing and sometimes not fully anything—this is an increasingly common experience for Americans, including many racial minorities. Obama expresses such a conflicted but resilient identity before he even utters a word. And this complexity, with its internal tensions, contradictions, and moods, may increasingly be the on raphael main thing all Americans have in common. None of resume empty, this, of on raphael, course, means that Obama will be the president some are dreaming of.

His record in high office is sparse; his performances on the campaign trail have been patchy; his chief rival for write my college essays the nomination, Senator Clinton, has bested him often with her relentless pursuit of the middle ground, her dogged attention to essay on raphael, her own failings, and her much-improved speaking skills. Topic. At times, she has even managed to appear more inherently likable than the skinny, crabby, and sometimes morose newcomer from Chicago. Clinton’s most surprising asset has been the sense of security she instills. Her husband—and the essay good feelings that nostalgics retain for his presidency—have buttressed her case. In dangerous times, popular majorities often seek the conservative option, broadly understood.

The paradox is that Hillary makes far more sense if you believe that times are actually pretty good. If you believe that America’s current crisis is not a deep one, if you think that pragmatism alone will be enough to navigate a world on the verge of even more religious warfare, if you believe that today’s ideological polarization is looks, not dangerous, and that what appears dark today is an illusion fostered by the lingering trauma of the essay Bush presidency, then the depression topics essays argument for Obama is not that strong. Clinton will do. And a Clinton-Giuliani race could be as invigorating as it is utterly predictable. But if you sense, as I do, that greater danger lies ahead, and that our divisions and recent history have combined to make the American polity and essay, constitutional order increasingly vulnerable, then the calculus of topic and juliet, risk changes.

Sometimes, when the world is changing rapidly, the greater risk is caution. Close-up in this election campaign, Obama is unlikely. From a distance, he is necessary. At a time when America’s estrangement from the world risks tipping into dangerous imbalance, when a country at war with lethal enemies is essay, also increasingly at war with itself, when humankind’s spiritual yearnings veer between an depression topics essays excess of certainty and an inability to believe anything at all, and when sectarian and racial divides seem as intractable as ever, a man who is a bridge between these worlds may be indispensable. We may in fact have finally found that bridge to the 21st century that Bill Clinton told us about. Its name is Obama. Does Technology Need to Be Ethical? Entrepreneur Anil Dash believes that the tech world has an obligation to be more humane. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. The president told residents to essay, be “very proud” they hadn’t endured a “real catastrophe” like Katrina, doing little to questions sun, erase the impression that he sees hurricane relief more as a political story than a human one.

Making his first appearance in hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico since Maria’s landfall, President Trump offered a hearty round of congratulations to federal relief efforts and thanked the island’s governor. But the president also suggested Maria was not a “real catastrophe,” made an odd and misleading comparison to the death toll from Hurricane Katrina, and essay, joked about how the hurricane would affect the resume on photoshop federal budget. It was a typically strange, disjointed appearance by the president, and essay on raphael, it came just days after Trump spent much of the essay topic for romeo and juliet weekend picking fights with the mayor of San Juan and insisting that, against all evidence, the recovery effort had largely responded to Puerto Rico’s needs. At Muniz Air Force Base, Trump was eager to praise the work of federal agencies, including FEMA, the Air Force, the Navy, and essay, the Coast Guard, amid a chorus of resume looks empty, criticism that Washington’s response has been too slow and too small. But that praise led him in essay on raphael, strange directions. A small group of programmers wants to write, change how we code—before catastrophe strikes. T here were six hours during the night of April 10, 2014, when the entire population of Washington State had no 911 service. People who called for help got a busy signal. One Seattle woman dialed 911 at essay on raphael least 37 times while a stranger was trying to break into her house. When he finally crawled into her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife.

The man fled. The 911 outage, at the time the largest ever reported, was traced to software running on a server in Englewood, Colorado. Operated by a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to 911 dispatchers around the essay questions raisin in the sun country. Intrado programmers had set a threshold for how high the on raphael counter could go. They picked a number in resume, the millions. Civil-Rights Protests Have Never Been Popular.

Activists can’t persuade their contemporaries—they’re aiming at the next generation. One common response to the national anthem protests originated by essay on raphael Colin Kaepernick is to disparage them as polarizing. Joe Scarborough, host of cataract research paper, Morning Joe , summed up this particular critique in a tweet last weekend: This may be unpopular but it is essay on raphael, a political reality: The idea here is that kneeling NFL players are committing an act of such blatant disrespect that they hand Trump an resume looks empty easy image with which to essay on raphael, demagogue. Often attendant to the idea that protesting players are shooting themselves in the foot is the notion that in some other era, black protest proved to be a unifying force that altered the psychology of some critical mass of open-minded whites. Sterilizing a Child, for a Better Life. Though it can tread dangerously close to essays, eugenics, some parents argue that sterilization improves quality of on raphael, life for their disabled children, and themselves. When Sophie Carter entered puberty, her parents had more to dread than just a temperamental adolescent.

Sophie is research paper, now 31 but still has the intellectual capacity of essay, a three-year-old. There were no concerns about drugs or boyfriends and no chance of essay, having “the talk” about essay on raphael sex with her. The hardest part for Sophie’s Sydney-based parents was managing her periods. “She has an older sister and a younger sister and on photoshop, we tried to get her to use pads, but it just didn’t work,” said Merren Carter, Sophie’s mother. “People talk about essay stigma associated with menstruation but there was none of that at cataract research our house. I will always remember a dinner party where [Sophie] proudly showed her pad to on raphael, all of our visitors.” The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science.

They distort the nature of the scientific enterprise, rewrite its history, and overlook many of its most important contributors. This morning, physicists Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne, and Barry Barish received the Nobel Prize for resume empty Physics, for essay on raphael their discovery of gravitational waves—distortions in the fabric of space and time. My College Essays. The trio, who led the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) project that recorded these waves, will split the essay 9-million-Swedish-krona prize between them. Perhaps more importantly, they will carry the status of “Nobel laureate” for the rest of their lives. But what of the resume empty other scientists who contributed to the LIGO project, and whose names grace the essay on raphael three-page-long author list in the paper that describes the empty discoveries? “LIGO’s success was owed to essay on raphael, hundreds of researchers,” astrophysicist Martin Rees told BBC News. “The fact that the Nobel Prize 2017 committee refuses to make group awards is causing increasingly frequent problems and resume, giving a misleading impression of how a lot of science is actually done.” A New History of the First Peoples in the Americas. The miracle of modern genetics has revolutionized the story anthropologists tell about how humans spread out across the Earth. Europeans arriving in the New World met people all the way from the frozen north to the frozen south.

All had rich and mature cultures and established languages. The Skraeling were probably a people we now call Thule, who were the essay ancestors of the Inuit in Greenland and resume, Canada and the In?upiat in Alaska. The Tai?no were a people spread across multiple chiefdoms around the Caribbean and essay, Florida. Based on cultural and language similarities, we think that they had probably separated from earlier populations from South American lands, now Guyana and Trinidad. The Spanish brought no women with them in my college essays, 1492, and raped the Tai?no women, resulting in the first generation of essay, “mestizo”—mixed ancestry people. Mass Shootings Don't Lead to Inaction—They Lead to Loosening Gun Restrictions. The most probable policy response to the atrocity in Las Vegas will be new laws allowing more guns to be carried into more places. “After Newtown, nothing changed, so don’t expect anything to change after Las Vegas.”

How often have you heard that said? Yet it’s not true. The five years since a gunman killed 26 at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, have seen one of the topics most intense bursts of gun legislation in U.S. history—almost all of it intended to ensure that more guns can be carried into more places. In the essay on raphael aftermath of the Newtown massacre, gun-rights activists assertively carried openly displayed weapons into more and write my college essays, more places. Essay On Raphael. Many national chain stores banned weapons, but at least one—Starbucks—did not. In August 2013, gun-rights activists declared a “Starbucks Appreciation Day.” They made a special point that day of carrying weapons in Starbucks outlets nationwide, including the Starbucks in Newtown itself. (The store closed for the day to avert the demonstration.)

The foundation of Donald Trump’s presidency is the negation of depression topics essays, Barack Obama’s legacy. It is insufficient to state the obvious of Donald Trump: that he is essay on raphael, a white man who would not be president were it not for cataract this fact. With one immediate exception, Trump’s predecessors made their way to high office through the passive power of whiteness—that bloody heirloom which cannot ensure mastery of all events but can conjure a tailwind for most of them. Land theft and human plunder cleared the grounds for Trump’s forefathers and barred others from on raphael it. Once upon the field, these men became soldiers, statesmen, and scholars; held court in resume looks, Paris; presided at Princeton; advanced into essay on raphael, the Wilderness and then into the White House. Their individual triumphs made this exclusive party seem above America’s founding sins, and it was forgotten that the former was in fact bound to topics, the latter, that all their victories had transpired on cleared grounds. No such elegant detachment can be attributed to Donald Trump—a president who, more than any other, has made the awful inheritance explicit.

The world’s most powerful information gatekeepers neglected their duties in Las Vegas. Again. In the crucial early hours after the Las Vegas mass shooting, it happened again: Hoaxes, completely unverified rumors, failed witch hunts, and essay on raphael, blatant falsehoods spread across the internet. But they did not do so by themselves: They used the infrastructure that Google and for romeo, Facebook and YouTube have built to achieve wide distribution. These companies are the most powerful information gatekeepers that the world has ever known, and yet they refuse to take responsibility for their active role in essay on raphael, damaging the quality of information reaching the public. BuzzFeed ’s Ryan Broderick found that Google’s “top stories” results surfaced 4chan forum posts about a man that right-wing amateur sleuths had incorrectly identified as the Las Vegas shooter.

The Needless Complexity of Academic Writing. A new movement strives for simplicity. “Persistence is one of the great characteristics of a pitbull, and I guess owners take after their dogs,” says Annetta Cheek, the co-founder of the D.C.-based nonprofit Center for essay topic Plain Language. Cheek, an anthropologist by training who left academia in the early 1980s to work for the Federal Aviation Commission, is responsible for something few people realize exists: the 2010 Plain Writing Act. In fact, Cheek was among the essay on raphael first government employees to champion the use of clear, concise language. Once she retired in 2007 from the FAA and gained the freedom to lobby, she leveraged her hatred for gobbledygook to create an topic actual law. Take a look at recent information put out by many government agencies such as the essay on raphael Department of cataract, Veterans Affairs , the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau—if it lacks needlessly complex sentences or bizarre bureaucratic jargon, it’s largely because of Cheek and her colleagues. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch.

Research shows that using curse words can persuade everyone from voters to essay, your co-workers. Depression, anxiety, overeating, addiction, and all other mental disorders share a common mechanism. Get 10 issues a year and save 65% off the cover price.

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Raphael Essay

Comparison and Concordance of the New SAT and ACT. New SAT results and essay concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the SAT or ACT should be favored? Compass has analyzed available research and concordances to create a comparison tool in my college, both chart and essay on raphael table forms below (or access the PDF for easy distribution). Write! A concordance can help provide comparable scores for the ACT and the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Although many students will find that their SAT and ACT scores intersect somewhere in the gray “Judgment Call” band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to their skills. The release of March SAT scores and the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the essay on raphael, respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Topics! Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the question comes down to “where is my time best spent?” Three common situations are:

You took the essay, old SAT in cataract research paper, January 2016 or earlier and want to know if you are “done.” The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in comparison to the new SAT and to the ACT. Essay On Raphael! Since retaking an old SAT is essay in the sun not an option, you will need to decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. On Raphael! The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the research paper, New SAT simply because of experience on the old exam. On Raphael! Consider taking practice tests for the New SAT and ACT — or use your PSAT as an initial benchmark. You took the New PSAT and have taken a practice or real ACT. You can use the essays, tables provided on our PSAT post. On Raphael! If you have subsequently taken a New SAT — real or practice — then you should use the information on this page.

You have taken both a New SAT and an ACT — real or practice — but are undecided about the best step forward. Use the chart above and tables below to inform your decision. In order to resume, see how ACT and SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an essay on raphael, ACT score, you can use the topic, first table below to find comparable scores on the New SAT and old SAT. If you have taken the New SAT, the second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the old SAT and essay ACT. Resume Looks Empty! These tables are also useful when looking at college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for essay, the redesigned SAT. Art graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in his class. Essays! Art pioneered the one-on-one approach to test prep in California in on raphael, 1989 and co-founded Compass Education Group in 2004 in order to bring the best ideas and tutors into students' homes and computers.

Although he has attained perfect scores on all flavors of the SAT and ACT, he is routinely beaten in cataract paper, backgammon. How would you advise a student who got 1550 on the new SAT (reading 40, writing and language 39 and math 38) but got a score of 17 on the writing portion. Essay On Raphael! The essay is resume required at several of the highly competitive schools and I am not sure how they will view this. Essay On Raphael! Do you know if the College Board will allow the writing section to be rescored the way ACT did for students willing to resume on photoshop, pay a fee for rescoring? Let me answer the most straightforward part first: College Board’s policy is radically different from ACT’s, and a rescore — in the sense of a re-reading or re-grading — is not even an option. The only on raphael case in which a “score verification” can be requested is in the case of an illegible scan (not illegible handwriting). There are rare cases where a scan is mangled or the student has completed the essay in topics, pen (the scanners are designed to pick up on pencil). Since College Board makes essays available online — sometimes with a delay — it is essay easy to resume looks empty, verify that a student’s essay was readable. In the case of an essay receiving a total of 17 points, the on raphael, essay had to have been readable. My advice for a student with a 1550 is to celebrate a great score and not worry at all about the research, essay.

College Board has made some good decisions regarding the essay. On Raphael! They have not tried to scale it and pretend that it has more meaning than it does. They have used a narrow range of scores (1-4 per reader per domain) to avoid overly fine distinctions. They have not tried to build a concordance with the old essay. In fact, they don’t even total the scores (or they’ve changed their reporting at the last minute). Depression! Scores of 6/6/5 — I’m assuming that things are in that ballpark — are quite respectable. The primary reason for essay on raphael, the essay’s existence at topic and juliet this point is the SAT’s use as a statewide exam. Colleges do not use or do not emphasize the essay scores, and the student will not be disadvantaged by his or her score. Unlike the on raphael, ACT, College Board will only rescore an resume empty, essay if it was illegible due to a faint scan. On Raphael! Your student can login and see the essay for resume on photoshop, herself to see if this is the case.

You could probably take a look at it yourself and on raphael judge whether it’s simply a weak essay and therefore a legit 17. Even assuming the raisin in the, 17 is essay on raphael fair, I’d lean towards not bothering retesting when sitting on a 1550. Seems very unlikely that could be a significant tip factor in resume looks empty, a denial. Finally, 17 out of 24 really isn’t that bad at all. My advice would probably be the same even if the score were in the low teens. I also like to remind students with 1500+ scores that there are quite certainly many other strong indicators of their writing skill elsewhere in essay on raphael, their application. Similar question here…daughter has a 34 ACT but writing score of 24. Write My College! New SAT score is 1460 (she didn’t take the on raphael, writing). She wants to apply to Davidson where they ask for the ACT with writing or SAT. The ACT seems to be the better overall score but I’m worried about the writing score. (We asked for a rescore on essays the writing but it didn’t change.) Would you advise retaking the ACT with writing to essay, improve the essay questions raisin in the, essay score?

We are seeing that a 24 is fairly typical for a student in your daughter’s score range. The low correlation between Writing and other subject scores means that high Composites are often mixed with lower Writing scores. Your daughter’s score is not in on raphael, a range where I would recommend a retake — certainly not if the primary goal is raising the cataract research paper, Writing score. Say a student took old SAT with 2370 : 800 CR 800 M 770 W. Before this year it would be almost perfect score and comparable to 36 ACT. This year it’s comparable to 1590 new SAT and on raphael 35 ACT, it seems less of an accomplishment, is it correct? No, these two sets of scores represent equivalent levels of cataract paper accomplishment, and essay a very high level at that. Essay Topic And Juliet! Both sets of scores are well into essay on raphael the 99th percentile, and resume the very slight differences between the scores are both a) within the essay on raphael, range of measurement error for the tests and b) entirely irrelevant to colleges. How can someone who can score 2370 and 1590 respectively on old/new have the impression that the lower score is not as impressive?

Reminiscent of Spinal Tap (Wonder what Nigel’s score was?): Nigel: The numbers all go to essays, eleven. Look, right across the essay on raphael, board, eleven, eleven, eleven and… Marty: Oh, I see. Resume On Photoshop! And most amps go up to on raphael, ten? …[Edited for length] Marty: Why don’t you just make ten louder and make ten be the depression topics, top number and make that a little louder? Nigel: [pause] These go to eleven. On sample sat put out by board I got a 1380 and on essay practice act I got a 30. Which test should I take? Thanks.

Hi Cherie, you are squarely in write, the “Judgment Call” zone based on these scores alone. That means colleges would view a 1380 SAT and 30 ACT as equivalent. The bad news is that the scores don’t make this decision easy for you or give you clear direction. Essay On Raphael! The good news is that both options are wide open for you and equally viable. Cataract Research Paper! Also, your situation is quite typical.

Most students score similarly on these exams, which underlies why colleges accept both equally. At this point you will want to ponder a number of essay on raphael questions as you seek to resume on photoshop, make a decision. These questions may include: Do you feel that both of essay on raphael these scores accurately reflect your ability right now? Was one practice test affected by factors that did not affect the other; do both reflect an equal level of effort when you took them? What are the more specific strengths and weaknesses reflected in the subscores?

Each test has unique elements, e.g. ACT has Science, SAT has Math with no-calculator questions and grid-in questions. Topics Essays! Do you have a feel for which test you would prefer and which test would suit you best? Often these instincts become self-fulfilling as you move forward and continue practicing. The caveat is that sometimes an essay, area that is questions raisin sun a relative weakness is essay on raphael also an topics essays, opportunity for significant improvement. What does your personal crystal ball seem to be telling you about on which test you have more potential to improve? How did each test’s unique structure and rhythm feel for you? The SAT begins with a 65 minute Reading section, for example, which is significantly longer than ACT’s Reading section.

But many students find SAT Reading to be more reasonably-paced than ACT Reading, and essay they like to get Reading out topic of the way up front. There are many other distinctions like this. Which feels more comfortable to you? Logistics. Are both tests’ available test dates equally feasible for your schedule? Any other special considerations? All the above aside, there is no need to overthink this. In all likelihood you could simply flip a coin or go with your gut, and you would never have any reason to regret whichever decision you make. The fact that you have taken both practice tests and are visiting blogs and essay asking questions indicates you are serious about improving your scores and getting through this process successfully.

Please let us know if we can address further questions as you move forward. Best of write my college luck to you. My son received a 1530 on the March SAT (730 EBRW + 800 Math). The concordance tables puts the score equivalent to a 2230 on the old SAT and a 34 on the ACT. However, the individual section scores are concorded as 700 R + 680 W + 800 M, which add up to only 2180 versus the overall 2230 that they list. Also, he scored a 6/6/6 on on raphael the essay. My question is can we trust the 2230 number?

Can we trust the 34 on the ACT? How should one decide whether or not to my college, retake the test? Does the 1530 make him less competitive for certain schools? Also, I don’t understand how a 1550 translates to a 2280, a 1540 to essay on raphael, a 2260, but a 1530 to a 2230. Congrats to your son on his excellent March score. You’ve raised reasonable and tricky questions. I’ll take them out of order. First, you can definitely “trust” the concordances, if for no other reason than because the colleges will trust them. At the admission committee table in 2016-2017, the concordances will be considered gospel and a 1530 new SAT will be “worth” the same as a 2230 old SAT or a 34 ACT. Put another way, if your son were to try a practice ACT and score lower than 34, we would likely recommend that he pursue and report only the SAT.

The good news is that a score of 1530 puts him in the ballpark for full consideration at any of the most selective colleges. See the Competitive Landscape on pp. 8-9 of for more context. It would not be misguided by any means for you to declare him done with the SAT/ACT at cataract this point and on raphael let him move on to focus on other meaningful aspects of his college applications (and his life, for that matter). Topics! It is unlikely that he will miss out on essay opportunities that he otherwise would have had if his SAT verbal score were a bit higher. That said, all of our experience tells us that a student of his profile can often improve his verbal score with only a moderate amount of for romeo effort. If your inclination is for him to be especially thorough, you should consider a retake. Essay On Raphael! You might also consider having him try a practice ACT before deciding to retake the SAT. Our staff would be happy to resume, provide practice tests and a follow-up evaluation to aid your decision.

We also offer private tutoring, in-home or online, though we would recommend only essay a modest number of write lessons at most for a student with such a high starting score. It’s quite possible that self-study on his part would be sufficient to essay, raise his verbal score. You have a range of good options here, including doing nothing. There are several explanations for paper, the oddities in on raphael, the score translations that you’ve noted. The first is that the SAT, in moving from a 2400 to write my college essays, a 1600 scale, has fewer points on the new scale from which points on essay the old scale can be mapped. Therefore gaps (2230 to depression essays, 2260 to 2280) were inevitable. Second, a shrunken scale results in score compression at the high end; there is a reduced range of possible scores on essay which high-scoring students can spread out and cataract research settle. On the old SAT there were 11 points on the scale from 2300-2400. On the on raphael, new SAT, these 11 points map to just five points: 1560-1600. Finally, the reasons that his individually concorded scores on the old SAT (700 R and 680 W) concord lower than his combined 730 EBRW on the new SAT are a) scores are inflated across the board from the old to the new based on numerous technical decisions made by the College Board, including the elimination of a guessing penalty and reducing the number of answer choices from 5 to 4, and b) individual scores often concord lower than combined total scores; put simply, fewer students are able to demonstrate commensurate strengths on individual sections (many students have lopsided scores, e.g.

Writing significantly higher than Reading). Thanks, Adam. This is very helpful. However, it raises a follow up question … My son does feel that he can definitely raise his writing score on the new SAT (he got 5 incorrect on Reading, 4 on grammar, and on photoshop 0 on Math). So it is tempting to retake especially since he will be able to use ScoreChoice and leverage his 800 on essay the Math. Cataract Paper! However, the on raphael, next available SAT dates are not the most convenient. In June, he is write taking SAT Chem and SAT Math 2 after completing AP Chem and AP BC Calc, which only leaves the essay on raphael, possibility of October. Any advice?

Ah, it’s unfortunate that the timing doesn’t work optimally, This is an unfortunate consequence of College Board’s delay in reporting scores for the first administration of a new test. In prior years his March scores would have come back well in time for him to retake on the May test date. Definitely do not mess with his Subject Test plans in my college, June. I would recommend he invest three hours in an ACT practice test ASAP. If he does as well or better than his March SAT, then he could take the ACT in June a week after his Subject Tests.

Otherwise this will need to simmer over the summer and essay on raphael a retake of the SAT in October is the topic for romeo, only option. For a student with this strong profile, I like a plan that creates the possibility of being completely done with testing by June. This is essay so very helpful. Thank you. You mention lopsided scores. Write My College Essays! My daughter has this issue on the old SAT, with a Reading Score of 660 and a Writing Score of 780. Her math is essay on raphael also a 780. Will her 660 eliminate her from write consideration at any schools right from the essay on raphael, start ? Or are will they consider that she has a 2220 overall? Should she even bother with the new SAT (she did not like the ACT)?

If it helps matters, she got a 720 EBRW/730 M on the PSAT. She has her Subject tests scheduled for cataract paper, June and October and she is very “done” with testing. Essay! I just don’t want her to be short sighted after putting all this work in already. Her extracurriculars are very strong, she has all 5s on on photoshop her AP scores and she has a 3.95 GPA. The 660 is the on raphael, only “weak” part of her application. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thank you again. Hi John, well, this is a tough one. Or, I should say, the answer is on photoshop fairly clear, but rather tough to have to deliver. Essay On Raphael! While there is only a small fraction of the colleges in this country that would split these hairs, the fact is resume on photoshop that her 660 Reading is a minor blemish relative to her other scores/GPA and within the competitive applicants pools in on raphael, which I assume she will be competing.

Have you seen our latest post with “New SAT and essay questions in the ACT Score Ranges for 360 Colleges and Universities”? You will find that if you’re looking at the most selective colleges, the 660 is going to be a weakness. Now, I would not go so far as to say a 660 in on raphael, just one section of one test eliminates a student immediately in any applicant pool. But it could certainly work against her, whereas the 780’s in Writing and Math are of looks empty course above the line at on raphael which you know “well, that can’t possibly be a negative.” I’m really bummed to write, have to on raphael, say this, but if you felt she could bring up that Reading score without a terrible amount of effort/practice and depression essays she could find time to do so, then you should probably try to steer her in that direction. Are you sure you need the October test date for Subject Tests? That’s a bit of an unusual time to be taking Subject Tests. Please let me know if this is helpful and if I can offer further perspective. Essay! I wish your daughter all the best in this process, which I know doesn’t always seem reasonable. On what evidence exactly are you basing your claim that parents/students et al. should “trust the concordances… because the colleges will trust them…and (they) will be considered gospel”?

Given the ACT’s response to CB’s tables, I would say that’s hardly a given, and as such, I’d advise a great deal more caution, rather than speculation and questions sun assumption, when using this data and/or giving advice to others on how to use it as well. And one piece that seems to be missing from your otherwise generally sound advice regarding which test to essay on raphael, take is that of the depression essays, value of prepping for a test that has a handful of practice exams available vs. one that has scores of essay on raphael tests to use. Resume Looks! If a student is working with a tutor for essay, the new SAT, they should be aware that it’s virtually impossible that tutor will be as helpful in preparing for the new SAT as they will be in prepping for my college essays, the ACT (assuming the general competency of said tutor, of course). Why? Because there is so little material on the new exam from which to work. Barring an incontrovertibly and dramatically ‘higher’ SAT diagnostic score, I’d rather my child prep with a tutor who has mastered the current iteration of the essay on raphael, ACT over the past decade plus, than that same tutor who has essentially started anew with a brand new test just recently.

Wouldn’t you? JSG, I would say that ACT’s intent was to on photoshop, shame and scold. ACT’s objections are mostly righteous, and they have every right to complain, but I don’t believe they actually hoped to convince colleges to somehow refuse to use College Board’s new concordance. I say “somehow” because colleges really have no reasonable alternative. As for bad alternatives, I see two: 1) Accept only essay one test, not either. 2) Consider the ACT-takers and SAT-takers as two entirely separate groups in the applicant pool and make no attempt to compare across groups. The first option would diminish application volume greatly, a move I have yet to see from an enrollment manager who doesn’t wish to be fired. The second option is all kinds of wrong, not in the least because there are many students in most applicant pools who submit both.

Perhaps I shouldn’t have used the words “trust” and questions “gospel.” It’s probably more accurate to say that many colleges will note – as ACT did – the flaws in this “derived” concordance that College Board has pushed on them, and essay on raphael they’ll do some scolding of their own, but ultimately I believe that colleges will hold their noses and use the depression essays, concordances as their least-worst way of evaluating students who have taken different tests. What other scenario could you see playing out? Finally, I found it interesting to notice just today that the link that ACT had put out previously with its anti-concordance rant is now broken and links to nowhere. If you look hard, you can now find their two position statements buried at I take this, and other feedback from sources in Iowa City, to suggest that they’ve made their point and essay likely won’t press it further. Because it has nowhere productive to go. We completely agree on your point about the dearth of SAT practice tests relative to ACT practice tests. I didn’t fit that caveat into this post on concordance, but I’ve written about it extensively, starting in resume, June 2014 with a post titled “ACT as the on raphael, Safe Choice for the Class of 2017.” And, more recently this fall here, noting, for example “ There is also the practical reality that even the most experienced test prep tutor cannot be as steeped in the nuances of the new SAT as in the ACT.

These subtleties matter, and we are skeptical of questions test prep pundits who argue otherwise. On Raphael! ” In that latter post I also outlined some of the research paper, unique circumstances that might tilt a student back to the SAT despite the essay on raphael, compromises. Paper! Those circumstances are becoming less unique every day as the dust around the new SAT’s debut starts to settle. Approximately 90% of our students in the most recent testing cycle opted for the ACT over the SAT, but we see that ratio steadily leveling back off over on raphael the next few years. Thanks for resume looks empty, your input and the opportunity to compare notes and share ideas on these complex issues. Thanks for the thoughtful and essay on raphael thorough response, Adam.

I did notice that their critique got buried on their site, which is certainly interesting and perhaps indicative of their intentions. I suppose one alternative scenario would be that the ACT and raisin CB actually get together, as they’ve done in essay on raphael, the past, to jointly establish new concordance tables. Cataract Paper! But, given the recent enmity and essay ACT’s insistence on more data on which to raisin, base such tables, that seems less likely to occur at this point. I was essentially concerned about the essay on raphael, wording you used, and cataract research appreciate the clarification. Glad to hear you’re also in agreement about the issues surrounding the lack of materials for SAT prep, and that it’s now noted on this page, as I and perhaps others had not seen your other posts that you mention. It is, in on raphael, my mind, a critical factor in deciding which test to take for those with the luxury of working with a tutor to essay questions raisin sun, improve their scores. What do you estimate your SAT/ACT breakdown will be for the class of on raphael 2018? I’m guessing about 30/70 SAT/ACT for resume on photoshop, the class of 2018 and then back to roughly 50/50 for class of 2019 and essay on raphael beyond. My daughter scored a 680 E and in the 660 M on the new SAT. On Raphael! When I do the College Board’s converter this was about the same in adjusted value as her previous scores on the old SAT.

However, when viewing the essay questions raisin sun, percentiles that the essay on raphael, new SAT said she achieved, it appeared she moved up a good bit in looks empty, percentile from the essay, old SAT, but the converter would lead you to believe she didn’t change her relative score much. Any thoughts on why the percentile wouldn’t have been in the same range for the old and write my college essays new SAT if the converter is saying her old and new scores are similar? Also, the essay on raphael, new SAT shows two percentiles each for Math and English. One seems to rank all students nationally and the other ranks only those that are college bound. Of those two different sets of percentiles, which one is more useful and do you think colleges will be more focused on relative performance (percentile achivement) or actual converted SAT score?

College Board hasn’t yet published a full table of percentiles for the new SAT, but I can talk generally about some of the issues involved. I’ve spent a lot of time on the issue with the PSAT. In the cataract, choice as to on raphael, whether to believe the converter or the percentiles, believe the converter. Although both the percentile ranks and the concordance tables behind the converter are based on sample studies, College Board has far more invested in getting the concordances right. We saw with the PSAT that percentile scores were inflated and distorted in resume, several ways. A well-designed concordance should reflect the same relative standing if the concorded scores are the same. As for why the percentiles are misleading: 1) When the College Board moved from the old SAT and PSAT to the new SAT and on raphael PSAT, they adopted a new definition of percentile rank. Previously they reported the percentage of students scoring below a score.

Now they report the percentage of topic for romeo and juliet students at essay on raphael or below. Topics Essays! The change is legitimate and matches the way ACT reports percentiles, but it leads to confusion. On Raphael! The new percentiles are a notch higher. 2) The national versus the user percentiles are another new twist, and looks I am less fond of this one. A percentile rank based on other test takers seems the most natural way to think about scores and has long been the standard for college admission test reporting. The new national percentiles are in line with College Board’s desire to have the new SAT server a wider education audience. The good news is that the national numbers have no impact on your daughter’s admission chances.

The bad news is that they tend to be another source of percentile inflation and can be misleading. Ultimately, colleges care about where your daughter stacks up versus other applicants. The percentile numbers are just a way of putting scores into essay on raphael context. 3) The percentiles are based on essays a “representative sample.” College Board has no way of essay predicting the exact make-up of students in your daughter’s cohort that will take the new SAT over the next year. Instead, it must estimate percentiles from questions raisin in the sun studies. As with any estimate, results are not always reliable. The difference between the percentiles reported on the new SAT and the percentiles implied by the “concorded” scores on the old test are of essay on raphael concern and it makes it very hard for resume looks, me to put my son’s new SAT score into context. His overall score was 1470 (760 Math, 710 Reading/Writing). According to the Percentiles for essay on raphael, the new SAT, the overall and the math score would both be in the 98%.

On the questions raisin in the, old sat (2014), the 98% would be somewhere between 2160 and 2210 for the full score. Given your reference to essay on raphael, how the percentile reporting change has been made, I would have guessed that my Son’s score would translate into essays a score of at least 2150. However, the concordance table maps his score into a 2110 corresponding to the 96 percentile on the old SAT! Similarly, the 98 percentile on the old SAT (2015) was 770 so I would have mapped my son’s score to a score of at least 760 on the old Math SAT. However, the concordance tables maps it to only a 740… My guess is that any concordance and essay percentile calculations made on research paper samples prior to the actual administration would be fine in essay, the center of the distribution but unreliable in the tails due to modest samples sizes. I am not sure if the write essays, percentile reported with the New SAT are based on the March test takers (a pretty large if possibly biased sample) or on essay on raphael any previous testing….I guess this may be at the back and my college forth between the ACT and on raphael SAT folks over this issue….Really trying to determine how good the 1470 score is (is it really closer to the 98th or 96th percentile) as the higher end of the mapping would put my son into the top 25% at some of his target schools while the lower end of the mapping would not….

Both the percentile scores and concordance tables were developed from studies done prior to topics, the March test. On Raphael! Both are subject to the same concerns about the accuracy of the sample population and how testing was conducted. In the choice between percentiles and concordance, though, go with concordance every time. In College Board terms, percentiles are for a year, concordances are for a lifetime. It’s the write, concordance that links their old flagship test to their new. We saw on essay the PSAT how flawed percentiles were and how the primary reaction from write essays College Board was a shoulder shrug and essay a denial. The concordance for the PSAT gave a more accurate picture (although it is write my college essays possible that this was just chance). It is unlikely that we will see accurate percentile data on class of 2017 test takers come out until the summer of 2017 when College Board traditionally reports on the college bound class.

In the meantime, I think the 2110 is the best way of thinking about your son’s score if you are comparing it to essay, other old SAT scores. Similarly, I would put more trust in the concordances when thinking about his section scores. In looking at the 2015 data for the number of students at each score, I calculate a 2110 as the 97th percentile under the write my college, current definition. In fact, it was 97th percentile even under the old definition. I would caution about making overly fine distinctions about on raphael a test that has never before been used for admission purposes. The new SAT is not the old SAT and topic concordances don’t bridge that gap. SAT scores have never been a dominant factor in college admission, and I expect colleges to be even more loathe to essay on raphael, overweight them this year.

My daughter is in a situation as few others here. She has a 34 on ACT and she scored a 1520 on the new March SAT. Write Essays! She also has 800’s on SAT math2 and SAT Bio. She feels she can improve her SAT score if she makes another attempt. She is planning to do an early decision to one of the selective colleges.She is worried to take the Oct. SAT as the scores may not be available on essay time for questions raisin sun, ED.

Does she need to take one more subject test? Can she try taking the SAT on June 4th instead of SAT Chem. On Raphael! What would be your suggestion? Georgetown insists on having the quirky policy of recommending 3 Subject Tests, but no college requires more than 2 subjects. It would be unusual for an October SAT date to trip up your daughter’s ED applications, but the unusual has been occurring more frequently lately. Understandably, students would rather have testing out resume on photoshop of the essay on raphael, way in June rather than anxiously awaiting scores right before the Early Decision deadline. It’s hard to be critical of a decision in either direction, since your daughter’s testing portfolio is hard to improve upon. Empty! She would not be disadvantaged by taking the SAT rather than the Chemistry Subject Test in on raphael, June. What she might want to consider is taking Chem in October. Although her knowledge may gather some rust over the summer, it’s certainly not out of the question for a strong student to take a fall Subject Test. Depression Topics Essays! Even if the score were delayed — and multiple-choice Subject Tests are less likely to be delayed — her application would already be complete.

You might want to check out the recent post from the ACT CEO regarding the recently released concordance from College Board between SAT and ACT. Check it out here – Collaboration essential when claiming concordance – Yes, the distrust between ACT and College Board runs deep, and College Board replied quickly. Roorda makes a number of on raphael valid points, but he is also well aware that students and colleges are better off with a concordance rather than without. I remain hopeful that the organizations are able to cooperate on empty a true concordance study based on the class of 2017. Students deserve to on raphael, choose between admission tests without fear that corporate maneuverings will interfere with their college plans. Unfortunately, the empty, results of any collaboration are at least 2-3 years out. My son took the PSAT and got a 1490 sectional index of essay on raphael 222.

He then took the Sat in April and got a 1500 which corresponded to a 2170 old sat. It seemed pretty good, but he had to take the optional essay and didn’t do well. 6/4/6 The school rice university says it is paper not required, but obviously if he sends it they will see his score. Since it is optional will they not judge it one way or the other or should he just take the act test and hope he does just as well on that test and just submit that and not take the essay. How much weight will they place on that optional essay do you think if he sends it. The 6/4/6 may not be as weak as you think and should not be an obstacle at Rice (which does require Subject Tests from SAT submitters). On Raphael! We are seeing even top scoring students clustered in essay and juliet, the 5-7 range, with cumulative scores in the mid to upper teens.

There is on raphael very little correlation between SAT Total score or EBRW score and the essay scores. Analysis has been the toughest area for research, students, so it is not surprising that this was your son’s weakest dimension. The SAT scores and Subject Test scores dwarf the essay, essay in importance. Your son should not be concerned about sending his scores. My daughter scored a 35 in ACT ( composite) but got only a 1380 in the new SAT. We are going to depression topics, let her take another SAT in October but I am worried about the types of colleges to apply. Based on her grades and accomplishments, she wants to go for the reach schools but the new SAT scores are really confusing. By the time the results come on Oct 23, we will be nearing the deadline for essay, early decision.

Is there a reason why you feel that your daughter should submit new SAT scores? Her 35 is resume on photoshop very strong. Essay On Raphael! Based on the College Board’s own concordance of new SAT scores to ACT scores, your daughter would basically need a 1600 to improve her standing. Most schools are fine with the Oct SAT for questions, ED, but you are right that it can give your daughter precious little time if she wants to evaluate her scores before submitting them. My recommendation would be to stick with her ACT score.

She should be considering (or have taken) Subject Tests for those “reach schools.” Those will have a better chance of improving her testing portfolio than will an improved new SAT score. My son scored (old SAT) 650 CR, 800 Math and 780 Writing. When I do the College Board’s converter this was 1530/1600. However, I was told by an IVY university admission staff that they would only consider CR/Math on the old SAT and compare the score to on raphael, the new SAT score since the new version no longer requires writing. This seems to be inconsistent with College Board’s concordance table. Have you discussed with colleges how they are planning on using the concordance table? If not, will colleges treat old SAT and new SAT as totally different tests? Thanks! The response you got is depression topics essays indicative of the lack of respect that the Writing test always received on the old SAT — and the misunderstandings surrounding it. Essay! The old SAT and new SAT are treated as totally different tests, which is why a concordance is needed in the same way that one is needed between the SAT and on photoshop ACT. If you mean “Are colleges separately considering the pools of students applying with old SATs and new SATs?,” the essay, answer is “No.”

The College Board maintains that the “best” concordance between the old SAT and resume the new SAT is from CR+M+W to EBRW+M. The admission office is essay on raphael both right and wrong. Wrong: Although the essay is not part of the new SAT score, “writing” is very much a part of the new test. For Romeo! Right: Many colleges never fully incorporated Writing and are more comfortable using CR+M to EBRW+M. To allow for on raphael, this, College Board does provide this concordance. In The Sun! After doing the conversion from old to new, you should see a link or option to “See an estimate based on Critical Reading + Math only.” In your son’s case, the essay on raphael, CR+M estimate converts to depression, a 1490 on the new SAT. We’ve also provided a table with the CR+M concordance. Essay On Raphael! Unfortunately, there is no universal rule as to how colleges will convert among old SAT, new SAT, and ACT, which is why College Board has provided them a number of options. Thanks for the encouraging reply. Questions In The Sun! She is taking subject tests. But I am afraid that she will be at a disadvantage when compared to some one who has scored well in SAT and ACT.

Will the schools not be ” suspicious” when you submit one and not another? I don’t want to regret for the rest of my life for not encouraging her to take another new SAT. What if she takes another SAT and for some reason she scores in the lower range? Can I NOT send it to the colleges? This is so confusing and essay nerve racking to essay topic, say the least. Essay On Raphael! More so because of the fact that there is a 3-4 month gap before next SAT. I wish they had one in August. The SAT and ACT give colleges what is essentially duplicate information.

Only about 1/4 of cataract applicants to essay on raphael, top schools send both tests (although a bit more than that take both tests). Sorry to make things more confusing for you, but there is a set of schools that requires all testing that a student has done — the most prominent colleges being Yale and Stanford. There are not a lot of these, though. It’s particularly confusing because colleges have no way of resume looks enforcing that requirement — it’s still the student’s choice. Most schools — by a very decisive margin — recognize Score Choice, and a student can choose not to essay, send scores.

In general do you think that the students will be at an advantage or disadvantage for having an write my college, old SAT score? Some schools (e.g. UVA) have stated that they will not concord, but rather look at the tests independently. Also for schools that traditionally only on raphael looked at cataract paper the CR/M components of the old SAT, how will they look at the new SAT? Do you think they will discount the essay, writing portion that is built into depression topics essays the test? This does not seem like a feasible path forward because it is so confusing to essay on raphael, students. If they choose to look at the whole EBRW score, will students who took the old SAT who had lopsided CR/W scores (e.g., 660 CR and a 780 W), be at a disadvantage? My daughter thought her testing was over essays with a 2220 (660CR/780M/780W), but we are beginning to wonder.

Thank you! I haven’t seen statements from UVA saying that it would not use concordance tables; I’d be interested if you have examples. The dean has talked about the fact that they will not be superscoring between test editions. On Raphael! I think it is in that sense that he means that they are treating the resume empty, tests independently. We expect EBRW+M to get full acceptance from the essay on raphael, colleges who used to look at only CR+M. The rejection of my college SAT Writing was more about the essay (even though it only represented about essay on raphael 30% of the resume, score) and essay the fact that colleges had 60 years of experience using “verbal” and “math.” The material tested on write essays the new SAT is on raphael very similar to that tested on topic and juliet ACT Reading and English, and there has never been a boycott of those sections. Essay On Raphael! The transition may not be seamless. Essays! In your daughter’s case, she does suffer from essay having her stronger score on the less accepted “verbal” section. This is essays not a penalty conferred by the new SAT, as many colleges already looked primarily at essay on raphael CR+M or downplayed the significance of Writing.

The positive view is that I don’t expect any college to ignore the W in cataract research, EBRW. Essay On Raphael! Your daughter’s strength in essays, grammar will be part of her score. I believe that your daughter got a 720 EBRW/730 M on her PSAT, which is roughly in line with those expectations. She can likely improve on those figures on the SAT. In some ways, the new SAT may be the ideal test for her.

Art, Thank you very much for your response. Essay On Raphael! Re UVA I was referring to Dean J’s comment that “The tests are different and we aren’t going to convert old SAT scores.” It is essay and juliet buried in essay, her post about updated the for romeo and juliet, waiting list. Essay On Raphael! Thanks again. Great. It’s nice to see an admission department that is cataract research paper so diligent about essay explaining its methods. Some colleges will state “we use your highest scores” without reassuring students that the only scores included in write, a file are the top section scores. Similar quote here to the one you cited: Basically a file will have potentially 3 sets of scores: SAT, rSAT, and ACT. As he says in the link I just included, UVa wouldn’t combine SAT M with rSAT M any more than it would swap in ACT M. The rSAT gets neither points nor demerits for being published by essay the same company as the SAT. To make test-to-test comparisons, a concordance is required. Thanks for the clarification.

I find this blog very useful. Do Cornell, Brown and Columbia want ACT and SAT scores reported? I have a feeling that with all the confusion going on this year, most colleges would be happy with one or the other. To make this worse, today SAT subject test results were reported to be delayed this June 15th. Makes me have less confidence in looks, them. Brown and Columbia participate in Score Choice and there is no reason to send any scores with which your daughter is essay on raphael not completely satisfied.

Cornell does not recognize Score Choice for questions in the sun, SAT scores. The twist there is essay on raphael that a College Board report includes Subject Test and SAT scores by default. Cornell is adamant that “it is in essays, the student’s best interest to send all scores and Cornell will only consider those that are most supportive of the application .” [emphasis added] My son chose to automatically have his new SAT scores sent to four universities (Texas AM, Virginia Tech, University of Florida, University of Central Florida). Essay On Raphael! The score report also shows his PSAT scores and paper 10th grades scores. Do these four universities also get to essay on raphael, see his PSAT and 10th grade scores? (He scored 730 ERW, 700 Math on the SAT and 720 ERW 740 Math on the PSAT, for an SI 218.) Thanks. PSAT scores are provided to essay questions raisin, students so that they can track their performance over time. Colleges do not receive PSAT scores. Hi, I received a 1560 (760 Reading/Writing and 800 Math) on the SAT and a 34 on the ACT. Essay! I was planning to essay raisin in the sun, use the SAT for all colleges not requiring subject tests and the ACT for colleges that do (I only have taken the Math II subject test and essay on raphael scored 800). However, I got my ACT writing score back a few days ago and scored 21.

Even though many students have been shafted by the essay, 21 still seems awfully low (I scored a 7/7/7 on the SAT essay). Should I study the essay and retake the topics essays, ACT? I don’t want to have to on raphael, do any more subject tests unless I really have to. I got a 4 on write my college the APES exam via self-study. MIT and Georgetown are on on raphael my list and both seem to like subject tests. Thanks in advance! Great scores and an interesting situation because of Subject Tests. My recommendation would be to questions in the sun, submit both SATs and essay ACTs. Cataract Research! Both scores are very strong and, as you know, many schools that want Subject Tests will accept an ACT instead. But I see no reason to essay, withhold your SAT and questions ST scores from those colleges. As for the 21, I would not be too concerned.

It seems that you have enough other things in your record that will reflect well on your writing skills. The bigger outstanding issue is Subject Tests. It wasn’t clear if you are planning on taking more — you should. MIT wants a math and a science and Georgetown has a VERY strong recommendation of 3 (Georgetown has always enjoyed being iconoclastic). Essay On Raphael! The essays are optional at MIT and, although required at Georgetown, they are not actually used for cataract research, admission! In summary, think about taking additional Subject Tests, consider submitting SAT, Subject Tests, and ACT (I believe Georgetown requires all of them if you have taken them), and don’t stress over the 21. Daughter got 1500 on PSAT in on raphael, PA and got 1550 in June SAT, that being her only admission standard test (She does have 4 subjects tests, 760 Math2/760 US history/800 Bio/800 Chem). She is done with testing, but I am concerned that according to depression topics, concordance, this only converts to 34 in ACT. Thoughts?

You have nothing to worry about. Your daughter’s scores provide an on raphael, excellent “testing portfolio” for essay questions raisin in the, any college. On Raphael! A 34 is an excellent ACT score. In truth, once a student reaches a certain testing level, small differences in scores mean little for admission chances. Having 4 strong Subject Test scores rounds out her application nicely!

Thank you for your post. Is the new SAT score (R+W:750, M:800, Essay: 6/4/6) a problem to apply for the extremely competitive colleges? I am mainly concerned with the bad essay score: 6/4/6. From what we’ve seen with SAT Essay scores, a 6/4/6 is not that unusual for even very high-scoring students. I think College Board has done the write, right thing by not emphasizing (or even providing) percentiles for the essay. Nor did they do something silly like ACT’s failed attempt at turning the essay on raphael, essay into a scaled score. Your SAT scores are competitive, most colleges are not requiring the resume on photoshop, essay, and schools will be hesitant to make decisions based on essay scores until they have more data.

My daughter wants to go to University of Alabama. Being out of state we have been looking at the out of state scholarships that are offered. I am extremely confused about the SAT requirements for the scholarships. They list the old SAT requirements and on raphael the new SAT requirements and they are very similar, if not the exact scores. I have contacted the scholarship department and they say that they used the CollegeBoard concordance table. Can you explain how the scores needed can be so similar? Thank you. Alabama uses only the resume, Critical Reading and Math components of the old SAT, so you are seeing scores on essay a 400-1600 scale for depression essays, both the old SAT and the new SAT (EBRW and Math). New SAT scores are somewhat inflated in comparison to the old SAT.

When comparing CR+M scores, new SAT scores are about essay 40-70 points higher overall. If you look at the last table on our secondary concordance page, you’ll see how the 1600 scores stack up. It does appear that Alabama is using the resume looks empty, College Board concordance exactly. For example, the Capstone scholarship went from 1210-1240 scores for essay on raphael, the old SAT (CR+M only) to looks empty, 1280-1300 for on raphael, the new SAT. The UA Scholar scores have gone from 1330-1390 to 1390-1440. Resume On Photoshop! These changes mean that a similar number of students should qualify (assuming a similar number of students taking the SAT). In addition to being a great school, Alabama has excellent scholarship opportunities for out-of-state students. I don’t know why I cannot see my questions I submitted. Test successful. Essay! We moderate our comment threads and in the have fallen behind. Essay! I happen to be going through the essays, queue now and will get to your original question.

Thanks! I have a question about the reliability of translating new SAT scores to old SAT scores. My son has a June SAT score of 1500–750cr and 750m. I understand that the scores on essay the new SAT are higher, and a 750cr is not as high as an old SAT 750. If I submit his score of 1500, it won’t be translated high as an old score of 2250 (750, 750, 750). In fact, the new SAT calculator says that it translates into a 2170 old score. However, the write essays, May 2016 ‘Understanding your scores” reports a 750cr as 99%ile. Oddly, the 2015 SAT percentile document for the old SAT says that a 750R is on raphael 98%ile and 750W is 98%ile. Resume Looks! I am confused as to essay, why this May 2016 document says a 750 is a higher percentile than the essay topic for romeo and juliet, older chart says an older score of on raphael 750 is.

Is there any chance that a new SAT 750cr is really the top percentile and should correlate at least as high as getting an old SAT 750r and 750w? To further complicate the issue, my son got a 34 on the ACT. His college counselor is telling him to send ACT scores as well as June SAT scores bc ‘traditionally a 750 or above is considered highly competitive.’ His 34 puts him at depression essays or above the essay, 75%ile of admitted students to most colleges he plans to apply. However, the 1500 on the SAT does not put him above the topic, 75%ile at many of these colleges. It is important, I think, to essay, figure out which to send.

Thank you for your time! Your questions go right to the heart of the difficulties College Board and colleges face in making the transition to the new SAT. Let me start by explaining why the write my college, percentiles are not useful in essay on raphael, making a comparison (for a far more detailed explanation involving the PSAT — the essay questions, issues are similar — you can see my previous posts). The two most important points are that 1) the percentiles are estimates based on a sample group and 2) the percentile definition has changed. In order to accurately determine percentiles, once must use a representative population. Essay On Raphael! This means that College Board couldn’t simply take March test takers and resume calculate the percentiles. The group of students who take March are not the on raphael, same as those who take May or October. And the group of questions students taking the essay, new SAT this spring were not necessarily the same profile as those taking the old SAT in on photoshop, the spring. Instead, what College Board did was base the percentiles on essay reference groups who took non-operational tests (test days at schools or paying college students to write essays, take the test). These percentiles are roughly accurate but are too iffy to make decisions between, say, 98th percentile and 99th percentile.

2) is an interesting case, because most people assume that a percentile is a percentile is a percentile. Essay On Raphael! There are actually multiple ways that percentile ranks can be defined. The old SAT used “the percentage of looks students scoring BELOW” a given score. The new SAT (and the ACT) uses “the percentage of on raphael students AT OR BELOW.” College Board also started reporting the National percentile and the User percentile. These changes have the effect of looks “inflating” percentiles somewhat. The College Board will not be able to report on the entire class of 2017 cohort until after students graduate (they usually release their “College Bound Seniors” report in the October after graduation).

Clearly that’s not helpful for on raphael, your son. I counsel people to my college essays, ignore the percentiles. They are also invalid for essay, comparing to ACT scores, because the tests are not taken by identical pools of students. Now to your first question about your son’s 750 EBRW / 750 M. Scores on the new SAT are somewhat inflated when compared to those of the old SAT. This is largely the result of College Board’s decision to eliminate the essay, “guessing penalty” and to essay on raphael, not re-norm the tests. What the 2170 / 1500 concordance is saying is that the percentage of students scoring 1500 or lower on the new test is equivalent to resume looks, those scoring 2170 or lower on on raphael the old test. In this sense, they represent comparable achievements. This is why it is also dangerous to use the exact same “rules of thumb” that worked for old SAT scores (not that they ever worked that well).

A 750 M on the new SAT is better compared to a 720 M on the old SAT. A 750 EBRW is questions raisin in the closer to a combined 1450 (CR+W) on the old SAT. So when your college counselor uses a “traditional” comparison to say that “750 or above is considered highly competitive,” your son’s scores are more akin to 720 and 730. Still, those are quite competitive, and it’s not as if there is essay on raphael some hard cutoff at 750. Another way of cataract research paper saying that is that the students who used to get 750 or above are now far more likely to be getting 770 or above.

Yes, quite confusing for essay on raphael, everyone. It is definitely true that your son’s 34 is better — from a concordance standpoint — than his 1500 new SAT score. I don’t think that means that your son should not send his SAT score. It is in the same range, and most colleges will work with his best scores. What it really boils down to is that any decision you make will be a good one as long as you include his ACT scores! Your decision to send or not send his SAT scores will not impact his admission.

There are plenty of things to worry about write essays during the essay on raphael, application process. In your son’s case, the SAT decision is not one of them. I hope that I haven’t muddled things further for you. Your son’s scores are excellent. Best of luck during the write my college essays, admission process! I have a question for you about whether my daughter should send both her new SAT score and on raphael her ACT score to colleges. Write! She scored a 1510 (760R, 750M), 6/6/6 on on raphael essay) on the new SAT, and a 34 (36E, 36R, 32M, 33S, 23 essay) on essays the ACT.

She took each test once, and she does not plan to re-test. Essay! Although the SAT is lower than the ACT overall, we are considering sending it to show the relatively higher math score. She is cataract research paper applying to engineering programs. Essay! She also has a 760 Math Level II and a 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam. Your thoughts on sending the essays, new SAT score to essay on raphael, bolster her math credentials? A separate question: If a school neither requires nor recommends the SAT subject matter tests, should she send her Biology subject matter test score of 700? (I should mention her grades, course load and rank will also make her a good candidate for engineering programs.) She will be applying to very competitive schools, and topic for romeo and juliet I am not sure if that score will be helpful. Thanks so much for any help you can provide! I’d be hesitant to say that the SAT Math score will boost your daughter’s math credentials, but I can’t muster an argument against sending both scores.

Her 32M is essay hardly a weak score, and topic and juliet the 760 on essay the Math 2 is more relevant to research, most engineering programs. The 1510 new SAT and 34 ACT, though, are quite similar, so she is not hurting herself by on raphael sending both scores. I often warn students about the “gotcha” of my college needing to send all SAT scores to non-Score Choice schools. On Raphael! Since your daughter only took the test once, there is no concern on that count. I’d also opt to send her Biology score. Yes, ideally students to the most competitive schools will have 750-800 Subject Test scores, but at a number of the research paper, neither-require-nor-recommend schools, Subject Tests are viewed us “plus factors.” And showing math and science Subject Tests show that she is essay serious about STEM. Another thing to keep in mind is that new SAT Math scores are “inflated” about 30-40 points compared to old SAT scores, whereas Subject Test scores have not gone through the same inflation. Depression Topics! For example, the old SAT equivalent of your daughter’s 750M is 720M, which is close to her Biology score. Hi, I have an on raphael, 35 composite ACT score with 35 English, 35 Math, 36 Science, 32 Reading, and 24 Writing. I also have an SAT score of cataract research 1550 with 780 Math, 770 Reading + Writing, and 7/6/6 Essay.

I want to essay, apply to the top schools like Harvard with a concentration in cataract research paper, liberal arts possibly political science or something of the sort. I was wondering which score would be better to submit or should I submit both to show consistency? Do the section scores matter when taking major into account, like if I want go to major in a social science and go to law school should I submit the test with the better english and writing scores or does it not really matter since they are all kind of close to on raphael, each other? Thank you! You are in great shape either way you decide to go. In general, there is not a benefit to looks empty, showing ACT/SAT consistency. It might have a small impact if section scores were wildly different (let’s say you aced the ACT English and essay Reading but struggled on SAT EBRW). Section scores can come into play at certain schools for certain majors. Applying to Wharton with weak Math scores might raise an eyebrow (the same could be said about most engineering programs, too). Subject Test scores are usually a better place to prove STEM skills, since the ACT and SAT are broad spectrum tests.

Colleges such as Harvard almost expect students to change concentrations (I entered as computer science concentrator and left as an my college, English major). I can’t imagine an on raphael, admission decision, in your case, hinging on your SAT scores versus your ACT scores. A plus about submitting both is that it takes any guesswork out of the equation. Other than the added cost, the one potential downside would be with college that ask for all ACT scores if you submit 1 or all SAT scores if you submit 1. If you got your scores after a try or two, that’s not a concern. If you took both tests 3 or 4 times, I think you’d be better off sending one or the other. Hi I was wondering if you could help because I have an almost 4.8 GPA and am first in my class. However, I can’t seem to score any higher than 1320 on the SAT, even after taking it several times; the comparative ACT score for this is a 28 . But last month I took the ACT and got a 33. Should I try to continue taking the SAT, or will colleges be fine if I only send in the ACT? And should I be worried about this large discrepancy in scores? Your ACT is so much better than your SAT score that there seems like no point in repeating the SAT — especially since you’ve already been frustrated by it several times.

Colleges are absolutely fine with just an ACT score. Essay Topic! A very small number of colleges — Yale, for example — expect you to send all of the SATs and ACTs you have taken. Even at essay on raphael those colleges, I’d argue that you are better off abandoning the resume, SAT. Essay! It wouldn’t help your testing profile to see another SAT score below your excellent ACT score. Essay Topic And Juliet! Sounds like you can take a break from testing. My daughter scored 35 on ACT (36 in Math and 35 in rest) and scored 31 in writing. In new SAT she scored 1580 (780 EBRW and 800 in Math) and 6/6/8 in essay.

She has taken subject tests Math2: 800, Chem: 770 and Physics: 740. On Raphael! She has taken all of the tests only resume on photoshop once and not planning to essay, retake any test. Which scores (SAT vs ACT vs both) should we submit knowing that she is targeting to get into elite schools. Can she not submit SAT Physics? How would Yale and Stanford react to her SAT Physics score knowing that we have to send? Most students would do anything to have your daughter’s dilemmas. Her SAT scores are strong enough that I don’t see a benefit to sending the ACT scores. One could argue that admission officers may not be comfortable yet with the new SAT, but they know what they see, and they won’t see many 1580-1600 scores. Cataract Research Paper! I feel more comfortable making the recommendation knowing that your daughter has excellent Subject Test scores.

If she were applying to colleges that allowed the ACT to serve “in lieu of” Subject Tests, then weak scores might have been an argument for essay on raphael, the ACT. No harm will befall if she were to submit her ACT score, but this way she can keep things clean and on photoshop just send all her scores via a College Board report. She can choose not to submit Physics. I don’t think she should make that choice. SAT scores can seem so exact that we (I include those of us in test prep) can easily get wrapped up in small differences. If an essay, admission officer went to the committee to argue that Student A should be accepted over your daughter because A had scores of 800 / 770 / 780, they would give him the admission officer equivalent of a toddler’s time out. Your daughter’s testing portfolio is SO strong that the 740 would never hurt her. I also want to do an aside on Subject Test score interpretation because it’s a topic that interests me. 1) It’s her third Subject Test. She is essays allowed to have a lowest score. 2) You may be concerned that a 740 Physics score is 68th percentile.

Percentile scores are incredibly misleading with Subject Tests, because the exams are taken by elite students in their top subjects. Your daughter’s ACT score of essay on raphael 35 is topics essays 99th percentile. Among Harvard applicants, though, that score might only be 80th percentile. Context is key. 3) Last, but not least, a 770 and 740 are very similar. In fact, the mathematics underpinning the essay, tests tells us that a 30 point difference is not sufficient to distinguish between two students’ abilities. The Standard Error of the Difference (SED) for the Physics Subject Test is on photoshop 40 points. So Yale and Stanford will be perfectly fine with her Physics test. An aside about the “send us all scores” policies.

These are not always as they seem. Essay! Colleges haven’t always thought through how “no Score Choice” gets interpreted when it comes to Subject Tests. They often don’t intend for looks, it to apply to Subject Tests. Stanford requires that students submit all SAT and ACT scores. They do not state that they require all SAT Subject Test scores (ST’s are optional at Stanford, so technically they don’t require any Subject Tests).

Yale, fortunately, explicitly addresses the topic: “Yale does participate in Score Choice for the reporting of essay SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to looks, send to Yale.” Your daughter has a number of choices to make, but they’re ones without wrong answers. Thank you and really appreciate you taking time to answer my questions. 1. Regarding your comment on sending only SAT and on raphael NOT ACT – Since my daughter has taken the test only once, can there be any doubt in the officer’s mind that she may have gotten lucky in her attempt? and sending ACT also would help remove that remote doubt that the officer may have? 2. Regarding your comment “She can choose not to submit Physics. Looks! I don’t think she should make that choice” –Is your recommendation based on a thought process that without SAT Physics score, it might appear that rest of the scores are near perfect which may not be good for admission purposes as colleges don’t want perfect people? PS: My daughter took all the three SAT subject tests on the same day which definitely played a role in her score. 3. This is a technical question regarding collegeboard. For Stanford or Yale since we need to send the entire history of SAT or ACT (Not subject tests), I am assuming we have to pick a choice of “All Scores” within the collegeboard. On Raphael! But if I do that it is including SAT subject scores as well.

Since Stanford or Yale does not ask us to SAT Subject scores, how to tell them that I have submitted entire history of SAT and cataract send only essay on raphael specific SAT subject? 4. My daughter is interested in Business undergrad and topics she attended a summer program at Wharton. We have narrowed down to the below options and I would appreciate if you can share your thoughts and suggestions as we are totally unclear as to how to proceed. A. Apply ED to Wharton. The challenge here is my daughter is slightly concerned about the cut throat nature that she has observed/heard during summer program. She is on raphael competitive herself but prefer a collaborative environment at least outside of the classroom. B. Apply Restrictive EA to Harvard. Resume! The challenges here are that the bachelors she has to do is in Economics which she is not sure how she would like and also she will lose the benefit of her summer program that she did at Wharton if she does not apply to on raphael, ED at Wharton.

The reason to do a REA at Harvard is to essay questions raisin in the, leverage the higher chance of her getting in. C. Leave EA, REA and ED and just apply regular for all colleges. Thank you so much for your time in answering my questions. 1) It’s too easy to essay on raphael, start overthinking score interpretation. You could easily argue that an admission officer would interpret this as an empty, excellent student getting an excellent score and moving along from testing. The fact that the choice between SAT only and ACT/SAT is essentially a toss-up means that I’d recommend you do what you and your daughter will feel most confident about. On Raphael! In this case, I don’t think there is a wrong answer. 2) My thinking is resume on photoshop that as a third Subject Test in Physics that the score does not hurt, and essay on raphael may help, your daughter’s application. This is write another close call. The fact that she took all tests on the same day does not factor in. 3) No, you do not have pick that option, although College Board will tell you that these schools want all scores.

Score Choice is on the honor system, and you are being completely honorable in following Stanford and Yale’s own rules. Schools are not told whether or not a student has exercised Score Choice. 4. Essay On Raphael! This strays away from my testing expertise into college advising. All I can say is that you are correct that there is no true equivalent of a Business major at cataract paper Harvard. If that is what she wants to do, increasing her odds at Harvard (and there is on raphael debate as to resume, whether REA does that) would seem somewhat irrelevant. On Raphael! I can’t speak to Wharton’s cut throat nature. I can say that I’ve never observed that at Harvard. Thank you for such an insightful article!! I was hoping you guys could help me out resume with an issue I have….. I am an international student studying in the UK, currently in Year 13 (Grade 12) looking to apply to universities both at home and in essay, the US this year.

I took the New SAT in May this year and received a score of 1520 (760 + 760 + 21 on essay). Due to my AS school exams happening at a similar time and my very late decision to apply to US universities, I ended up doing very little preparation for the SAT, having done only one practice test and 0 essay practice before going into my actual exam, so I know I can do much better if I take a retest. My problem comes when taking into essay and juliet account the essay on raphael, fact that I’d like to apply early to Stanford, meaning that the only available date I could resit the SAT would be this October. However I have already booked this date to essay topic for romeo, take my SAT subject tests (very late I know…..) in Maths-II and on raphael Bio. So my very long winded question is: should I stick with the 1520 and write essays apply early to Stanford, or should I delay my application to regular decision, and apply with what will be an almost definitely better SAT score. I’ve heard that entry to highly selective universities such as Stanford is on raphael even more competitive for international students, so I am unsure as to whether my current score of questions 1520 will give me a good enough chance of getting in. I’d really appreciate any advice you guys can offer, as help for US uni admissions is scarce where I live. Thanks in advance!! I don’t have any easy answers for you.

You are right that admission is even more competitive for international students. The problem you face with delay is giving up any benefit from applying early. The size of this benefit is a hotly debated topic. Some make the claim that EA is just a way to get a decision sooner and results in on raphael, the same outcome as RD. Many argue that applying under Stanford’s Restrictive EA policy sends a strong “first choice” message that can be useful. They’ll point out the higher acceptance rate for early applicants. The “it’s all the same” group will point out that early applicants skew more talented, so of course the acceptance rate is higher. I’m not going to try to essays, settle that argument here.

I fall in the “small but measurable benefit” camp between the on raphael, warring factions. Your 1520 is an excellent score, but it will probably be just around average (probably a bit over) for Stanford. But how much more impressive will it be if you apply with a 1570? Will that prove the looks, tipping point? That’s unlikely. Essay On Raphael! Keep in mind, too, that Stanford will see your 1520, even if you do raise your score. I would stick to write my college, your desire to apply early. Excellent scores on your Subject Tests combined with your 1520 would mean that the decision will not come down to test scores (at least not U.S. standardized test scores).

Apologies if you’ve addressed this elsewhere on the site. Is it possible that the essay on raphael, group of cataract paper students who took the new SAT during its first two administrations — March and May — are not representative of the on raphael, class of 2017 as a whole? I’m thinking they may be more likely to be risk takers, may be smarter, more willing to try something new, etc. Research Paper! If so, the concordance table — comparing scores to on raphael, the ACT or the old SAT — might not be valid, because the groups of cataract research paper students are so different. Many kids in essay on raphael, my daughter’s class — a public school in Ohio — didn’t take the SAT last spring. I just think the pool of test takers thus far may not be representative. Resume Looks Empty! Eventually it will be, but not yet. Am wishing I had encouraged my daughter to take the ACT instead — this whole guinea-pig experience is somewhat stressful.

She did well on the PSAT — 710 math, 740 EBRW (good enough for NMSF in Ohio), but is on raphael less happy with her March SAT score (almost identical scores — 710/730 — but, with the concordance, not as high comparatively). She’s taking it again Oct. 1. Thoughts? The concordance has been a bone of contention between College Board and ACT, although after their respective leaders gave addresses at essays the National Association of College Admission Counselors last week, the struck a more conciliatory tone. The concordance and percentiles were developed BEFORE the first live SAT was given.

They were developed using a study group. This is not necessarily reassuring, since there are many ways to essay, have a biased group. But I think it is broadly accurate. You are absolutely correct that the essay topic for romeo, new SAT has skewed the pool of test takers as many fled to the ACT. And the on raphael, March and essay questions raisin in the sun May tests are not representative. This is on raphael why a full year cohort is needed to generate accurate percentiles. Essay Questions Raisin In The! To generate an effective concordance, ACT and essay College Board will try to complete their work in 2018.

It may be a little late for her to on photoshop, switch to ACT. You may want to consider a proctored practice ACT (on a real test) to see how she is doing. We pretty much don’t start working with a student until we have a great baseline. It’s possible that she could be an ACT natural and take the test as soon as possible. If not, then your daughter should keep a positive attitude regarding the SAT and the concordance, as there is nothing to essay on raphael, be gained by second guessing it. Resume On Photoshop! Ultimately, I have faith in admission officers to get it right. Thanks for essay, your response. On Photoshop! I, too, have hope that admissions officers will get it right — and not rely too heavily on test results when they are so untested. On Raphael! However: Ohio State University is research paper using the following cut-offs to determine merit scholarships: 32 ACT, 1400 old SAT (critical reading and math), 1450 new SAT.

Using that scale, my daughter wouldn’t get the top amount of aid with her current SAT score. So, very real consequences. She did take a “practice” ACT last fall, with absolutely no prep, and got a 31. My guess is she could bring that up to a 32 pretty easily (by studying the science portion). Question: Is the December administration too late? (She’s not applying early anywhere.) Oct. 22 is coming pretty quickly. One more question: What happened to the “compression” at the top for high scorers on essay the SAT? I thought the concordance gap was supposed to diminish among the top scores. It seemed to do that for the PSAT — does it for the SAT? Thanks again.

Let me pick off the strictly factual question first: December is not too late for regular admission at virtually any university, but scholarships play by their own rules. OSU says that merit applicants need to meet the topics essays, criteria AND apply by November 1. I’m glad you brought up score “compression” because the PSAT results provide the essay on raphael, only visible supporting evidence of the new concordance (College Board has not published the results of the trial studies used to generate the my college, concordance.). Compression does exist on the SAT — just as it did on the PSAT. Essay! However, the important difference is that scores are only being pushed up from below. Both new tests have a degree of write my college essays “wind assist” when it comes to scores. Typical scores are 20-40 points higher in on raphael, each section than on the old PSAT and SAT. Essay! What made things so problematic with the PSAT/NMSQT is that the new 160-760 score range capped the Selection Index for extremely high scorers. A student who might have achieved a 77 M on the old PSAT could, at best, get a 760 on essay on raphael the new test. However, a student with a 67 M was just as easily able to achieve a 700 M on the new test.

In other words, the wind assist was there for the excellent scorer, but it diminished — or even blew against — the most exceptional scorers. This is why we saw the Commended level move from 202 to 209, while the top state cutoffs moved down slightly. The SAT score range remained the same — 200 to 800 — so there is no downward pressure. The two tests ultimately converge, which is why the concorded scores are so similar at the top — for example, a 1550 old CR+M concords to essay questions raisin in the, a 1560 EBRW+M. The Ohio State merit cutoff change is more analogous to what happened with the Commended level than with the New Jersey cutoff. A 1400 on the old CR+M is quite good (96th percentile), but the scoring changes of the new test still have room for an upward push. Essay! That’s why College Board expects a 1450 to be a comparable score (and Ohio State has followed the concordance exactly). This 50 point change is right in line with the 7 point movement in Commended scores, since the write my college essays, Selection Index doubles the weight of EBRW. On Raphael! Do we know with certainty that the appropriate score is not 1440 or 1460? No.

But College Board has a big incentive to get it right and not alienate its college users. The 50 point change seen at the 1400 level does diminish as one approaches 1600. That’s why, for example, the cutoff for OSU’s Eminence Fellows scholarship has gone up 30 points (1490 to 1520). Merit aid tends to be a special case in testing because of the essay topic, hard cut-offs. For an admission officer, the difference between a 1440 and a 1450 (or whether a 32 ACT concords to a 1450 or 1460) is inconsequential. For students looking at merit aid at OSU, it’s very consequential. Your daughter stands a good chance of bringing up her SAT score Oct 1, but it may be worthwhile to verify with OSU that the October 22 ACT would also be used. While she would not have much time to prepare, it would not take much to get her where she needs to be. My son has a composite score of on raphael 32 on the ACT with a 31 score in the Math section of the ACT. His composite SAT score was only a 1950 which does not compare well with his 32 on the ACT, but his math SAT score is a 740. Should he submit both his ACT and SAT scores?

It appears that a 740 on the math SAT is superior to topics, a 31 math score on the ACT. Appreciate your advice. Your son’s 1950 is enough lower than his 32 ACT composite that I would recommend submitting only the ACT. Most schools will concentrate on the composite. They may look at the relative strengths in the different subject areas, but they rarely concord individual sections. The potential negatives of showing an SAT score that is comparable to a 29 ACT composite is not outweighed by the potential positive of the college seeing a stronger math score. It’s nice to consider this sort of quasi-superscoring across tests, but it rarely happens that way. Thanks much for your very understandable response. One final comment: Last fall, my daughter’s guidance counselor suggested we pick the test (SAT or ACT) that we thought she would do best on, and go for it.

That’s what we did. Didn’t see the need to give the testing companies more of my money (or my daughter’s time) than necessary. Now, of course, I’m second-guessing that strategy. Second-guessing is what we parents do best! Son has an ACT score (no writing) of essay on raphael 33, SAT with writing is 1480 (750 reading and writing; 730 Math). Unfortunately, his essay scores are quite low and surprised us – 4/4/5. Very concerned about whether to bother taking either exam again. He has only taken each exam once. Also, we are questioning which score to submit to resume, Universities.

We certainly wouldn’t want a negative essay score to essay, impact his admissions. Thanks in advance for your opinion. In part, the answer depends on where your son is applying. Resume! If he is shooting for the very most competitive schools, then I’d probably recommend retaking the test on which he felt most comfortable. If he is a junior, he certainly has plenty of time. If he is a senior, time is on raphael of the essay topic for romeo and juliet, essence, and you should verify with the colleges their testing cutoffs (generally, December is on raphael fine). The ACT is the slightly stronger of the two, but it would not be of use at any of the colleges requiring the on photoshop, essay. There is an essay on raphael, outside chance that College Board will discuss essay score distribution at its annual Forum happening right now (several of resume my colleagues are there).

What we have seen is that even high scorers are often in essay on raphael, the teens (similar to how we often saw high ACT scorers in the low 20s for Writing). The SAT is by far the least important part of the test, but I think your son could improve his testing portfolio with another attempt. Thank you – he is a junior and has many more opportunities to improve. We will revisit the exams in the spring/summer. My daughter received a 1430 on the new SAT, and she hopes to apply to semi competitive schools such as the UCs and Cal states. However, her essay score was unexpectedly low: 5|4|5. We are worried that the essay score will negatively impact admissions. Is it worth it to take the test again in the spring?

She is essay raisin a junior. Thank you very much for your advice. Unless and until we learn more about colleges’ use of essay scores, my advice to students with 4s and essay on raphael 5s would be to let the overall test score dictate any decisions. In other words, if your daughter is happy with her 1430, I would not recommend retesting simply because of her essay score. When you are evaluating her scores, keep in mind that the new SAT scores are about 30 points higher per section than the old SAT scores. Historical numbers for admitted UC students still use old SAT scores. Research! The Eligibility Index, on the other hand, has been updated for the new SAT.

It can be confusing when trying to figure out on raphael a competitive score. Hi- I scored a 1980 on the old SAT – 690 R, 620 M, 670 W. I took the paper, ACT in October 2016 and got a 31. I’m thinking of submitting this score seeing as it translates to a higher score than 1980. However, my breakdown was 36 English, 27 Math, 36 Reading, and 24 Science. I’m wondering if this much lower science section will be taken seriously, or if I should just focus on the fact that a 31 composite is essay better than a 1980 SAT. Thanks so much.

I think you are better off focusing on the 31 composite. Not only is topics it, overall, a stronger score, there is also an argument that if you are going to be lopsided, go big. In other words, your CR and W scores on the old SAT are good and are better than your M score, but they don’t come close to your ACT English and essay on raphael Reading scores. Thank you for all of your thorough responses. What a complicated business! I have a question regarding the Compass SAT/ACT concordance vs. the Compass PSAT/ACT concordance. Given the time that has passed since Compass put out each of these, would you consider the resume on photoshop, SAT/ACT concordance to be more accurate than the PSAT one, and should be used even if a student has ONLY taken the PSAT (and ACT)? Also, along these same lines, when new PSAT scores come out in a couple of weeks, should students use the newer Compass SAT/ACT accordance?

Is there any reason to think that the concordance numbers on any of these charts will change in the near future? Thank you so much. I bet, even if you had wanted to, you never could have imagined all of the questions that parents/counselors/students could dream up in relation to these test scores! Great questions, and ones that I have been chewing on as I work on updating our PSAT/ACT concordance and recommendations. The plan is to have a revised version of that post available almost immediately after counselors receive PSAT scores on 12/5/2016. While I don’t expect College Board to release anything new of value, there seems little reason not to wait (since students will be receiving scores after counselors). This reply will cover some of the points that I’ll expand upon. Essay! [The really short version is that it may not matter which version of the concordance is used, because other factors can play an even larger role. On Photoshop! I’m never satisfied with really short versions.] There is virtually no chance that College Board will be offering any revisions to essay on raphael, its concordances before it can accomplish an official joint study with ACT in my college, 2018 or 2019.

So we are left with several choices in essay, assessing PSAT scores, none of which is ideal. My College Essays! Option 1 is to use the May 2016 concordance that is identical for the SAT and essay PSAT (with the important qualification that the PSAT concordance tops out at questions raisin 1520). College Board considers this the “final” version. Option 2 would be to stick with the “preliminary” concordance that College Board released in January 2016 that was used to develop the current (as of 11/28/16) version of Compass’ PSAT to ACT concordance. Option 3 would be to essay on raphael, develop a set of recommendations that does not exactly follow either College Board concordance. [I recommend reading my earlier post on the differences between the January and cataract May concordances. While the essay, post looked at things through a National Merit lens, much of the discussion and my college most of the on raphael, tables and charts are quite relevant.] At first blush, it would seem to make sense to use something labelled “final.” I have significant concerns about College Board’s PSAT concordance, however. Write! A concordance depends on the underlying tests being concorded and on the tested population (specifically, the population in on raphael, the concorded sample). The PSAT and SAT have “vertically aligned” scales, but they are definitely not the same test.

The populations taking the two exams are also quite different. In order to follow through with the notion of complete alignment, however, College Board’s psychometricians have had to hold their noses and use identical concordances. To quote from my earlier post: “A polite way of looks describing the PSAT concordance is ‘aspirational.’ It conforms with the most desirable outcome, not necessarily the most accurate one.” I also show in that post how that inaccuracy comes into play when looking at verifiable examples from National Merit. A thought experiment helps to explain why PSAT and SAT concordances — even good ones — suffer from problems at the extremes. Imagine a “760 Math student” — one who, over hundreds of essay SATs and without repetition effects, would end up averaging a 760. While the topic for romeo, student would have many exams where she scored 760, she would also have a good many 770s, 780s, 790s, and even 800s. She won’t have performed as well on essay on raphael some forms and likely ended up with some 740s, 720s, and resume even 700s. Now plop several hundred PSATs in front of this student. Unless she has perfect performances on every single exam — a virtual impossibility — her average will be below 760 (likely closer to 730-740). She’ll have forms where she misses a few problems, but she’ll never have the opportunity to essay on raphael, score better than a perfect 760. Essays! It’s wrong, then, to consider a 760 on the SAT as interchangeable with a 760 on the PSAT.

The “preliminary” concordance did a better job of reflecting this imbalance. Essay On Raphael! If you look at the chart of the my college essays, two concordances and how they match up with National Merit (that post was before we knew all 50 states, but it maintains its rough accuracy), you will see that the January concordance did a better job than the May concordance. My opinion is on raphael that this was because January was presented as a true new PSAT to old PSAT concordance, whereas the May concordance was forced to into alignment with the essay questions raisin in the sun, SAT to old SAT concordance. I should point out that no concordance directly links new SAT or new PSAT to the ACT. Instead, they concord to the old SAT, and then take advantage of the essay, well-established old SAT to ACT concordance for the final leap. This sort of assumed transitive property is write my college why ACT objected so strenuously when College Board released a new SAT to on raphael, ACT “concordance.” It’s both useful and misleading at the same time. If the essay topic for romeo and juliet, January PSAT concordance seems better, then why not continue to use it for on raphael, Compass’ SAT vs. ACT recommendations? A significant problem is that this represents the testing equivalent of betting against resume on photoshop the house. College Board refuses to on raphael, have any independent corroboration of its new SAT equating or of its concordance procedures. It has done its best to release as little information as possible [National Merit has provided a nice peephole that College Board can’t block].

This left it some leeway to tweak the PSAT between the October 2015 and cataract research October 2016 administrations. We won’t get our best insight into this until the spring or summer of 2017 when National Merit data starts leaking out. Publishing a non-standard concordance may confuse students and parents more than it helps them. I’m trying to work through the best way of dealing with this conundrum. I feel that SAT versus ACT recommendations based on on raphael PSAT results must provide at essays least a tip of the hat to these issues. Ironically, the final concordance would tend to push more students toward the ACT. It aligns with somewhat lower old SAT scores than does the preliminary concordance, so it also aligns with somewhat lower ACT scores. For example, using the official concordance would link a 1320 PSAT score to a 28 ACT score. Using the preliminary concordance would link a 1320 to a 29 ACT score. The difference can grow as wide as 2 points. Concordances are great for determining which scores a student should submit to a college — especially since we don’t need to worry about the on raphael, special case of the PSAT.

A student with a 29 ACT is better off sending that score than sending a 1320 SAT score. Questions Raisin In The Sun! Concordances are not so good, though, at predicting future performance. On Raphael! This is my college why we have emphasized score ranges in our guidance. Accounting for factors such as those outlined by my colleague Adam Ingersoll in essay, “Who Should Choose the SAT?” can be just as important as a small discrepancy in resume on photoshop, PSAT score versus ACT score. For now, my recommendation would be to use the SAT to ACT concordance provided here but to keep in mind its limitations. First of all, thank you for a very useful post. My name is essay Vinh, I am Vietnamese, I finished my bachelor degree in cataract research, Biotechnology in Vietnam with a GPA of 3.25 and was planning to on raphael, applying for master degree in US which means I was planning to get GRE (I did get TOEFL with the score of cataract research paper 101). However, something has changed… So the direction here is clearly Linguistics Major that means I have to essay, begin all over again at BA degree. Essays! So I was planning to take the old SAT test but since it changed to the new one which lacks practice books and practice tests, I’m kind of thinking about switching to ACT.

However, there are some problems making me hesitate which I hope you can help, and they are: 1) Does ACT somehow affect my chance of getting accepted in on raphael, US college with Linguistics major? 2) Can I use ACT and SAT subject (I don’t really know what to take, maybe Maths and Literature, or World History and Literature I guess) for my application instead of depression topics essays new SAT and SAT subject? Is this OK and essay not weird at all? I’m sorry if these questions are silly because I’m kind of really new to this (I’ve just changed my mind recently and am going around on the Internet getting confused by depression essays the ACT, change of SAT, etc). 3) I was planning to take GRE before, so should I take it too as to increase my chance of getting accepted since I’m not US citizen? And maybe learning GRE is essay on raphael also useful for depression essays, ACT, SAT subjects? And is on raphael there any full scholarship for linguistics because I think (personally) not many people go into resume this field?

I’m thinking of Yale, maybe this is very hard but I really love linguistics so I have to do my best. Thank you very much and wish you the best. The first challenge you will face is that most undergraduate programs in the U.S. will not accept students who have already completed a bachelor’s degree. You should discuss this with the admission offices. 1) As for the ACT/SAT, the choice will not impact you chances of on raphael acceptance. Both exams have downloadable tests that you can try. The Khan Academy program for the SAT is improving the resume looks, number of essay on raphael tests available, so the ACT’s lead on that score has narrowed. 2) Yes. I don’t know of any colleges where an ACT alone or an ACT with Subject Tests would not be acceptable. 3) It typically would not have an impact on essay questions raisin sun undergraduate admission, because admission offices are not setup to use the essay on raphael, GRE as a tool.

Getting a scholarship as an empty, international student is essay on raphael challenging. I would strongly recommend starting, though, by seeing if you are even eligible for undergraduate admissions. Empty! If not, you should not give up on your dream to study linguistics. Essay! You may be able to do sufficient work to show that you have the skills to be admitted to a graduate program. Math, Reading, and Writing Concordances for the New SAT. 2017 Compass Education Group.

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