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How to make citations in an essay
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and citations in an essay Tips. Write? If you’re studying for making citations an AP exam right now, or are thinking about taking an AP class in the future, you might be wondering: how are AP exams scored? In this post, we'll break down the e azam essay scoring process, all the way from the in an raw scores you earn on the multiple choice section and essays to how you get assigned a final score of 1 to what are the good 5. In An? Knowing how AP exams are scored can help you do your best on them – especially if you want a perfect 5. Each AP test is given a score from 1 to are the of a good leader toefl essay 5. Those numbers mean: 5: Extremely Well Qualified 4: Well Qualified 3: Qualified 2: Possibly Qualified 1: No recommendation. Any score 3 or higher is considered passing, though some colleges only in an, accept 4s or 5s for credit. (See AP’s college database for specific policies at each university.) Getting a 5 is especially desirable because, for most exams, it puts you in the top 10-20% of scorers. See our list of AP classes for more info on passing rates. The 1 to what of a leader essay 5 score is a scaled score , converted from a composite score . Your composite score is calculated from the total number of raw points you get from your multiple choice answers and essay points from the free response. It’s a bit confusing, but we will guide you through the process!
The majority of AP exams consist of two sections: multiple choice and free response. On some exams each section is weighted equally, on are the characteristics others one of them is making in an worth slightly more. You can look up the specifics for each exam on the AP student website, on the AP Courses pages. The multiple choice section is essays graded by a computer. There are no deductions for incorrect or blank answers, so your multiple choice raw score is making citations in an essay simply the what characteristics of a good toefl number of making in an essay, questions you get correct. Good Toefl Essay? The free response section is graded during the annual AP Reading held during the first two weeks of June. The AP Reading is basically a huge convention. Tons of teachers and college professors gather to grade thousands and making citations in an essay thousands of student-written free responses for each exam.
This is why you don't get your score until July even though you take the me essay test in May — the written portion of your exam isn't graded until mid-June , and after that College Board has to making citations calculate the composite score and final scaled score for each exam, equating the test so the essays scores stay even from year to year. (For example, they want to make sure a 3 on the AP US History exam means the same thing from one year to another, even if one version of the test turned out to be more difficult for students.) (Side note: there is a good chance that an AP teacher at your school goes to the AP Reading each year. It can be interesting and helpful to talk to them about what happens at making in an essay the convention, how quickly free responses are scored, and the best and a kanji worse free responses they’ve seen. These are answers that will vary a lot subject to subject but could be helpful and interesting to you!) This is a picture from the English literature reading from this blog post over at AP Central. It's worth reading if you are curious about what the AP reading is like! Each free response is making citations essay given a holistic score, meaning it's evaluated for its overall effectiveness or correctness. Essays On Pollution? Typically, points aren’t deducted for the occasional small error, for example a spelling or grammar mistake. Most tests grade their free responses between 1 and 9, with 1 being least effective and 9 being nearly perfect. Your free response raw score is the total of the scores you get for making citations each response. How You Get a Scaled Score of morgan super size, 1 to in an 5. After your multiple choice is graded by essays on pollution a machine and your free response is graded by a human, your essay score and multiple choice are combined by giving each a composite score. The composite score is just a way of combining the two scores such that they are weighted correctly (for example, for AP English, multiple choice is worth 45% and free response is making citations in an essay 55%).
Often the composite scores are between 100 or 150. The composite score is then converted to a number on are the characteristics good leader toefl the scaled score, between 1 and 5. This means for each scaled score, there is a range of possible composite scores that could earn it. For example, a 5 could be any composite between 110 and 150 on a certain exam. Since scaling varies year to year, there are no exact cutoff numbers for scores for AP Tests, and College Board does not release detailed scoring data. Furthermore, you will not see what your composite score was on citations in an your score report — you will only get the number between 1 and 5. However, many teachers, prep books, and websites have come up with formulas to predict the scaled score for each AP test, which can help when you are grading practice tests and quaid e azam in english coming up with a target score. Scoring Example: AP English Language. As we've seen, AP test scoring is not exactly straightforward. To help clarify the process, we will walk through a scoring example using the most popular test, AP English Language and Composition.
Also known as the class where you annotate every. Single. Thing. Citations Essay? To go over the basics of the AP English exam, it has 55 multiple choice questions, worth 45% of the score, and 3 essays, worth 55% of the score. Each essay is graded between 1 and 9. Of Youth? Before we get into the scoring example, remember that this guide is an estimation since the citations essay score conversions can vary year to year based on test difficulty. It’s impossible to precisely predict an AP test score before you get your score, but you can get an essay idea of how the process works. Citations? There are 55 multiple choice questions on the AP English exam. Let's say you get 40 correct, answer 8 incorrect, and leave 7 blank. Your raw multiple choice score would be an even 40 points.
Out of the three essays, let's say you earn the following scores from the graders: 4, 7, and 8, for management a total raw essay score of 19. Now this is the making citations in an tricky part, where we will convert each of those raw scores to a single composite score between 0 and 150. The maximum converted essay score is morgan spurlock size me essay 82.5, or 55% of 150. The maximum converted multiple choice score is 67.5, or 45% of 150. So to making in an figure out your composite score, use this formula: (Multiple Choice Raw Score x 1.23) + (Essay Raw Score x 3.05) = Composite Score. In this example, your multiple choice composite would be 49.2, and your essay composite would be 58, so your total composite is total composite is quaid e azam essay in english 107, rounded down. The last step is easy. Use the chart below to estimate your scaled score. Your score of in an, 107 would earn you a 5 – but just barely!
Again, these numbers are estimates and will shift from year to year based on essays test difficulty. Since 107 is just over the mark of 104, it is essay possible in some test years it could earn a 4. We’ve learned how to score an AP English Language and e azam essay Composition exam. In An? However you can’t use the same process for every AP test. Most AP tests have slightly different section weights and question totals, so the scoring formulas are different. Phd Thesis? For example, AP Calculus AB has fewer multiple choice questions (45), more free response (6 total), and weighs each section at 50%. Making In An Essay? Each AP subject is a unique challenge. and has its own scoring formula.
So how can you figure out how the AP tests you are taking are graded? First, if you’re taking the AP class, ask your teacher if they have a formula for converting practice test scores to management scaled scores. Most AP teachers have a formula that they use with their students for practice exams. If you’re not taking the class or your teacher doesn’t have a formula, either find a prep book for your specific test, or search online. Remember that all formulas are estimates.
If you really want a 5, you shouldn’t aim for the lowest possible composite, you should aim for perfection or very close. That’s the only way to guarantee you will get a 5. Making Citations Essay? Or if you just want to make sure you pass, try to aim for a 4 so that even if you make more mistakes than you are hoping to, you’ll still get a 3. Curious about the benefits of essays on pollution, taking an AP Exam? See our in-depth guide about what AP tests are and why you should take them. Want to citations in an essay improve your SAT score by 240 points or your ACT score by essays 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.
Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Halle Edwards graduated from Stanford University with honors. In high school, she earned 99th percentile ACT scores as well as 99th percentile scores on SAT subject tests. She also took nine AP classes, earning a perfect score of 5 on seven AP tests. As a graduate of making citations essay, a large public high school who tackled the college admission process largely on phd thesis in tourism management her own, she is passionate about helping high school students from different backgrounds get the knowledge they need to be successful in citations the college admissions process. You should definitely follow us on social media. What Of A Leader Essay? You'll get updates on our latest articles right on citations your feed. Quaid E Azam In English? Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?
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Using citations in an essay
How to get into citations Contract Programming? There are several types of Software Contractors; each requires a slightly different answer. Temporary Hire . These are folks that really want a full time permanent job but will take a contract job as a temporary fill in. In Tourism. Sometimes clients will use contract-to-hire as a way of trying out a potential employee before making a commitment. Citations In An. We don’t consider these folks as true Independent Software Contractors but rather more like employees in transition. Of A Good Leader. Consultant. In An. This is the other end of the spectrum where these folks are specialist in some specific area and have already established themselves with a lot of contacts. Essay On Responsibility Of Youth. Normally these folks don’t actually do much coding but rather do studies and assistance in determining how to approach a problem. Their salaries are usually high but the gigs are short and this is a tough area to break into.
It often takes years of working as an employee for a prestigious company to establish a reputation in a nice little niche in which they can be an expert with little competition. Citations. They have to cultivate contacts long before they step out on what are the good toefl essay their own and then they must spend a great deal of time marketing in order to keep the jobs coming in. Contract coding. Most Software Contractors fall into this area. These are folks that work as contractors at client sites to just do coding (or perhaps software testing). The gigs run from 6 months to citations in an a year but almost never more than 2 years. Since they are not an employee of the client they avoid all of the internal politics and most meetings…they just “get things done”.
There are a few software contractors that are able to work as software contractors and operate as their own Corp or LLC business. However, most become employees of a Software Contracting Agent. This is the type of contractor I would like to address here. So, let me explain how this works: First, think about what type of gig you would like. What skills do you have to offer and phd thesis in tourism management what new skills (or experience) would you like to making essay acquire. Obviously you have to have enough skills to get a job but it is super me essay, always good to look for jobs that might have some aspect that is a little bit of making, a reach for you. This keeps your resume expanding with new skills. You also want to think about where you want to work.
If you are willing to relocate you have a much larger selection of jobs to choose from but if you cannot, consider the commute. The contract gig is about 6 to 12 months so be sure you are willing to commute the distance for that duration of time. Jobs that are totally performed over the internet are rare, often lower pay, and competition for those jobs is heavy. Next you register yourself in the ScGuild.com so you have a place to post your resume where the Google search engines can index it. Then you register yourself with as many Job Databases as you can (at least those that allow you to label yourself as a software contractor). The largest of these is Dice.com. Most contract agents look in Dice but they have to pay to get your resume. So if you know of what characteristics of a good toefl essay, any contract agents go ahead and making citations in an send your resume directly to essays them as well. Be sure to check out the agent on making citations the web before you contact them or reply to their query to be sure you would be willing to do business with them.
When you talk to them by phone and you cannot understand their heavy accent, then perhaps you might want to consider a different agent. What Are The Leader Toefl Essay. It is also an advantage to have an citations in an, agent that has an office near you (or at least in the city where the contract work will be performed). Both ScGuild and Dice have lots of essays, software contract jobs listed. You can look through the jobs and citations pick some of interest and contact the agent posting the essay, job. The contact for a job will most likely be an making, agent and not the end client. You will also start getting job query calls and email from the agents that you have registered with.
You may get 2-3 job queries per day in your email. Management. Many of the jobs may not be even close to the type of job you are interested in. But consider dealing with those as part of the cost of doing business. Once you find a job that sounds interesting and meets your criteria you contact the agent and let the agent submit your resume to the client. Ethically they will not submit your resume to a client without your approval. Making Citations. When you give that approval, be sure to record which agent is doing the submission, to which client (and manager if available) and the date and time of that approval. It is ok to submit your resume to many jobs at the same time and it is ok to use multiple agents (as long as they are different clients). Agents may not want to tell you who the client is because competition among agents is fierce but you need to know who the phd thesis in tourism, client is before approving a submission.
The same job may be offered by different agents and sometimes it is hard to tell they are the same from the job description. But this is important because if a client receives your resume from two different agents your resume will be automatically rejected. Clients do not want to get involved with legal issues around who had the right to making offer your resume. My personal policy is that a client (not just the job) “belongs” to of a good leader essay the first agent that told me about it and I try to avoid having any other agent submit me for any job on the same client unless it is a very large client and it is obviously a different manager. If you are lucky you will be contacted for an interview for one of the citations essay, jobs that you were submitted for. Sometimes there will be a preliminary screening by phone but if the client is interested in you they will ask you to come in for a job interview. For most clients, an interview for good toefl, a contract job is not as rigorous as it might be for an employee job. But be prepared. Citations In An. Do your research on the client and on pollution the job as much as you can so you have some idea as to making in an how to on responsibility answer their questions in citations in an, their context and point out the are the leader toefl, skills that you have that would best match their job. As a contractor you will be doing a lot of these interviews so after a while you will get good at it.
During the job interview the client will probably spend some time talking about the citations essay, job. Take some notes. In many cases this will be the only time someone will take time to explain both broadly and in detail what they want you to essays do. If the client picks you to be the contractor, you will be contacted by the agent and asked to come in and sign a contract. If you have other jobs for which you have also had interviews you can drag your feet a little before accepting if you think you might like one of the other jobs better but it is a risk.
I usually take the bird-in-hand, the first gig offered. In An. When you accept a gig, you must immediately send notices to all other agents which have submitted your resume and let them know that you are no longer available. It is unfair to them if you don’t notify them right away. When you arrive at the office of the agent you will be presented with a contract to sign. PLEASE read all of it. This contract has been carefully crafted by very expensive lawyers to be in the best interest of the phd thesis in tourism management, agent and not you. Citations. Most agents belong to an association of agents and pay into a legal defense fund. Phd Thesis In Tourism. This fund can be used to hire lawyers to making citations in an defend the agent against you or sue you if you default on any term in the contract. Consequently all agents in the association use the same contract. So, be sure you carefully read each clause and ask if you do not understand a clause. You can ask to e azam essay have a clause changed more to your liking but I have never been successful in getting them to change it.
The contract will most likely contain clauses that state that you cannot work for making essay, the client (except through the agent) in quaid essay in english, any capacity for up to in an essay 2 years after your contract expires (the Non-compete clause) and any work you perform becomes the intellectual property of the client, not you. Quaid Essay In English. The contract must also state the in an, hourly rate at which you will be paid and sometimes there will be a cap on the number of hours per week you are allowed to work. Of Youth. You will be paid when the client pays the agent. Making Essay. Payment to you may not always be weekly. In Tourism Management. The agent assumes no risk. You assume all of the risk if the client does not pay the bill.
If you cannot live with the citations essay, wording in essay of youth, the contract then you must be prepared to walk away from in an essay, it without the gig. In Tourism Management. This is just the way it is. The agent adds their fee to your billing rate and will obtain a contract with the client. Making In An. The agent’s fee is normally around 30%. If they can get you to go lower on on pollution your rate sometimes their fee can be even higher.
The agent will not tell you how much they get from the client. Sometimes the in an, client can tell you how much you are costing them but often they are prevented from telling you in their contract. Once you sign the a kanji, contract, you become the citations essay, employee of the agent as far as taxes are concerned. Each week you will submit a statement of the hours that you worked, signed by the client, and the agent will send you a check, minus the deductions for essay on responsibility of youth, taxes and benefits when the client pays the agent. Making In An. Expect a fairly long delay to get the first check. It is a very good idea to have at least a two month salary cushion in essay of youth, your bank account to cover the citations, lags in what are the characteristics of a, payment. The agency may offer a benefit package with health and life insurance but the making citations essay, contractors usually must pay all costs. Often you can get better insurance at lower cost as an individual. So shop around for insurance and set up your own retirement plan.
Once you start a gig, it is very bad form to quit before it is complete. This is not like an employee relationship…you signed a contract that you will perform the work at quaid e azam, that location for that duration of time. You have an obligation. The client can dismiss you at any time without notice for essay, no reason but you are not allowed to just quit. If you do, you can be sued or at on responsibility of youth, least you will find that the agents in your local area talk to each other and you may end up on a black list. Making Citations In An. If the job turns out to be a really bad environment, suck it up and do what you need to do to finish. If you finish the project early the quaid e azam essay, client may let you out by terminating your contract early. Making In An Essay. You don’t have to renew the contract so there is always an out eventually. While you are on a contract, cultivate the contacts among the supervisors and essay on responsibility of youth fellow workers on citations essay the job. The non-compete clause of your contract prevents you from by-passing the agent and working directly for the client during the non-compete period but after that it is fair game.
Also, supervisors do move to other companies and you never know where these contacts will surface. What Are The Characteristics Toefl Essay. It is good to know someone on the inside when applying for a contract job. Also, keep your ear to making citations the ground. On Pollution. Be aware of where projects are being re-assigned or cancelled and the general financial health of the client. After a while you will learn to sense when change is afoot. Citations In An. It is then that you want to be looking at other contract jobs so you are ready to submit your resume as soon as you are told your contract is terminated. On Pollution. If you do this right there will not be a gap in your income.
You don’t qualify for unemployment benefits so you need to be nimble. At the end of a contract, renewals are often offered for those contractors that have worked out well, assuming there is more work to be done. However, most clients will put a cap of 1-1/2 to 2 years that someone can work as a contractor. This is because of the uncertainty written into the federal tax laws. If someone contracts too long at a client, the IRS may decide that they are really an employee of that client and require the client to pay back withholding and fines even if the contractor has paid taxes. Citations In An. Most clients don’t want to risk it and impose the cap. As a rule-of-thumb always give a little more than the client asks for, even if it means working a few unpaid hours. Are The Leader Toefl Essay. After working with a client for a while you will see what things matter the most to the client. It is amazing what giving a little extra attention in those areas will do for your reputation…and future work.
Cyber Security is Crucial for Small Business Owners. Cyber Security is Crucial for Small Business Owners. Cyber security has become a hot topic for consumers and businesses alike. With many corporate organizations being breached over making in an essay the course of essays on pollution, a few years, it has many people on high alert as it pertains to protecting sensitive data both on and offline. Though small business owners might assume that they are less likely to be hit than major companies – think again. Why Small Businesses Are Targeted. Though you may have read about security breaches within companies like Home Depot and making citations Target, small business are often the targets for hackers. Management. Small businesses essentially have more digital assets, which can be beneficial to cyber criminals. Not to mention that with a smaller budget, many small corporations don’t have the same layers of protection that a larger firm would have. While there may be no direct reason for your small business to be attacked, what antivirus companies and professionals are learning is citations, that attacks are typically carried out quaid with the use of software on a larger scale.
The moment businesses establish digital platforms such as websites, blogs, or social media accounts, hackers are likely scanning it for vulnerabilities. What Are the making essay, Most Common Forms of quaid e azam, Attack? There are several types of cyber attacks that can take place. Making Citations. While many of write a kanji, these are the result of external sources (i.e. hackers, viruses, malware) it is also possible for the breach to making essay come from within. Data Breaches – At the top of the list are data breaches. A data breach is an occasion in which sensitive, confidential business information is accessed, stolen, or distributed by an unauthorized individual. This could include consumer contact information, company strategies and financial reports, and other relevant business property and trade secrets. Essays. Investing in cloud based security systems, such as Trend Micro’s virtualization security, protects businesses from making, potential data breaches by setting up firewalls and backing up all stored information. Advanced Persistent Threats – APTs are long term attacks in which a hacker will break into the company’s network. The trick is the of youth, breach is done in several stages to prevent detection. There are ideally five stages to an APT, which include researching the target, delivering malware, discovering internal defenses, retrieving data on a periodic basis, and exploiting that information.
Distributed Denial of Service – DDoS attacks are the act of making citations in an essay, intentionally overloading a server. How To. The main objective with this attack is to citations in an essay shut down the company’s website or network system. Users are then unable to access their site which can ultimately lead to the demise of your business operations or at the very least a ruined reputation. Internal Attacks – As explained previously, attacks don’t always come from an unknown source, they can easily come from someone within the organization. An employee with administrative privileges intentionally uses their information to essay access confidential company documents and data. While this attack could take place with a current employee, it is making, usually the what of a leader essay, work of in an, a disgruntled employee who was recently fired. Malware – Another attack is with malware. This is best defined as malicious software.
It is a program that might be sent to a company computer. When accessed, the program causes damage or allows unauthorized access to company information. There are several types of how to, malware each with their own set of risks. Making Essay. This includes viruses, worms, Trojans, and spyware. Phishing – One of the most common cyber thefts is phishing. This is when pertinent data is collected such as login credentials, credit card, or banking information. It typically occurs through a website or email that looks legitimate but isn’t. When users access this link or site, they enter personal information which is later used for fraudulent purchases and other reasons. Though modern technology has provided businesses with a wealth of conveniences, it can also be the very thing that causes a company to on responsibility of youth crumble. If you believe that being a small business will protect you from the in an, above mentioned threats, you should really reconsider. By investing in antivirus software and educating your staff, you can ultimately prevent a lot of essay on responsibility, these cyber attacks from taking place within your organization.
Surviving in the Software Contractor World. Becoming a contractor is a bold move, and for many people, it is such a daunting idea that they would not even consider taking such a step. This is why the citations, rewards are potentially enormous, and not just from essays, a financial standpoint. Contractors might be perceived as experiencing less security or perhaps certainty than people in permanent roles, but the pay-off for that is significantly more freedom and making citations essay flexibility. A contractor is phd thesis, essentially his or her own boss and while this comes with additional responsibilities, it provides a means of making in an essay, control over one’s life that permanent employees rarely, if ever, get to experience. Software experts, like most IT professionals, are particularly well suited to size me essay contractor roles and are therefore well-placed to enjoy the benefits of this type of career and the associated lifestyle. Here are some things to consider to ensure success when working as a software contractor. Emphasize specialist skills. Making Citations In An Essay. The work of a software expert tends to be based on projects and essay therefore has an making essay, inherently temporary nature.
In addition, so many organizations now require specialist software support in which such individuals can find themselves in demand in a wide range of industries. Quaid E Azam Essay In English. Understanding one’s specialist skills, and ensuring these are presented in the most impressive way, is making citations in an, key to winning new business. Build a network. Of Youth. Publicity is also critical to winning new business, and word-of-mouth is the best way to making achieve that publicity. Recommendations and testimonials from previous employers are very helpful and provide essential credibility. A strongly maintained network of fellow IT professionals will also serve as a means of characteristics of a toefl essay, identifying new employment opportunities. Finally, it is also potentially a way of ensuring one’s skills remain up-to-date so that career progression is not neglected. Get organized. Being one’s own boss sounds very appealing, but it means being individually responsible for a wide range of things that an employer would typically take care of and that many people therefore take for granted.
Responsibilities such as pay and taxes can be time-consuming and citations in an onerous, and enlisting the support of an umbrella organization such as www.atlantic-umbrella.com can be hugely helpful, as they will take care of this sort of thing, freeing up the individual to devote his or her time and effort to the profit-making side of their business. Daunting but rewarding. The decision to become a contractor, whether it is made by good leader toefl someone at the start of his or her working life or someone who is considering a career change, is making citations in an essay, not one to be taken lightly. Such a transition is more than just a change of employment. In reality, it entails a whole new lifestyle and every element of this must therefore be carefully thought through to ensure it is the right move for the individual.
It is daunting, but it is also potentially rewarding and of a toefl essay fortunately, all it takes is some careful research and the right sort of preparation to guarantee the best possible chance of success.
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How to Put a Quote in an Essay (with Examples) - wikiHow
Writing Better University Essays/Main part. Citations In An. This part constitutes the are the characteristics good leader toefl essay main part of your essay. Citations Essay. Try to use about 60% of your words for this part. You can understand it as delivering what you have promised in the introduction. This part of the essay is often referred to as the main body, or the on responsibility of youth argument. Citations In An Essay. It’s the part of the essay, where you develop the answer. Essays. Whilst doing so, it’s important to be aware of the question at all time. This is the only way to essay, keep to the topic set. Ideally, every paragraph is geared towards answering the question.
It does not suffice, if you are aware of write how a particular paragraph is focused on your task: you need to show the relevance to your reader. There are little phrases, such as “this example illustrates that”, helping you with this task. Consider the following example: “The resistance in Harlem insisting to keep an open market in 125th street helped to point out that there are people with different needs in the city (Zukin, 1995).” After outlining resistance in Harlem, these few sentences make it plain what the example showed us: that different people in in an essay, cities have different needs. Characteristics Leader Essay. Writing an essay can take a considerable time, but it’s important that you keep to your original plan as much as you can. Citations. Of course, new ideas will come up as you write. In this case, you should jot them down, so as not to lose them. Next, think about it: How will this help me answering the question? Is this relevant to the essay? Do I not have another example of this already?
What you do is to make sure that what goes into the essay has one purpose only: answering the question. Sometimes it’s difficult to resist the temptation, but don’t explore thoughts by the way. This should not discourage you from having original ideas, or even exploring them, but it should encourage you to on pollution, use your essay for one purpose only. Keeping to the plan means keeping to the structure. This is important, because you can lose your reader by in an jumping around from one topic to the other, even if all you say as such is relevant and useful. By having a clear structure, and what are the of a good toefl essay keeping to making citations, it, your reader will always know where the journey goes next. This makes your essay a pleasant read.
To write a good essay, first of all, you need good hooks which help to draw your readers’ attention. A hook is management, a small element in the introduction of an essay which motivates people to essay, read your work. It is an interesting and on responsibility of youth catchy sentence which has a deep meaning and helps a writer introduce the main idea. Citations In An Essay. Essay hook Identifies a purpose of writing. When writing the main part of the essay, it’s important to keep the argument and write illustrations in essay, balance. Too few examples make the essay dry and difficult. Too many, on the other hand, make the argument disappear. The trick is to include illustrations to bring the text alive, but link them tightly with the essay of youth argument.
Rather than stating that “this is an example of white-collar crime,” you may say “tax avoidance is a good example of white-collar crime, because…” By so doing, you demonstrate the importance of the citations example, you highlight how and why it is important, and most importantly, maybe, you avoid that the examples take over. If the illustrations take over, your reader will be unclear about why you included the how to write examples. Sections are an citations in an essay, important tool to structure the a kanji answer of an essay. Making Essay. The longer the answer, the more important sections probably are. Some courses and spurlock me essay tutors may ask you to include subheadings (as used in this book); some institutions even have explicit recommendations on their use. Subheadings can be a good way to structure an essay, answer into sections. However, the lack of subheadings—or the fact that your tutor discourages you from using them—is no excuse for not having sections. Sections group paragraphs that elaborate a similar point. How To. Often, within a section, you’ll have a number of paragraphs discussing the making citations in an essay same issue from a number of in tourism different perspectives. A section can be treated, in some ways, as if it was a mini essay in itself.
This is the case, because in making citations in an essay, each section, a particular point is explored. For example, there might be a section on the arguments for abortion, and then a section on the arguments against. What is important when writing a section, is that both you and the reader are aware of the purpose of the sectionthese reasons it’s important to link the essays on pollution sections into in an a coherent one. By linking the sections, and phd thesis in tourism linking the making citations paragraphs within each section, your essay will be more focused on answering the question. For example, after a paragraph outlining problems of studying and on pollution measuring the making citations essay transmission of social disadvantage, in one of essay of youth my essays I discussed how sibling data may be the solution.
I opened the making citations in an essay paragraph as follows: “The use of sibling data promises a cure to at least some of the problems outlined above.” In one sentence, the new topic (sibling data) is introduced, but it is also indicated why this may be important (because these data help tackling the problems already outlined). The reader should not be puzzled as to what the link is between problems of measuring the transmission of social disadvantage on the one hand, and morgan spurlock super size me essay sibling data on the other. Phrases that link different sections can be understood as mini introductions and mini conclusions. Particularly when a section is long, or where the link to the next section is not immediately apparent, it might be useful to write one or two sentences to summarize the section. Citations In An. This will indicate to management, the reader how far we have come in developing the argument, but also remind him or her, why we have bothered to write a section in the first place.
This box contains a selection of citations essay useful phrases you can use in your essays. You can use these words and phrases to connect the different bits and write a kanji pieces of making citations in an your text into spurlock a coherent whole. The following list is intended to in an, give you an idea of all the characteristics good leader toefl phrases that are available to you. Generalizing : as a general rule, as a rule, in citations in an, general, generally, normally, on the whole, usually. Explaining : in other words, that is, this means that. Express certainty : it is size, certain that, there is making in an, no doubt that, I am confident that, certainly, definitely, clearly, undoubtedly, presumably, will, is, should. Express probability : it is probable that, it is likely that, probably.
Express possibility : can, may, it is possible that, could, might, might possibly, possibly, perhaps. Express doubt : it is doubtful that, maybe. Express improbability : is management, improbable, is unlikely, it is uncertain. Express impossibility : impossible, cannot, can’t, will not, is making in an, not. Draw attention : it is worth noting that, it should be emphasized that, it should be highlighted that, it should be underlined that, in particular, especially, mainly, chiefly, mostly, it should be pointed out phd thesis that, it should be noted that, it should be remembered that, it is worth stressing that, is vital, is crucial. Contrasting two points : however, but, in making citations, spite of, despite, in essays, spite of the fact that, despite the essay fact that, nevertheless, nonetheless, instead, conversely, on phd thesis in tourism management the contrary, by contrast, whereas, while, whilst, although, even though, on the one hand, on the other hand, in contrast, in comparison with, but, yet, alternatively, the citations in an former, the how to write a kanji latter, respectively, all the same.
Giving alternatives : there are two possibilities, alternatively, the one, the citations other, either, or, neither, nor, in addition, no only, but also, worse still, better still, equally, likewise, similarly, correspondingly, in the same way, another possibility, in a similar vein, as well as, furthermore, moreover, also, although, again, what is more, besides, too, as well as. Giving examples or introducing illustrations : for example, for of youth instance, to name an example, to give an example, is well illustrated by, a case point is, such as, such, one of which, illustrates, is an example of this, is making citations essay, shown by, is exemplified by, is illustrated by. Stating sequence : first of all, first, firstly, second, secondly, thirdly, fourthly, now, then, next, finally, to complete, after that, 1, 2, 3, last, lastly, furthermore, to management, begin with, moreover, in making, addition, to conclude, afterwards. Reformulate the same point : in in english, other words, to put it more simply, to put it differently, it would be better to say. Stating consequences : so, therefore, as a consequence, as a result, now, consequently, because of, thus, for this reason, then, this is why, accordingly, hence, given this, with reference to, given, on this basis, is essay, caused by, causes, due to, has the a kanji effect, affects, the in an essay reason for, because of this, if, then, results in, leads to, produces, owing to, through, as, since, because. Stating purpose : in order to, so that, so as to, to. Giving the method by which something happened: by essay on responsibility …ing, by (noun), by using. Citations In An. Stating surprise about something unexpected: besides, however, nevertheless, surprisingly, nonetheless, notwithstanding, only, still, while, in any case, at any rate, for all that, after all, at the same time, all the same.
Summarizing : to sum up, in summary, to summarize, in brief, altogether, overall. Reaching a conclusion : I conclude, I therefore conclude, reached the conclusion that, it is concluded, therefore, for write this reason, then, thus, in conclusion, to bring it all together. Listing components : distinct factors, comprises, consists of, constitutes, is composed of, may be classified, may be divided, can be distinguished. Giving definitions : (something) is, means, describes, is defined as, is used, is making citations in an essay, concerned with, deals with, relates to, involves, signifies, consist of. Approximating results : is just over, is just under, a little over, a little under, about, approximately, nearly. Qualifying comparisons : considerably, a great deal, much, very much, rather, somewhat, significantly, slightly, scarcely, hardly, only super size, just (bigger than); exactly, precisely, just, virtually, practically, more or less, almost, nearly, approximately, almost, not quite, not entirely (the same as); totally, very, completely, entirely, quite, considerably (different from); is similar, is dissimilar, is different. Qualifying frequency : never, rarely, sometimes, usually, often, always, generally, on the whole, frequently, occasionally, hardly ever, seldom. Essay. Qualifying results : under no circumstances, mainly, generally, predominantly, usually, the majority, most of, almost all, a number of, may be, some, a few, a little, fairly, very, quite, rather, almost.
Qualifying change : no, minimal, slight, small, slow, gradual, steady, marked, large, dramatic, complete, steep, sharp, rapid, sudden (rise, increase, fluctuation, decrease, decline, reduction, fall, drop, upwards trend, downward trend, peak, plateau, level off) Just like sections are structured into paragraphs, each paragraph should have some internal logic. You can usually use the in tourism management first sentence of a paragraph to making essay, introduce what the paragraph is about. This is write a kanji, particularly useful at the beginning of a new section. Consider these phrases as bridges. Citations In An Essay. For example, in one of my essays, I opened a paragraph with “It will now be necessary to consider the argument that local cultures are dominated by are the characteristics leader toefl essay transnational corporations.” My readers will immediately know what the paragraph is about. Ideally, every single sentence is geared towards answering the question. Practically, this is hard to achieve, given the lack of infinite time resources available to most of us. In An. However, by your trying to link similar paragraphs into phd thesis in tourism sections, and by linking sections into making in an a wider argument, every essay will benefit. The result is an essay that is easier and more pleasant to read.
Each paragraph, and definitely each section, should be geared towards the essay question you’re answering. E Azam Essay In English. It’s therefore a good idea to evaluate each section in terms of how far this helped to answer the in an essay essay question. You do a number of things with this: demonstrate that you’re still on track; you’re working towards a conclusion; you demonstrate the relevance of quaid essay in english what you wrote in the section. If you can’t state how a particular paragraph or section is relevant towards your answer, then probably it is not. There are different ways to making citations, structure the main part of the essay. One key difference is between essays structured along the what are the good leader toefl lines of analytic dimensions, and citations those structured along the lines of argumentative dimensions. For example, the analytic dimensions of an essay on globalization may be economic aspects , cultural aspects , or political aspects . Essay. On the other hand, the argumentative dimensions may be arguments that globalization affects local consumption patters a great deal, and making citations in an essay arguments suggesting very little impact only.
The analytic approach would examine the different views in morgan spurlock super, terms of economic aspects first, before moving on to cultural aspects. The argumentative approach would first explore the views in favour of making in an strong impacts in how to, all the different dimensions: economic, cultural, political, and then move on to do the making in an essay same for arguments against. There is on responsibility of youth, no fast rule which of these approaches is better. Making In An Essay. In fact, both approaches can be very successful. You should consider the extent to which your structure helps you avoid saying the phd thesis same thing twice. Whatever approach you choose, a clear indication in the introduction as to how you approach the essay essay will make sure your reader knows where you’re going. An essay where the same word or sentence structure is repeated time and time again is often boring. Many writers consider repetitions bad writing. There are a few things you can do to avoid repetition. Where you should be careful, however, is the use of what characteristics essay specialist terms. For the reasons outlined in the section on defining terms, you should never substitute a specific term with a more generic one.
If you talk about power, then say so, even if this means using the same word over and over again. Making In An Essay. By no means use a thesaurus and pick a random suggestion offered there. My word processor, for example, suggests cognition as a synonym for morgan spurlock size me essay power . Citations In An Essay. This may be the case in some contexts, but as a key term, this is hardly ever the case. The most common case when we tend to repeat the same phrase is probably where we refer to what somebody else said. Essay In English. In everyday speech we simply say “Amy said this, Bobby said that, Carla said yet another thing.” In the more formal style required in in an essay, essay writing, this is commonly written in the following way: “Adams (2006) states that…, Bird (1999) suggests that.” In order to make your essay less repetitive, consider the following options in addition to the common states and suggests. Always use your own judgement, when a phrase feels overused. By suggesting that repetition may leave a less than ideal impression, it’s not argued that this is an area of how to write essay writing worth spending hours on.
It’s much better being repetitive, but being precise and making a good argument. Crouch (1977) argues that … Daniels (2004) sees the problem as resulting from … Elton (1848) identifies the problem as consisting of … Ferro (1997) is of the opinion that … Gallagher (2003) defends the view that … Hall (1998) notes that the problem originates from … Inglehart (2000) considers that … Jackson (1984) views the issue as caused by … Kanter (1970) maintains that … Lewis (2002) concurs with Mann (2000) that … Nixon (1955) supports the making in an view that … Orwell (1999) holds the view that … Perry (2005) agrees that … Quart (2001) denies that … These alternative ways to put the essay of youth ever same idea may be particularly useful when reviewing what different authors had to say on an issue—the parts of the essay where you simply restate what has been said before. Other alternatives you might consider are saying that somebody: added, affirmed, argued, asked, asserted, assumed, believed, challenged, claimed, concluded, considered, contradicted, demonstrated, described, determined, disagreed, discussed, disputed, emphasized, explained, found, hypothesized, implied, inferred, maintained, observed, pointed out, postulated, questioned, recommended, refuted, regarded, rejected, reported, said, stated, stipulated, suggested, viewed (something). This list should illustrate that there need be no conflict between variation in writing and writing clearly. If in doubt, however, you should always prioritize clarity. When writing for academic purposes, there are a number of conventions that you should follow. A key difference to most other forms of writing is making citations in an, that we give references to e azam, the sources of our argument. Ambiguity is something most academics dislike, and making citations in an you’re more credible, too, if you avoid it.
Academic writing tends to be rather formal, and many will advise you to quaid e azam essay in english, avoid writing in the first person (that is, not write using I). This makes academic writing both formal and impersonal. The reason why the first person should be avoided, is that in scientific writing one’s opinions, feelings and views are not regarded as important. Stating that I think it’s unfair that some people can’t get a visa, does not count as much. Making In An Essay. However, urging you not to use I in essays can fail in two ways.
Firstly, you could still write about your own feelings and what are the characteristics leader opinions using different phrases, and citations secondly, not all uses of the are the good leader toefl first person are bad. Making In An Essay. It’s a good idea to what essay, stay clear of phrases such as “I think,” or “in my opinion,” unless you’re evaluating a claim. However, there is no apparent reason for not saying “I will first define the key terms.” Using the first person in this way will make a text more approachable. Moreover, using phrases starting with I, you avoid using the passive voice which many find more difficult to read. Having said this, some markers still consider it preferable not to use the in an first person. Should your tutor or marker be one of them, you may want to play it safe. Don’t use we when you mean I . If you are the essay on responsibility of youth sole author, the making in an use of a plural is technically not correct.
However, even a tutor who hates such phrases will not mark you down: It’s the argument and general structure of your essay that count for how to a kanji much more. One area where there is no room for argument is the use of colloquialisms, slang, or street language. Academic writing is in an, formal writing, and on pollution you might be penalized for using the wrong register. Making. A little bit of informality here or there will not normally matter much. Watch out for informal words, such as really , a bit , or maybe , and consider replacing them with very , a great deal , or perhaps' . In spoken language, we often use interjections such as actually , or to be honest . These, too, don’t belong into an academic essay. Consider the following example: “To be honest, I don’t think much of this theory” is something we might say to a colleague of ours. Morgan Spurlock Me Essay. When writing an essay, you could put this as: “It is clear from the evidence presented in this essay that the applications of this theory are limited.” The following list further illustrates what is making citations in an, meant by formal and informal English. The formal words are included in brackets in write, each case: Ask for essay (request), carry out on pollution (conduct), chance (opportunity), find out (discover), get better (improve), get worse (deteriorate), guess (estimate), look into (investigate), OK (satisfactory), tell (inform), worried (concerned). Euphemisms, such as passed away for die , are another aspect of language you should not use in your essays: if you write about and mean die , then say so.
Clarity and accuracy are paramount. For these reasons academic writing can be rather tentative and cautious. This is the case because we are not after grabbing headlines, but we write accurately what we know. In An Essay. If our data suggest that X possibly leads to a kanji, Y, we say just that. In An. In this case we should never say that X leads to e azam in english, Y. In academia we are often unsure what really goes on, and we should be upfront about this. Similarly, contractions—such as don’t (for do not) or can’t (for cannot)—are not commonly considered formal enough for academic writing. Some of your readers will consider this convention ridiculous; others take it as a sign that you have not understood you should write in a scholarly fashion.
To play it safe, use the full forms at any time. This particular academic convention seems to ease more and more. Some students struggle with the rules of making citations in an capitalization: which letters are written as capital letters. The easiest one is that every sentence starts with a capital letter. Essays On Pollution. Names and titles (called proper nouns) are also written with capital letters, unless there is a specific reason not to. So, we write the name of Mark Granovetter with capital letters, but the special case of the iPod is written with a small one. Official names and particular places are written with capital letters. It’s thus the Department of Health , and Oxford University . However, when we write about general places, we don’t use capital letters.
We study at in an essay, university in general. Official titles are often capitalized, such as Value Added Tax . Furthermore, many abbreviations come with capital letters. It’s an are the leader essay, MBA your friend may be studying for. Making Citations Essay. The days of the week are capitalized, such as in Monday and Wednesday , as are the names of the of youth months. The names of countries, nationalities, languages, and people from places are written with capital letters: the Swiss live in essay, Switzerland , and Norway is on pollution, a country.
Apart from this, about every other word is written with small letters. Because as scientists we normally want to be precise, there is in an, a class of phrases we avoid: weasel terms. Weasel terms are short phrases that pretend much, but don’t actually deliver the promise. They are usually empty assertions, such as “it is generally known that“ or “most writers agree that.” This box contains a list of are the leader toefl weasel terms. In an essay, you should never use these phrases without a reference to citations in an essay, substantiate what is said. allegedly arguably as opposed to most considered by many contrary to many critics say that experts say that it could be argued that it has been noticed it has been said it has been stated it has been suggested it is generally claimed it is widely believed that mainstream scholars say that mainstream scientists say that many people say many scientists argue that research has shown researchers argue that serious scholars say that social science says sociologists believe that some argue some feel that some historians argue the scientific community this is widely considered to be this is widely regarded as widely considered as. It is possible to use weasel terms, as long as they are backed up with a reference or two. What Characteristics Of A Toefl Essay. So, saying that something is “widely considered the foremost example of” something is possible, if you either provide a reference to someone who demonstrates this, or provide a group of references to back up your claim. However, in most cases we want to be more precise.
Rather than saying that “many social scientists argue that class is important”—which is probably true—and giving a couple of references to back this up, it’s better to in an, put it as follows: “Goldthorpe (2000) argues that class remains important.” Or maybe we have access to a statistic we can cite, that X% of social scientists seem to consider class important. In either case, the solution is more precise and thus more satisfactory. The use of management references is an academic convention, and making in an essay you must follow this, even though it might be a tiresome exercise. Essay Of Youth. Not only will you follow the convention, but your work will also appear much more credible. Making Citations In An. You can find more on the use of references in a separate section. Footnotes are often associated with academic writing. Before you use footnotes in your own writing, however, consider your reader. Footnotes interrupt the flow of reading: you force your audience to stop for a while, moving down to how to write a kanji, the bottom of the citations in an page, before they can read on.
From the write a kanji reader’s point of view you should avoid footnotes if you can. The only general exception is if you use footnotes for referencing. Don’t use endnotes (footnotes at the end of the making essay text), unless they are used exclusively for referencing. Asking your reader to flick forth and back through your essay is even more of an interruption. Endnotes exist for practical reasons from the time before word processors.
Footnotes are used to explain obscure words, or when you want to add some special information. In the case of obscure words, if it’s a key term, define it in the main text. There are cases, where you’ll want to use an obscure word, but it is not central to the argument. Consider the following example: “The Deputy must, with every word he speaks in the Diet 1 , […] anticipate himself under the scrutiny of his constituents” (Rousseau, 1762, cited in Putterman, 2003, p.465). Here I talk about the morgan name of an assembly. The word is probably obscure to most readers, but not central to my argument: I write about making in an parliaments in general, not the quaid essay Diet in particular.
Adding this footnote will help the readers to understand the quote. Making In An. In terms of special information, if you make an important point, then make in the main text. If it’s an unimportant remark, then very often you don’t want to essays on pollution, make it at all. The guiding principle is whether the note is relevant to your answer. Another aspect of language you can find often in academic writing are Latin abbreviations. Never use these unless you’re sure what they mean. Normally, you should not use abbreviations in the main text. Instead, use plain English. Not only will you avoid embarrassing yourself if you misuse the abbreviations, but also will your reader be clear about what you mean. It’s much clearer to in an, write for example, rather than mistakenly putting i.e. instead of e.g. (a common mistake).
Some readers are annoyed by Latin abbreviations, not many will be impressed. Others will simply struggle to understand without a look in essay on responsibility of youth, the dictionary. The same is true for a number of English abbreviations. Another area of academic writing where there are many bad examples out there is the in an essay use of jargon and what characteristics good toefl essay specialist terms. Making In An. Whilst we aim for essay on responsibility of youth clarity and accuracy, jargon is never justified where it does not help these purposes.
Specialist terms can be very useful to summarize complex issues into making essay a few letters. Nonetheless, all technical terms need to essays, be defined in citations essay, simpler language somewhere in your essay. Once you have defined your terms, you can use them without worrying too much. This is phd thesis in tourism, where the define section comes in. Bear in mind what your audience is likely to know. Other aspects of writing that may make your essay easier to read, and in an thus more approachable are: the use of shorter words where possible, cutting out words where they are redundant, using the active voice ( I do , she says , rather than it is understood , it is achieved ), and using English words where they are not different from the Latin or Greek ones.
We want to write as clearly as we can, because when the essays writing is not clear, very often this is an indication that the argument is not very clear, either. 1 The Diet was the name of the deliberative assemblies in many European countries at the time of Rousseau’s writings.
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Putting citations in an essay
essay topics for kid As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the making citations site, with print-friendly pages. More Writing Activities. Essays to Write. for Early Writers. The following are printouts with writing prompts for short essays. For early writers, these one-page printout should be enough writing space for good leader toefl, a very short essay. Citations Essay? For more advanced writers, extra pieces of lined paper will be necessary to complete an essay.
Instructions for the essay writers : For each essay, begin with a topic (focus) sentence that states the what are the of a good essay main ideas that you will be writing about. Then write at in an essay, least four to five sentences that clearly explain the what of a essay point of your essay. End the essay with a strong closing sentence that summarizes what you wrote. Making Citations In An Essay? Check that your grammar, spelling, and punctuation are correct. Make sure to use complete sentences and write neatly! Book Report: Use this form to write a book report, noting the book's name, author, main characters, setting, and plot summary.
A Friend: Write about what being a friend means to you. Describe what friends do and how they behave with each other and essays on pollution, with other people. Citations In An Essay? What happens when friends disagree? Movie Review: Review a movie. On Responsibility Of Youth? Include a description of the characters, the story, the scenery, and what you liked the most and making in an essay, the least about the movie. Election Issues: What do you think are the most important issues in essay, this election (and why)?
Improve the World: What you would do to making citations essay improve the world? Think of actions you could take to help make the essay on responsibility world a better place. June 23 is citations United Nations Public Service Day. How to Learn From Others : How can you learn from other people? Give an example of something you learned from someone else and how to write a kanji, explain why and how you learned it. Something I Learned from making in an essay, a Bad Experience: Think about how to write, something bad that happened to making you, but taught you something. Size? Write about this experience and what you learned from making in an essay, it.
Do you think that this knowledge will help you later in essay, life? A Veteran's Story: Write a page about a relative or friend who was in the Army, Marines, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, or National Guard. Who was this person (what is making in an their relationship to you), when did this person serve, was it during a war (if so, which one), what did that person do during their service, and essays, what are their recollections of their service? I Wonder Why: Think of something you have wondered about and write about it. Presidential Qualities: What do you think are the making citations in an essay most important qualities a president should have (and why)? Living in Space: Do you think people will ever live in on responsibility, space? If not, why not? If so, where will they live and citations essay, how will they do it? Write About a Number: Pick a number, then write about it.
Tell a Joke: Write a funny joke that you know. Morgan Super Size? Why did you pick this joke? Why is it so funny? Free Vacation Trip : If someone offered to give you a free vacation trip anywhere in world, where would you go? Why do you want to go to this place? What would you do when you got there? A New Olympic Sport: Invent a new Olympic sport.
There are many unusual Olympic sports, like skeleton (running and then sledding), biathlon (skiing plus shooting), and curling (using brooms to making in an propel an size object over making citations essay, ice). Make up a new sport that would be fun to watch and are the essay, play. A New Website: If you could put up a new website on any topic at all, what would it be? Write about why you chose this topic, what the making citations in an website would contain, and who else you think might be interested in going to your site. New Nickname: If you could choose a nickname for yourself, what would it be? Why did you pick this nickname? How do you think your classmates would react to this nickname? An Invention I'd Like: Think about an invention that you'd like to have or make. Quaid E Azam In English? Write about essay, what this new device would do and why you'd like to quaid use it.
Invent an Animal: Invent a new animal -- describe what it looks like, what it sounds like, how it moves, and what it eats. Making Citations In An Essay? Is it scary or cuddly or something else altogether? Would it be a pet or live in the wild (or in a zoo)? An Imaginary Pet: Draw and essay, describe an imaginary pet that you would like (or not like) to have. Invent a New Holiday: Invent a new holiday. What would this holiday celebrate? How would you celebrate it? Would there be any special food or symbols for your holiday? New Student Questions: If there was a new student in making citations, class and you could only ask that person three questions to morgan super me essay get to know them, what questions would you ask? A New Name for essay, Your Town/City: If you could rename your town or city, what would you call it? Why did you pick this name?
How would it change things in your town? My Superpower: If you could have one superpower, what would it be? Write a page explaining what the superpower is, why you would like to have it, and management, what you would do with this new power. Making Citations In An Essay? How would your life change if you had this superpower? If I Could Be a Different Age. : If you could be any age at all, how old would you be (older or younger)? Write about why you would like to be this age and what you would do. If You Could Be Invisible: If you could be invisible whenever you wanted to, what would you do?
Why would you want to quaid essay in english do this particular thing? If You Could Fly: If you could fly whenever you wanted to, what would you do? Why would you want to making do this particular thing? A Magical Spell: A Magic Spell. If you could devise a magical spell, what would it be and what would it do?
Write about of youth, why you chose this new spell and making, how you would use it. If All Your Wishes Were Granted: Write about what your life would be like if all your wishes came true. How would it change your life? What you would do? If You Could Make Something Disappear: If you could make one thing disappear, what would it be?
Write about what would happen once it disappeared. How would it change things? What you would do? If I Could Change a School Rule: If you could change one rule at your school, which rule would it be and what would you change it to? Why did you choose that rule?
Why is on pollution your rule better than the making in an essay old rule? Stranded on an Island: If you were going to be stranded on a deserted island and what are the of a leader toefl essay, could take three items with you, what three items would you take and why? The three items have to fit in making citations in an, an ordinary backpack. Describe each item fully and tell why you want each one. Message in a Bottle: If you were stranded on a deserted island and a kanji, could send out one message in a bottle, what would you write in that message, and why would you write those particular things? A Space Adventure: If you could travel anywhere in space, where would you go and why? What do you think it would be like there? Go Back in Time: If you could go back in time and re-experience an event in your life, what would it be. Would you go back to essay change an e azam in english event that happened or to re-experience a happy time?
Or something else? If I Were a Grown-Up: Write about what you'd do if you were a grown-up for one day. What exactly would you like to do and citations in an essay, why would you do it? If I Were a Teacher: Write a page on what you would do if you were a teacher for of a leader toefl, a day. What subjects would you teach and how would you teach them? If I Were the President: Write a page on citations essay what you'd do if you were the President. How would you change the what of a toefl essay world? If I Had a Hundred Dollars: Write a page on citations what you'd do if you had one hundred dollars. The Story of phd thesis in tourism, Your Name: Why did your parents give you your name -- what is the story of your name? Are you named after someone or some place? If you don't know why you have your name, make up a story.
If I Had a New Name: If you could give yourself a new name, what would it be? Write about why you chose this new name and making citations essay, how it might change your life. If I Turned into an Animal: If you had to turn into essays on pollution a different animal for a single day, what animal would you choose to become? Why did you choose that animal? What would do when you became that animal, and where would you go? How do you think you would feel when you were that animal? How would people treat you? How would other animals treat you?
Talk to an Animal: If you could talk to an animal, what animal would you talk to making citations in an essay and what would you talk about? Why did you choose that animal? What questions would you ask that animal? Scariest Animal: Which animal frightens you the most? Describe the animal. What is it about this animal that makes it so terrifying?
Is this animal actually dangerous or does it just disturb you? My Special Day: If you had a day all for how to write a kanji, yourself and could do whatever you wanted to, what would you do? Start with waking up and describe the entire day. Include things like what you'd eat, who you'd see, where you'd go, and citations in an, what you'd do. An Adventure I'd like to have: If you could have any type of adventure at all, what would it be? Write a page on an adventure that you'd like to toefl essay experience.
Think of the wildest adventure you can imagine. World Record: If you could hold a world record in in an, something, what would it be? How would you go about in tourism management, attaining this world record? How would it feel being a world record holder? My Favorite Game: What is making citations essay your favorite game? Describe the game and how it is played.
Explain the rules so that someone could learn how to play the game. My Favorite Holiday: What is in tourism management your favorite holiday? Describe what you like to do on making citations essay this holiday, who you like to be with at on responsibility, that time, and why you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Time of Year: What is your favorite time of citations, year? Why do you like it so much? Describe what you like to do during this time, and why do you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Sport: What is of youth your favorite sport? Why do you like it, and what do you like best about it? My Favorite Movie: What is your favorite movie?
Describe the making in an characters, the management story, and what you like best about the movie. The Best Thing That Happened This Year: What is the best thing that happened to you this year? What was it and what effect did it have on making citations in an your life? How did it make you feel and essay of youth, how did it change you? The Most Beautiful Place I've Ever Seen: What is the citations in an essay most beautiful place that you have ever seen? Describe this place and write about where it is, what it looks like, and how you felt when you saw it. The Best Thing I've Learned in School: Write about the spurlock size most valuable thing you ever learned in school. Making Citations? What made it so useful for you? What I Like Best in School: What is your favorite part of the school day? Write a page on what you like the best in how to a kanji, school.
My Best Birthday Ever: Write a page on citations in an essay the best birthday you ever had. Describe what made it so special. The Best Gift You Gave: Write about the best gift you ever gave. Who did you give it to and why did you give it to them? What made it a great gift? The Best Gift You Received: Write about the best gift you ever received. Essays On Pollution? What was it and making, why did you like it so much? What made it so special? The Best Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the best food you ever had. What was it and why did you like it so much? Have you had it again?
The Worst Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the most horrible food you ever had. What was it and why did you dislike it so much? Have you had it again? Craziest Meal: What is the quaid e azam craziest meal you can think of? What foods would be in it? Who would make the making citations essay food and where would it be served? Who would eat it? Who would like it? My Best Vacation Ever: Write a page on the best vacation or trip that you ever had.
Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and size, why you enjoyed it. Vacation: My Worst Vacation Ever: Write a page on the worst vacation or trip that you ever had. Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and making citations essay, why you enjoyed it. What is the Farthest You've Ever Traveled: What is the longest distance you've ever traveled? Where did you go, who did you go with, and what did you do when you got there? What was the highlight of the phd thesis in tourism management trip? Fastest You've Ever Traveled: What is the Fastest You've Ever Traveled? What is the citations in an essay fastest speed at which you've moved?
What type of vehicle were you in? Where were you and where did you go? Who were you with, and morgan spurlock me essay, why were you traveling. The Funniest Thing I've Ever Seen or Heard: What is the funniest thing that you've ever seen or heard? Maybe it was a joke that a friend told you, a comedy routine, or a scene in making in an, a movie. Describe this amusing event and tell why you thought it was funny. The Scariest Thing That Ever Happened To Me: What is the scariest thing that ever happened to in tourism management you? Describe this event and write about making citations, why it scared you.
What I Worry About: What do you worry about? Describe something that worries you. Write why it worries you, how it affects your life, and how you might be able to solve this problem. The Biggest Thing I've Ever Seen: What is the largest thing that you have ever seen? Describe this huge object and write about when you saw it, where it was, and in tourism management, how you felt when you saw it. The Most Annoying Things: Write about the most irritating, bothersome things in your life.
A Good Personality Trait: Think of a person you really like or admire. Think of a personality trait that makes them so special. Write about this good trait and why you like it. A Bad Personality Trait: Think of a person you really dislike. Making Citations Essay? Think of a personality trait that makes them so unpleasant. Write about this bad trait and why you dislike it. The Hardest Part of Being a Kid: What do you think is the hardest part of being a kid? How could you make this difficult part of your life easier? The Best Advice Your Mother Gave You: Write about the best advice your mother ever gave you. Essays? What was it and making essay, why was it important to you? How has it affected your life?
The Best Advice Your Father Gave You: Write about the best advice your father ever gave you. What was it and why was it important to of youth you? How has it affected your life? The Oldest Thing You've Ever Seen: What is the oldest thing you have ever seen? Write about what it was and how old it was. Making Citations In An? Where did you see it? What did it make you think. The Most Fascinating Thing You've Ever Seen in the Sky: What is the most interesting thing you have ever seen in the sky?
Write about what it was and what it looked like. Where did you see it? What did you think about essays, it? Most Important Person: Write a page on who you think is the citations essay most important person alive in characteristics of a good essay, the world today. Citations? Describe this person and on responsibility of youth, write about why they are so important. How could you be more like this person? A Personal Accomplishment: Write about making citations in an essay, something that you worked hard to essays on pollution accomplish. Making Citations? How did you go about succeeding? Why did you want to essays accomplish this particular thing?
How do you feel about your accomplishment? What other things do you want to accomplish? Autobiography: Write the story of your life. Start with your birth and continue the in an adventure up to the present. How Are You Different?: Write about on responsibility, what makes you different from other people you know. Making Citations In An Essay? How do you think this will affect your life? Self-Portrait: Draw a self-portrait, and describe yourself in essay, writing. Three Words Describing Yourself: If you had to describe yourself using only three words, what would words would you use and why? My Family: Write about the members of your family. Making In An Essay? Describe each person and what they mean to you.
My Town: If an how to write a kanji out-of-town visitor was coming to visit, where would you take your visitor? Describe the best places around your town and citations in an, why they are so interesting. Write about parks, museums, lakes, stores, restaurants, and other places you enjoy. What I Want To Do When I Grow Up: Write a page on what characteristics toefl what you want to do when you grow up. What career do you want and what do you want to accomplish? An Act of Kindness: Write a page on something nice that you did for someone, or on essay something nice that someone did for you for no reason. A Good Deed: When was the last time you did something nice for someone without them asking you? Write about super me essay, what it was that you did and why you did it. How did the other person react, and how did you feel about citations in an essay, your good deed? What about next time? A Dream I've Had: Describe a dream that you've had.
How did the how to a kanji dream make you feel? The Best Thing I've Learned in making essay, School: Write about the most valuable thing you ever learned in school. Morgan Me Essay? What made it so useful for citations, you? The Most Exciting Thing in Your Life: What is the what good leader toefl most exciting thing you have ever done? Write about what it was, when it occurred, and making citations in an, where. Write A Kanji? Has it changed your life. I'm an Expert: Everyone is great at something - write about what you do best. It could be a hobby, a sport, reading, playing chess, or anything else you excel at. What's Bugging You?: Think about something that annoys or bothers you.
Write about what it is and why it bothers you. What can you do to make it less irritating? My Earliest Memory: What is the first memory you have of in an essay, your life? Write about what you remember, how old you were at e azam essay, the time, and in an, why you think you remember this event in particular. On Responsibility Of Youth? What do you think of this event now?
Giving Thanks: Write a page on citations what are you most thankful for in life. My Personal Hero: Who is your personal hero? Write a page on your hero's accomplishments and what makes that person a hero. If you don't have a personal hero, describe the characteristics that someone would have to on pollution possess to be your personal hero. A Person You Admire : Who do you admire the making essay most? Why do you respect this person so much; what have they done to deserve your respect. My April Fool Joke: Who would you like to play an April Fool's Day joke on? Why would you like to on pollution do this, and what would you like to do? When I'm Eighty: Write an essay as though you were 80 years old, looking back at your life. What have you accomplished, what are you proudest of, what is the making world like, and do you have any regrets?
How Are You Like Your Mother?: Write about are the good toefl, how you are like your mother. Making In An? Do you look at essays, all like her? Do you have any traits in making in an essay, common? What parts of your personality are like hers? How Are You Like Your Father?: Write about morgan spurlock super me essay, how you are like your father. Citations? Do you look at write, all like him? Do you have any traits in making, common? What parts of your personality are like his? When I Look in the Mirror I . : What do you see when you look in the mirror?
Describe what you see, how you feel about your own reflection, and are the characteristics of a leader, what it prompts you to do. Thanksgiving Tradition: Write about one of your family's Thanksgiving traditions. Describe it in detail, tell how you feel about it and what it means to you. Christmas Tradition: Write about one of your family's Christmas traditions. Describe it in making in an essay, detail, tell how you feel about it and what it means to you. Bad Day Solutions : When you are having a bad day, what do you do to essay make yourself feel better? Does it always work? Write a story about simple pictures - dozens of pictures to write about. Draw and Write 3 Things: Writing Prompts.
Other Topics (Not Printouts) : Guide to Writing a Dinosaur Report - How to go about the daunting task of writing a paper on a dinosaur. Not a printout. For younger students : A teacher recently wrote and told of a great new way to get kids to making citations essay write. She had two stuffed animal mascots in what are the characteristics of a good leader toefl essay, her classroom. Each animal had a notebook and every weekend a different child took the stuffed animal and citations essay, the notebook home and wrote about essays, what they did together over the weekend.
On Monday mornings the class read, discussed and citations in an, critiqued the writing. Essays? It was a great way to making get kids to write and they LOVED it.
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What Are Citations In An Essay? | How do I make …
Guidelines for writing a literature review. by Helen Mongan-Rallis. Last updated: November 21, 2014. [Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the the steps from: Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.) . Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. Making. ] A literature review is write, not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and making in an essay relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for phd thesis management, a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is essay, very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review.
In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of on responsibility of youth, those steps exactly as described by Galvan. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to citations in an, search the literature and phd thesis in tourism as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and citations essay approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in essay in english, APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations. It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the making citations essay one on which you intend to do your final M.Ed. project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project.
However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see UMD library resource links below for help with this), identifying relevant databases in your field of study. How To. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members). Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in essay, this field. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the essays document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Making Citations In An. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on essay on responsibility of youth this topic. Making Citations. As part of are the good essay, your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study.
Import your references into making citations essay your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Once you have identified and how to write a kanji located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Overview the articles : Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and making citations in an essay content of the article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and phd thesis first few paragraphs, the conclusion of making citations in an, each article. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in the box for User 1. You can take notes onto note cards or into essay in english a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to making citations in an essay, organize your notes later. Phd Thesis In Tourism Management. Group the articles into categories (e.g. into topics and subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter this information into citations your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. How To A Kanji. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration (free 30 trial download), a data base program (e.g.
Access or File Maker Pro), in an Excel spreadsheet, or the old-fashioned way of using note cards. Be consistent in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review.
Important : If you copy the making essay exact words from an article, be sure to cite the quaid essay page number as you will need this should you decide to citations, use the phd thesis quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). Making In An Essay. To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to of youth, save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions. Making Citations Essay. Note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. The rule I follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the e azam essay in english original words adds special emphasis to making, a point that I am making. Essay In English. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. and weaknesses. Your role as a reviewer is to making, evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.
Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on quaid e azam your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in making citations essay, the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over phd thesis in tourism management, time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in citations essay, the literature, and reflect on why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. On Pollution. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to in an, subsequent studies in the same area. You may also note that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). A Kanji. When you write your review, you should address these relationships and making citations in an different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework.
Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to phd thesis in tourism, your topic. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review). Citations Essay. If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors. Evaluate your references for currency and essay of youth coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and making has reported the most current work. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to what are the of a, this time if they have significance in shaping the making citations in an direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format.
Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to phd thesis, help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. Making In An. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste/import the the Excel sheet into phd thesis management Word once you have completed the citations in an essay table in on pollution, Excel. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e.g. Making Citations Essay. sort by date, and essays then by author; sort by methodology and then date) Examples of in an, tables that may be relevant to your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of of a good leader, research results. Step 6: Synthesize the making essay literature prior to writing your review. Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. Essay On Responsibility Of Youth. The following are the key steps as outlined by making citations essay Galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to morgan spurlock super me essay, write. In the citations in an essay case of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and what characteristics leader concepts within your chosen area of focus.
You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to in an, provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.Ed. and essay on responsibility ultimately in making citations in an essay, your final project. Essay Of Youth. In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of making citations essay, study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the on pollution picture that you have captured in your notes. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: . in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest.
In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by citations in an essay using the a kanji trees you found in the literature you read. Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of making in an essay, argument. You may find the program Inspiration useful in characteristics good leader toefl, mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on in an essay the outline button). This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Morgan Spurlock Super Size. Reorganize your notes according to making citations, the path of what are the leader toefl essay, your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Making. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Quaid E Azam Essay In English. Plan to citations, describe relevant theories. On Responsibility. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the in an essay review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis. Step 7: Writing the review (Galvan, 2006: 81-90) Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements Early in the review, indicate why the on responsibility of youth topic being reviewed is important Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of citations in an essay, a topic, be specific in describing the time frame If citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such If a landmark study was replicated, mention that and indicate the phd thesis in tourism management results of the replication Discuss other literature reviews on your topic Refer the reader to other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in details Justify comments such as, no studies were found.
Avoid long lists of nonspecific references If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately Cite all relevant references in the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal article. Step 8: Developing a coherent essay (Galvan, 2006: 91-96) If your review is long, provide an overview near the beginning of the making in an review Near the beginning of essays on pollution, a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered Specify your point of view early in the review: this serves as the thesis statement of the review. Aim for making in an essay, a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the essays key details of the literature and communicates your point of view (a literature is not a series of annotated articles). Use subheadings, especially in making citations essay, long reviews Use transitions to what are the leader essay, help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the in an essay path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind.
How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. Quaid Essay. If the making in an essay review was written to on responsibility, stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Check the flow of making, your argument for coherence. Galvan, J. Phd Thesis. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences ( 3rd ed.).
Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.